Shares of stock traded in a stock market. Equities represent the residual claim or interest of the most junior class of investors in assets, after all liabilities are paid.

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1answer
82 views

What is the distribution of stock splits?

I want to know how rare are splits more extreme than, say, 7:1 (and reverse splits similarly). An answer here points to announcements on Yahoo Finance, but apparently only monthly views. What is a ...
1
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1answer
151 views

Selling an American call option early

I understand it is never optimal to exercise an American call option early. [1] [2] However, here are my two contradictory thoughts about selling an American call option early. Assumptions I can ...
1
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1answer
127 views

Company rank within an industry

I'm looking at the list of companies in the S&P 500 Pure Value Index. For each firm, I want to obtain the dividend yield industry percentile rank and the PEG ratio industry percentile rank. I've ...
1
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1answer
123 views

Discount rate, convertible debt and the effect of time

The way I understand it is that there are three main parameters to a convertible debt investment. An investment amount A discount rate A trigger event Now under most of the examples I have seen, ...
0
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2answers
183 views

Use of geometric mean for average return of several indices

Can anyone give any reference for using the geometric mean to average the returns from several indices? Note, this question is not about the usual use of geometric mean to obtain the average return ...
0
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1answer
33 views

(Purchased) terminology on Net Preferred Equity Issued

I understand what we mean when we say: Net Preferred Equity Issued it is the total amount of Preffered Stocks plus their price. But does the chart mean when it says (Purchased)? What other can it be? ...
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2answers
63 views

Break down XIRR to different segments

Currently, I have the following transactions. ...
0
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1answer
64 views

Is there any relationship between investment return of a stock, for individual year (Yearly return) and multiple years (Overall annualized return)

currently, I'm calculating the return of a stock, for individual year and multiple years. I tend to answer the following question. Return of a stock for end of year 2010 (Individual year) Return of ...
0
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1answer
73 views

Calculate rate of return of a stock, if there is a buy transaction occurs during the middle of financial year

Currently, I'm implementing a feature of an open source project (https://github.com/yccheok/jstock/issues/7), which requires me to calculate the rate of return of a stock. Let's take the following ...
11
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4answers
1k views

Quantitative Math required for Market-making?

I understand there is an awful lot of Quantitative Math required for statistical arbitrage/algorithmic trading. However, would someone "in the know" be able to tell me whether there is less ...
0
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1answer
79 views

Sample size and historical correlation matrices

I was wondering whether any literatures existed on how to properly estimate correlation matrices from historical data. Obviously the entire procedures allows a lot of leeway. The frequency of ...
2
votes
1answer
278 views

How Much Capital is Needed to Start an Arbitrage Strategy?

I'm trying to experiment with a simulated simple arbitrage strategy. I'm not doing this to actually invest, I'm just curious if the market is inefficient enough for this to be feasible. Every ...
6
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2answers
406 views

Non-negative matrix factorization for factor analysis of stocks

I stumbled over the term Non-negative matrix factorization in presentations such as Application of Machine Learning to Finance and this Big Data in Asset Management. The basic idea is to decompose a ...
1
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1answer
185 views

Plot Evolution of portfolio weights over time in R [closed]

Is there any function for plotting the evolution of portfolio weights over time in r?. I have a matrix of portfolio weights from an equal weighting strategy at rebalancing times and want to plot ...
12
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3answers
5k views

Free intra-day equity data source

Are there any free data source for historical US equity data? Yahoo finance has daily prices but I'm looking for something more granular and goes back 2 or more years (doesn't have to be close to tick ...
2
votes
2answers
131 views

How current prices is formulated in markets?

I can't understand how immediate prices are formulated in stock & currency (Forex) markets. I have been informed that every tick means one new deal that closed in current price, but this can't be ...
2
votes
4answers
281 views

Why can sometimes stock prices rise when interest rates rise?

Basic macroeconomics theory states that stock prices are inversely correlated with interest rates, i.e., when interest rates rise, borrowing is more costly, and thus companies with huge debt would be ...
1
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2answers
117 views

Is the purchase of a stock publicly accessible?

