Black-Scholes is a mathematical model used for pricing options.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

2
votes
0answers
140 views

Black-Scholes in Delphi [closed]

when trying to implement the Black-Scholes formula in Delphi, I've found this: http://www.espenhaug.com/black_scholes.html I've checked the results against option-price.com and found they are ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Changes to option valuation for dollar-pegged underlying

In Russia, options on futures on the RTS index are priced in points instead of currency, with points being directly related to the value of the US dollar such that, for example, if the dollar rises, ...
1
vote
1answer
332 views

How to get Geometric Brownian Motion's closed-form solution in Black-Scholes model?

The Black Scholes model assumes the following dynamics for the underlying, well known as the Geometric Brownian Motion: $$dS_t=S_t(\mu dt+\sigma dW_t)$$ Then the solution is given: ...
1
vote
2answers
769 views

Calculate volatility from call option price

Given call option price, what is the simplest formula to get the volatility value ? Test Data: ...
1
vote
2answers
661 views

Relationship between European, American options volatility

Suppose, if the price of a European option (say a put) can be shown to be monotone in volatility (say for any maturity), does it follow that American options has to be monotone in volatility? ...
1
vote
2answers
879 views

Black Scholes Formula for Collar Option

I am wondering if there exists a Black Scholes pricing formula for a collar option?
1
vote
2answers
4k views

Early execise of American Call on Non-Dividend paying stock.

Let us consider an American call option with strike price K and the time to maturity be T. Assume that the underlying stock does not pay any dividend. Let the price of this call option is C$^a$ today ...
1
vote
2answers
118 views

How market making in Index options is done?

I have been thinking about this one for last couple of days. With options on share we hedge on cash and the underlying equity as per Black-Scholes formulation. But I am confused on Index options. ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Black Scholes model: condition of payout function

Given: Consider a two-asset, continuous time model (B,S) where $$dB_t = B_t r dt, \quad dS_t = S_t ( \mu dt + \sigma dW_t)$$ Clearly, the martingale deflator is: $$Y_t = e^{(-r - ...
1
vote
3answers
305 views

Is this arbitrage?

Assume the stockprice as in the Black-Scholes model (Geometric Brownian Motion): $$S_t=S_0e^{(\mu-\sigma^2/2)\cdot t+\sigma W_t}$$ Wouldn't there be an immediate arbitrage opportunity, to just buy ...
1
vote
1answer
212 views

Testing Black Scholes Analytical Options Pricer

I've written some code to calculate European option prices using the Black-Scholes analytical method. Can somebody recommend a good way to test that code? I have looked at option pricers online like ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

What are the units of the variables appearing in a standard stochastic differential equation for a Wiener process?

The Black Scholes model assumes the following form for the Wiener process describing the evolution of the stock price S: $dS=\mu S dt + \sigma S dX$ Clearly $S$ ...
1
vote
2answers
252 views

Black-Scholes Equation - Riskless portfolio derivation

The following is a summary of the derivation of the Black-Scholes equation as given on wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black-Scholes_equation#Derivation) - I have a question regarding the ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

what is the vol in the BS formula?

I need to compute the delta of an option for which I know a) the time to maturity, b) the price of the option, c) the price of the underlying asset. what is the formula to get this delta It seems ...
1
vote
1answer
335 views

Price of a down-and-out call in terms of European call

If $EC(S_0, K, \sigma, r, T)$ represents the price of a European call option with strike $K$, expiry $T$, initial price $S_0$, volatility $\sigma$ and where the constant interest rate is $r$, then I ...
1
vote
1answer
141 views

Black Scholes formula with continuous dividend paying stock

I am reading the part of constructing B&S price for stock paying dividends. The simplest model used continuous yield dividend. But I can not see that rigorous in term of formulations. Firstly, ...
1
vote
2answers
122 views

Which risk free rate is assumed by market when pricing american options?

