# Tagged Questions

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### Is it possible for two securities to have the same first 8 characters of a cusip, but differ in the check sum?

CUSIP is a 9 character long identifier. The last digit is a check sum checking the first 8 previous characters. This seems to me that it is not possible for two securities to have the same 8 ...
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### finance - using CAPM [on hold]

The risk-free rate is 4%, and the expected return on the market portfolio is 12%. Using the Capital Asset Pricing Model: a. What is the risk premium on the market? b. what is the required return on ...
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### finance using beta and std [on hold]

LGM Company has a standard deviation of 42% per year and a beta of 0.10. ACO Company has astandard deviation of 31% a year and a beta of 0.66. Which investment (ACO or LGM) would be safer for a ...
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### Mortgage parameters

I'm looking for readings about the trade-off between the parameters of a mortgage: length of the mortgage, percentage of the principal to repay, inflation rate (at which the payment growths) and total ...
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### Standardizing SEC XBRL Reports into common format

I'd like to grab SEC XBRL 10-Q's from various companies and standardize/summarize their content to be able to run common analysis. But it looks like different companies use different elements, making ...
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### How to prove following order?

Consider a consol bond, i.e. a bond which will forever pay one unit of cash at $t = 1, 2, . . ..$ Suppose that the market yield $y$ is constant for all maturities. (a) Compute the price, at $t = 0$, ...
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### I want to Derive $P(t)=P(t,T_{n})+\sum_{i=1}^{n}[P(t,T_{i-1})-P(t,T_{i})]$

Derive the pricing formula $$P(t)=P(t,T_{n})+\sum_{i=1}^{n}[P(t,T_{i-1})-P(t,T_{i})]$$directly, by constructing a self-financing portfolio which replicates the cash flow of the floating rate bond. ...
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### I want to prove Determine the coupon rate $r$, such that the price of the bond, at $T_0$, equals its face value

Consider a coupon bond, starting at $T_{0}$ , with face value $K$, coupon payments at $T_1, . . . , T_n$ and a fixed coupon rate $r$. Determine the coupon rate $r$, such that the price of the bond, at ...
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### How to learn finance? [closed]

I have a background in programming of about 6 years. Now I decided to learn finance and trading as well. How can I get my foot in the door in that area?
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### Normal vol - convention

apologies for the simplicity of the question, but I was wondering: what is the quoting convention for normal (bps) volatility? Say I have the following time series of data: Date Close Abs Change ...
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### Predict Futures Prices based on weather + agricultural data

I’m working in the area of Data Mining and have come up with the following idea for my Masters project.The text may not be the best structured but it’s a working draft to give you a quick idea. ...
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### how to find CVaR/AVaR for triangular fuzzy no

While going through different methods of risk measure i came across AVaR/CVaR, while i was calculating AVaR/CVaR in credibilistic environment using VaR, i got stuck in the calculations eg. For ...
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### Intensity Function of Stochastic Processes

I'm fitting some financial data to a model based on a stochastic process and evaluating the fit of it by looking at the compensator. However, I cannot understand well what does it mean to take the ...
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### Resources for finding quantitative finance examples using excel, VBA and access

I am seeking to increase my knowledge in the quantitative finance field. I would be grateful if someone could point me to useful resource online, where I can find working examples of they types of ...
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### CVA number used by Finance Team

What are different reasons, Finance Team will need CVA number for? Is there any specific regulatory reporting to be done?
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### Company rank within an industry

I'm looking at the list of companies in the S&P 500 Pure Value Index. For each firm, I want to obtain the dividend yield industry percentile rank and the PEG ratio industry percentile rank. I've ...
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### Infinite autocorrelation - Unit root?

I have a time series of gold prices, on which I want to build an ARIMA model. The series is autocorrelated and if I can difference as often as I want, it always is. First: data: d1gold Dickey-Fuller ...
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### Option payoffs and replicating payoffs

I've come across the below question which has no answers to it and I was hoping someone could provide some help. I know it quite a long question and I appreciate any help with this. An investment ...
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### Which more topic should be covered in my undergraduate program? [closed]

Below is the topics covered in my undergraduate economics program. I want to know which course should I take to get a full overview of topics in finance today. Econometrics Micro, Macro Economics ...
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### Basis Risk for Futures/Options

I am just reading about basis risk. It is being described as risk of the price of the hedging instrument not fluctuating the same as the instrument itself. I was just wondering, if we bought a ...
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### Directional/Non-Directional Risk

Can someone explain to me what is direction/non-directional risk? Went through few sites but couldn't understand much.
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### Difference betweem martingale property and adapted filteration

What is the difference between a random process that is adapted to a filteration and one that had the martingale property. It seems the two notions are quite similar and would be helpful to construct ...
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### What is the price pressure?

What is the definition of price pressure and what does it imply? In a number of paper I read that the price pressure can influence the portfolio returns; can you explain why and in which way it can do ...
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### Valuation of Cox-Ross-Rubinstein Model

We have a Cox-Ross-Rubinstein model with parameters $u$ ("up"), $d$ ("down") , $r$ (interest rate) and $q$ (equivalent martingale probability) $(q=(1+r-d)(u-d)^{-1})$ . We have a contingent claim with ...
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### Why are factor models so popular for risk analysis of portfolios?

