# Tagged Questions

Algorithmic trading is the process of taking in inputs such as market data, current news, and producing orders without human intervention.

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### What are Sell Imbalance-Only Orders?

I am reading the 2014 SEC filing against Athena, a HFT firm. (http://www.sec.gov/litigation/admin/2014/34-73369.pdf) At point 29, they describe the behavior of Athena moments before market closing ...
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### Calculating required funds on Futures trades

I'm coding in python a backtester for trading the Futures markets (equity futures, precious metals, bond futures, etc..). When I open a position long or short, I need to deduct an appropriate amount ...
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### Technical Analysis - OBV indicator calculation in R

Here is a few references about OBV calculations: http://ta.mql4.com/indicators/volumes/on_balance_volume http://stockcharts.com/school/doku.php?id=chart_school:technical_indicators:...
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### Where can I find extra resources on how to use Quantopian? [migrated]

I am sure you all know Quantopian (I love it!!). Even though I am pretty good with Python, I am still having trouble writing a full algorithm (I am trying to write one using Fundamentals data). I ...
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### Performance measure

Can anyone give some intuition behind the relative performance measure that is a percentile raking of trading activity. It indicates the percentage of total activity the investor outperformed the ...
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I'm an engineer doing academic research for my master thesis in the area of quantitative finance, basically the purpose is to study the possibility to create an intraday-trading algorithm. I've tried ...
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### Correlated Market

Looking at two BTC Exchanges i see one is following another with a ~3minutes delay. So the following one is correlated for 100%. a) Is there any name for a strategy that benefits from this? b) How ...
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### Api to communicate with GlobalServer trading software

We are using this somewhat old software called GlobalServer and TS2000i by Omega research for capturing market data and generating systematic trading signals. I am using a third party software to ...
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### Which features to include in an algorithmic trading dashboard?

I have been hacking around with algorithmic trading as a hobby project to build my data analysis skills, coding skills, and learn more about financial markets. As part of this project I am interested ...
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### Optimal approach for finding a profitable trading strategy to automate? [closed]

I am currently searching for an optimal approach for finding profitable forex trading strategies to automate. Currently, I just try to combine various indicators and build an automated trading system ...
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### Why do Human traders make money?

Over the years I met a couple of dozen of (human) traders who I'd consider good (being in the business for several years, generating a reasonably steady income). I had chances to chat with some of ...
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### What is the best open source automated trading platform or options?

I would like a custom C++ Automated Trading Platform for Futures like Multicharts, or similar automated trading platform that I can put on my servers so its secure and fast. I have found this so far, ...
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### Is order flow imbalance more or less correlated with price movements at slower frequency?

Suppose I define order flow imbalance as volume(aggress buy)/volume(aggress sell), or some variant of that. Is this variable more, or less, correlated with price movements when I sample less ...
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### Determining maximum strategy capacity and optimal order size for low frequency equity strategy

I have developed a low frequency equity trading strategy that seems to work well with stocks in the S&P 500. Someone asked me about the maximum capacity of the strategy (how much AUM I could ...
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### Orderbook Arbitrage

The order-books of trading exchanges are often hidden as so-called "Dark Pools". The measure was taken to avoid apparent market manipulation strategies executed by traders back then. Which such ...
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### Proof that no trading system always wins

I am pondering on the existence/impossibility of a trading system (or algorithm) that ALWAYS ends up winning money, no matter how the price of a futures moves. In a context where one can go long or ...
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### Backtesting with Simulated Historical Data?

The trading strategies that are going to backtest well are the ones that pick the winners from the past. For example, if a trading strategy simply bought apple stock it would backtest extremely well. ...
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### In what situations would cross validations scores be inaccurate?

I'm trying to fit a SVM model on times series stock return data, predicting a buy, hold, or sell signal of the stock. I'm using 10-fold cross validation (using the R package ...
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### Should a strategy backtested against three years of tick data continue to produce positive results?

Let's say we have a Binary Options 5-minute trading strategy that relies on multiple indicators and exploits price reversals in currency pairs. Now let's say there is a combination of inputs for the ...
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### How to use genetic algorithms to optimize moving averages

I'm working on a school project that attempts to optimize moving averages using genetic algorithms. From what I understand about moving averages, it is an average over a certain length of time. To ...
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### Best known performance of stock prediction algorithms

I asked this question here and was directed to answer it on this stack exchange. My question is very simple. What is the best [known] performance of a stock prediction algorithm? I've seen papers ...
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I'm currently working on the requirements phase of a software project, and need get an overview of the industry regarding the tools available for Algo Trading. My first idea was to look for Gartner's ...
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### Where can I find information about the “Target Portfolio Pattern”?

It might not be known as a "pattern" but basically it's a way of (low-frequency) order management where a 'target portfolio' is built using notional amounts which is then compared against an 'actual ...
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I am currently doing my research for my master thesis, which will clearly focus on the question of risk managment in algorithmic trading systems. I have done research about this topic and found some ...
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### Which algorithms do robo-advisors use?

