Securities which obligate the borrower/issuer to make payments on a fixed schedule. Fixed income securities include sovereign, corporate and municipal bonds, corporate loans, and securitized lending (e.g., ABS). "Fixed" refers only to the schedule of obligatory payments, not the amount, and may ...

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22 views

Variance of “hedged” term structure portfolio increasing?

I'm attempting to use PCA to hedge a small fixed income portfolio. I start with one particular bond and chose the nearest other bond to hedge the 1st principle component. This decreases the portfolio ...
2
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3answers
94 views

Calculate bond returns from yields

I have to construct and evaluate portfolio of bonds and stocks, namely I need to get return on portfolio, standard deviation and sharpe ratios. I have weekly data that contains stock prices, and I ...
2
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2answers
210 views

How to price a bond without paper during interview?

I heard that this kind of questions appear a lot in the interviews. Here is one I saw from Galssdoor: Price a bond with coupon rate 3%, yield 9% and maturity 10 years. What is the typical way to do ...
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1answer
115 views

What's the intuition behind DTS(duration times spread) in fixed income?

I am having some difficulty grasping the concept of using DTS to measure credit risk. In the equity world, one typical measure of risk is beta, which is quite well-defined as the exposure to a common ...
0
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0answers
112 views

Bloomberg Pricing Sources: TRAC vs. BGN vs. BVAL etc

Sorry, I'm very new to using Bloomberg as a tool, so please forgive the naïve question. I couldn't find much information after some cursory online searches, so I figured I'd ask here. Particularly ...
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0answers
30 views

Fixed Income Swap Sharpe Ratio Calculation

I have a Fixed Income based strategy based on swaps. Q1.) Given that swaps are based on a "notional" principal and no actual exchange of principal's takes place, is it fair to assume a funding cost ...
2
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0answers
28 views

How can I break down the change in value for an inflation-linked bond

I am trying to decompose the change in value of an inflation-linked bond into two constituent parts: 1) That due to changing nominal rates on the issuer's non-linked bonds 2) That due to changing ...
2
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0answers
59 views

Pricing Callable Floating Rate Note

I have a question concerning pricing of a callable floating rate note (FRN). I have not found a lot of literature concerning callable FRNs (although a lot for callable bonds). With my understanding, ...
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0answers
15 views

'C' Marker in PSA for CMO

I will occasionally get a 'C' as part of a PSA in my CMO oddlot data. Most of the numbers will be normal - 277, 297, 269. Then 10C, 20C, 13C. What does the C represent?
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1answer
121 views

Cost of Carry Bear Flattener

I was reading a report last week that “the carry on a 2s5s gilt curve flattener is negative to the tune of 10bp over 6 months” and I realised I have little understanding of this concept and ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

Bond Portfolio Immunization - Duration Matching

**Question is at the bottom** Suppose you have a portfolio of bonds A, B, and C with the following characteristics: (the "Frequency" column is the # of coupon pmts per year and also the # of ...
3
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2answers
124 views

Cross-sectional volatility vs temporal volatility

Volatility is usually defined as the standard deviation of returns, but sometimes it is calculated as the standard deviation of cross-sectional return divided by the square root of time, where other ...
4
votes
4answers
276 views

Why is the equity premium not arbitraged away?

The Equity Risk Premium Puzzle concerns the observation that equity returns are generally greater than bond returns. The puzzle is well known and widely studied, what is keeping investors from ...
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vote
3answers
487 views

How is PnL calculated

In Fixed Income, I know that bonds PnL are evaluated depending on where the price lies on price/yield curve at the end of the day, compared to where it started from at beginning of the day. The ...
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votes
1answer
53 views

How to calculate the pre-tax cost of debt for a mix of bonds allotted to a company?

