Shares of stock traded in a stock market. Equities represent the residual claim or interest of the most junior class of investors in assets, after all liabilities are paid.

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2
votes
2answers
171 views

Pricing forward contract on a stock

Please tell me where I've gone wrong (if I did in fact make a mistake). I'm pricing a long forward on a stock. The usual setup applies: This has payoff $S(T) - K$ at time $T$. We are at $t$ now. ...
1
vote
2answers
573 views

How to incorporate fundamental analysis in quantitative trading algorithm? [closed]

I want to write a quantitative stock trading program based on fundamental analysis. It would crunch through prices, financial reports to look for value stocks. It can support backtesting of strategy ...
2
votes
2answers
579 views

An alternative to the Gaussian distribution to describe/fit market stock returns

After the financial crisis in 2008, many people (including me) don't really believe that stock returns can be described in terms of the normal distribution (Gaussian distribution). But besides the ...
1
vote
0answers
133 views

The Public Market Equivalent measure in private equity

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the Public Market Equivalent measure in private equity? Why is it that the volatility of the cash flows do not matter? This topic has been discussed in a ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

Best practice approach for calculating the PE-ratio

I am trying to calculate the historical PE ratios of a stock, but which date should I use to get the stock price in calculating the PE ratio? My current approach is to use the stock price of a day ...
3
votes
0answers
186 views

How are quants able to verify whether their calculated prices are any good

This question is related to the discussion on Model Validation Criteria However it appeard to be very high level to me and I would like to go more into detail. Not working at a pricing desk the ...
1
vote
3answers
679 views

Data sources for financials of global equities

I looked through the master list of data sources but could not find any data sources for financial data of global equities. An example would be the balance sheet of, say, ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What are the econometric assumptions in the Fama-Macbeth procedure (1973)?

Fama-Macbeth (1973) introduce a two stage cross-sectional regression method (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fama%E2%80%93MacBeth_regression). 1) If I was to regress stock prices (or returns) on a ...
0
votes
1answer
148 views

Calculating the Sum of Squared Deviations between two Normalized Price Series

How can I calculate the sum of square deviations between two normalized price series according to (Gatev et. co 2006)? My normalized price series of stocks $X$ and $Y$ consist of the cumulative total ...
-1
votes
1answer
207 views

Calculate the total returns from the total return index [closed]

I have the Total Return Index(RI) for several companies. I know that I can calculate the log retunrs with $ln(RI_t/RI_{t-1})$. Therefore my first guess would be to ...
2
votes
0answers
196 views

How to properly take averages to reduce data in regression/panel data analysis

I'm trying to do a regression on my panel data. Say I have T=3500 days of data and N=125 firms. Since Matlab get's major memory issues (which I try to prevent by the usual solutions as seen on the ...
2
votes
1answer
179 views

Risk-neutral models for rights issues

A rights issue is the granting by a corporation to its shareholders of a right to purchase $N$ new shares for each $M$ shares they already hold at a (often discounted) price $K$. Thus, it ...
0
votes
1answer
556 views

converting US tickers into Reuters RIC [duplicate]

I have a large list of US equity tickers such as: "GIRO", "ITUB", "BITA" etc and I would like to convert them into their corresponding RIC codes. Do you know how can I do it? I have access to ...
0
votes
1answer
364 views

Non-intuitive correlation between S&P sector indexes and economic indicators

I am trying to understand how changes in economic indicators like Unemployment Rate, Inflation Rate, and Consumer Sentiment affect the portfolio values. For that I want to measure the correlation ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

Machine Learning vs Regression and/or Why still use the latter?

I come from a different field (Machine learning/AI/data science), but aim to ask a philosophical question with the utmost respect: Why do quantitative financial analysts (analysts/traders/etc.) prefer ...
7
votes
1answer
469 views

Price functions based on order book events

Assume some equity traded on a given exchange based on an electronic limit open-order book $B$ that makes sequential updates as a function of time $t$. What are "natural" or common price functions $P: ...
2
votes
3answers
471 views

Time Series or Regression

I'd like to research the impact of certain events and characteristics on the liquidity of the stocks over time. I've got a sample of 200 stocks and I use several measures of liquidity (Amihud, Bid-Ask ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Is equity market making a game of speed?

