Securities which obligate the borrower/issuer to make payments on a fixed schedule. Fixed income securities include sovereign, corporate and municipal bonds, corporate loans, and securitized lending (e.g., ABS). "Fixed" refers only to the schedule of obligatory payments, not the amount, and may ...

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-2
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1answer
132 views

DCF Zero Coupon Bond

Using a 30/360 day count what is the exact formula to discount this single zero coupon bond? ...
0
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2answers
405 views

30360 Daycount Count Convention to find NPV for Bonds

Using a 30/360 day count convention, how can you value the NPV of these cash flows and the discount factor? I know how to discount cash flows but how does it differ using a 30/360 approach? What is ...
1
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0answers
294 views

Convexity adjustment

I have a problem with the underlying assumption in the future/forward convexity adjustment. If I understand correctly, the assumption is, if I am long ED, I earn money when rates go down and invest ...
2
votes
1answer
190 views

Recovery rate in a structured bond

I need to model the recovery rate of a structured bond whose expected cash flows, if the issuer remains solvent, will be very low. For instance, assume that I need to estimate the recovery amount of a ...
1
vote
1answer
178 views

Need to match my bond price calculation to that of Bloomberg, currently failing hard

I have a fixed-coupon bond with the following characteristics: ...
2
votes
0answers
117 views

Is there such a thing as “sell-off risk” in bond funds?

Popular yet generally academically-grounded commentators such as Annette Thau and Larry Swedroe have claimed that there is the possibility for "sell-off risk" in bond funds. By this they apparently ...
2
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2answers
663 views

How can you convert the CUSIP of a bond issue to the CUSIP of the company's stock/

As part of a research project I ran a query on the Mergent FISD database using the WRDS website. The output included the CUSIPs of numerous bond issues (>10000). I am using this data to run event ...
3
votes
1answer
214 views

What is lagged interest rate?

I am trying to reproduce a plot in "Statistics and Data engineering for Financial Engineering" by D. Ruppert. The author uses the risk free returns data available in the Ecdat package in R. ...
0
votes
2answers
247 views

Matlab; How to specify Coupon frequency for Interest Rate Swap

I'm trying to price an interest rate swap and would like to change the default coupon payment frequency from 1 a year to 2 or 4 a year. I'm using ...
2
votes
2answers
557 views

RQuantLib, Hoadley and Bloomberg YAS: fixed rate bond pricing differences?

I'm trying to price a fixed rate bond one year from now on. The bond is the PEUGOT 7 ⅜ 03/06/18, whose ISIN code is FR0011439975. I'm using such a specific example because in this way everyone can ...
3
votes
0answers
136 views

RQuantLib: any difference between FixedRateBond() and FixedRateBondPriceByYield() with flat term structure?

Please, consider the following functions from RQuantLib package: FixedRateBond() ...
1
vote
1answer
363 views

Yield on Fixed income futures

I am trying to get a simplified model of the DV01 for the US 10YR Note futures but I cant figure out what the current yield is. When I back out the implied interest rate on the current TYM3 futures ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Annual Percentage Rate and Yield

I found references relative to US where the Nominal Annual Percentage Rate or simply APR is defined as the simple interest rate (i.e. proportional to time and without compounding). Instead the ...
7
votes
2answers
236 views

Is there a comprehensive reference book on US fixed income conventions?

In Canadian fixed income markets there is a nice handbook called Canadian Conventions in Fixed Income Markets (PDF). It contains detailed market standard pricing formulas for calculating prices, ...
1
vote
3answers
3k views

How to hedge the fixed leg of a swap contract?

I happened to get this question for Fixed Income Swap contract. (let's assume it's it's not cross currency). If the fixed leg is paying 10% interest rate in this contract, but in the market the ...
3
votes
0answers
141 views

is there a mapping from Altman Z-score for private companies to bond ratings or probability of default?

