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2answers
31 views

How exactly are correlated defaults used/analyzed?

I've read a lot about correlate defaults but I can't seem to understand how they're used practically in a portfolio theory setting. Suppose I have two (?) companies, X and Y, and historic default ...
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2answers
53 views

What is the probability of defaulting in year 2?

I was asked this question the other day, but it's been years since I've done this work. If the probability of a company to default in a year is $8\%$, what is the probability that it will default in ...
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0answers
21 views

Market Price of Risk in EDF Model

Consider Moody's Expected Default Frequency (EDF) model. To arrive from risk-neutral default probabilities to real-world default probabilities, we need to know ...
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0answers
36 views

Bootstrap bond-implied default probabilities in MatLab?

Has anyone used MatLab to extract default probabilities from bond/fixed income prices? MatLab has some built in functionality to do this analysis with CDS ("cdsbootstrap"), but not bonds. Certainly ...
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0answers
24 views

Using Put Volatilities to Estimate Firm Leverage/Credit Risk

This paper by Hull, Nelken and White uses implied volatilities in structural credit risk models to back out a market-implied leverage ratio. CreditGrades has a similar implementation using equity ...
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0answers
24 views

Valuation Models for Bank Credit Default

What approaches exist for calculating a fair price for a credit default swap for a bank? Most of the traditional valuation models are geared towards industrial firms. Are there any theoretical ...
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0answers
22 views

Consolidating Off-Balance Sheet Financing for Banks

Many banks use off-balance sheet vehicles and minority-owned non-consolidated subsidiaries to circumvent capital regulations. The parent bank's asset exposure is taken to be limited to its equity ...
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0answers
48 views

Building PD model using Moody's Historical default rates

I want to build a Probability of default model using moody's cumulative default rates. I was trying to calculate the average default intensity rate and from there I dont know where to go. Example : ...
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0answers
124 views

Altman Z-Score to Probability of default

I have computed the Altman Z Score for approximatly 2500 companies. I was wondering if mathematically I am allowed to use a logistic function ? Such as: ...
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0answers
46 views

Through the Cycle calibration of PD values

It is a known fact that default rates seem to exhibit cyclic behavior. Most probability of default models use one-year averages of default rates to calibrate the models. The one-year averages should ...
2
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1answer
87 views

Pricing homogeneous Basket Default Swap

Consider a basket with $K=10$ names. Default times of the names, $\tau_k$, are i.i.d. random variables with distribution $P(\tau_k \leq t) = 1 - e^{-\lambda t}$. Suppose that each name in the basket ...
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2answers
67 views

Business cycles and missing data

For many probability of defaults models in credit risk it is needed to use data observed from a "full" business cycles. Usually a business cycle is defined as a recurring (not necessarily periodic) ...
3
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1answer
224 views

Is marginal probability of default the same as conditional probability of default?

I'm thrown off by the term marginal probability of default. I've seen it defined by some authors as synonymous term for conditional probability of default conditional probability of default: ...
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1answer
1k views

Cumulative vs marginal probability of default

I understood the cumulative (aka unconditional) probability of default to be the probability of defaulting in a given period eg: between years 1 and 5. Further $\pi_{cumulative} = 1-e^{-\lambda*t}$ ...
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1answer
63 views

Calculating probability of default with no recovery

Given two methods to calculate the 1 year conditional probability of default of a zero coupon bond, I've come up with slightly different but close results. From my approaches below, is it reasonable ...
3
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2answers
166 views

Extracting Default probability from a single CDS

I have to find the CDS's default probability using the simplest Poisson Process (intensity constant). I'm wondering how to get this estimate if I have only a CDS with maturity 5years. If I had ...
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0answers
31 views

Alternatives to CDSs for default term structure?

The CDS market seems to be drying up, funding&liquidity issues are now prevalent over credit, so other sources for default probabilities are needed. What else is commonly used to obtain a ...
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1answer
609 views

Actually benefiting from logistic regression to estimate probability of default

Does anyone know any events where using logistic regression to estimate probability of default has led to a bank, financial institution, government or anything really to benefit in practice? I see a ...
2
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1answer
426 views

What is Margin of Conservatism

In modelling loss given default,(LGD), we often encounter the term Margin of Conservatism. What is it in layman's terms? I am not able to find a wikipedia page on this.
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1answer
187 views

Term structure of default probabilities without market data

With the forthcoming new regulations, IFRS9, financial institutions will be required to model life time expected credit losses. Consequently, it is necessary to model the term structure of default ...
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2answers
290 views

Using Financial Ratios to get credit rating or PD

Hello I'm looking for papers, aside from ones that use CDS spreads, about credit rating development or estimating default probability based on financial ratios that also include methodology and maybe ...
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0answers
311 views

How to calculate Probability of Default from Survival Probability

I would calculate Probability of Default from Survival Probability. I want to know how they are related. This is how I think they are related: ...
3
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2answers
164 views

Deriving credit spreads or migration matrices from prob of default

How do I derive credit migration/transition matrices or spreads from default probability? May you please provide references, or do you know what type of articles or authors to find?
5
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0answers
643 views

A model to stochastic hazard rate and CDS spread term structure

I'm interested in the term structure of CDS spread. It's known that the Market CDS rate (fair CDS spread or T-maturity spread) of a CDS contract initiated at $s$, maturity $T$ and recovery function $...
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2answers
1k views

CDS Spread and Par Bond Yield Spread

It is claimed that the credit default swap (CDS) spread should approximate the risky par bond yield or coupon rate spread from the riskless bond on the same entity. This comes about when we assume ...
2
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3answers
267 views

Interpolating probabilities of default

I have a table of cumulative probabilities of default of industrial bonds, in time and credit rating. It is similar to S&P whitepaper here. Basically, it looks like this (sample numbers): ...
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2answers
155 views

Probability of Hyperinflation as a function of Probability of Soverign Default

I'm looking for some academic research on modeling risk of hyperinflation. Specifically, I'm interested in modeling the probability of hyperinflation over some time interval (e.g., probability of ...
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3answers
1k views

CDS Spreads and Equity Volatility

Why does CDS spreads track the implied volatility on equities? What is the fundamental relationship that would keep the two inline from deviating too far from each other? My speculation: Could it be ...
2
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3answers
842 views

Implied Probability of Default from Bond Prices

I am trying to build out a probability of default model for a bond. Given the current price of a bond and the current risk free rate, I am trying to calculate the probability of default. So assume a ...
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2answers
3k views

How to use Merton model to calculate default probability with monthly stock prices?

I want to calculate the estimated default probability with only given data the monthly returns for the last 20 years, the risk-free rate ($R_f$), equity value (EV) and the face value of debt ($D$). My ...