I have always felt that equity market making was a speed game for HFTs. But recently I talked to someone on the buy side, who made a claim to the contrary. He argued that with the right market making ...
0
votes
1answer
380 views

backtesting with open, close, high and low

I am quite notice at the business of backtesting for an automated strategy. I was wondering, can I/should I use High and Low for this purpose? On one hand, the algorithm will see these prices, but on ...
0
votes
1answer
228 views

adjusted close prices on SP500

When I look at the adjusted close prices of SP500, for example, I notice that the numbers are always significantly below the actual closing. In the explanation of what adjusted prices are, one gets ...
1
vote
0answers
164 views

Forecasting Equity returns using state-space models

I have data for 3 yrs of 5 min prices of various equities. I can construct a linear regression model and try to see the in-sample model performance. But I was wondering whether fitting a state-space ...
3
votes
2answers
188 views

Fundamental reasons for the stock price change

Let us start from the old times, where markets were less liquid. Suppose I hold some stocks of the company XYZ and I want to sell them. Why shall I expect that their price can rise in the next quarter ...
0
votes
1answer
296 views

Where can I get real-time equity options quotes for a reasonable price (i am not a company) besides screen scrapping Yahoo! Finance? [duplicate]

Want to have electronic access to equity options quotes in real-time. Is there anyone offering this service to the individual investor for a reasonable price? Again it must be electronic, in other ...
3
votes
0answers
481 views

Testing Valuation, Size and Momentum (proprietary factors) from 1988-2013: No evidence of driving cross-sectional returns

I am currently testing whether three proprietary factors - Valuation, Size and Momentum - explain cross-sectional returns. A sample of 3000 securities was tested using Fama-MacBeth two-pass ...
-2
votes
2answers
457 views

How to get/estimate ask/bid price for backtesting for OHLC data? [closed]

As you know, most of the EOD data available have only OHLC price. I used to do back-testing using the Close price as both bid and ask. however, in real world, the bid and ask spread is huge and the ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Real value of small numbers of shares of company stock

What is the real value of a single share of company stock? Let's ignore the "the value is what someone is willing to pay for it" angle. At some point, there has to be a real inherent value to ...
4
votes
1answer
165 views

Statistical Power and Active Management

I was reading an article recently that pointed out the dangers of using statistical inference in evaluating active managers as the power of statistical tests diminishes with the variance of the ...
-2
votes
1answer
312 views

Order book depth views preferences: order-by-order vs. total aggregated volume by price levels

Which is best? Or is it irrelevant? Hi! Considering Level 2 Data (Market Depth), I want to understand the advantages to have all the order book on an order-by-order basis (or tick-by-tick basis) ...
-4
votes
1answer
366 views

What is (High-Low) and (Open-Close) spread? [closed]

Spread is the difference between Bid and Ask. I'm confused what is High-Low Spread and Open-Close spread?
0
votes
0answers
267 views

Fluid dynamics for order book depth modelling

Would someone be able to give me an idea what type of fluid dynamics I could look at for modelling the order book? My background is more signals-related maths (correlation, covariance, fourier etc). ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

Insignificant or significant explanatory power over risk adjusted returns?

Currently iam working on my master thesis which is about risk adjusted returns in the Asia Pacific REIT market. The goal of the paper is to determine/find variables that conceive explanatory power ...
0
votes
2answers
256 views

Change option B&S pricing

Consider a market composed by two stocks whose prices $X$ and $Y$ are given by B&S diffusion $$dX_t= \mu X_t dt+ \sigma X_tdW_t$$ $$dY_t= \mu Y_t dt+ \sigma Y_tdB_t$$ Supposing the market is ...
0
votes
0answers
80 views

Can the equity premium puzzle be explained by volatility-induced financial growth?