On wikipedia, there is a formula to calculate the Altman Z-score for private companies: Z-score estimated for private firms: T1 = (Current Assets − Current Liabilities) / Total Assets T2 = Retained ...
4
votes
3answers
545 views

What's the algorithm behind Excel's ACCRINT?

This question was originally posted on Stackoverflow: As part of the Formula.js project, I'm trying to re-implement Excel's ACCRINT function (in JavaScript, but the language should not matter). I've ...
2
votes
2answers
686 views

CTD and bond futures

I am reading a chapter on bond futures in Fabozzi's book. It states that without CF (conversion factor) the CTD (cheapest to deliver) would be the bond with the longest maturity and highest coupon. ...
2
votes
3answers
748 views

What is the clean price and dirty price of a risky bond?

Following up on this question: Yield of a risky bond, what is the definition of clean and dirty prices for a risky (defaultable, catastrophe, etc.) bond? I would think the dirty price should ...
2
votes
0answers
274 views

Yield Curve Volatility

Let you have several issuers, and let each issuer have its yield curve built up with liquid plain vanilla fixed rate bonds. Each yield curve has its slope and its curvature, and they obviously change ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Why might a manager consider using an interest-rate in which the notional principal amount declines over time?

Say swap would be used to convert the payments of its portfolio of fixed-rate residential mortgage loans into a floating payment. Why might a manager consider using an interest-rate in which the ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

How does a covered bond characteristics compare to a mortgage security for credit enhancement?

I need help with understanding how does a covered bond characteristics compare to a mortgage security for credit enhancement?
0
votes
1answer
144 views

Price difference between bond cash and futures

I used to trade German and US govt. bond futures and I am now having trouble understanding the price difference of these markets against the cash market. For example, the 10 year german government ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Interpretation of Macaulay Duration

I am having a difficulty conceptualizing the meaning of "Macaulay duration" - I want to note I completely understand the math, this isn't the issue. Modified duration & Efficitive Duration make ...
4
votes
1answer
203 views

Reasonable Hull & White parameters

I am using a Hull & White model to simulate forward rates on US swap curve from the 1.10.2012. This is a part of a bigger picture, and I am interested in some reasonable values for the parameters ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Calculating pre-tax cost of debt

This is a simple problem but I'm not sure about one aspect of it. A company has 15 year bonds outstanding, with a 5% annual coupon, a face value of \$1000, and a current market value of \$1100. ...
2
votes
0answers
133 views
2
votes
1answer
239 views

desk's performance

I need your point of view in evaluating the monthly performance of a desk. I have the daily credit risk capital requirement (A); the net banking income or GNP (B). What is the best measure of ...
1
vote
3answers
588 views

Treasury Bond Yield Curves in R

Does anyone know if I can access interest rates series from the treasury using R? I tried yahoo! Finance and it doesn't seem to have this kind of information.
3
votes
2answers
344 views

How to calculate discounted inflation and growth?

Given the nominal bond yield and the inflation index bond yield (earning yield), how would one calculate the discounted inflation rate (discounted earning growth rates)? These two factor seems to ...
2
votes
1answer
439 views

Where can I find corporate bond spreads?

I am trying to price a 30 yr bond maturing in December 15, 2035. The bond is rated A- (S&P). Where can I find the spreads for corporate bonds rated A- maturing in 23 years (December 2035)? I ...
6
votes
1answer
624 views

About Option Adjusted Spread, rate curves and bonds comparison

I have few questions about using OAS as a measure of risk: does OAS allow for comparison between bonds with and without embedded options (e.g. a callable bond against a plain vanilla one against a ...
4
votes
2answers
476 views

VaR for corporate bonds

I am trying to create a simple risk calculation for the portfolio (ignoring correlations for the moment). I have some corporate bonds with limited daily price changes. Any one have ideas how I can get ...
1
vote
1answer
363 views

T-note returns from T-note yields … derivation of Damodaran's formula

Damodaran's historical data on 10-year T-note returns (found here) uses the following formula to calculate the 1-period total return on a T-note ($R_1$) given the 10-year constant maturity ...
0
votes
0answers
147 views