If an investor bought a stock, could another private party access that information anywhere? Does the SEC/exchange itself create a real time/ historical record of who holds what stocks, and is that ...
0
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1answer
144 views

Debt vs. Equity?

What determines whether an investment should be made using debt vs. equity? For example, startups are often financed with equity, while mortgages are always financed using debt. What characteristics ...
3
votes
3answers
288 views

Determining optimal trading signals (buy/sell) from past data

Let's say we have a stock which our only actions are buy, sell and hold (with or without shorting). If we have sufficient past data of the stock, how can you determine the optimal trading action ...
5
votes
2answers
170 views

Economic contagion to individual stocks (ideas for analysis)

I'm doing my undergraduate thesis on firm-level contagion. Specifically I look at a measure of performance over a financial crisis (e.g. raw stock returns), then run cross-sectional regressions with ...
3
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2answers
334 views

Trend estimation techniques

What is the best way (most common) to discover if a stock is trending or not? (Despite drawing a line). A hurst exponent? A linear regression maybe?
0
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1answer
86 views

Need weighted global stock index data (components / weights)

To implement a portfolio generator, I require a set of suitable stocks. Ideally it would use the components of the MSCI World Index and use the index weights for the probability of picking a stock ...
6
votes
2answers
277 views

Why do I have a statistically significant slope regressing R(t) on R(t-1)

I am reading Cochrane's lecture note here He mentioned that when you regress annual return on time t on that of time t-1, you will have neither statistically significant nor economically significant ...
1
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1answer
160 views

source for yahoo finance equities volume traded

I am looking at some academic studies regarding volume of stock traded. Yahoo Finance is used as the data source for volume. Does anyone know where the volume figure comes from? Is it a compilation ...
2
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1answer
251 views

How to compare different volatility measures?

I read the Euan Sinclair's book (Volatility trading) in which he suggests different volatility estimators (Close-to-close, Parkinson, Garman-Klass, ...). I am inquiring about what is the best stock ...
2
votes
2answers
176 views

Pricing forward contract on a stock

Please tell me where I've gone wrong (if I did in fact make a mistake). I'm pricing a long forward on a stock. The usual setup applies: This has payoff $S(T) - K$ at time $T$. We are at $t$ now. ...
2
votes
2answers
757 views

How to incorporate fundamental analysis in quantitative trading algorithm? [closed]

I want to write a quantitative stock trading program based on fundamental analysis. It would crunch through prices, financial reports to look for value stocks. It can support backtesting of strategy ...
2
votes
2answers
859 views

An alternative to the Gaussian distribution to describe/fit market stock returns

After the financial crisis in 2008, many people (including me) don't really believe that stock returns can be described in terms of the normal distribution (Gaussian distribution). But besides the ...
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0answers
183 views

The Public Market Equivalent measure in private equity

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the Public Market Equivalent measure in private equity? Why is it that the volatility of the cash flows do not matter? This topic has been discussed in a ...
2
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1answer
147 views

Best practice approach for calculating the PE-ratio

I am trying to calculate the historical PE ratios of a stock, but which date should I use to get the stock price in calculating the PE ratio? My current approach is to use the stock price of a day ...
3
votes
0answers
202 views

How are quants able to verify whether their calculated prices are any good

This question is related to the discussion on Model Validation Criteria However it appeard to be very high level to me and I would like to go more into detail. Not working at a pricing desk the ...
1
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3answers
841 views

Data sources for financials of global equities

I looked through the master list of data sources but could not find any data sources for financial data of global equities. An example would be the balance sheet of, say, ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the econometric assumptions in the Fama-Macbeth procedure (1973)?

