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1answer
17 views

What constitutes an “odd lot” in corporate bonds trades?

This is important in price discovery and pricing of bonds based on trades. "Odd" lots are traded at lower prices than "round" lots. However I wasn't able to find a definition of "odd" lot anywhere. ...
0
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2answers
40 views

Factor immunization for bond portfolio

I'm trying to figure out some kind of immunization using a factor model I developed for interest rates. Here is the basic problem. Let's say that we have a bond portfolio containing $N$ bonds with ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

How can I interpret US treasury?

I try to understand US treasury in the bond markets provided by bloomberg: In this webpage, I have a few questions, for instance taking 12month-Bill: (1) What is the maturity date? I find that it ...
0
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2answers
130 views

Investment: Bond vs Equity

I was talking to a friend recently and he asked me the following question. If I have a device which perfectly (with 100% accuracy) predicts that both a bond (e.g. AAA rated government bond) and the ...
1
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2answers
62 views

Who determine Sport rate curve (Yield Curve)

My study was in a Mathematical modelling, we studied much about theory, equations, how to resolve equation, how to implement, but we don't understand well where these equations come from. My ...
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2answers
86 views

For the Dothan model $E^Q[B(t)]=\infty$?

How can I show that for the Dothan short rate model We have $E^Q[B(t)]=\infty$ ? Where Dothan short rate model is " $dr_t=ar_tdt+\sigma r_tdW_t$ ". I appreciate any help. Thanks.
2
votes
1answer
50 views

$\frac{1}{p(T_{i-1},T_i)}(A-p(T_{i-1},T_i))^+$ at time $T_i$ is equivalent to a payment of $(A-p(T_{i-1},T_i))^+$ at time $T_{i-1}$

How can I show that payment of $\frac{1}{p(T_{i-1},T_i)}(A-p(T_{i-1},T_i))^+$ at time $T_i$ is equivalent to a payment of $(A-p(T_{i-1},T_i))^+$ at time $T_{i-1}$ ? Where A is a deterministic ...
4
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0answers
111 views

Integral-differential equation for forward rates

I am struggling in this question: Let $P(t,T)$ denote the price of a zero-coupon bond (with marturity at time $T$) at time $t \in [0,T]$. As usual, at time $t$ for maturity $T$, the forward rate is ...
-2
votes
1answer
37 views

Modified or Macauley Duration in python

are there any existing python modules that can calculate Modified and/or Macauley Duration of a bond.
0
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1answer
37 views

ZSpread in multiple curve framework

how do I calculate ZSpread for a govt. bond in a multiple curve framework? I have not come across the exact details anywhere so I want to verify if I'm right. Below is my understanding, please correct ...
1
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2answers
72 views

How to price an European call on zero-coupon from the yield curve?

It is known that the price of an European call of maturity $T^*$ on zero-coupon of maturity $T$ is given by $$p(0,T)= B(0,T^*)\mathbb E ^{\mathbb Q_{T^*}}\left[ (B(T^*,T)-K)^+\right]$$ where ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Help with integrating stochastic calculus expression from yield curve model

I am very rusty on stochastic calculus, and I am having trouble integrating the following simple term from a yield curve model: $$z(t)=\int_0^t\exp(-k(t-s))dW(s)$$ Any suggestions appreciated.
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0answers
27 views

How to prove following order?

Consider a consol bond, i.e. a bond which will forever pay one unit of cash at $t = 1, 2, . . ..$ Suppose that the market yield $ y$ is constant for all maturities. (a) Compute the price, at $t = 0$, ...
3
votes
0answers
46 views

I want to Derive $P(t)=P(t,T_{n})+\sum_{i=1}^{n}[P(t,T_{i-1})-P(t,T_{i})]$

Derive the pricing formula $$P(t)=P(t,T_{n})+\sum_{i=1}^{n}[P(t,T_{i-1})-P(t,T_{i})]$$directly, by constructing a self-financing portfolio which replicates the cash flow of the floating rate bond. ...
1
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2answers
35 views

I want to prove Determine the coupon rate $r$, such that the price of the bond, at $T_0$, equals its face value

Consider a coupon bond, starting at $T_{0}$ , with face value $K$, coupon payments at $T_1, . . . , T_n$ and a fixed coupon rate $r$. Determine the coupon rate $r$, such that the price of the bond, at ...
0
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2answers
102 views

In bond pricing, is negative convexity better than positive convexity?

