Securities which obligate the borrower/issuer to make payments on a fixed schedule. Fixed income securities include sovereign, corporate and municipal bonds, corporate loans, and securitized lending (e.g., ABS). "Fixed" refers only to the schedule of obligatory payments, not the amount, and may ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

2
votes
2answers
206 views

How to price a bond without paper during interview?

I heard that this kind of questions appear a lot in the interviews. Here is one I saw from Galssdoor: Price a bond with coupon rate 3%, yield 9% and maturity 10 years. What is the typical way to do ...
2
votes
3answers
92 views

Calculate bond returns from yields

I have to construct and evaluate portfolio of bonds and stocks, namely I need to get return on portfolio, standard deviation and sharpe ratios. I have weekly data that contains stock prices, and I ...
1
vote
1answer
164 views

Bond Portfolio Immunization - Duration Matching

**Question is at the bottom** Suppose you have a portfolio of bonds A, B, and C with the following characteristics: (the "Frequency" column is the # of coupon pmts per year and also the # of ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

What's the intuition behind DTS(duration times spread) in fixed income?

I am having some difficulty grasping the concept of using DTS to measure credit risk. In the equity world, one typical measure of risk is beta, which is quite well-defined as the exposure to a common ...
2
votes
3answers
676 views

RQuantLib, Hoadley and Bloomberg YAS: fixed rate bond pricing differences?

I'm trying to price a fixed rate bond one year from now on. The bond is the PEUGOT 7 ⅜ 03/06/18, whose ISIN code is FR0011439975. I'm using such a specific example because in this way everyone can ...
0
votes
0answers
94 views

Bloomberg Pricing Sources: TRAC vs. BGN vs. BVAL etc

Sorry, I'm very new to using Bloomberg as a tool, so please forgive the naïve question. I couldn't find much information after some cursory online searches, so I figured I'd ask here. Particularly ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Fixed Income Swap Sharpe Ratio Calculation

I have a Fixed Income based strategy based on swaps. Q1.) Given that swaps are based on a "notional" principal and no actual exchange of principal's takes place, is it fair to assume a funding cost ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

How can I break down the change in value for an inflation-linked bond

I am trying to decompose the change in value of an inflation-linked bond into two constituent parts: 1) That due to changing nominal rates on the issuer's non-linked bonds 2) That due to changing ...
3
votes
2answers
124 views

Cross-sectional volatility vs temporal volatility

Volatility is usually defined as the standard deviation of returns, but sometimes it is calculated as the standard deviation of cross-sectional return divided by the square root of time, where other ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Pricing Callable Floating Rate Note

I have a question concerning pricing of a callable floating rate note (FRN). I have not found a lot of literature concerning callable FRNs (although a lot for callable bonds). With my understanding, ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

'C' Marker in PSA for CMO

I will occasionally get a 'C' as part of a PSA in my CMO oddlot data. Most of the numbers will be normal - 277, 297, 269. Then 10C, 20C, 13C. What does the C represent?
1
vote
1answer
117 views

Cost of Carry Bear Flattener

I was reading a report last week that “the carry on a 2s5s gilt curve flattener is negative to the tune of 10bp over 6 months” and I realised I have little understanding of this concept and ...
4
votes
4answers
276 views

Why is the equity premium not arbitraged away?

The Equity Risk Premium Puzzle concerns the observation that equity returns are generally greater than bond returns. The puzzle is well known and widely studied, what is keeping investors from ...
1
vote
3answers
461 views

How is PnL calculated

In Fixed Income, I know that bonds PnL are evaluated depending on where the price lies on price/yield curve at the end of the day, compared to where it started from at beginning of the day. The ...
4
votes
2answers
546 views

VaR for corporate bonds

I am trying to create a simple risk calculation for the portfolio (ignoring correlations for the moment). I have some corporate bonds with limited daily price changes. Any one have ideas how I can get ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

How to calculate the pre-tax cost of debt for a mix of bonds allotted to a company?

