Shares of stock traded in a stock market. Equities represent the residual claim or interest of the most junior class of investors in assets, after all liabilities are paid.

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7
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3answers
6k views

Why does the adjusted closing price take into account dividends?

I'm trying to get an intuition as to why the adjusted closing price includes a dividend adjustment: \begin{equation} 1 - \frac{dividend}{close} \end{equation} I understand why the adjusted closing ...
2
votes
3answers
192 views

List of Stocks by Sector

Does anyone know where I can find a list of all stocks traded on the NYSE in a table that also includes what sector they are in? I want to look at some data using info both from the individual stock ...
0
votes
1answer
186 views

Why most of apple stock price since 10years have been gained overnight?

I've been playing with stock data and I've discovered a terrible truth : in 10 years apple stock price passed from roughly 3\$ to 100$. However this gain isn't due to intraday price variation ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Quick way to check what 'tape' a stock belongs to?

For the SIP feeds, there is the CTA and the UTP plan and they cover Tapes A,B and Tape C respectively. Is there an easy way to check on google what tape a stock would belong to? Particularly when it ...
0
votes
3answers
124 views

Calculation of weekly P/E ratio

The P/E-ratio is defined as $$ \frac{\text{Market value per share}}{\text{Earnings per share (EPS)}} $$ I have weekly observations of stock prices, but what measure should I use for EPS? Should it ...
2
votes
1answer
159 views

Predicting stock returns - in a panel data specification or by using portfolio formation strategies?

I'm working on an empirical analysis where I try to predict stock returns using weekly data. Ideally, I would like to use a panel data model like the following: $$ ...
0
votes
2answers
187 views

Explanatory variables for regression predicting weekly stock returns

In an empirical analysis I'm trying to predict log() weekly stock returns. I'm trying to model stock returns in a panel data model framework. As explanatory variables I have 1) a measure of investor ...
3
votes
3answers
349 views

Measuring historical earnings surprises, their frequency and severity

This is my first post to Quantitative Finance, so I hope my question is formatted the right way. I am starting to research the effects of earnings surprises on certain equity indices. Is there a ...
0
votes
2answers
122 views

Calculation of price momentum using weekly price observations

In an empirical analysis I'm trying to predict stock returns using different firm characteristics. I would like to use price momentum as an explanatory variable, but I'm not quite sure how to ...
2
votes
2answers
253 views

How to classify stocks by their volatility?

I would like to hear other possible ways of classifying Stocks by the Volatility of their returns. Assuming that I want to characterize each stock as Low, Medium or High Volatility Stock and assuming ...
1
vote
2answers
189 views

M&A hedging an equity portfolio against an index

Quick Note This question was already posted under the userID user8170. Reason being I could not access my account. Now I am able to login to my account I am reposting the question here and will ...
20
votes
8answers
2k views

How to design a custom equity backtester?

I was thinking about writing my own backtester and I realize I have to make some assumptions. So I was hoping I could post what I am planning on doing and hopefully some of you can give me some ideas ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

ADR vs Foriegn Stock Price Arbitraguers

So I am sure you all know about the whole Argentina default that has been in the papers lately, no need to delve into it. This so called "technical" default has lead some interesting investment ...
4
votes
1answer
172 views

Why does regression capture differences in volatility?

I read the following statement in the book python for data analysis, chapter 11, and I was wondering if someone could give me intuition about why regression has this effect? The purpose of the ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Asset true price determination, quoted on 2 exchanges

There is a stock that is quoted on 2 exchanges and I'm thinking about ideal (from market micro structure point) method for calculate true value of that asset. Assuming that venue with volume traded ...
1
vote
2answers
159 views

Is stock price priced in the uncertainty?

Consider a one step binomial tree model for stock price. The classical setup is as below: At time $t=0$, the stock price is $S_0$. At time $t=1$, the stock has probability $p$ to jump up to price ...
0
votes
0answers
84 views

hedging an equity portfolio against an index

I am trying to run a simple back test on a M&A strategy. The idea is to buy the target company for the length of the deal and obviously hope to see a profit. The weight given to each deal is ...
4
votes
3answers
231 views

How to hedge a derivative that pays the reciprocal of the stock price?

1) Suppose S is the stock price, how to hedge a derivative that pays $1/S_t$ at time $t$? 2) Suppose there will be a dividend of amount $d$ between $t$ and $T$, how to hedge a derivative that pays ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Why would a 9% dividend payment halve the stock price? [closed]

I am trying to understand why a stock experienced a very drastic drop in price. The only event linked to the drop seems to be payment of an unusually big dividend; however its effect on the price ...
0
votes
3answers
201 views

hedging with known volatility

Suppose we have a stock $X$ at which trades at 100 dollars. We suppose the stock follows a geometric brownian motion. We know that the interest rate is zero and annual volatility is 10 percent. How ...
1
vote
2answers
192 views

Are power contracts traded on any stock market?

Are power contracts traded on any stock markets ? What about OTC markets ? I ask about the derivatives where payoff is some exponential function of difference between strike and spot price.
1
vote
2answers
533 views

Correlation between S&P500 returns and 10y US Treasuries yields

I'd like to investigate the comovement of stock index returns with bond yields but I don't know which return's duration to use (1-year, 1-month or anything else) to get a better view of the ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Why doesn't VG flatten volatility skew for short term options?

The VG process, from my inexpert point-of-view, seems to nearly perfectly model equity distributions. For longer term options, there is little to no volatility, skewness, or kurtosis parameter skew. ...
6
votes
2answers
299 views

Why are we obsessed over normalizing financial data?