I'm just started with finance, so maybe my question is dumb or answered elsewhere. Please guide me to relevant materials. According to put-call parity more time to expiration means more difference ...
1
vote
2answers
186 views

Which interest rates to use for options pricing?

I am looking at the historical treasury interest rates and am uncertain which rates would be best to use for options pricing. Should I use 1 month, 6 month, 2 year? See: ...
1
vote
2answers
152 views

Bachelier model: number of stocks in replicating strategy

Given: Consider a two-asset, continuous time model (B,S) where \begin{equation} dB_t = B_t r dt, \quad dS_t = \mu dt + \sigma dW_t. \end{equation} The question is: Show that there exists a ...
1
vote
4answers
101 views

Black scholes text book

I am looking for an easy and well presented introduction to Black-Scholes theory and stochastic calculus aimed at undergraduate mathematics students. Please can you recommend a book? How about Paul ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

Selling an American call option early

I understand it is never optimal to exercise an American call option early. [1] [2] However, here are my two contradictory thoughts about selling an American call option early. Assumptions I can ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

In a Black-Scholes world, why must volatility be strictly increasing in time-to-expiration?

This question is from Rebonato's Volatility and Correlation 2nd Edition. Rebonato states that if $\sigma_T^2T$ is not strictly increasing, it would be simple to set up an arbitrage. Unfortunately ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Volatility of Option

I hope I'm asking this at the right place. This pertains to actuarial exam MFE/3F on Financial Economics. If $\sigma$ is "volatility" and $\Omega$ the elasticity of the stock, one formula that is ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Forward rates diffusion

I used a simple market model (Black 76) to price an american swaption. It's a formula similar to B&S, with another numeraire and forward rate as underlying. I used the SDE: $$ dF = \sigma * ...
1
vote
1answer
150 views

How does Vega of a call/put behave under the Black-Scholes model?

I have two questions. I would prefer a reference if possible. Is the value of vega bounded for $\sigma\in [0,\infty)$? (I assume so, I imagine it goes to 0 as $\sigma$ go to infinity.) Are there any ...
1
vote
4answers
220 views

Error message in calculation Implied Volatility

I am unsuccessfully trying to find the Implied Volatilities for the SPX on a given date using information of the CBOE, as well as Open Interest, but as I run the code I am getting and error message ...
1
vote
1answer
366 views

Arbirtage free price process question in Bjork's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time

I am currently working through questions in Bjork's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time. However, I am unable to solve the following question, 7.2 in the book. A solution would be greatly appreciated. ...
1
vote
1answer
283 views

Black 76 for Options on Interest Rate Futures

This is my first time using Black76 to value options on IR futures and I have a question on $F$ and $K$. I understand the price for an IR future is usually quoted as $100 - r$. Do I use this price ...
1
vote
1answer
760 views

What precision do I need to calculate implied volatility?

I'm developing a software to calculate the implied volatility of an option using the Black & Scholes formula and a trial-and-error method. The implied volatility values I get are correct, but I ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Black Scholes and Monte Carlo implementations in Java [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is there an all Java options-pricing library (preferably open source) besides jquantlib? Can anyone recommend a library with an implementation of Black Scholes and Monte ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Effect of massive volatility on BS formula

I am experimenting with very high volatility on the standard Black-Scholes formula. I set risk free to zero, time to expiry to 1, volatility to 1 (=100%), and underlying to 1. Then I simulate the ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Use of Black-Scholes Model on Guaranteed Fund Investment

I am stuck with a revision question at home on Black-Scholes pricing model. The question is on a fund manager selling one unit of the fund to a customer for S(0) at time 0 and then guaranteeing at ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Why gamma and theta have opposite signs?

I saw some textbooks use B-S equation to explain why gamma and theta have opposite signs in most of the cases. For example, John Hull's classic book. The explanation is, first write B-S equation in ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

How to apply the chain rule for partial derivatives to transformations?

