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11 views

Transaction costs estimate for investment strategy

I'm examining a strategy based on profitability. I sort UK stock into 10 portfolios based on their gross profits-to-total assets ratio. Then, I create long-short portfolios by subtracting the high ...
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0answers
24 views

commodity asset pricing

This is not a quant question but more a fundamental question. At the moment, WTI next month’s contract is trading at $29/B. My question are: Is it safe to assume delivery cost at Cushing is priced ...
8
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2answers
155 views

Why aren't the Fama-French 3 factors orthogonal to each other?

I am confused whether the factors in a multi-factor model should be orthogonal or not. Google searches do not give a well documented answer and I couldn't find one in our library's limited catalog ...
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1answer
85 views

Price of a Stock: What is it?

My limited understanding of stock prices is that according to theoretical arguments, the price of an asset is generally given as:$$P_{A}=E_{0}\,\sum_{t=0}^{\infty}\frac{C_{t}}{(1+r)^{t}}$$ whereby ...
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1answer
32 views

State Variables in a Bellman Equation

Can anyone explain to me exactly what a state variable is in a Bellman equation?? $$ V(x,y)=max\space u(c)+\beta V(x',y')$$ In some models with capital savings it's the capital $k_t$ you walk into ...
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2answers
224 views

Pricing options under a specific framework

I have a specific framework in mind and I would like to value options under this framework. I am not sure whether a closed form solution exists or Monte Carlo methods would work. The framework I have ...
1
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0answers
28 views

How to derive what effect funding shocks have on conditional market betas? [closed]

I am unable to derive the correct result eq2 all my answers seem circular, any help would be much appreciated. It should basically end up saying that shocks that affect all securities compress betas ...
3
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0answers
17 views

Why should a factor not priced and yet is relevant to the return generating process

I am reading Elton's AFA presidential adress article here. http://people.stern.nyu.edu/eelton/working_papers/Expected_Return_Realized_Return.pdf In the paper, he is warning against using the average ...
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0answers
20 views

How to understand stock return comovement

In his book "Asset Pricing" chapter 20, Cochrane said For example, suppose that average returns were higher for stocks whose ticker symbols start later in the alphabet. (Maybe investors search ...
5
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3answers
64 views

Jegadeesh and Titman 1993 Power of their test

I am reading this classic paper(http://www.business.unr.edu/faculty/liuc/files/BADM742/Jegadeesh_Titman_1993.pdf) and got confused by one of their arguments on their overlapping portfolio strategy to ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

The portfolio whose return is the stochastic discount factor

I am trying to construct a portfolio whose return is $a + bm_{t+1}$ where $a$ and $b$ are some constants for a certain investor. $m_{t+1}$ is the stochastic discount factor at time $t+1$. I am ...
2
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1answer
15 views

Distress firms and cross section returns

In George and Hwang's 2010 JFE paper, they are trying to resolve the so called distress risk and leverage puzzles. This is their explanation: This is a puzzle because high distress intensity or ...
3
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0answers
68 views

why many option contract price less than minimum boundary price?

I downloaded data from NSE(National Stock Exchange) website regarding closing price of European Call Option written on Index. From standard textbook, I read that option contract must satisfy $C(t) ...
3
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1answer
138 views

Asset pricing - Technology

I am working a bit on this paper, which is about Long-run risk through Consumption Smoothing. In equation (8) and (9) the authors define the stochastic process for the technology as: $$Z_t = ...
1
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1answer
28 views

Consumption Based Asset Pricing

I am working on some consumption based asset pricing models. I am modelling consumption growth in several different ways. An obvious one is to model consumption growth as an AR(1) process: $g_{t+1} = ...
4
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1answer
101 views

Fit linear model to higher moments of CAPM

How can one fit a linear model to the higher moments of CAPM in R? Fitting a linear model to the second moment (classical CAPM) would be ...
0
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1answer
73 views

What is some book that is complete and easy but hard enough to serve as prerequisite for asset pricing and portfolio choice theory?

