# Tagged Questions

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14 views

### 'Anchors' for REER/PPP estimates

I'm having trouble trying to understand the concept of 'anchors'. I came across the term in a sentence that said "we use a relative purchasing power parity approach that is based on the longterm ...
21 views

### What is “swap rate differentials” in relation to currency exchange?

So I'm working on a excel spreadsheet that relates relevant drivers for the FX market. In particular, I was told to look into swap rate differentials. I've read that the interest rate differential is ...
33 views

### calculating long short portfolios currency exposure

I have calculated the currency exposures of a long short portfolio simply by summing the weights of each stock. However I was told that I need to incorporate the dollar borrowing (short dollars), I ...
120 views

### How to work out the forward outright price from the bid/ask quotes?

I'm facing this problem: Spot AUD/USD is quoted at 0.7634/39; six-months swaps are 112.1/111.1; at what forward outright rate can a price taker sell USD value spot/6 months? On the spot side,...
41 views

### Portfolio Theory: Must VarCovar Matrix be based on return var/covar?

I am trying to estimate the minimum variance portfolio where the assets are currency derivatives. In the specific case it does not make sense to base correlations or variance on asset returns. I am ...
47 views

### Where can I get json currency data feeds every millisecond?

I have been looking for free or paid json data feeds on currencies for long. I have come across: currencylayer.com Oanda XE The problem is that I really need millisecond based updates. Can ...
78 views

### Best practice for international Fama-French analysis

First I have to admit that I have never been really good at thinking about the implications of investments in different currencies. I don't know why but it makes my head spin, this is why I am no FX ...
92 views

### Fama-French Factors in €

I am having a bit of a problem with currency conversion issues. What I do: I sort European stocks based on their book-to-market ratio, each year I form a portfolio (equal-weight) with the 10 stocks ...
201 views

### Is trading mean reversion of small principal components of prices profitable?

Many have told me that it is a good idea to look at the third principal component (PC) of yield curve movements, as well as third and fourth PC of G10 currencies. They claim these PCs represent "...
23 views

### How to get currency denomination of security from yahoo finance API

I'm trying to write a portfolio program and it would be nice if it could auto detect what the currency denomination of the ticker is without needing user input.
105 views

### Calculating probability of Yuan's slump from options market

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-01-06/if-options-traders-are-right-the-yuan-s-slump-is-far-from-over Contract prices indicate a 79 percent probability that the currency will weaken ...
70 views

### Weights in Portfolio Attribution when considering Currency

I'm performing a simple Portfolio attribution with the Brinson 1985 model where returns are decomposed into both an allocation component and a selection. Using the formula, I first did the ...
133 views

### Difficulty understanding put-call parity for currency options

I am self-studying for an actuarial exam on models for financial economics. I am having difficulty thinking about the put-call parity for currency options, specifically how use the notation. Here is ...
203 views

### Bond portfolio hedging against currency risk

How do I hedge a bond portfolio against currency risk? Ideally I'm looking for books or other references on this topic.
74 views

### Exchange rate conversion [closed]

If the EUR/USD exchangerate fell by -0,96%, how much has the USD/EUR exchange rate increased? According to the below charts the number would be +0,97% (currently) but I cant figure out how these ...
43 views

Two very specific questions (they are more database questions, but need specific knowledge): A same stock could be traded in different currencies in a same exchange? A bond is always traded in his ...
157 views

### How to handle currency change in exchange rate volatility measurement

I am trying to measure exchange rate volatility in some countries and I am using their currencies against euro. Problem is that one of them is Slovakia which has changed the currency in 2009 from ...
177 views

### CNY Devaluation: Why EUR up, USD down?

The second unexpected devaluation of the Chinese currency CNY caused some turbulent market movements in currencies today. I was surprised that the EUR went to a 1-week high against the USD up by ...
45 views

### Calculate Forward Rate under CIP - differs from qouted rates, why?

Hello everyone out there, I am quite new here, but hope you are helping me out, nevertheless. By assuming that we have CIP I want to calculate the 3M Forward rate for EURUSD. I use the known formula ...
125 views

### Why is Indian rupee is stable against the USD even though most other currencies weakening?

The Indian Rupee (INR) seems fairly stable against the USD (1 USD = 62-64 INR) in the recent times even though most other currencies have weakened against USD, some by 20-30%. Apparently, INR is ...
40 views

### How should I use central banks rates in order to compute 2-day forward exchange rate on EURUSD

Good morning, I would like to compute a 2-day forward exchange rate on EURUSD. For that, I have historical data on EURUSD spot price, and I know that theoretically, when maturity is T we have : $F_0$...
185 views

### Forex trading scenarios - calculating units

I'm trying to build an automated forex trading system and I'm trying to understand how to calculate the number of units I should specify for each trade in different scenarios. Say for example I have ...
77 views

### Calculating units in a cross currency short trade

If I have a forex account with a broker and a balance of 100 USD, and I'd like to short EUR/JPY, how many units can I short? How is this calculated? Which currency pair do I use to translate between ...
80 views

### Relationshiop between central bank official currency rates and spot forex

Central banks publish official figures for domestic interest rates, as well as spot currency rates for a few select countries (largest trading partners). To prevent arbitrage, I "expect" that in the ...
29 views

