Securities which obligate the borrower/issuer to make payments on a fixed schedule. Fixed income securities include sovereign, corporate and municipal bonds, corporate loans, and securitized lending (e.g., ABS). "Fixed" refers only to the schedule of obligatory payments, not the amount, and may ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

5
votes
2answers
243 views

How do bond pricing formulae differ between the US, UK and the Euro zone?

Let's restrict the scope of the question a little bit: I'm interested to learn about major differences in pricing formulae for nominal government bonds. The pricing formulae for inflation-linked bonds ...
3
votes
1answer
170 views

What is lagged interest rate?

I am trying to reproduce a plot in "Statistics and Data engineering for Financial Engineering" by D. Ruppert. The author uses the risk free returns data available in the Ecdat package in R. ...
0
votes
2answers
210 views

Matlab; How to specify Coupon frequency for Interest Rate Swap

I'm trying to price an interest rate swap and would like to change the default coupon payment frequency from 1 a year to 2 or 4 a year. I'm using ...
2
votes
2answers
492 views

RQuantLib, Hoadley and Bloomberg YAS: fixed rate bond pricing differences?

I'm trying to price a fixed rate bond one year from now on. The bond is the PEUGOT 7 ⅜ 03/06/18, whose ISIN code is FR0011439975. I'm using such a specific example because in this way everyone can ...
3
votes
0answers
124 views
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Calculating pre-tax cost of debt

This is a simple problem but I'm not sure about one aspect of it. A company has 15 year bonds outstanding, with a 5% annual coupon, a face value of \$1000, and a current market value of \$1100. ...
7
votes
2answers
214 views

Is there a comprehensive reference book on US fixed income conventions?

In Canadian fixed income markets there is a nice handbook called Canadian Conventions in Fixed Income Markets (PDF). It contains detailed market standard pricing formulas for calculating prices, ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Annual Percentage Rate and Yield

I found references relative to US where the Nominal Annual Percentage Rate or simply APR is defined as the simple interest rate (i.e. proportional to time and without compounding). Instead the ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

How to hedge the fixed leg of a swap contract?

I happened to get this question for Fixed Income Swap contract. (let's assume it's it's not cross currency). If the fixed leg is paying 10% interest rate in this contract, but in the market the ...
3
votes
0answers
124 views

is there a mapping from Altman Z-score for private companies to bond ratings or probability of default?

On wikipedia, there is a formula to calculate the Altman Z-score for private companies: Z-score estimated for private firms: T1 = (Current Assets − Current Liabilities) / Total Assets T2 = Retained ...
2
votes
2answers
537 views

CTD and bond futures

I am reading a chapter on bond futures in Fabozzi's book. It states that without CF (conversion factor) the CTD (cheapest to deliver) would be the bond with the longest maturity and highest coupon. ...
2
votes
3answers
688 views

What is the clean price and dirty price of a risky bond?

Following up on this question: Yield of a risky bond, what is the definition of clean and dirty prices for a risky (defaultable, catastrophe, etc.) bond? I would think the dirty price should ...
4
votes
1answer
175 views

Reasonable Hull & White parameters

I am using a Hull & White model to simulate forward rates on US swap curve from the 1.10.2012. This is a part of a bigger picture, and I am interested in some reasonable values for the parameters ...
2
votes
1answer
237 views

desk's performance

I need your point of view in evaluating the monthly performance of a desk. I have the daily credit risk capital requirement (A); the net banking income or GNP (B). What is the best measure of ...
2
votes
0answers
255 views

Yield Curve Volatility

Let you have several issuers, and let each issuer have its yield curve built up with liquid plain vanilla fixed rate bonds. Each yield curve has its slope and its curvature, and they obviously change ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Why might a manager consider using an interest-rate in which the notional principal amount declines over time?

Say swap would be used to convert the payments of its portfolio of fixed-rate residential mortgage loans into a floating payment. Why might a manager consider using an interest-rate in which the ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

How does a covered bond characteristics compare to a mortgage security for credit enhancement?