Looking for FpML best practices

We want start using FpML within our organisation; where message will be sent using FpML. What are best practices to do this ? If anyone who have used Tools as well as; i want to use FpML for ...
6
votes
1answer
566 views

Implied forward rates puzzle

Here's an interesting cocktail puzzle related to the term structure of interest rates. One of the primary competing theories for explaining the term structure of rates is the Rational Exepctations ...
1
vote
3answers
709 views

How to properly interpret accrued interest of bonds

Ever since I work in finance I was wondering what accrued interest (AI) are good for (see the wikipedia article for a short introduction). I think I have a clear picture in mind now and the usual ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

Do Bond Put Dates always fall on Coupon Dates (for non-zero coupon bonds). Calculation rules for Coupon Dates

This may not be the most appropriate SE site to ask this question, but I can't seem to find a better place to ask, so here goes: Do Puttable Bonds' put dates always fall on Coupon Dates? When they ...
3
votes
2answers
236 views

Is it true that pricing an IR swap doesn't require any stochastic model but calculation of the PFE of an IR swap would?

Pricing an IR swap doesn't require any stochastic model but calculation of the PFE for an IR swap would require the Hull White Model or any other stochastic short rate or forward rate model. Is ...
2
votes
1answer
227 views

Risk Decomposition of Index linked Bonds

Do you know how to decompose the risk of index linked bonds? To value a inflation linked bond, one plugs the real zero curve into the bond PV calculation, the real interest rate is as the fisher ...
3
votes
1answer
296 views

How do I backfill the price of bonds for backtesting?

I need to backfill the price of bonds for testing a startegy. The method employed is: Regressing the YTM of the bond against a benchmark. Using the regression estimates to calculate the YTM for the ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

What is a real world example of negative forward interest rate?

As the title says, I am looking for a real world example where a forward interest rate is negative. Theoretically this is not a problem at all, if I look for a 3M forward interest rate that starts ...
0
votes
1answer
253 views

Where to find introductory material on leveraged loans?

What are some good, preferably free, introductions to leveraged loans, also known as syndicated loans or bank loans? The introduction should describe the basic mechanics and very importantly provide ...
2
votes
0answers
320 views

What is an appropriate hedge ratio for hedging a credit instrument with equity of the same issuer?

Given a bond and a stock issued by the same issuer, what is the appropriate ratio of bond-to-stock one should hold in order to minimize the specific risk to that issuer? Equivalently, what is the ...
9
votes
10answers
17k views

What is the difference between Option Adjusted Spread (OAS) and Z-spread?

I am preparing for the CFA level 2 exam, I got confused by the concept Z-spread and OAS. When a call option is added to a bond, since it is not favorable to the bond buyer, they would require more ...
4
votes
1answer
422 views

Discrete time Ho lee model

This is my first question in this forum. I am stuck with my current testing the Ho Lee model. I am having difficulty computing the perturbation factor $\Delta$. The ho lee model should be completely ...
4
votes
1answer
349 views

Pricing a bond future with a basket of deposit futures

I have a future on a two-year UK government bond that I wish to price. The bond future expires in 3 months. I was thinking of building a portfolio of 3-month deposit futures (1 x 3 month deposit ...
6
votes
1answer
138 views

Should we apply practical constraints on the distribution of monte carlo paths?

to limit interest rate paths to a 'reasonable' range (if we could define reasonable). Now we calibrate log-normal skew and mean reversion monthly to robust basket of atm swaptions and in and out ...
5
votes
1answer
387 views

Can duration gap analysis be applied to mortgages?

Can a mortgage loan be treated like a bond and its duration calculated using the bond duration formula? More precisely, can I calculate the loan portfolio duration for duration gap analysis, with ...
3
votes
3answers
762 views

What are the limits of bond portfolio immunization against interest rate changes?

I'm currently reading through an article on bond portfolio immunization against changes in the interest rate. I learned that the immunization can be done against instant changes in interest rate ...