# Tagged Questions

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### Trading days or Calendar days for Compound Annual Growth Rate?

When calculating CAGR for intervals shorter than a year (or intervals that are longer than, but not integer years in length), should you use the 252 trading days or the 365.25 calendar days? The ...
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### How to simulate asset returns using student t?

I am currently trying to simulate an asset return using the student-t distribution, but I can't find how I should do this. I began with the Geometric Brownian motion and just changed in order that ...
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### Back to Basics — Cumulative Returns

I recently came across a chart of Fama-French's (FF) HML factor cumulative performance. I first saw this in an article by AQR's Cliff Asness: http://www.institutionalinvestor.com/Article/3315202/Asset-...
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### Calculating returns for a mutual fund with dividends

I'd like to calculate returns for a given mutual fund (in this case, PRWCX from troweprice). When I look at their published performance, it says the Calendar Year Total Returns for 2013 is 22.43% but ...
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### Why are factor models so popular for risk analysis of portfolios?

As titled, my question consists on asking for why in the most of academic papers one almost always finds that when you try to model asset returns, one needs to adjust for risk factors before analyzing ...
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### How to calculate return rates with negative prices?

I'm dealing with electricity options and I'm considering the possibilty of negative prices. I want two estimate the historic volatility. However, an arithmetic mean doesn't feel appropriate and \$\log(\...
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### Toy models of asset returns

When making simple agent-based models of banking systems to look at global properties (say systemic risk) one of the basic decisions you have to make is how to model returns on external (to the ...
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### Computing the Sharpe Ratio

The building blocks of the Sharpe ratio—expected returns and volatilities—are unknown quantities that must be estimated statistically and are subject to estimation error. The main problem I have is ...
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### Discrete returns versus log returns of assets

There have been similar posts here already but nevertheless I find the question worth posting: why do some people claim that log returns of assets are more suitable for statistics than discrete ...
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### What data transformations to use in regression of credit spreads on equity prices?

Clearly there is a strong relationship between credit spreads and equity prices (both theoretically and empirically). But how would one go about formulating a regression which seeks to explain this ...