I need help with understanding how does a covered bond characteristics compare to a mortgage security for credit enhancement?
0
votes
1answer
132 views

Price difference between bond cash and futures

I used to trade German and US govt. bond futures and I am now having trouble understanding the price difference of these markets against the cash market. For example, the 10 year german government ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Interpretation of Macaulay Duration

I am having a difficulty conceptualizing the meaning of "Macaulay duration" - I want to note I completely understand the math, this isn't the issue. Modified duration & Efficitive Duration make ...
3
votes
2answers
299 views

How to calculate discounted inflation and growth?

Given the nominal bond yield and the inflation index bond yield (earning yield), how would one calculate the discounted inflation rate (discounted earning growth rates)? These two factor seems to ...
1
vote
3answers
488 views

Treasury Bond Yield Curves in R

Does anyone know if I can access interest rates series from the treasury using R? I tried yahoo! Finance and it doesn't seem to have this kind of information.
2
votes
1answer
386 views

Where can I find corporate bond spreads?

I am trying to price a 30 yr bond maturing in December 15, 2035. The bond is rated A- (S&P). Where can I find the spreads for corporate bonds rated A- maturing in 23 years (December 2035)? I ...
5
votes
4answers
657 views

What is the connection between default probabilities calculated using the credit rating and the price of a CDS?

I'm working on a tool to price Credit Default Swaps. I've already done the standard pricing tools. I'm working on a pricing tool which uses the credit rating for the default probabilities used in the ...
6
votes
1answer
549 views

About Option Adjusted Spread, rate curves and bonds comparison

I have few questions about using OAS as a measure of risk: does OAS allow for comparison between bonds with and without embedded options (e.g. a callable bond against a plain vanilla one against a ...
4
votes
1answer
398 views

VaR for corporate bonds

I am trying to create a simple risk calculation for the portfolio (ignoring correlations for the moment). I have some corporate bonds with limited daily price changes. Any one have ideas how I can get ...
7
votes
1answer
366 views

Do people use unbounded interest rate models, and what alternatives exist?

A simple interest rate model in discrete time is the autoregressive model, $$ I_{n+1} = \alpha I_n+w_n $$ where $\alpha\in [0,1)$ and $w_n\geq 0$ are i.i.d. random variables. When working with ruin ...
6
votes
1answer
505 views

Implied forward rates puzzle

Here's an interesting cocktail puzzle related to the term structure of interest rates. One of the primary competing theories for explaining the term structure of rates is the Rational Exepctations ...
0
votes
0answers
143 views

Looking for FpML best practices

We want start using FpML within our organisation; where message will be sent using FpML. What are best practices to do this ? If anyone who have used Tools as well as; i want to use FpML for ...
1
vote
3answers
600 views

How to properly interpret accrued interest of bonds

Ever since I work in finance I was wondering what accrued interest (AI) are good for (see the wikipedia article for a short introduction). I think I have a clear picture in mind now and the usual ...
3
votes
2answers
221 views

Is it true that pricing an IR swap doesn't require any stochastic model but calculation of the PFE of an IR swap would?

Pricing an IR swap doesn't require any stochastic model but calculation of the PFE for an IR swap would require the Hull White Model or any other stochastic short rate or forward rate model. Is ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Do Bond Put Dates always fall on Coupon Dates (for non-zero coupon bonds). Calculation rules for Coupon Dates

This may not be the most appropriate SE site to ask this question, but I can't seem to find a better place to ask, so here goes: Do Puttable Bonds' put dates always fall on Coupon Dates? When they ...
3
votes
3answers
676 views

What are the limits of bond portfolio immunization against interest rate changes?