Some pundits claim that there is a revolution in portfolio management under way: The rise of the robots, a.k.a. robo-advisors. The most well known are Betterment.com, FutureAdvisor, Schwab Intelligent ...
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### Quantitative Finance Programming Language

Since couple of weeks, I started to do my research on quant finance. During this time, I could discover a lot of stuff and with that stuff, a lot of questions came to my mind. A lot of news or ...
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### Choosing Optimum Sampling Frequency

There was an interesting post made by Jonathan Kinlay where he discusses the use of a Fourier Transform to discover a potentially optimum bar frequency to choose as an input to a trading system. I am ...
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### FIX- what exactly do repeating groups represent?

I am trying to find out what is the purpose of "repeating groups" in FIX and what exactly do they represent? Are they all related to the same order and if so, why do you need repeated tags? If they ...
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### How to evaluate a success rate of a trading strategy

In order to compare various trading strategies, I am trying to calculate the success rate (the ratio of winning and losing trades). While it is clear to me that this indicator is far from being an ...
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### How to filter and normalize market data obtained from distinct sources (FIX 4.4, bloomberg, etc) in an algorithmic trading system?

I'm wondering if some of you known how to resolve this requirement: I have to define the architecture of an algorithmic trading system (but I'm not an architect, so I'm trying to do my best). I have ...
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### order routing for a fill [closed]

Lets assume a FIFO rules in futures, I buy a contract and id like to sell it. Should I estimate the possibilite of orders on opposite side would be filled first? If I watch new orders incoming at new ...
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### Calculating most profitable arbitrage orders on multiple market with fixed and variable fees

If I have multiple markets (let's say 5, but the solution should be generic) trading the same stock/commodity/whatever, and the markets differ in both variable fees (which are in % of the trade order) ...
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### Forex trading scenarios - calculating units

I'm trying to build an automated forex trading system and I'm trying to understand how to calculate the number of units I should specify for each trade in different scenarios. Say for example I have ...
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### Calculating short/long order percentages?

I have a feed in real time that lists the ask and bid orders. Each order consists of a value and a quantity. I want to calculate the percentage of short orders from the total orders in terms of ...
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### How is the Order priority of an Iceberg order decided?

Typically, markets guarantee a FIFO order of priority of execution for various orders at the same price. I want to know does this hold true for Iceberg orders? for eg Order1 = Buy 100 Quantities @ 2 ...
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### Is it likely that banks would become clients of algotrading companies? [closed]

Algotrading is growing, while banks don't currently have the HR to continually develop sophisticated algorithms on their own. Is it likely that banks (and governments) would become clients of ...
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### How to make the algo decide over a optimal selling point?

Please don't bully if its a basic question.Kinda new to the topic hence experimenting. Problems to construct trading algorithm.For the example I assume I am getting a buy signal from the DMI/ADX ...
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### About OpenMAMA, OpenMAMDA and OpenMDM

In the Linux Foundation are hosted the OpenMAMA and OpenMAMDA (found in that link too) projects and I'm wondering if has someone worked with those projects and if he/she could give me a more detailed ...
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### Sharpe Ratio vs Net Profit vs max drawdown

When evaluating the performance of an algorithm, what should hold more importance? Sharpe Ratio , Net profit or max drawdown? For instance, I have two algorithms one performs very good on Stocks with ...
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### Feature for Maching Learning(SVM) in High Frequecy Order Book?

I am trying to implement machine learning to predict the movement of bid and ask price but is unable to find the proper feature for training set. I am using Support Vector Machine for binary ...
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### Countries and/or exchanges which don't allow algo-trading

I am doing a research paper on the effect of algo-trading on capital markets. In order to do this, I plan to do an OLS comparison of Countries and Exchanges who ban algo-trading platforms and those ...
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### How to obtain a log of all trades done on the Nasdaq or other major US exchange?

I'm looking to do a research paper on the impact of high frequency algo-trading on individual firms. In order to do that I need to be able to determine firms that have been high frequency traded. My ...
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### Correct term for position accumulation relative to price?

I've been looking at various accumulation algos and it appears that the greater majority are predicated on building a position largely relative to a time component or market volume for obvious reasons....
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### Build a customizable trading engine in python [closed]

I am planning building fully customizable backtesting trading engine in python from scratch as a open source project, the main features i am considering is, It should be fully customizable from ...
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### Historical data resources for Indian market

What is the best source for historical EOD data for Indian stock market? The data from Yahoo finance for some companies is not up-to-date and Google finance doesn't provide adjusted close prices. What ...
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### Why are there still manual market makers in options

Why are manual market makers still predominant in options markets? Why haven't algorithms replaced these market makers, as they have for liquid stocks for example?
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### How much correlation between alpha and forward returns can be considered good

There are many way to quantify the quality of an $\alpha$ (prediction of the future return of a security). I heard/do many things, most of them are equivalent to correlation. Typically \$corr(\alpha,...
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### How to combine trading signals to achieve higher capital efficiency?

I trade use a completely automated approach where all signals are generated by proprietary trading strategies. However, recently I encountered an challenging problem: Imagine we have 3 Strategies ...