# Tagged Questions

Shares of stock traded in a stock market. Equities represent the residual claim or interest of the most junior class of investors in assets, after all liabilities are paid.

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### Adjusting VaR calculating for Correlation effects?

I have a question regarding VaR calculation for a portfolio using a historical approach and the corresponding correlation assumptions. When using a historical approach, we essentially offset ...
27 views

### Annualized log return for Equity [on hold]

I came across an old question answered here My question is theoretical. I'm not a mathematician/quant professional so please excuse my lack of knowledge. I've read a few papers on forecasting equity ...
251 views

### Correct Alphabet (Google) market cap calculation?

Given the definition: ...
108 views

### Move along, nothing to see here…just a super cheap stock price for an instant?

Can someone explain what this large negative spike in this stock chart is in after-hours trading? It almost looks like a data glitch to me, since the value before and after the spike are almost ...
196 views

### accuracy of Yahoo Finance stock data (Python module)

I am using the yahoo finance python module: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/yahoo-finance I am using it for a project and would like to see if anybody else uses data from this source and can vouch for ...
69 views

### Papers on temporary price impact

Can anyone recommend papers that model how long temporary price impact last when you buy / sell a trade? This would fall under the TCA realm (Trade Cost Analysis). Thank you.
225 views

### Robust way to calculate P&L for stocks/futures trading

I have implemented a class in C# that will calculate P&L based on this description from TT. However it worries me that it gives different results for the same fills, if you apply the "fill ...
235 views

### Clever ways of “summarising” the equity fund universe

I am trying to get some advice or direction (brainstorm) as to the best way to summarise/cluster/etc. the equity fund universe (which for my purposes consists of about 150 funds). Some of my ideas at ...
237 views

### Conversion stock symbols Google Finance vs. Reuters

I'm working on a project that will fetch data from Google Finance and Reuters. In order to avoid keeping two separate lists of stock symbols, I'm looking for some kind of conversion or database or API ...
146 views

### List of TSX stocks with their sector and industry

Is there a website that offers free download or API where I can get an up-to-date list of all securities listed on the TSX along with their sector/industry? I could scrape individual screens for each ...
116 views

### Is it possible to download stock-data countrywise with quantmod package for R?

Is it possible to download stock-data countrywise with quantmod package for R ? Hi, I'm wondering if it's possible to download equities countrywise. Let's say i want all data from the Finnish market....
45 views

### s&p500 companies value vs growth

I was thinking of examining how the constituent companies of the s&p500 are affected by sentiment in crises. Is there any way to download stock prices for all the companies? Moreover how can I ...
45 views

### Netfonds.no: Continuing to understand how to get high frequency data

I first found out about netfonds about a year ago but I hadn't ever really gotten around to actually pulling data from there. I spent a little time today figuring out a way to pull data and here is ...
73 views

### Where to get Tobin's Q by country

I am trying to rank countries based on Tobin's Q ratio. US data can be easily gathered from FED's report and is available on multiple website. I want get data on other countries with high Index of ...
93 views

### trading equities on options feed/microstructure data

Obviously, not asking for a trading strategy, but do people successfully use options feed/microstructure data to trade equities intraday? What's the general framework for such strategies?
72 views

### Why buy/sell a forward starting option?

More precisely, in equity markets, why would one prefer to buy a forward starting option over a vanilla option ? What about the selling side ?
152 views

### Execution quality for illiquid securities

The SEC's execution quality statistics measurements (Rule 605) arguably does a poor job at measuring the execution quality of ...
32 views

### Rblpapi-Getting different numbers than Bloomberg

I used the following code to pull day to day total returns (net dividends) from Bloomberg Terminal for a list of securities I have. When I compare my data using the GF function in Bloomberg, I am ...
386 views

### How to calculate probability of touching a take-profit without touching a stop-loss?

How to calculate probability of touching a take-profit without touching a stop-loss (no-dividend stock, infinite time)?
41 views

### Valuation growth rate for perpetuity

What would be reasonable rates of return for the computation of perpetuity in firm valuation? I tend to google FMI's expected World GDP growth rate, but I can't always find results. Would someone ...
40 views

### Where can be found the tick size list for stocks traded in NASDAQ and NYSE?

Answering this question is relevant to assess the quality of a time series in order to observe whether the data vendor applies some rounding to the data or is more decimal are present than the actual ...
383 views

### Validity of CAPM

I came across some literature regarding "Framing Theory" or "Prospect Theory", and the validity of CAPM. I was wondering if you could shed some light on a few questions I have in this regard: ...
58 views

### Stock market cash flow

I want to understand better cash flow of stock market and it's participants, but could not find any reasonable information online, hope more experienced people here could help. Money IN flow: (1)...
91 views

### Which proxies to user for investor sentiment and industry performance, and where to find the data?

I came up with the idea of dealing with investor's sentiment effect in stock market in my thesis. I would like to know which proxies you would suggest to use as sentiment index and from which source ...
5k views

### Machine Learning vs Regression and/or Why still use the latter?

I come from a different field (Machine learning/AI/data science), but aim to ask a philosophical question with the utmost respect: Why do quantitative financial analysts (analysts/traders/etc.) prefer ...
47 views