I'm currently reading through an article on bond portfolio immunization against changes in the interest rate. I learned that the immunization can be done against instant changes in interest rate ...
8
votes
1answer
530 views

Hedging long municipal bond portfolio using BMA/SIFMA

A question from one of my members. Anyone have experience hedging a long municipal bond portfolio using BMA / SIFMA swaps? Anything you can share regarding sizing and structuring the swap and ...
2
votes
1answer
207 views

Risk Decomposition of Index linked Bonds

Do you know how to decompose the risk of index linked bonds? To value a inflation linked bond, one plugs the real zero curve into the bond PV calculation, the real interest rate is as the fisher ...
3
votes
1answer
287 views

How do I backfill the price of bonds for backtesting?

I need to backfill the price of bonds for testing a startegy. The method employed is: Regressing the YTM of the bond against a benchmark. Using the regression estimates to calculate the YTM for the ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

What is a real world example of negative forward interest rate?

As the title says, I am looking for a real world example where a forward interest rate is negative. Theoretically this is not a problem at all, if I look for a 3M forward interest rate that starts ...
0
votes
1answer
237 views

Where to find introductory material on leveraged loans?

What are some good, preferably free, introductions to leveraged loans, also known as syndicated loans or bank loans? The introduction should describe the basic mechanics and very importantly provide ...
2
votes
0answers
291 views

What is an appropriate hedge ratio for hedging a credit instrument with equity of the same issuer?

Given a bond and a stock issued by the same issuer, what is the appropriate ratio of bond-to-stock one should hold in order to minimize the specific risk to that issuer? Equivalently, what is the ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

How to get list of all CUSIPS/ISIN?

I want a list of all CUSIPs/ISINs. It would be nice if they were also categorized (e.g. Bonds/Funds etc). Where can I get such a data?
4
votes
1answer
409 views

Discrete time Ho lee model

This is my first question in this forum. I am stuck with my current testing the Ho Lee model. I am having difficulty computing the perturbation factor $\Delta$. The ho lee model should be completely ...
4
votes
1answer
317 views

Pricing a bond future with a basket of deposit futures

I have a future on a two-year UK government bond that I wish to price. The bond future expires in 3 months. I was thinking of building a portfolio of 3-month deposit futures (1 x 3 month deposit ...
6
votes
1answer
138 views

Should we apply practical constraints on the distribution of monte carlo paths?

to limit interest rate paths to a 'reasonable' range (if we could define reasonable). Now we calibrate log-normal skew and mean reversion monthly to robust basket of atm swaptions and in and out ...
5
votes
1answer
367 views

Can duration gap analysis be applied to mortgages?

Can a mortgage loan be treated like a bond and its duration calculated using the bond duration formula? More precisely, can I calculate the loan portfolio duration for duration gap analysis, with ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Is Duration really the slope of the Price-Yield curve?

When looking at the Price-vs-Yield graph for a fixed rate instrument, we are often told that the duration is the slope of that curve. But is that really right? Duration is (change in price) divided ...
2
votes
1answer
159 views

Do bond credit ratings suffer from “ratings inflation”?

A friend of mine who studies game theory suggested that credit ratings from the bond ratings agencies, such as Moody's, S&P, and Fitch, may suffer from a sort of "ratings inflation" similar to the ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Why is the SABR volatility model not good at pricing a constant maturity swap (CMS)?

I have heard that the SABR volatility model was not good at pricing a constant maturity swap (CMS). How is that?
3
votes
1answer
276 views

Which approach is better for modeling option exercise strategies, rational or behavioral?

This question is most relevant to the evaluation of embedded options, such as the refinancing option granted to borrowers in the mortgage and bank loan markets, or the call option present in some ...
5
votes
1answer
287 views

How to value a floor when a loan is callable?

Certain bank loans pay a spread above a floating-rate interest rate (typically LIBOR) subject to a floor. I would like to find the value of this floor to the investor. Assume for this example that ...
5
votes
1answer
963 views

How would I value a perpetual bond with an embedded option?

I am trying to work out how to value the following transactions. It should be straight forward, since it breaks down into a series of well known instruments, yet I am not sure how to evaluate it: ...