I have recently began work on some high frequency financial tick data. I have been told to 'normalize' the data as much as possible and run linear regressions through them. In fact, the data doesn't ...
4
votes
4answers
297 views

Why is the equity premium not arbitraged away?

The Equity Risk Premium Puzzle concerns the observation that equity returns are generally greater than bond returns. The puzzle is well known and widely studied, what is keeping investors from ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

What is the distribution of stock splits?

I want to know how rare are splits more extreme than, say, 7:1 (and reverse splits similarly). An answer here points to announcements on Yahoo Finance, but apparently only monthly views. What is a ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Selling an American call option early

I understand it is never optimal to exercise an American call option early. [1] [2] However, here are my two contradictory thoughts about selling an American call option early. Assumptions I can ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Company rank within an industry

I'm looking at the list of companies in the S&P 500 Pure Value Index. For each firm, I want to obtain the dividend yield industry percentile rank and the PEG ratio industry percentile rank. I've ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Discount rate, convertible debt and the effect of time

The way I understand it is that there are three main parameters to a convertible debt investment. An investment amount A discount rate A trigger event Now under most of the examples I have seen, ...
0
votes
2answers
169 views

Use of geometric mean for average return of several indices

Can anyone give any reference for using the geometric mean to average the returns from several indices? Note, this question is not about the usual use of geometric mean to obtain the average return ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

(Purchased) terminology on Net Preferred Equity Issued

I understand what we mean when we say: Net Preferred Equity Issued it is the total amount of Preffered Stocks plus their price. But does the chart mean when it says (Purchased)? What other can it be? ...
0
votes
2answers
55 views

Break down XIRR to different segments

Currently, I have the following transactions. ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Is there any relationship between investment return of a stock, for individual year (Yearly return) and multiple years (Overall annualized return)

currently, I'm calculating the return of a stock, for individual year and multiple years. I tend to answer the following question. Return of a stock for end of year 2010 (Individual year) Return of ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Calculate rate of return of a stock, if there is a buy transaction occurs during the middle of financial year

Currently, I'm implementing a feature of an open source project (https://github.com/yccheok/jstock/issues/7), which requires me to calculate the rate of return of a stock. Let's take the following ...
11
votes
4answers
895 views

Quantitative Math required for Market-making?

I understand there is an awful lot of Quantitative Math required for statistical arbitrage/algorithmic trading. However, would someone "in the know" be able to tell me whether there is less ...
0
votes
1answer
517 views

Free stock split history data source?

Does anyone know of a reliable (free) source of historical stock split information? There's a YQL api for pulling down 'key stats' on a symbol but it only contains the LastSplitDate. Adjusted close ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Sample size and historical correlation matrices

I was wondering whether any literatures existed on how to properly estimate correlation matrices from historical data. Obviously the entire procedures allows a lot of leeway. The frequency of ...
2
votes
1answer
249 views

How Much Capital is Needed to Start an Arbitrage Strategy?

I'm trying to experiment with a simulated simple arbitrage strategy. I'm not doing this to actually invest, I'm just curious if the market is inefficient enough for this to be feasible. Every ...
6
votes
2answers
335 views

Non-negative matrix factorization for factor analysis of stocks

I stumbled over the term Non-negative matrix factorization in presentations such as Application of Machine Learning to Finance and this Big Data in Asset Management. The basic idea is to decompose a ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Plot Evolution of portfolio weights over time in R [closed]

Is there any function for plotting the evolution of portfolio weights over time in r?. I have a matrix of portfolio weights from an equal weighting strategy at rebalancing times and want to plot ...
12
votes
3answers
4k views

Free intra-day equity data source

Are there any free data source for historical US equity data? Yahoo finance has daily prices but I'm looking for something more granular and goes back 2 or more years (doesn't have to be close to tick ...
2
votes
2answers
121 views

How current prices is formulated in markets?

I can't understand how immediate prices are formulated in stock & currency (Forex) markets. I have been informed that every tick means one new deal that closed in current price, but this can't be ...
2
votes
4answers
235 views

Why can sometimes stock prices rise when interest rates rise?

Basic macroeconomics theory states that stock prices are inversely correlated with interest rates, i.e., when interest rates rise, borrowing is more costly, and thus companies with huge debt would be ...
1
vote
2answers
115 views

Is the purchase of a stock publicly accessible?

If an investor bought a stock, could another private party access that information anywhere? Does the SEC/exchange itself create a real time/ historical record of who holds what stocks, and is that ...
0
votes
1answer
140 views

Debt vs. Equity?

What determines whether an investment should be made using debt vs. equity? For example, startups are often financed with equity, while mortgages are always financed using debt. What characteristics ...
3
votes
3answers
277 views

Determining optimal trading signals (buy/sell) from past data

Let's say we have a stock which our only actions are buy, sell and hold (with or without shorting). If we have sufficient past data of the stock, how can you determine the optimal trading action ...
5
votes
2answers
170 views

Economic contagion to individual stocks (ideas for analysis)

I'm doing my undergraduate thesis on firm-level contagion. Specifically I look at a measure of performance over a financial crisis (e.g. raw stock returns), then run cross-sectional regressions with ...
3
votes
2answers
314 views

Trend estimation techniques

What is the best way (most common) to discover if a stock is trending or not? (Despite drawing a line). A hurst exponent? A linear regression maybe?
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Russell 2000 P/E Ratio [duplicate]

Can someone please provide me with a source where I can find the the historical time series for the Russell 2000 PE ratio? Ideally, I'd like to have both the prices (easy to find) and the earnings for ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Why is that maximizing stock value, under uncertainty, is a better option than maximizing profits?

I've been trying to access the papers that state that kind of problem, but most of them need payment for access and I am on a student budget. I know that maximizing profits=maximizing stock value in ...