### How do I calculate Market Dividend Yield from this data?

Thanks for reading, I am trying to calculate the market dividend yield for this set of data. The authors define it as 'The market dividend yield (MDY) is the one-year dividend from the CRSP value-...
61 views

### Backtesting Long/Short Market Neutral Z-Score Strategy with Custom Factors and Custom Stock Universe

So I've managed to backtest simple strategies, like MA, RSI and some fundamental ones (P/E ratios etc) but Im stuck at my last strategy. Here is some information: Tools: Excel and Python (also a ...
128 views

### Modeling the Stock Market [closed]

Hi I was wondering what is the model that best describes the price movement of the stock market? A Brownian motion Process with drift? An Ornstein Uhlenbeck_process? (where the long term mean ...
140 views

### What does a negative stock amount mean in a single-period, binomial market model?

Consider a single-period, binomial market model with a $r > 0$ interest rate (in USD per period) and a portfolio $(x, y)$ consisting of two assets: a savings/lendings account and a stock, both ...
52 views

### Physical interpretation of variance in returns in a portfolio design

I have a downloaded the log-returns at successive times of 98 stocks from S&P index over 753 days. I calculated the total daily return according to the formula 1 below, where ...
25 views

### Can an order be filled but uncommitted?

Let's say I place an order to buy shares. Let's says uncommitted shares are those not actively working with other destinations or brokers, and committed shares are those actively working but yet ...
98 views

### Update Daily price from yahoo in R

I am trying to update daily prices from yahoo via below R code, but code is not working properly and i am not getting any error as such. One can see the reference code at following link. http://www....
13 views

### Do smaller horizons better estimate volatility for longer horizons than the longer horizons?

Suppose you want an estimate of the 20 day return variance. You could grab historical lagging 20 day windows to build an estimate, or you could build 10 day lagging windows (twice as many data points) ...
301 views

### How can index futures trade 24/7 when the index doesn't change?

I have read that the E-Mini S&P 500 Futures trade 24/7, how is that possible? I mean the underlying stocks which form the index are traded from 9:30am-4pm - so outside of these hours the S&P ...
132 views

### Do you think this strategy will work?

I have been playing with paper trading and am planning on getting into the real stock market soon, but I want to make sure my strategy is realistic before I put real money on it. I made a program ...
120 views

### Common, practical methods to calculate fair value of a stock?

What are some common methods in determining fair value of a stock, from market data only, in real-time, as close to instantaneous as possible? The kind of pricing that algorithmic trading engines ...
295 views

### How important is the limit order book?

I'm trying to understand how important the limit order today for NYSE, NASDAQ, Euronext and LSE. For example, when we talk about the volume traded during the day, what share of that volume has been ...
266 views

### Executions deep in the Limit Order Book?

I have some Level III (message level) data for equities and I have found several cases in which I register the execution of a Limit Order at a price "worse" than the best bid or ask. For example, ...
24 views

### Why do people use weighted regression with returns?

For example, by ADV. Intuitively it makes sense that a very liquid high ADV stock should carry more weight, but when I try it with some real life data I get higher standard error than unweighted...is ...
567 views

### Why should there be an equity risk premium?

After years of mathematical finance I am still not satisfied with the idea of a risk premium in the case of stocks. I agree that (often) there is a premium for long dated bonds, illiquid bonds or ...
700 views

### Thoughts on how quantitative hedge funds use machine learning to invest in the stock market (algorithms, examples of data, etc.)

I believe there are several post on this general topic but I thought I would start my own thread. I'm a former fundamental hedge fund investor (i.e. modeling a company's financials, forecasting the ...
35 views

### Exchange ratio (stock swap ratio) during a merger/acquisition

Good morning to all, The question is homework-related but I've done the research already. The task is to guesstimate how much money will a known company A pay if it wants to acquire the known company ...
123 views

### Bloomberg & R: Accessing multiple securities with getBars() in R

I am attempting to access 1 minute trade data for 50 securities using Bloomberg API (rblpapi). Following is the code I got from the CRAN: ...
37 views

### Who/What is a promoter of a company?

As Investopedia defines it: A promoter is an individual or company that, for a fee, helps raise money for some type of investment activity. Most often, promoters raise money for a company through ...
47 views

### Capital increase: which stock price to use as input to Black-Scholes formula?

For an exercise we have to calculate the theoretical value of a scrip / preferential right on its issue day (23 April) in the context of a capital increase. The scrips are issued on 23 April. The ...
213 views

### Which Database (MySql or NoSQL) for a Stock market App

I'm re-creating an app for Stockmarket Screening & Realtime charting Display. The database wireframe which i propose to design is as follows: 1. Company master - Where all the information of ...
58 views

### Put-on-call option confusion

So the question asks: Given a 3-steps Binomial Tree model with $S(0) = 50$, $U = 20%,D = 􀀀20%$, and $R = 5%$. A European call option has the strike price $X = 40$ and maturity time $T = 3$. Also, a ...
84 views

### Replication strategy of European call option

So the question asks: L et $S(0) = 120$ dollars, $u = 0.2$, $d = −0.1$ and $r = 0.1$. Consider a call option with strike price $X = 120$ dollars and exercise time $T = 2$. Find the option price and ...