I need to calculate the effective interest rate a company X is paying on the total debt it has been loaned (to arrive at the Cost of Debt) for the FY 2011-12. Its long term borrowings are a mix of ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

OIS discounting pre and post crises

I have a Dynamic Nelson Siegel (DNS) based rv model. I want to know if I can use pre and post-crises curves interchangeably in my calibration and out of sample testing. I.e. those without OIS ...
0
votes
1answer
194 views

Bloomberg Zero Coupon Rates

As some of your may know from my other posts, I am working on a Dynamic Nelson Siegel (DNS) based relative value trading model. On simulated data (which satisfies all the assumptions) of the DNS it ...
3
votes
1answer
232 views

Pricing a FixedRateBond in Quantlib: yield vs TermStructure

I am trying to price a simple U.S. treasury in QuantLib, using two methods. The first method calls FixedRatebond.dirtyPrice(...), passing in a YTM and other parameters. The second method involves ...
0
votes
1answer
148 views

How to price zero coupon bonds with short term rates model?

I want to find the price of Zero coupon bond given a short rate model. I think about Merton, Vasiceck, CIR, Ho & Lee models. 1) Given a simulation of $r_t$ how can I calculate $ P(t,T) = ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

What is the hedging underlying of MBS

I am working on hedging agency MBSs using treasury bonds. So my question raise as which treasury bond should more likely be a hedging underlying of a MBS. What is the matching criteria usually for MBS ...
9
votes
10answers
19k views

What is the difference between Option Adjusted Spread (OAS) and Z-spread?

I am preparing for the CFA level 2 exam, I got confused by the concept Z-spread and OAS. When a call option is added to a bond, since it is not favorable to the bond buyer, they would require more ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

meaning of discount term in FRA value

Consider a forward rate agreement on LIBOR (say), which starts 2 months from now, expires after 3 months and has strike $K$, and is based on $3M$ LIBOR -- $FRA_{2\times 5}$. Now the present value of ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Introducing credit risk to an already implemented interest rate model

Do any standard/generic approaches exist on how to extend an interest rate model to incorporate credit risk? The first thing that comes to mind would be to just model the credit spread separately - ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Credit Spread - pricing Option and Fixed Income

hi how do you handle credit spread 1. For Option with Equity underlying 2. For Fixed Income/Bond I understand there're two options: a. Expected Loss from Probability of Default & Recovery Rate ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

Pre- Versus post-2008 Crisis Rates Modeling

Modeling for interest rate derivatives (such as bermudan swaptions) is said to have undergone significant changes since the crisis. Prior to the crisis, counterparty default risk was often ignored, ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

If we modify duration, should we modify bond price? Options Futures and Other Derivatives

In Example 4.5 of Section 4.8 on Duration of Options, Futures and Other Derivatives (p.92), a bond's price and duration are computed assuming continuous compounding where the bond yield is y = 12%. ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Bond Spread Drivers

I have some work to do on the drivers of government bond spreads - ie. across terms (not across governments) of the yield curve, say 5yr and 20yr bond spreads from the same government issuer - and am ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Discounting based on instrument type

Suppose we have an asset $A$, and we have modelled the cashflows for this asset to be $\{C_{1},\ldots C_{k}\}$ which occur at time $\{T_{1},\ldots T_{k}\}$. Now the present value of the asset can be ...
5
votes
1answer
909 views

Correct way to calculate bond's Yield-to-Horizon

I'm creating some .Net libraries for bond pricing and verifying its correctness with a bond pricing excel spreadsheet (Bond Pricing and Yield from Chrisholm Roth) but I believe it calculates the Yield ...
4
votes
0answers
38 views

What type of interpolation should be used in key rate perturbation models?

When perturbing a key rate in order to assess sensitivity of portfolio value, what sort of interpolation is standard? A book I am looking at says linear, but this seems pretty unrealistic to me--and ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

How to perform significance test on transition matrices

Say you have in your hand a transition matrix published by Moody, and you also collected the rating information for a sample of bonds, which you use to form your own transition matrix. How can we use ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

What is the algorithm for the Fama-Bliss instrument selection?

