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1answer
51 views

finance - using CAPM [closed]

The risk-free rate is 4%, and the expected return on the market portfolio is 12%. Using the Capital Asset Pricing Model: a. What is the risk premium on the market? b. what is the required return on ...
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3answers
183 views

I want to prove Determine the coupon rate $r$, such that the price of the bond, at $T_0$, equals its face value

Consider a coupon bond, starting at $T_{0}$ , with face value $K$, coupon payments at $T_1, . . . , T_n$ and a fixed coupon rate $r$. Determine the coupon rate $r$, such that the price of the bond, at ...
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1answer
127 views

CVA number used by Finance Team

What are different reasons, Finance Team will need CVA number for? Is there any specific regulatory reporting to be done?
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1answer
139 views

Company rank within an industry

I'm looking at the list of companies in the S&P 500 Pure Value Index. For each firm, I want to obtain the dividend yield industry percentile rank and the PEG ratio industry percentile rank. I've ...
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1answer
45 views

How to reason about leverage in terms of elasticity

Return of an investment for a given period is by definition: $$r = \frac{P}{W_0} - 1$$ where $P$ is the price of the investment at the end of the period, and $W_0$ is the initial investment. I want ...
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0answers
48 views

Programming language to compliment Finance degree [closed]

I've read a few questions regarding this, but want some new (more recent) opinions. I'm in the process of pursuing a degree in Finance, complimented with some Math and a sprinkle of Computer Systems. ...
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0answers
47 views

How can we observe volatility smile from the market. Drawbacks of Heston Stochastic Volatility Model

Here are two questions related to implied volatilities. a) The set up here is for an European option. We can get its implied volatility smile from calibration, the question is why could we also ...
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0answers
23 views

How to calculate optimal monthly withdrawals from an investment with compound interest

I have 1.25M dollars. I want to put it in an investment with 60% annual return paid monthly and re-invest the interest to achieve compound interest. After 15 years, my principal would have grown to ...
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1answer
36 views

Time-Value of money exercise problem. Any advice on how to solve?

Problem An investor will receive $365 at the end of each year for thirteen years. The first payment will be received four years from now. Given that the interest rate is 3%, the present value of this ...
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0answers
31 views

Calculation of IRR [closed]

How do we calculate IRR if I have an investment that allows me to buy into 10% of a company @1m and the first year is a negative cash flow of 200,000 but the subsequent years till year 10 is a ...
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0answers
17 views

How to calculate the initial payment of a graduated payment mortgage (GPM). Real estate Mortgage analysis

My professor used this: 12%, monthly-pmt, 30-yr GPM with 4 annual step- ups of 7.5% each, then constant after year 4: ...
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0answers
19 views

what do metrics and indicatives mean in the finance context? Like trading of MBS products

it's often heard in my daily work as a programmer in an investment bank, supporting mortgage backed securities desks (passthrough, agency cmo, cmbs, etc). My take is that the terms describe the ...
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0answers
30 views

What is the difference between a three month return and a quarterly return?

I am looking at VGENX, and this product has first-quarter and three-month returns of 7.8% and 20.3%, respectively, according to zacks.com. I take it as the three month return is calculated taking into ...
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0answers
27 views

A question about spot rate forward rate and swap rate [closed]

A term structure is given as follows. The market convention is compound interest, that is, the present value of one unit at time T is...
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1answer
53 views

Potential Arbitrage profit or proof problem

So the question asks: Consider 4 following European call and put options with the same maturity time: Call option with strike price $100$ sell for $45$ Call option with strike price $110$ sell for $...
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1answer
35 views

YOY Comparison?

I have 2 numbers: Average monthly sales volume for 2015 (Jan to Dec): 1,000 Average monthly sales volume for 2016 YTD (Jan and Feb): 1,200 If I want to compare these 2 numbers with a % change, is ...
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2answers
116 views

Is it possible to download stock-data countrywise with quantmod package for R?

Is it possible to download stock-data countrywise with quantmod package for R ? Hi, I'm wondering if it's possible to download equities countrywise. Let's say i want all data from the Finnish market....
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0answers
163 views

How to backtest Value at Risk Models using Conditional and Unconditional tests?

I am trying to carry out backtesting on a number of Value at Risk figures i obtained using var/covar, historical, and monte carlo simulation. The two methods im using are the Kupiec test (...
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0answers
90 views

Generating financial data

I am trying to generate monthly stock data using a one-factor model: $$R_{a,t} = \alpha + BR_{b,t}+\epsilon_{t}$$ The description says: $R_{a,t}$ is the excess asset returns vector, $\alpha$ is the ...
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0answers
117 views

How to calculate break-even point of merged plant/company?

The question goes like this : ...
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1answer
148 views

Cost of revenue vs SG&A [closed]

How do cost of revenue and SG&A compare (across industries)? For cost of revenue, one definition is "the cost of manufacturing and delivering a product or service". Assuming my product is beer, ...
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0answers
39 views

Calculate and compare IRR among products and companies

I am trying to calculate return on investment for a couple of companies and their respective products. I have two main products: credit card installment loan Owners would like to be able to ...
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0answers
39 views

Shrinkage Estimator giving unrealistic portfolio variances

I have a historical covariance matrix which is invertible for daily and monthly returns. I used the Ledoit,Wolf shrinkage estimator for the covariance matrix and now I get really small portfolio ...
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0answers
95 views

GARCH estimation does not work, error in my returns?

Hey everyone and I hope that there are some smarter people out here that can help me out with my problem...: I have trouble with my implementation of a GARCH(1,1) model and I do not know how to move ...
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2answers
40 views

Compound Interest Calculation (Years + Months)

My question is with regards to the calculation of "Compound Interest". I have the formula below where I would get an answer to the total value of the investment over a period of "years". $A$ = ...
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0answers
760 views

How can I convert Yahoo Ticker Symbols into ISIN Codes?

