Itô diffusion processes in finance with unknown distribution at a terminal value

In several papers it is argued that for many Itô diffusion processes, $$dX_t = a(t,X_t)dt+b(t,X_t)dB_t,$$ in mathematical finance the distribution of $X_T$ for fixed $T>0$ is unknown, which makes Monte Carlo simulations viable if not necessary even for the calculation of European options.

However, all models used in mathematical finance that come immediately to my mind are processes for which the distribution is known, such as geometric Brownian motion and the Cox-Ingersoll-Ross process.

What would be examples for diffusion processes, preferably widely used, of the above form for which the distribution of $X_T$ is unknown?

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I understood your question, particular the meaning of "known" or "unknown" from the comments below. It would help clarify much if you would add that it is the closed or analytical form of the distribution that is known or unknown and that it is the closed or analytical forms that you are after. If a closed or analytical form is not available, Monte Carlo is not the only tool to obtain a numerical distribution. Plenty of numerical methods of PDE's are available. –  Hansen Dec 23 '13 at 2:25

Any of a wide variety of local vol models, where (from your equation) $b(\cdot,\cdot)$ is some fitted surface, are unlikely to have closed-form solutions for the terminal distribution. Indeed it's well-known that these models tend to have very unusual forward term structures of volatility.

As a specific example, take $b(\cdot,\cdot)$ to be an approximation derived from the first few terms of the 2-d Fourier representation of some high-resolution local vol fit $\tilde{b}(\cdot,\cdot)$.

Our SDE becomes $$dX_t=\mu(t)dt+dB_t\sum_{\vec{k}} \omega_{\vec{k}} \exp\left( i\vec{c}_{\vec{k}}\cdot \binom{t}{X_t} \right)$$

I'm pretty sure there will be no closed form.

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If you allow $X_t$ to be two dimensional then a model with a stock price $X_t^1$ and its variance process $X_t^2$ (stochastic volatility) would fit your definition.
In such cases to my knowledge we often don't have a closed form of the density of $X_T^1$ but in some cases we have a closed form of the Laplace transform.
Thank you; I should have been more specific in my question, as I was aware of multi-dimensional models. However, I am looking for one-dimensional models which are otherwise straightforward, but only difficult with respect to finding the distribution at a time instant $T$. –  Hans-Peter Schrei Nov 29 '13 at 17:33