### What does it mean to change the currency of a spread between bonds from 2 different countries?

On reuters I charted the spread between the 10yr US bond and the 10yr UK bond. It gives the me the option of choosing the currency. For just the standard spread(ie: yield(US)-yield(UK)) you select ...
162 views

### what data to use to compare the interest rate among different currencies?

Very new to fixed income signals. I am a little confused about which data to use to compare interest rate among different currencies. For example, I am interested in compare interest rate in the ...
2k views

### How do I calculate the PPP adjusted exchange rate between two countries?

I have been trying to calculate the PPP-adjusted EURUSD exchange rate. I am not sure if it is the same as relative PPP, for which I have used this formula: Spot rate at time t = Current spot rate * ((...
3k views

### Why is there onshore and offshore currency?

I hear a lot about offshore and onshore currency, but I don't understand the difference between them. What is the difference between onshore and offshore currency in a country? Besides that, why is ...
195 views

### Log returns and GARCH models

I try to model currency rates volatility using GARCH models through the RUGARCH package in R. Starting from the observed currency rate series, I compute the log-return through: ...
133 views

### Yahoo currency api

I've had a currency widget made for me which is based on http://query.yahooapis.com/v1/public/yql?q=select I am wondering if I can use it on my site, which even though it not more than a hobby could ...
497 views

### How trading in currency pair works, underlying techniques and mechanisms

I am somewhat experienced in Forex trading, but I have a question which has bothered me for quite some time. If we for instance go back in time four months, to before the beginning of value loss the ...
114 views

### Is there a broad currency index just like there is an equity market index?

I would like to assess the performance of currency traders so I was wondering if there is a broad currency index that can be used as a benchmark to assess the performance of these traders. The index ...
51 views

### Currency Portfolio G10 vs USD allocation

Given that I have fundamental data such as GDP growth rate for G10 countries .Now I want to build a currency pairs portfolio of G10 currencies vs USD .How can I translate country scores to currency ...
95 views

### What is meant by “position at a given time” in the context of a series of forex trades?

Suppose you are only talking about a single currency pair, say EUR/USD. Throughout some period of time, you engage in trades with various other parties, sometimes buying, sometimes selling. The rates ...
247 views

### How to reduce fx currency pairs ? PCA or other tools?

I have 19 currency pairs like USD.AUD, USD.CAD, etc. Also 82 cross currency pairs like AUD.CAD, EUR.AUD,EUR.CAD etc. When I look to their graphs, most look similar, so I want to reduce number of pair ...
451 views

### Looking for Research Paper on Creation of Currency Baskets

I came across a paper, not sure it originated from academia or a blog or such, that reported on applying principal components to build currency baskets from a set of individual currency pairs and to ...
115 views

### How does US banks ensure that other country's banks aren't counterfeiting USD?

I have had this question for a long time. For example, if I wire 50M USD from China to the US, does the Chinese bank physically deliver 50M USD cash to the US bank? or is it just changing a number in ...
119 views

### Analysing FX Data

When analysing currencies, the data always comes in pairs so it is hard to normalise a multivariate time series of data e.g. if I have GBPvsUSD, EURvsUSD and CADvsUSD then changes in the US economy ...
951 views

### Japan day count conventions

I am after a good comprehensive resource on Japanese day count conventions. By that I mean, is actual/360 or actual/365 used for pricing various options, forwards, futures, etc.
149 views

### Currency forwards implied interest rates

I am calculating implied interest rates using covered interest rate parity theorem. I am looking at the Australian US currency pair. When evaluating day counts, should I be using Actual/365 for ...
208 views

### Converting time series returns into euro

I am trying to convert various series of returns into one currency (euro). I saw from aprevious post that soemone suggested using conversion factors, where would I find these? Also, given that the ...
382 views

### How to most optimally perform currency conversions when backtesting on portfolio level?

I am currently expanding my own strategy profiling and testing platform which partly consists of a portfolio backtesting module. The backtest engine processes tick based data (quotes for currencies, ...
124 views

### right benchmark for an incompletely diversified international portfolio (for a CAPM): MSCI World or MSCI ACWI IMI?

I want to calculate annual excess returns on portfolios using monthly returns for a CAPM (for the assets in the portfolio as well as for the benchmark), in order to have more information on the ...
77 views

### different amount of information on return correlations from shorter and longer periods?

I want to calculate annual excess returns on portfolios using monthly (total) returns for a CAPM (for the assets in the portfolio as well as for the benchmark), in order to have more information on ...
2k views

### how to chain monthly excess returns into annual?

I want to calculate annual excess returns on portfolios using monthly returns for a CAPM (for the assets in the portfolio as well as for the benchmark), in order to have more information on the ...
547 views

### annual excess returns from CAPM on monthly total returns

I want to calculate annual excess returns on portfolios using monthly returns for a CAPM (for the assets in the portfolio as well as for the benchmark), in order to have more information on the ...
392 views

### Blackbox Optimization + Bootstrapping = Parameter Selection?

Most automated trading systems have a number of embedded parameters such as the lookback periods, entry and exit thresholds, etc. This is like the moving average crossover system or any of the systems ...
2k views

### How to adjust local currency returns to US\$/EUR return?

Iam doing research on return characteristics. As of today the scope of the research has changed from a local investor point of view to an international investor point of view. This basically means ...