Say that I have two bonds and one of them has positive convexity and the other negative. Which one is better (assuming that you only care about convexity)? I understand that high convexity is ...
1
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0answers
71 views

Provide a bond pricing differential equation and invoke Feynman-Kac

Grateful for any assistance. Consider the process: $dZ=r(t)Z\,dt$ , where $r(t)$ is stochastic and $Z=Z(r,t;T)$ is a zero coupon bond. Provide a bond pricing differential equation and invoke ...
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3answers
130 views

(Beginer on bond market) References on callable bond's pricing

I am searching for references on pricing callable bonds. I've not find any rigorous mathematical approach on the web. All I found was some soft approaches in a discrete framework. Edit: First of ...
0
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0answers
42 views

Duration calculation for perpetuity with continuous compounding

Let's say we have a continuously compounded perpetuity. Does macaulay duration = modified duration? I've read from wikipedia for Bond Duration that macaulay duration = modified duration for ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Bond Interest Rate Swap Growth Rate [closed]

this should not be here because it shouldn't be here forever and eve
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Interest rate on loan for purchasing Sterling bond

I am struggling trying to find out where they get the $8$% interest rate for the loan you make to purchase the Sterling Bond in the following strategy: Problem: Suppose that $A(0)$ = $100$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

How is USGG10Y (or any tenor) constructed?

I was wondering how the yield curve for US treasuries are constructed (ex. USGG10Y, USGG5Y, etc.). How to compute for it exactly (what deals/quotes are included in it, what financial institutions are ...
1
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2answers
76 views

Why is the duration of a bond important?

I know what duration measures, but now in the age of computers why is it useful? If the yield changes, we could just simply plug the new yield into a program, or excel or something like that, and ...
2
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1answer
126 views

Pricing a bond contract from the yield curve

When giving a particular class in financial mathematics for a student I saw a problem in a list of exercises that says: How to calculate the price at 15 December 2010 of a bond paying a coupon of ...
0
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1answer
557 views

Conversion factor for bonds

Hull defines the conversion factor for a bond as the "quoted price the bond would have per dollar of principal on the first day of the delivery month on the assumption that the interest rate for all ...
2
votes
1answer
222 views

Cost of Carry Bear Flattener

I was reading a report last week that “the carry on a 2s5s gilt curve flattener is negative to the tune of 10bp over 6 months” and I realised I have little understanding of this concept and ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

How are bond prices quoted in the financial press related to bond yields quoted?

For example in the FT this month a 10 year US bond with redemption date 05/24, coupon 2.50 has a bid price of 99.52 and a bid yield of 2.56. Can one calculate the bid yield from the bid price, red ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Concise way of learning Bond & IR models

What is the most concise way to learn about bond and interest rate models from the book Mathematical Models of Financial Derivatives by Yue-Kuen Kwok? I have studied Oksendals Stochastic Differential ...
2
votes
1answer
429 views

Bond Portfolio Immunization - Duration Matching

**Question is at the bottom** Suppose you have a portfolio of bonds A, B, and C with the following characteristics: (the "Frequency" column is the # of coupon pmts per year and also the # of ...
3
votes
4answers
371 views

What happens when bond price is less than the recovery rate

I am simulating various price path of bonds, and one issue that came up is the recovery rate. When a bond defaults, the amount you get back recovery rate * principle. This creates a problem if the ...
1
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1answer
56 views

How to benchmark bonds?

I am trying to find for each european bond in my database a proper Benchmark to compare them with the Bloomberg benchmarks for bonds. What i have done so far is to extract a list of all government ...
1
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1answer
223 views

What is the intuition behind the fact that Modified duration = Macaulay Duration / (1+r)?