What is some book that is complete and easy but hard enough to serve as prerequisite for asset pricing and portfolio choice theory by kerry back? I wonder how come a beginning graduate textbook is so ...
1
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1answer
25 views

Intrepreting the Capital Market Line plot

I am looking at plots of the Security Market (SML) line and Capital market line (CML). The X axis is the beta for the SML and Standard deviation for CML; the y axis is labeled with excess return. ...
3
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1answer
58 views

According to Lo and MacKinlay (1990), momentum profits can be divided in 3 parts. What do they represent exactly?

At first, Lo and MacKinlay (When are Contrarian Profits Due to Stock Market Overreaction?, 1990) didn't do it for momentum precisely. However,Kyung-In Park and Dongcheol Kim (Sources of Momentum ...
5
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1answer
130 views

Simulate (imaginary) asset prices using random numbers that follow a Frank Copula

I didn't understand how to simulate asset prices by using non normal random numbers. I am assuming that it would be incorrect to use the standard Geometric Brownian Motion, since it is based solely ...
2
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0answers
30 views

Budget Constraint in Duffie's book

On Page 5 of Duffie's Dynamic Asset Pricing Theory, the budget-feasible set is defined as: $$X(q,e) = {e+D^T\theta \in R_+^s:\theta \in R^N, q\theta \leq 0}$$ Compared to Kerry Back's presentation of ...
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3answers
129 views

The Law of One Price in a discrete model

The following question assumes familiarity with the discrete model described in chapter 5 of Steven Roman's "Introduction to the Mathematics of Finance", 2nd edition, Springer 2012. I will not ...
1
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1answer
115 views

Proving there exists no arbitrage opportunities given 3 states and 2 assets

Assume there are 3 states of the world: w1, w2, and w3. Assume there are two assets: a risk-free asset returning Rf in each state, and a risky asset with Return R1 in state w1, R2 in state w2, and R3 ...
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0answers
35 views

Reducing multicollinearity in Arbitrage Pricing model

I am working on a test example where the idea is to come up with a model that predicts S&P500 returns using the 9 S&P subsectors(XLY,XLP,XLF,etc) as FACTORS.Now i know there exists ...
4
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1answer
242 views

How to prove the “Law of one price” theorem?

There are two subparts to Fundamental Asset Pricing theorem. The Law Of One Price (LOOP thereafter) holds if and only if there exists a state price vector. In a market in which the LOOP holds, the ...
1
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1answer
333 views

What is the proper discounting of PIK and non-compounding bullet loans?

This question pertains to two types of loans. Pay-in-kind (PIK) and bullet loans with quarterly payments. 1. PIK Loans A PIK loan is a loan where periodic interest is NOT paid, but added to the ...
3
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1answer
208 views

Constant Relative Risk Aversion

The question: Consider a person with constant relative risk aversion p. (a) Suppose the person has wealth of 100,000 and faces a gamble in which he wins or loses x with equal probabilities. ...
0
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1answer
341 views

What constitutes an “odd lot” in corporate bonds trades?

This is important in price discovery and pricing of bonds based on trades. "Odd" lots are traded at lower prices than "round" lots. However I wasn't able to find a definition of "odd" lot anywhere. ...
1
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3answers
486 views

Is the CAPM beta equivalent to the coefficient estimate of an OLS regression?

The $\beta_i$ of an asset or portfolio is defined as its covariance with the market (which itself therefore has a beta of $\beta_m = 1$). The CAPM looks a lot like a simple linear regression model. Is ...
2
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1answer
95 views

Law of large numbers necessary for APT derivation?

The question refers to the well-known Ross (1976) paper with the derivation of the Asset Pricing Theory. In the APT, the return of asset $i$ is driven by a linear factor model: $$ R_i = \alpha_i + ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Price an option whose strike price is always lower than the future price of the security

Suppose it is known that the price of a certain security after one period will be one of the $m$ values $s_1,\ldots,s_m$. What should be the cost of an option to purchase the security at time $1$ for ...
5
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3answers
179 views

Bayesian estimation of asset pricing models

I am interested in Bayesian methods in the context of financial economics and quantitative finance and have been looking for research which uses Bayesian parameter estimation on asset pricing models, ...
4
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1answer
124 views

What are the empirical limitations to testing market efficiency?

I have encountered a rather elegant argument about the limitations of empirically testing for market efficiency, involving the central point that we do not know whether a result is due to the "true ...
3
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1answer
64 views

How consequential are violations of the efficient diversification assumption of asset pricing models?

