# Tagged Questions

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3answers
146 views

### What is a Constant Maturity Swap (CMS) rate?

I have been searching in books and on the internet for a basic definition and explanation of CMS rates, but I cannot find anything clear and simple. Can you explain (maybe with an example) what a CMS ...
3answers
112 views

### Heston Model Integration Oscillations

Is there a way to reduce oscillations for the numerical integration when evaluating the Heston model. I am pricing a series of 5000 options scattered over the Heston model parameter space and I find ...
1answer
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### Pricing Cancelable swap

Consider a first hypothetical, a swap. Party 1 is paying 6 month Libor, semi-annually. Party 2. pays $1+3*(\frac{Index_\color{red}{T}}{Index_0}-1)$ only at maturity. Say the notional is 1. $Index_t$ ...
2answers
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### European vs American derivative securities, interesting question

Let us denote by $c^A(t, S(t))$ the price, at time $t$ of a certain American-style derivative security, whose instrinsic value, at time $t$ is denoted by $V(t)$.From the no-arbitrage principle, we ...
0answers
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### Interest Rate Differentials, CDS Differentials, Inflation Differentials

Is there any academic literature relating the difference in interest rates between bonds of the same tenor in different countries with the inflation differential, CDS differential, and risk premium ...
1answer
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### Why buy/sell a forward starting option?

More precisely, in equity markets, why would one prefer to buy a forward starting option over a vanilla option ? What about the selling side ?
1answer
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### Why Must Dividends Be Reinvested to Use Risk-Neutral Pricing?

Assume the price of a stock $S_t$ paying continuous dividend $a$ satisfies $$dS_t = S_t\left((\mu - a)dt + \sigma dW_t\right).$$ The risk-neutral pricing formula states that if $\mathbb{Q}$ is any ...
0answers
29 views

### How can I improve the pricing simulation of basket option?

I valuated the price of below basket option Underlying assets are three global stock index : Eurostoxx 50, S&P500, KOSPI 200 Maturity: 36 months with advanced redemption date in every 6 months ...
1answer
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### Derivative: Delta of a Down and Out Call Option with Barrier=Debt(K)

I am trying to compute the derivative of this function with respect to V0: This is the price of a down and out call option, assuming the barrier equal to the level of debt K. In other terms, I need ...
2answers
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### What is the “inflation delta” of an option?

I'm preparing a report on the different Greeks used in risk measurement, and my boss mentioned the inflation delta within the first-order Greeks (and the Inflation Vega, but I guess that if I figure ...
4answers
2k views

### How to estimate real-world probabilities

In the world of finance, Risk-neutral pricing allow us to estimate the fair value of derivatives using the risk free rate as the expected return of the underlyings. However, the behavior of ...
1answer
62 views

### Equivalency of FX forwards and FX fixed for fixed swaps? Are they still the same under multiple curves environment?

I am encountering two approaches for valuation of FX swaps (fixed for fixed, e.g. fixed USD payments for fixed EUR payments) which seem to result into different values although in theory they should ...
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### Conversion of SPY prices to ES prices

I have a system that I use intraday that works great on SPY. Due to the extra leverage available plus other benefits I am thinking about trading the system using ES. Is there a conversion factor ...
0answers
31 views

### Volatility Skew for Put and Call options [closed]

Given that the implied volatility follows volatility skew, which one has higher implied volatility? At-the-money put 40 (spot = strike = 40) or at-the-money call 160 (spot = strike = 160)? I am not ...
1answer
56 views

### Calculating portfolio weights of derivatives

A rather simple question. You have a portfolio of USD100 in cash. You now take USD10 and buy a derivative that gives you exposure of USD200 to something. What is the weighting of cash in the ...
1answer
173 views

### Is the code of my binary call option pricer (using explicit finite difference, backward scheme) correct? [closed]

I am using explicit finite difference (backward scheme) to price a binary call option. Here is my MATLAB code: ...
2answers
87 views

### put call parity for futures options derivation in Hull

In Hull, the following derivation of PCP for futures options: What confuses me is that it is stated that the payoff of the long futures is $F_t-F_0$. The footnote states: the analysis assumes that ...
1answer
65 views

### the cash flows behind closing out futures positions

I always get confused about the cashflows occurring when a futures position is closed out. For example, say it is January and I enter into a long December Futures position with a futures price F(jan). ...
1answer
136 views

### Why does increased stock borrow costs decrease a stock's forward price?

The author in this article -- http://streetwiseprofessor.com/?p=7294 -- states that an increase in stock borrowing costs decreases a stock's forward price: In the absence of manipulation, the ...
0answers
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### Calculate Forward Rate under CIP - differs from qouted rates, why?

Hello everyone out there, I am quite new here, but hope you are helping me out, nevertheless. By assuming that we have CIP I want to calculate the 3M Forward rate for EURUSD. I use the known formula ...