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3
votes
1answer
86 views

Understanding the derivation of a ML-estimator

I'm trying to understand the derivation of a ML-estimator and more specifically the rewriting of the covariance matrix Sigma. In this rewriting a lemma is used to show that $$ (1) \hspace{1.4 ...
1
vote
1answer
417 views

derivation of formula for portfolio skewness and kurtosis

Where can I find derivation of formula for portfolio skewness and kurtosis? I can find formulas everywhere, but not their derivations? For example, the portfolio variance formula is well known and I ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

What is a self-financing and replicating portfolio?

I try to understand the derivation of the Black-Scholes equation based on the "constructing a replicating portfolio". From mathematical point of view it looks simple. We assume that: Stock prices ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Easiest and most accessible derivation of Black-Scholes formula

I am preparing a QuantFinance lecture and I am looking for the easiest and most accessible derivation of the Black-Scholes formula (NB: the actual formula, not the differential equation). My favorite ...