I need to calculate the effective interest rate a company X is paying on the total debt it has been loaned (to arrive at the Cost of Debt) for the FY 2011-12. Its long term borrowings are a mix of ...
0
votes
1answer
199 views

Bloomberg Zero Coupon Rates

As some of your may know from my other posts, I am working on a Dynamic Nelson Siegel (DNS) based relative value trading model. On simulated data (which satisfies all the assumptions) of the DNS it ...
0
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1answer
62 views

OIS discounting pre and post crises

I have a Dynamic Nelson Siegel (DNS) based rv model. I want to know if I can use pre and post-crises curves interchangeably in my calibration and out of sample testing. I.e. those without OIS ...
3
votes
1answer
236 views

Pricing a FixedRateBond in Quantlib: yield vs TermStructure

I am trying to price a simple U.S. treasury in QuantLib, using two methods. The first method calls FixedRatebond.dirtyPrice(...), passing in a YTM and other parameters. The second method involves ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

meaning of discount term in FRA value

Consider a forward rate agreement on LIBOR (say), which starts 2 months from now, expires after 3 months and has strike $K$, and is based on $3M$ LIBOR -- $FRA_{2\times 5}$. Now the present value of ...
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1answer
89 views

Introducing credit risk to an already implemented interest rate model

Do any standard/generic approaches exist on how to extend an interest rate model to incorporate credit risk? The first thing that comes to mind would be to just model the credit spread separately - ...
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votes
1answer
151 views

How to price zero coupon bonds with short term rates model?

I want to find the price of Zero coupon bond given a short rate model. I think about Merton, Vasiceck, CIR, Ho & Lee models. 1) Given a simulation of $r_t$ how can I calculate $ P(t,T) = ...
0
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0answers
42 views

Credit Spread - pricing Option and Fixed Income

hi how do you handle credit spread 1. For Option with Equity underlying 2. For Fixed Income/Bond I understand there're two options: a. Expected Loss from Probability of Default & Recovery Rate ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

What is the hedging underlying of MBS

I am working on hedging agency MBSs using treasury bonds. So my question raise as which treasury bond should more likely be a hedging underlying of a MBS. What is the matching criteria usually for MBS ...
3
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0answers
82 views

Pre- Versus post-2008 Crisis Rates Modeling

Modeling for interest rate derivatives (such as bermudan swaptions) is said to have undergone significant changes since the crisis. Prior to the crisis, counterparty default risk was often ignored, ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Bond Spread Drivers

I have some work to do on the drivers of government bond spreads - ie. across terms (not across governments) of the yield curve, say 5yr and 20yr bond spreads from the same government issuer - and am ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

If we modify duration, should we modify bond price? Options Futures and Other Derivatives

In Example 4.5 of Section 4.8 on Duration of Options, Futures and Other Derivatives (p.92), a bond's price and duration are computed assuming continuous compounding where the bond yield is y = 12%. ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Discounting based on instrument type

Suppose we have an asset $A$, and we have modelled the cashflows for this asset to be $\{C_{1},\ldots C_{k}\}$ which occur at time $\{T_{1},\ldots T_{k}\}$. Now the present value of the asset can be ...
4
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0answers
38 views

What type of interpolation should be used in key rate perturbation models?

When perturbing a key rate in order to assess sensitivity of portfolio value, what sort of interpolation is standard? A book I am looking at says linear, but this seems pretty unrealistic to me--and ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

What is the algorithm for the Fama-Bliss instrument selection?

Fama-Bliss discount bonds are defined through a straight forward calculation (Famma, Bliss 1987). For the purposes of a project I need to derive forward rates, yields &c. for periods not included ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

How to perform significance test on transition matrices

Say you have in your hand a transition matrix published by Moody, and you also collected the rating information for a sample of bonds, which you use to form your own transition matrix. How can we use ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Attributing change in yield as a result of structural change

Suppose your portfolio has $w_0$ amount of bonds with yield $r_0$. Now you buy additional $w_1$ amount of bonds with yield $r_1$, then buy additional $w_2$ amount of bonds with yield $r_2$. ...
3
votes
0answers
178 views

How are quants able to verify whether their calculated prices are any good

This question is related to the discussion on Model Validation Criteria However it appeard to be very high level to me and I would like to go more into detail. Not working at a pricing desk the ...
1
vote
1answer
268 views

Interpolating spot rates given intermittent coupon-bond prices.