I understand the derivation of both:take dP/dR and divide by P which will give you both 1) modified duration OR 2) macaulay duration / (1+r) (notice the weighted average time built into the ...
1
vote
2answers
270 views

Forward rates formulae

I am now working with forward rates and have somehow been asked to use an "intuitive" formula for forward rates. $$ \frac{F(0,s,T)}{F(0,t,T)} = \frac{F(s,s,T)}{F(s,t,T)} $$ I can understand the ...
3
votes
1answer
409 views

Pricing a FixedRateBond in Quantlib: yield vs TermStructure

I am trying to price a simple U.S. treasury in QuantLib, using two methods. The first method calls FixedRatebond.dirtyPrice(...), passing in a YTM and other parameters. The second method involves ...
0
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1answer
185 views

Price change of a bond towards yield and YTM

I have been trying to get a good picture of PV01 and DV01(PVBP). I was going through below link. This measure is the absolute value of the change in price of a bond for a one basis point change in ...
1
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2answers
66 views

Implied Correlation using market quotes

Is there a way to retrieve the implied correlation between stock price and zero coupon bonds?
0
votes
1answer
193 views

How to price zero coupon bonds with short term rates model?

I want to find the price of Zero coupon bond given a short rate model. I think about Merton, Vasiceck, CIR, Ho & Lee models. 1) Given a simulation of $r_t$ how can I calculate $ P(t,T) = ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Yield to Maturity

For a bond with market price $P_t$ and fixed payments $c_n$, I'm told the yield to maturity is given by the solution $Y$ to the equation $P_t=\sum_{n=1}^N c_n e^{-Y(t_n-t)}$. Firstly, I'm not great ...
2
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0answers
104 views

How to price zero coupon bonds with the Monte Carlo method?

Im trying to calculate monthly ZCB bond prices with a fixed maturity T, over a period of months via Monte Carlo methods. Here is my attempt: For the first month, the price is $P_{t_0}(0,T) = ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

What is the hedging underlying of MBS

I am working on hedging agency MBSs using treasury bonds. So my question raise as which treasury bond should more likely be a hedging underlying of a MBS. What is the matching criteria usually for MBS ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

Bond pricing with HJM simulation

I'm using Glasserman 3.16 and 3.17 algorithm to price bonds. The algorithms evaluates the forward rates and the discount factor $B(0,t_j)$. My question is: How can I price bonds in a future time? I ...
3
votes
1answer
980 views

Calculating instantaneous forward rate from zero-coupon yield curve

I have a big dataset containing zero-coupon bond yields with different relative maturities. I fix a time horizon on my dataset and I want to calculate instantaneous forward rate. I'm going to write ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

If we modify duration, should we modify bond price? Options Futures and Other Derivatives

In Example 4.5 of Section 4.8 on Duration of Options, Futures and Other Derivatives (p.92), a bond's price and duration are computed assuming continuous compounding where the bond yield is y = 12%. ...
5
votes
1answer
205 views

Use of Girsanov's theorem in bond pricing

Assume that we want to calculate the time $t=0$ price of a bond: $B(0,T) = E_P[\exp(-\int_0^T r_s ds)]$, where $r$ is the interest rate following the SDE $dr_t=k(\theta-r_t)dt+\sigma ...
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1answer
62 views

Calculating the sensitivity of the modified bond duration to changes in the coupon rate

Given that $B=Ce^{-y} + Ce^{-2y}+ (100+C)e^{-3y}$ where B is the bond price, C is the coupon. and It is a 3 years annual coupon bond. I want to find $\frac{dD}{dC}$ where $D$ is the modified ...
3
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1answer
536 views

Can the duration of a bond be greater than Time to Maturity

In the case of a vanilla bond I know that the duration will be less than the time to maturity. But I am observing that for a non-vanilla bond, the duration is greater than time to maturity. Can ...
1
vote
1answer
346 views

Interpolating spot rates given intermittent coupon-bond prices.

I'm trying to bootstrap spot rates given coupon-paying bond data. To simplify my problem, assume we are working with only 3 given data, the price/coupon rate on semi-annual bonds maturing in 0.5, 1, ...
2
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0answers
132 views

How to determine risk-free rate of Ecuador?

I have a question in determining the risk-free rate of Ecuador. For developed countries like United States and Great Britain, the risk-free rate can be obtained in financial database such as Reuter or ...
5
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1answer
144 views

Arbitrage with freshly issued bonds

I recently heard someone mention an arbitrage strategy involving selling freshly issued bonds and buying the "old batch" as it has shown that the liquidity in the fresh batch motivates/drives up these ...
1
vote
3answers
155 views

Given monthly returns of 10-Year Govt Bond, how to get monthly risk free rate of return

I have a list of monthly returns of a 10 year Govt Bond. I am not sure if this is a good proxy for the monthly risk free rate of return. Can somebody suggest how I can derive the monthly risk free ...