Fama-Macbeth (1973) introduce a two stage cross-sectional regression method (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fama%E2%80%93MacBeth_regression). 1) If I was to regress stock prices (or returns) on a ...
0
votes
1answer
182 views

Calculating the Sum of Squared Deviations between two Normalized Price Series

How can I calculate the sum of square deviations between two normalized price series according to (Gatev et. co 2006)? My normalized price series of stocks $X$ and $Y$ consist of the cumulative total ...
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1answer
290 views

Calculate the total returns from the total return index [closed]

I have the Total Return Index(RI) for several companies. I know that I can calculate the log retunrs with $ln(RI_t/RI_{t-1})$. Therefore my first guess would be to ...
2
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0answers
207 views

How to properly take averages to reduce data in regression/panel data analysis

I'm trying to do a regression on my panel data. Say I have T=3500 days of data and N=125 firms. Since Matlab get's major memory issues (which I try to prevent by the usual solutions as seen on the ...
2
votes
1answer
184 views

Risk-neutral models for rights issues

A rights issue is the granting by a corporation to its shareholders of a right to purchase $N$ new shares for each $M$ shares they already hold at a (often discounted) price $K$. Thus, it ...
0
votes
1answer
734 views

converting US tickers into Reuters RIC [duplicate]

I have a large list of US equity tickers such as: "GIRO", "ITUB", "BITA" etc and I would like to convert them into their corresponding RIC codes. Do you know how can I do it? I have access to ...
0
votes
1answer
389 views

Non-intuitive correlation between S&P sector indexes and economic indicators

I am trying to understand how changes in economic indicators like Unemployment Rate, Inflation Rate, and Consumer Sentiment affect the portfolio values. For that I want to measure the correlation ...
7
votes
1answer
561 views

Price functions based on order book events

Assume some equity traded on a given exchange based on an electronic limit open-order book $B$ that makes sequential updates as a function of time $t$. What are "natural" or common price functions $P: ...
2
votes
3answers
508 views

Time Series or Regression

I'd like to research the impact of certain events and characteristics on the liquidity of the stocks over time. I've got a sample of 200 stocks and I use several measures of liquidity (Amihud, Bid-Ask ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Is equity market making a game of speed?

I have always felt that equity market making was a speed game for HFTs. But recently I talked to someone on the buy side, who made a claim to the contrary. He argued that with the right market making ...
0
votes
1answer
445 views

backtesting with open, close, high and low

I am quite notice at the business of backtesting for an automated strategy. I was wondering, can I/should I use High and Low for this purpose? On one hand, the algorithm will see these prices, but on ...
0
votes
1answer
261 views

adjusted close prices on SP500

When I look at the adjusted close prices of SP500, for example, I notice that the numbers are always significantly below the actual closing. In the explanation of what adjusted prices are, one gets ...
1
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0answers
169 views

Forecasting Equity returns using state-space models

I have data for 3 yrs of 5 min prices of various equities. I can construct a linear regression model and try to see the in-sample model performance. But I was wondering whether fitting a state-space ...
3
votes
2answers
202 views

Fundamental reasons for the stock price change

Let us start from the old times, where markets were less liquid. Suppose I hold some stocks of the company XYZ and I want to sell them. Why shall I expect that their price can rise in the next quarter ...
0
votes
1answer
366 views

Where can I get real-time equity options quotes for a reasonable price (i am not a company) besides screen scrapping Yahoo! Finance? [duplicate]

Want to have electronic access to equity options quotes in real-time. Is there anyone offering this service to the individual investor for a reasonable price? Again it must be electronic, in other ...
6
votes
0answers
569 views

Testing Valuation, Size and Momentum (proprietary factors) from 1988-2013: No evidence of driving cross-sectional returns

I am currently testing whether three proprietary factors - Valuation, Size and Momentum - explain cross-sectional returns. A sample of 3000 securities was tested using Fama-MacBeth two-pass ...
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votes
2answers
538 views

How to get/estimate ask/bid price for backtesting for OHLC data? [closed]

As you know, most of the EOD data available have only OHLC price. I used to do back-testing using the Close price as both bid and ask. however, in real world, the bid and ask spread is huge and the ...