I'm trying to bootstrap spot rates given coupon-paying bond data. To simplify my problem, assume we are working with only 3 given data, the price/coupon rate on semi-annual bonds maturing in 0.5, 1, ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Attributing the change in NII to Shift, Twist and Butterfly

The movement of the zero rate curves can be decomposed into a shift movement (the level of interest rates) and a twist movement (the slope of the curve) and butterfly (the curvature of the curve). If ...
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votes
1answer
85 views

How can foreign investment have a negative figure?

Just looking at http://www.tradingeconomics.com/japan/foreign-bond-investment Wondering how can foreign bond investment be negative? You can have 0 investment, you can have positive investment, but ...
5
votes
1answer
141 views

Arbitrage with freshly issued bonds

I recently heard someone mention an arbitrage strategy involving selling freshly issued bonds and buying the "old batch" as it has shown that the liquidity in the fresh batch motivates/drives up these ...
1
vote
2answers
229 views

Market overview trading platforms (with OTC)

I am searching for a trading platform for a client. It must include control of trading limits (per user and with regard to the clients portfolio), connection to Bloomberg data, ability to value ...
3
votes
1answer
280 views

How to manage evaluation date changes in QuantLib while using ImpliedTermStructure Class

I will not attach the whole code 'cause it would be just a huge waste of space and it would be not useful for this question's purpose. What I am going to attach here is a snippet code and its output, ...
2
votes
1answer
216 views

Pricing credit risky bonds

How do we price credit risky bonds? If I discount the cash flows using LIBOR/zero rates, it won't take the credit riskiness into account. So should I use a rate based on the issuer's credit spread? ...
5
votes
1answer
269 views

Bond Convexity Treasuries Futures

I know long duration bonds, on a a single bond basis, exhibit convexity however do treasury futures prices and the 10 yr yield exhibit the same property? Below is a plot of continious ten year ...
1
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1answer
121 views

Fixed Income free research available online

As from the title, I would like to know where it is possible to find free research focused on fixed income markets' themes and topics, such as interest rates, credit risk related fundamentals, new ...
0
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1answer
620 views

Deriving the par-yield curve

Given for example 6 bond prices and their respective 6 cashflows over a time period of 6 years, I have managed to derive the zero-coupon yield curve using the bootstrap method. However, it got lost ...
1
vote
3answers
787 views

Is there a Bloomberg field for a bonds (upcoming) coupon dates?

For a specific bond I need to calculate the time until each of the upcoming cash flow payments (for obvious reasons). So I wondered if there is a field (bulk data) that gives me all the dates of the ...
1
vote
0answers
582 views

What is the best alternative of Quantlib library

We need to build a Fixed Income Portfolio Risk Analytics solution. Somehow due to administrative reason we can't use Quantlib which is written in C++, even call it through SWIG via JNI. We have tried ...
3
votes
2answers
262 views

Question on yield curve fitting from Wilmott on Quant Finance p.529

My last question is related. At the top of p. 529, it says, "From the Taylor series expansion for $Z$ we find that the yield to maturity is given by $$-\frac{log ...
4
votes
1answer
273 views

Yield curve fitting example in Wilmott on Quant Finance p.528

In Wilmott on Quantitative Finance Vol. 2, p. 528, Section 31.4.2, is given a power series expansion for a zero coupon bond $$Z(r,t;T)=1+a(r)(T-t)+b(r)(T-t)^2+c(r)(T-t)^3+\dots$$ then it says to ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

Is “Issuer and Holder with same strike” meaningless?

I've seen a callable putable bond whose first exercise date is an exercise date both for the holder and the issuer. Moreover both strikes have the same value: 100. I wonder what does it mean. I ...
3
votes
1answer
306 views

Pricing Fixed-To-Floater bond in QuantLib

Wandering through QuantLib's Financial instruments documentation, I noticed no class for fixed-to-floater bonds exist. Then I was wondering what a suitable way to price such an instrument would be ...
1
vote
1answer
323 views

How to derive zero-coupon rates from IRS?

How can I calculate zero-coupon rates from historical IR swap rates? I have a record of IRS for the past 4000 days and I am want to compute the zero coupon rates based on them.
3
votes
2answers
219 views

Basic question about bonds pricing

I decided to recap my knowledge in interest rates, and decided to start with Chapter 4 on interest rates (in 8th edition) of the Hull's book "Options, Futures and Other derivatives". In 4.3 the ...