I'm currently working to solve the Black-Scholes model partial differential equation (it's a model for a.o. stock option prices). The Black-Scholes equation for a calloption C(S,t) is given by $ ...
1
vote
0answers
156 views

Black Scholes - how to calculate delta with a vol skew

I am trying to calculate the delta of an option at different strike prices where the underlying has a pronounced implied volatility skew in order to correctly hedge an options strategy. Researching ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

PDE and Black Scholes problem

Consider Black Scholes problem $\frac{\partial V}{\partial t} + \frac{\sigma^2 S^2}{2}\frac{\partial^2V}{\partial S^2} + rS\frac{\partial V}{\partial S} -rV = 0$ with boundary condition $V(S,T)=f(S)$, ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Does a delta hedged short option guarantee profit of extrinsic value at expiration?

If a trader shorts an option and dynamically delta hedges to ensure the delta is equal to 0 if that option expires out of the money does the trader profit that options extrinsic value at the time of ...
1
vote
0answers
757 views

Black Scholes well coded Python

I have some trouble with the following code. Some jump and a decentered path are present but it's not the case, normally for Black Scholes diffusion ! Is anyone see a problem in my code ? ...
1
vote
0answers
503 views

Question about Merton model to estimate default probability and recovery rate of the company

I recently come across Merton's model to estimate the default probability and recovery rate of the company. Here is the inputs ...
1
vote
0answers
188 views

Pricing a Power Contract derivative security

I'm trying to price a "power contract" and would appreciate guidance on the next step. The payoff at time $T$ is $(S(T)/K)^\alpha$, where $K > 0$, $\alpha \in \mathbb{N}$, $T > 0$. $S$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
130 views

Am I reading this correctly? probability way too small with BS model

For a stock trading at $27, $28 strike, 0% interest, 15% annual vol, and one day until expiration there is about a 1 in 17000 chance of it being exercised? $d_2 = ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Skew in Black Scholes model

We are modeling Foreign exchange rates using Black Scholes model given below: $$F_{t}=F_{t−1} + (r_d−r_f)F_{t−1}dt + \sigma F_{t−1}dW_t$$ Where: $F_t$ and $F_{t−1}$ are FX rates at time $t$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Briefly stated, why does the function N(x) appear in the European call option pricing model?

I'm aware of the the mathematical formula for the price of a European call option on a stock however I'd like to think about it in an intuitive way.
0
votes
2answers
475 views

Why the implied volatilities calculated are so different

I Calculated facebook option(expired in 12/4/13) Implied Volatility with the Bisection Method. The program will be attached at the end. The results for different strike prices are so different: ...
0
votes
3answers
215 views

Black model - volatility estimation

In the Black (1976) model: We should use the settlement prices of the underlying futures contract in order to estimate the volatility, right? Or can we also use the spot prices? Because the ...
0
votes
1answer
197 views

volatility Table and BS formula

assume I have implied FX volatility Delta-Term table from broker. I have time noticed as 2M, 3M. what do I have to put into BS formula, is it 2/12 or "count the business days"/"daycount basis"? I am ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Bivariate Black-Sholes Model

Let us propose bivariate Black-Sholes Model. Assume, we have an arbitrage-free complete market. $r_{f}$ is risk-free rate. Under real-world measure $P$: $dS_{1} (t)=S_{1} (t) ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Why does expected price of OTM option not equal to BS price?

If I assume that stock returns follow normal distribution with drift = 0% and S.D. = 10%. In the long, if I keep investing in this stock for a year with the same capital every year for a consecutive ...
0
votes
3answers
146 views

Black scholes OTC

Let's say you want to find the fair price of a call option. One way is to use the black scholes formula. This assumes you can delta-hedge the underlying asset and the option to eliminate risk, and ...
0
votes
1answer
175 views

Does Implied Volatility always exist?

I am considering a simple Heston Model Market with one risky and one riskless asset. The dynamics of the riskless asset is simply $dB_t=r*B_t*dt$ The dynamics of the risky asset is as follows, $ ...