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68 views

Applying Black-Scholes to valuing index options

I am currently attempting to use the Black-Scholes model to value index options. My issue is; what should I use as the price of the underlying? Say I want to value a call option on the German DAX with ...
0
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0answers
46 views

The Merton's model

According to Merton's model we can calculate probability of default by this formula: $$P(V_T < B) = N \big[ \frac{\ln\frac{B}{V_0} - (\mu-\frac{1}{2}\cdot\sigma^2)T}{\sigma\sqrt{T}} \big]$$ I have ...
0
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0answers
32 views

Connecting Call price computed discretely to call price computed under continuous time case

I want to connect the call premiums calculated discretely via the binomial pricing method to the Black-Scholes-Merton formula for the call premium which applies to continuous time case. The framework ...
4
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0answers
35 views

delta hedging with stochastic volatility

In my thesis I want to work with delta hedging with stochastic volatility using Black-Scholes model. How will you suggest I implement numerical solutions using data from the real world? Beside Monte ...
-1
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1answer
88 views

Black_scholes formula for a butterfly option

Im wondering if I can apply Black-Scholes formula to valorate a butterfly option, i.e: $$B(T)=Vcall(S(T)-K,0)+Vcall(S(T)-K',0)-2Vcall(S(T)-K'',0)$$ with $K<K''<K'$, just evaluating each call ...
1
vote
1answer
136 views

How to compute the volatility for the Merton's Model for Private firm?

After one day of research i did not figured how to compute the input volatility for PRIVATE COMPANY in order to calculate the PD. My goal is to compute the PD of each of my company in my portfolio, ...
2
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1answer
94 views

Why is the black-scholes model arbitrage free when σ>0?

I want to show that: if $σ$ is positive then there is no arbitrage in the model, even if $r > µ$. Whilst I have satisfied this for $ r > \mu$, I cannot see why the conditioning on $\sigma>0 $ ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Why is rate of return on the stock normally distributed under GBM?

Let us assume the geometric Brownian motion, and we have $$dS_t= uS_tdt+\sigma S_tdz,$$ and $S_t$ follows a log-normal distribution, but why is $r_t$, the continuously compounded rate of return, ...
1
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2answers
118 views

Value a structured note with Black-Scholes

Apologies in advance if this seems like a straight forward question but I'm really unsure how to go about it. Say I have the payoff for a structured note benchmarked against an index and I have a ...
3
votes
1answer
225 views

How to interpret negative asset volatility numerical results in Merton model?

I am currently working on my thesis where I discuss the Merton default probability model. I have a huge sample of US firms for the period 1990-2010. I use both numerical and complex iterative approach ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

derive black scholes greeks

I am reading a paper and get a problem here, the following terms are all from standard BS models. the paper says using the well known fact $$Se^{-q(T-t)}N^{'}(d1)=Ke^{-r(T-t)}N^{'}(d2)$$ here the ...
2
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0answers
47 views

Risk neutral measure for jump processes

How can I construct risk neutral measure for option price if active price form is: $$S(t)=S(0)\left[\exp{σW(t)+(α-βλ-1/2σ^2)t+Q(t)}\right] ?$$ Here $W(t)$ is a Brownian motion and $Q(t)$ is a ...