I have a list of all Yahoo Ticker Symbols and I want to convert them into ISIN Codes. I have been researching and found out that finance.yahoo in the US does not ...
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0answers
31 views

Annuities problem

First problem is like this: loan amount: 20,000,000.00 First six months: There is no payment but there are interest (grace period) Next six months: payment of 600,000.00 Since 13 month: payment of ...
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0answers
75 views

Confused on interpretation of betas/alphas in regression in finance

I ran a regression on two stocks. I don't have the data in front of me, but it is a more conceptual question. Let's say SP500 returned a total 23% return over this time period and MSFT returned 9%...
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0answers
166 views

CFA (Level 1) schedule after school and working a 9-5 job [closed]

I am graduating with a BS in math and obviously love math but everything changed when a buddy of mine invited me to an investment society in our school and I love every single experience. The part I ...
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1answer
37 views

Question regarding sinking fund

I am currently studying about financial mathematics for my Exam FM to become an actuary. There is one thing that really bothers me so I would like to have some answers. Whenever I solve a problem ...
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0answers
56 views

How to calculate the growth rate of a growing annuity? [closed]

I have a question that seems basic but has given me fits. If I have the following known variables, how do I solve for the growth rate? Known variables: initial payment outstanding balance number of ...
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0answers
29 views

What is the future value of a growing annuity with different periods for payment growth and monthly payments?

How can I modify the formula in this answer so that the frequency of payment growth is also a variable? For example, instead of payments growing by 2% each year I would like them to grow 2% every two ...
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0answers
61 views

how to find CVaR/AVaR for triangular fuzzy no

While going through different methods of risk measure i came across AVaR/CVaR, while i was calculating AVaR/CVaR in credibilistic environment using VaR, i got stuck in the calculations eg. For ...
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0answers
51 views

Intensity Function of Stochastic Processes

I'm fitting some financial data to a model based on a stochastic process and evaluating the fit of it by looking at the compensator. However, I cannot understand well what does it mean to take the ...
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1answer
52 views

Which more topic should be covered in my undergraduate program? [closed]

Below is the topics covered in my undergraduate economics program. I want to know which course should I take to get a full overview of topics in finance today. Econometrics Micro, Macro Economics ...
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2answers
160 views

Basis Risk for Futures/Options

I am just reading about basis risk. It is being described as risk of the price of the hedging instrument not fluctuating the same as the instrument itself. I was just wondering, if we bought a ...
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0answers
252 views

Quadratic utility function

May you can help me undertanding the following conclusion: Suppose we have an agent who has preferences over contingent claims, represented by a concave function $U$. This simply means that $\mathbb{E}...
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0answers
544 views

portfolio optimization with a loop

I am attempting to minimize the variance of a 3 stock portfolio using optimization within a loop. What I have done is calculated the stock returns and cov matrix from dates 1980-01-01 to 1989-12-31 ...
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3answers
664 views

What are the best master programmes for someone interested in a career in quantitative finance? [closed]

Any recommendations on the best schools and overall education choices for quantitative finance?
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1answer
80 views

Duration vs. Convexity Contradiction

A lower coupon bond exhibits higher duration, which means higher price volatility with changing YTM. A lower coupon bond also exhibits higher convexity. However, with higher convexity, bond prices ...
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1answer
74 views

how to extract moments of GB from moment generating function?

I'm searching for the moments of geometric brownian motion using the gmm optimization program. the aim is to make the process y(t) of returns follows a normal distribution Are there any packages in ...
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1answer
743 views

Why is delta-hedging of ATM options near expiry difficult to do? [closed]

Can someone explain to me why the delta-hedging of ATM options near expiry is difficult?
0
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1answer
119 views

Price of call/put is convex in $K$ (strike price)

Let $\lambda\in(0,1)$. Then $$C(T, \lambda K_1 + (1 - \lambda)K_2, S, t) \leq \lambda C(T, K_1, S, t) + (1 - \lambda)C(T, K_2, S, t)$$ $T$ - the maturity $K_1$,$K_2$ - Strike prices $S$ - stock ...
0
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1answer
37 views

European option and American option are equivalent in this case?

This is Question No.11 from 2007 May MFE Exam. For a two-period binomial model for stock prices, you are given: (1) Each period is 6 months. (2) The current price for a nondividend ...
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1answer
29 views

Binomial Model, Number of nodes from $t = 0$ to $t = n$

How many paths are there in a binomial model from time $t = 0$ to time $t = n$? How many nodes (states) are there? Intutively it seems that there are $2^n$ paths and $2n - 1$ nodes. But I am not sure ...
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2answers
275 views

Corporate finance exercise book

I'm preparing a corporate finance exam and I need a book with illustrated exercises that make you really understand the subject, since the written exam is not much mechanical, but more similar to "...
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1answer
93 views

Is it possible for two securities to have the same first 8 characters of a cusip, but differ in the check sum?

CUSIP is a 9 character long identifier. The last digit is a check sum checking the first 8 previous characters. This seems to me that it is not possible for two securities to have the same 8 ...
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2answers
84 views

Infinite autocorrelation - Unit root?

I have a time series of gold prices, on which I want to build an ARIMA model. The series is autocorrelated and if I can difference as often as I want, it always is. First: data: d1gold Dickey-Fuller ...
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1answer
76 views

How does buying back stock affect a company's credit spread?

How does buying back stock affect a company's credit spread? Would it cause it to get smaller? Any clarification would be appreciated.
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2answers
39 views

CAPM - Do I use start or end of period prices?

If I use monthly price data in the standard CAPM, should I take the price at the beginning or the end of the month? What is the convention? Or does it not matter? Is there any literature that deals ...