# Tagged Questions

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### finance - using CAPM [closed]

The risk-free rate is 4%, and the expected return on the market portfolio is 12%. Using the Capital Asset Pricing Model: a. What is the risk premium on the market? b. what is the required return on ...
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### I want to prove Determine the coupon rate $r$, such that the price of the bond, at $T_0$, equals its face value

Consider a coupon bond, starting at $T_{0}$ , with face value $K$, coupon payments at $T_1, . . . , T_n$ and a fixed coupon rate $r$. Determine the coupon rate $r$, such that the price of the bond, at ...
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### CVA number used by Finance Team

What are different reasons, Finance Team will need CVA number for? Is there any specific regulatory reporting to be done?
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### Company rank within an industry

I'm looking at the list of companies in the S&P 500 Pure Value Index. For each firm, I want to obtain the dividend yield industry percentile rank and the PEG ratio industry percentile rank. I've ...
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### How to reason about leverage in terms of elasticity

Return of an investment for a given period is by definition: $$r = \frac{P}{W_0} - 1$$ where $P$ is the price of the investment at the end of the period, and $W_0$ is the initial investment. I want ...
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### Programming language to compliment Finance degree [closed]

I've read a few questions regarding this, but want some new (more recent) opinions. I'm in the process of pursuing a degree in Finance, complimented with some Math and a sprinkle of Computer Systems. ...
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### How can we observe volatility smile from the market. Drawbacks of Heston Stochastic Volatility Model

Here are two questions related to implied volatilities. a) The set up here is for an European option. We can get its implied volatility smile from calibration, the question is why could we also ...
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### How to calculate optimal monthly withdrawals from an investment with compound interest

I have 1.25M dollars. I want to put it in an investment with 60% annual return paid monthly and re-invest the interest to achieve compound interest. After 15 years, my principal would have grown to ...
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### YOY Comparison?

I have 2 numbers: Average monthly sales volume for 2015 (Jan to Dec): 1,000 Average monthly sales volume for 2016 YTD (Jan and Feb): 1,200 If I want to compare these 2 numbers with a % change, is ...
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### Is it possible to download stock-data countrywise with quantmod package for R?

Is it possible to download stock-data countrywise with quantmod package for R ? Hi, I'm wondering if it's possible to download equities countrywise. Let's say i want all data from the Finnish market....
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### How to backtest Value at Risk Models using Conditional and Unconditional tests?

I am trying to carry out backtesting on a number of Value at Risk figures i obtained using var/covar, historical, and monte carlo simulation. The two methods im using are the Kupiec test (...
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### Generating financial data

I am trying to generate monthly stock data using a one-factor model: $$R_{a,t} = \alpha + BR_{b,t}+\epsilon_{t}$$ The description says: $R_{a,t}$ is the excess asset returns vector, $\alpha$ is the ...
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### How to calculate break-even point of merged plant/company?

The question goes like this : ...
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### Cost of revenue vs SG&A [closed]

How do cost of revenue and SG&A compare (across industries)? For cost of revenue, one definition is "the cost of manufacturing and delivering a product or service". Assuming my product is beer, ...
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### Calculate and compare IRR among products and companies

I am trying to calculate return on investment for a couple of companies and their respective products. I have two main products: credit card installment loan Owners would like to be able to ...
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### Shrinkage Estimator giving unrealistic portfolio variances

I have a historical covariance matrix which is invertible for daily and monthly returns. I used the Ledoit,Wolf shrinkage estimator for the covariance matrix and now I get really small portfolio ...
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### GARCH estimation does not work, error in my returns?

Hey everyone and I hope that there are some smarter people out here that can help me out with my problem...: I have trouble with my implementation of a GARCH(1,1) model and I do not know how to move ...
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### Compound Interest Calculation (Years + Months)

My question is with regards to the calculation of "Compound Interest". I have the formula below where I would get an answer to the total value of the investment over a period of "years". $A$ = ...
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### How can I convert Yahoo Ticker Symbols into ISIN Codes?

I have a list of all Yahoo Ticker Symbols and I want to convert them into ISIN Codes. I have been researching and found out that finance.yahoo in the US does not ...
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### Annuities problem

First problem is like this: loan amount: 20,000,000.00 First six months: There is no payment but there are interest (grace period) Next six months: payment of 600,000.00 Since 13 month: payment of ...
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### Confused on interpretation of betas/alphas in regression in finance

I ran a regression on two stocks. I don't have the data in front of me, but it is a more conceptual question. Let's say SP500 returned a total 23% return over this time period and MSFT returned 9%...
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### CFA (Level 1) schedule after school and working a 9-5 job [closed]

I am graduating with a BS in math and obviously love math but everything changed when a buddy of mine invited me to an investment society in our school and I love every single experience. The part I ...
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### Question regarding sinking fund

I am currently studying about financial mathematics for my Exam FM to become an actuary. There is one thing that really bothers me so I would like to have some answers. Whenever I solve a problem ...
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### How to calculate the growth rate of a growing annuity? [closed]

I have a question that seems basic but has given me fits. If I have the following known variables, how do I solve for the growth rate? Known variables: initial payment outstanding balance number of ...
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### What is the future value of a growing annuity with different periods for payment growth and monthly payments?

How can I modify the formula in this answer so that the frequency of payment growth is also a variable? For example, instead of payments growing by 2% each year I would like them to grow 2% every two ...
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### how to find CVaR/AVaR for triangular fuzzy no

While going through different methods of risk measure i came across AVaR/CVaR, while i was calculating AVaR/CVaR in credibilistic environment using VaR, i got stuck in the calculations eg. For ...
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### Intensity Function of Stochastic Processes

I'm fitting some financial data to a model based on a stochastic process and evaluating the fit of it by looking at the compensator. However, I cannot understand well what does it mean to take the ...
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### Which more topic should be covered in my undergraduate program? [closed]

Below is the topics covered in my undergraduate economics program. I want to know which course should I take to get a full overview of topics in finance today. Econometrics Micro, Macro Economics ...
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### Basis Risk for Futures/Options

I am just reading about basis risk. It is being described as risk of the price of the hedging instrument not fluctuating the same as the instrument itself. I was just wondering, if we bought a ...
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### Corporate finance exercise book

I'm preparing a corporate finance exam and I need a book with illustrated exercises that make you really understand the subject, since the written exam is not much mechanical, but more similar to "...
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### Is it possible for two securities to have the same first 8 characters of a cusip, but differ in the check sum?

CUSIP is a 9 character long identifier. The last digit is a check sum checking the first 8 previous characters. This seems to me that it is not possible for two securities to have the same 8 ...
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### Infinite autocorrelation - Unit root?

I have a time series of gold prices, on which I want to build an ARIMA model. The series is autocorrelated and if I can difference as often as I want, it always is. First: data: d1gold Dickey-Fuller ...