Fama-Bliss discount bonds are defined through a straight forward calculation (Famma, Bliss 1987). For the purposes of a project I need to derive forward rates, yields &c. for periods not included ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Attributing change in yield as a result of structural change

Suppose your portfolio has $w_0$ amount of bonds with yield $r_0$. Now you buy additional $w_1$ amount of bonds with yield $r_1$, then buy additional $w_2$ amount of bonds with yield $r_2$. ...
3
votes
0answers
178 views

How are quants able to verify whether their calculated prices are any good

This question is related to the discussion on Model Validation Criteria However it appeard to be very high level to me and I would like to go more into detail. Not working at a pricing desk the ...
5
votes
1answer
267 views

Bond Convexity Treasuries Futures

I know long duration bonds, on a a single bond basis, exhibit convexity however do treasury futures prices and the 10 yr yield exhibit the same property? Below is a plot of continious ten year ...
1
vote
1answer
265 views

Interpolating spot rates given intermittent coupon-bond prices.

I'm trying to bootstrap spot rates given coupon-paying bond data. To simplify my problem, assume we are working with only 3 given data, the price/coupon rate on semi-annual bonds maturing in 0.5, 1, ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Attributing the change in NII to Shift, Twist and Butterfly

The movement of the zero rate curves can be decomposed into a shift movement (the level of interest rates) and a twist movement (the slope of the curve) and butterfly (the curvature of the curve). If ...
-3
votes
1answer
84 views

How can foreign investment have a negative figure?

Just looking at http://www.tradingeconomics.com/japan/foreign-bond-investment Wondering how can foreign bond investment be negative? You can have 0 investment, you can have positive investment, but ...
1
vote
2answers
229 views

Market overview trading platforms (with OTC)

I am searching for a trading platform for a client. It must include control of trading limits (per user and with regard to the clients portfolio), connection to Bloomberg data, ability to value ...
1
vote
1answer
382 views

T-note returns from T-note yields … derivation of Damodaran's formula

Damodaran's historical data on 10-year T-note returns (found here) uses the following formula to calculate the 1-period total return on a T-note ($R_1$) given the 10-year constant maturity ...
2
votes
1answer
213 views

Pricing credit risky bonds

How do we price credit risky bonds? If I discount the cash flows using LIBOR/zero rates, it won't take the credit riskiness into account. So should I use a rate based on the issuer's credit spread? ...
5
votes
1answer
141 views

Arbitrage with freshly issued bonds

I recently heard someone mention an arbitrage strategy involving selling freshly issued bonds and buying the "old batch" as it has shown that the liquidity in the fresh batch motivates/drives up these ...
3
votes
1answer
276 views

How to manage evaluation date changes in QuantLib while using ImpliedTermStructure Class

I will not attach the whole code 'cause it would be just a huge waste of space and it would be not useful for this question's purpose. What I am going to attach here is a snippet code and its output, ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

“Friendly” papers about maximum smoothness yield curve modelling

I'm currently looking to implement some version of the yield curve modeling techniques in the maximum smoothness framework. The papers I have found so far explains the theory pretty well, but I find ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

How to calibrate Hull-White from zero curve?

I am interested in calibrating a Hull-White model to the market. I do not, however, have data on anything except the market zero curves, as all derivatives are being traded OTC. My plan is to ...
2
votes
1answer
203 views

Recovery rate in a structured bond

I need to model the recovery rate of a structured bond whose expected cash flows, if the issuer remains solvent, will be very low. For instance, assume that I need to estimate the recovery amount of a ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Fixed Income free research available online

As from the title, I would like to know where it is possible to find free research focused on fixed income markets' themes and topics, such as interest rates, credit risk related fundamentals, new ...
0
votes
1answer
616 views

Deriving the par-yield curve

Given for example 6 bond prices and their respective 6 cashflows over a time period of 6 years, I have managed to derive the zero-coupon yield curve using the bootstrap method. However, it got lost ...
1
vote
3answers
777 views

Is there a Bloomberg field for a bonds (upcoming) coupon dates?

For a specific bond I need to calculate the time until each of the upcoming cash flow payments (for obvious reasons). So I wondered if there is a field (bulk data) that gives me all the dates of the ...