When using asset pricing models such as the CAPM or the Fama-French four factor model to determine the risk-adjusted return of a portfolio, does this strictly require efficient diversification of the ...
0
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1answer
47 views

What are the technical events that fluctuate quoted asset (e.g. forex) prices? How does it relate to the purchase of currency contracts?

This is a generic question about the quotations of assets but for the sake of reducing ambiguity, let's consider the EUR/USD exchange rate. If the answer varies for other asset classes, please note ...
5
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1answer
236 views

Proving that Absence of Arbitrage does not imply law of one price

I am trying to prove that the Absence of arbitrage statement (AOA) does not necessarily imply the law of one price (LOP). For the definitions of these concepts I am using Cochrane's book "Asset ...
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0answers
52 views

How to map shocks from VAR to news? (Academics)

I am trying to map shocks from VAR to discount-rate and cash-flows news following the paper of Campbell and Vuolteenaho (2004). It is said that news are a linear combination of shocks from VAR at ...
3
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0answers
174 views

GMM time-series regression factor model with factors that are not returns

Factor models with factors that are not returns are usually estimated and tested by cross-sectional regressions. However, there is a way to use time-series regression to estimate and test the model. ...
3
votes
9answers
594 views

Why would there be a positive risk-free rate?

Most financial models include a risk-free rate or risk-free asset. Why should there be such thing as a positive risk-free rate? I dont see why an asset would provide a positive (real) return if it ...
3
votes
2answers
338 views

Validity of CAPM

I came across some literature regarding "Framing Theory" or "Prospect Theory", and the validity of CAPM. I was wondering if you could shed some light on a few questions I have in this regard: ...
1
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0answers
54 views

How to value a portfolio of non-mature consumer loans?

I'm looking for the best way to value a portfolio of consumer loans that have NOT reached maturity and for which I do observe the payment/default history to date? I'm working with a large database of ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

How would you price this kind of derivative?

I am somewhat familiar with options but am wondering how to price calls/puts on this one: European exercise "Jumps" in underlying may occur Takes physical delivery upon exercise (is this even ...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

Recommended Literature for creating Factor Mimicking Portfolios

Is there a textbook that contains the basics for creating Factor Mimicking Portfolios? Although there is a lot of peer-reviewed literature on this, I cannot find textbooks on Asset Pricing that ...
2
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2answers
844 views

What is the Most Efficient Way to Calculate the Internal Rate of Return IRR?

I have built a program that prices financial assets and it does this in part by calculating the IRR. The problem is that it does not run as quickly as I would like it to. I currently use the ...
2
votes
3answers
304 views

Why does [dz(t)]^2 converge to dt over infinitesimally short time periods?

I have some trouble understanding a chapter in George Pennacchi textbook "Asset Pricing". Here the author shows that the square of a Wiener Process $[dz(t)]^2$ converges to $dt$ for infinitesimally ...
4
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3answers
279 views

Difference betweem martingale property and adapted filteration

What is the difference between a random process that is adapted to a filteration and one that had the martingale property. It seems the two notions are quite similar and would be helpful to construct ...
3
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2answers
3k views

What is the price pressure?

What is the definition of price pressure and what does it imply? In a number of paper I read that the price pressure can influence the portfolio returns; can you explain why and in which way it can ...
4
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3answers
396 views

Why are factor models so popular for risk analysis of portfolios?

As titled, my question consists on asking for why in the most of academic papers one almost always finds that when you try to model asset returns, one needs to adjust for risk factors before analyzing ...
4
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3answers
284 views

How to hedge a derivative that pays the reciprocal of the stock price?

1) Suppose S is the stock price, how to hedge a derivative that pays $1/S_t$ at time $t$? 2) Suppose there will be a dividend of amount $d$ between $t$ and $T$, how to hedge a derivative that pays ...
1
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1answer
89 views

Pricing a piece of asset whose dividend stream following a Markovian matrix

I'm trying to calculate the result of an simple example on page 326-327, in Harrison and Kreps(1978). It's pricing a piece of asset whose dividend stream is a simple Markovian process. Here's my ...