As titled, my question consists on asking for why in the most of academic papers one almost always finds that when you try to model asset returns, one needs to adjust for risk factors before analyzing ...
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### How to reason about leverage in terms of elasticity

Return of an investment for a given period is by definition: $$r = \frac{P}{W_0} - 1$$ where $P$ is the price of the investment at the end of the period, and $W_0$ is the initial investment. I want ...
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### Multi-Factor Models Application

I am trying to use what I learned about multi-Factor Models to apply to some questions: Suppose investing 80% in Portfolio A -100% in Portfolio B 20% in risk free asset If $\hat{F_1}$, denoted by ...
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### Why is that a risk averse consumer buys the optimum insurance when there is actuarially fair insurance?

I think I understand the fact that when marginal utilities of the same function are equal (a consequence of the actuarially fair insurance), the independent variables in it must be equal -- right? But ...
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### Are PX_BID and PX_ASK on Bloomberg closing bid/ask? or are they daily averaged?

Bloomberg provides PX_BID and PX_ASK on a daily basis, but it's not clear exactly where these numbers come from. Are they closing bid and ask prices, or are they averaged over the entire day? For ...
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### Linear-Boundary Crossing Problem for Brownian Motion

This is a question I came across while reading: $W = (W_t)_{t\geq{0}}$ is a standard BM. Let $\mu\in \mathbb{R}$, and let $\tau_{a}^{\mu}$ = $\inf(t>0;W_t = a + \mu{t})$ be the first passage time ...
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How does buying back stock affect a company's credit spread? Would it cause it to get smaller? Any clarification would be appreciated.
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### where can i get data for foreign exchange order flow

I need data for my thesis research on liquidity of foriegn exchange for order flow (aggregated daily) per currency traded for a period over the last 10-15 years. help!!
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### What are the econometric assumptions in the Fama-Macbeth procedure (1973)?

Fama-Macbeth (1973) introduce a two stage cross-sectional regression method (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fama%E2%80%93MacBeth_regression). 1) If I was to regress stock prices (or returns) on a ...
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### What are DGTW adjusted returns?

Many papers, e.g. in The Journal of Finance, discuss DGTW adjusted returns (or DGTW abnormal returns) instead of just returns. What are these and how does one compute them?
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### A doubt about Evans and Jovanovic (1989) economic model for entrepreneurs with credit constraints

[I already posted this question on the math forum of stackexchange and I was advised that I should post this question here] In Evans and Jovanovic (1989) you will find a model for entrepreneurs with ...
208 views

### Evaluation volatility with Garch model

I want to forecast the volatility (with Garch) of a canadian stock in 5 months with daily returns. How many data do I have to collect ? Thanks.
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### Given monthly returns of 10-Year Govt Bond, how to get monthly risk free rate of return

I have a list of monthly returns of a 10 year Govt Bond. I am not sure if this is a good proxy for the monthly risk free rate of return. Can somebody suggest how I can derive the monthly risk free ...
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### Itô diffusion processes in finance with unknown distribution at a terminal value

In several papers it is argued that for many Itô diffusion processes, $$dX_t = a(t,X_t)dt+b(t,X_t)dB_t,$$ in mathematical finance the distribution of $X_T$ for fixed $T>0$ is unknown, which makes ...
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I am trying to download intra day stock data for some 7000 symbols using google url : ...
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### Get discount factors with limited knowledge?

I am facing the problem of just having this information: 6% coupon bond with 2.5 years to maturity, traded at a 100% clean price 4% coupon bond with 1.5 years to maturity, traded at a 98% clean price ...
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### Why is the discount function non increasing if pure cash holdings are feasible?

I am struggeling with the question, for example lets take a swap with rate of 3.2 for one year and 3.6 for 2 years and Discount Factor 0.96899 for the first year and 0.93158 for the second year. ...
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### Optimal Choice of exceeding time

Suppose you hold a share from company $Z$ whose vaue at time $t$ is $S_0+\sigma B_t$ where $B_t$ is Brownian Motion and $\sigma$ denotes some volatility. Now lets assume that company $Z$ may go ...
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### How to apply Ljung Box Test?

I am checking the closing prices(about 9000+ prices) of the stocks data to test for randomness. The test I am using is Ljung Box test, in MFE toolbox for MATLAB, I used 300 data of closing prices, ...
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May you can help me undertanding the following conclusion: Suppose we have an agent who has preferences over contingent claims, represented by a concave function $U$. This simply means that ...
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### how to extract moments of GB from moment generating function?

I'm searching for the moments of geometric brownian motion using the gmm optimization program. the aim is to make the process y(t) of returns follows a normal distribution Are there any packages in ...
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### How to simulate stock prices with stochastic time change subordinated arithmetic Brownian Motion?

the idea is to simulate price returns thus to be normally distributed i 'am trying to use subordinated arithmetic brownian motion subordinated to time activity (volume) stock prices are following GBM ...
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### What's the first time-integral of price called?

In general I'm wondering about the names of time-derivatives of price. E.g. in physics the first few time-derivatives of position are: f(x) = displacement f'(x) = velocity f''(x) = acceleration ...
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### pricing of heat rate-linked derivative

It's a simplified model. Suppose $U_t$ is a random variables subject to Lognormal($x_1$, $z_1^2$)distribution. $V_t$ is a random variables subject to Lognormal($x_2$, $z_2^2$)distribution. Suppose ...