# Tagged Questions

The capital asset pricing model is a model that allows to determine the theoretical rate of asset returns required by an investor, given the asset systematic risk or market risk.

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### How to apply the CAPM to 6 stocks from different markets?

I would like to apply the capital asset pricing model (CAPM) for selecting proportions of 6 different stocks. In introductory books, the CAPM model assumes that there is one market index (e.g. the S&...
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### I have a test coming up and I could really use an explanation to this example problem

This test is on CAPM and portfolio optimization Suppose that investors A and B can invest in two risky assets and a riskless asset. The first risky asset has an expected annual return of 10%. The ...
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### Regressing using Fama-French portfolios with small amount of stocks

I'm doing some research for my thesis and I was wondering if it is possible to only use monthly stock price data for 22 stocks and construct Fama-French portfolios out of them and then regress? What ...
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### Market returns below risk free rate

Let's say I'm using CAPM to estimate the cost of equity, so I need expected market returns for the calculations. The standard approach is simply to compute arithmetic mean of an index (or rather its ...
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### CAPM, DCF, and Jensen's inequality

One way to value a cashflow is to first calculate the expected return from CAPM, and then use the expected return to discount the future cashflows. The problem here is that the expected return from ...
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### How to interpret my Four-Factor Model results?

I am currently writing my thesis using the Carhart Four-Factor Model. I got my results but I am not sure how to word them. Coefficient on my SMB is 0.22. Wording: if small companies returns are 1% ...
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### How to interpret Carhart Four-Factor Model?

I am reading up on the Carhart Four-Factor model. Let's say there a regression of stock returns on alpha, RM-RF, ...
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### Fame-French alpha for a single stock

I want to study the impact of corporate culture on risk-adjusted stock returns. After quantifying corporate culture I wanted to use panel methodology (I have a sample of 100 S&P500 companies over ...
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### Validity of CAPM

I came across some literature regarding "Framing Theory" or "Prospect Theory", and the validity of CAPM. I was wondering if you could shed some light on a few questions I have in this regard: ...
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### Levered beta with changing equity/debt ratios

I know how to calculate a bottom up levered beta for a privately held and not publicly traded company with Hamada (Proof of Hamada's Formula (Relationship between levered and unlevered beta)) and ...
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### Mathematical Derivation of Residual Risk

I understand the difference between Excess, Residual and Active Returns. I also understand what Active Risk; defined as: $\sigma_{r_P-r_B}$ (i.e. standard deviation of the difference in returns ...
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### Beta = 1 and 0. Type of portfolios

I read in E. Quian's "Quantitative Equitity Portoflio Management" the following: A traditional long-only portfolio [with unit beta] would have most of its risk in the market risk. However, a zero ...
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### “Risk” Factor vs Double Sorts

With regards to a cross-sectional asset pricing (stocks) study, I am testing if one variable can explain another. One common approach to do this, is to use the double-sorting portfolio technique (sort ...
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### CAPM betas at different horizons

When taking capital budgeting decisions appropriate cost of capital should depend on the horizon of the investment. So the beta of a stock, i.e. it's covariance with the market should depend on the ...
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### Difference between CAPM and mean variance optimization

Is the mean variance optimization the same thing as the capital asset pricing model? Or is the mean variance only a part of CAPM?
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### Fit linear model to higher moments of CAPM

How can one fit a linear model to the higher moments of CAPM in R? Fitting a linear model to the second moment (classical CAPM) would be ...
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### Intrepreting the Capital Market Line plot

I am looking at plots of the Security Market (SML) line and Capital market line (CML). The X axis is the beta for the SML and Standard deviation for CML; the y axis is labeled with excess return. ...
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### Apply CAPM using returns on a foreign currency as the market returns

I want to analize Bitcoin returns using the CAPM. I was thinking if it makes sense to compare returns of (BTC/USD) against (EUR/USD), taking the latter as the market returns. However, since EUR is ...
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### Measure difference between estimations and historic returns

For every day in a year, I have the return on an asset and the CAPM estimation for the return. I want to measure the average difference between the set of returns and set of estimations. So far, I ...
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### Why do stocks with a negative beta return less than the risk free rate?

Let's say we have two stocks, Stock A and Stock B. Both of them have the same standard deviation $\sigma$, and therefore have the same risk. The only difference is that Stock A has a perfect ...
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### Is the CAPM beta equivalent to the coefficient estimate of an OLS regression?

The $\beta_i$ of an asset or portfolio is defined as its covariance with the market (which itself therefore has a beta of $\beta_m = 1$). The CAPM looks a lot like a simple linear regression model. Is ...