Citing the paper Volatility-induced financial growth (2007) by Dempster et al.: when asset returns are stationary ergodic, their volatility, together with any fixed-mix trading strategy, generates a ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

At what volume would you move the price at the opening auction?

At many exchanges the opening price is set using an auction which takes place pre-opening (see here for example). During the auction you are allowed to place orders according to certain rules (you ...
0
votes
1answer
239 views

Initial margin requirement as percentage, not dollar value

Problem from Finan, FM/2 On 12-30-1998, you decided to bet on the January effect. ON that day, you bought 400 shares of Microsoft on margin at the price of 139 per share. The initial margin ...
0
votes
1answer
684 views

How to adjust local currency returns to US$/EUR return?

Iam doing research on return characteristics. As of today the scope of the research has changed from a local investor point of view to an international investor point of view. This basically means ...
2
votes
1answer
971 views

What exactly is an ISO order?

I have been looking this up and I feel like I keep running into different definitions. My understanding is that an ISO order is one which will get filled with the displayed quantity in a particular ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Calculating Geometric mean

I need to annualize daily returns for about 120 firms for over a period of 10 years. I chose to calculate the geometric return because 1) it is the actual return 2) to avoid the asymmetric effect of ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Can Central Index Keys (CIKs) issued by the SEC be reassigned?

Suppose company A has CIK 0000012345 and ceases to exist. At some later time, company B registers with the SEC to submit filings. Is it possible that company B will be assigned the same CIK ...
1
vote
0answers
144 views

Modelling long run relationship between dividend and earnings

I am working on a paper where I have to model the long run relationship between earnings and dividends. I have downloaded the raw data from shillers website. I have converted the series to ...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

How to deal with different amount of td's in computing Sharpe Ratio

In calculating the Sharpe Ratio, should I take into account the days were I have 0 return due to non-trading day? Another user posted a similar question but this was related to trading days with no ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

OTC Equity Options' Dynamics

This only applies to options that do not have marketable equivalents since margin can be marked to them. I've never been able to find this on my goog. How is margin typically calculated for OTC ...
6
votes
3answers
413 views

Scanning a stock database for errors/flaws

I'm currently working on some matlab code that is supposed to check a stock database for any errors (missing values, wrong values, etc.). The reason for this is that after reading this post I came to ...
12
votes
4answers
5k views

data on historical stock price of bankrupt companies

does anybody know a site where I can download historical data on stocks including companies that have gone bankrupt such as lehman brothers? it appears that bankrupt companies no longer appear in the ...
2
votes
3answers
248 views

Leveraged and inverse leveraged ETFs - what is the exact defintion?

I just had a quick look at the daily returns for a few pairs of leveraged ETFs - it appears that the percent daily returns do not match perfectly. For instance, looking at FAS/FAZ, the returns for the ...
1
vote
1answer
224 views

Regression giving the return on a stock

I have this regression equation: $$ R_{stock} = 3,28\% + 1,65*R_{market} $$ Where $R_{stock}$ is the expected return on a stock and $R_{market}$ being the market risk premium. I have a one-year ...
8
votes
2answers
676 views

Why do low standard deviation stocks tend to have superior future returns?

I've recently stumbled on something that really surprised me. These papers (1, 2) find that past standard deviation of returns is inversely related to future returns. That is, portfolio of low ...
15
votes
5answers
4k views

Is the stock price process a martingale or a Markov process?

Some people claim that the data-generating process for stocks is a "martingale" and that is has the "Markov property". Are they unrelated? Is it that the Markov property implies some sort of ...
4
votes
2answers
791 views

Cointegration trading: Ignoring pairs that aren't economically related

Cointegration trading question What's the state of the art when it comes to choosing proper subsets of stocks/assets where cointegrating relationships aren't ignored as (likely to be) spurious? For ...
10
votes
2answers
711 views

Missing step in stock price movement equations

Assuming a naive stochastic process for modelling movements in stock prices we have: $dS = \mu S dt + \sigma S \sqrt{dt}$ where S = Stock Price, t = time, mu is a drift constant and sigma is a ...