# Tagged Questions

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7k views

### Why using 3 months forward to hedge fx risk on a fund of funds portfolio?

In my previous job, a fund of funds, they used 3 months forward FX contracts (renewed every 3 months) to protect their portfolio against currency risk. If I do understand why forwards are useful for ...
1k views

### What do eigenvalues/eigenvectors of the yield/forward rates covariance matrices mean?

I have 5 bonds (with maturities 1,2,3,4,5 years) which I calculated the yield curve for 10 days. I also calculated the forward rates from the yield rates. Now I've been told to calculate the ...
324 views

### Implied term structure from risky discount curve: does it make sense?

We know that, taken every discount curve, it's possible to calculate its forward rates according to our tenor preferences. We know also that it's actually possible to extract an implied term ...
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### Prove arbitrage opportunity

The continuously compounded interest rate is $r$. The current price of the underlying asset is $S(0)$ and the forward price with delivery time in 1 year is $F(0,1)$. Short selling of the stock ...
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### Cross Currency Swap pricing

I have seen two methods for calculating the value of a xccy swap - 1) Convert the future foreign payments to the base currency using forward FX rates, net with the base currency payments and ...
582 views

### VaR mapping - Forward Foreign Currency Contract

I have a question about VaR mapping for FX forwards. Please bear with me while I outline the problem. Philippe Jorion's book discusses VaR mapping; a means to break down complex instruments into ...
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### compute time from FX forward, how use DEPO rates?

assume I have following delta-term vol data from broker: ...
1k views

### How to calculate a forward-starting swap with forward equations?

I have been trying to resolve this problem for some time but I cannot get the correct answer. The problem is the following one. Compute the initial value of a forward-starting swap that begins at ...
5k views

### Equivalency of FX forwards and FX basis swaps for risk-management purposes

Can one deem an FX float-to-float swap and a FX forward equivalent on dates immediately after repricing? The reason I am asking, I am hedging something that can be modeled via an FX forward, I was ...
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### How to derive Black's formula for the valuation of an option on a future?

I've got a question about 1976 Black Model and Bachelier model. I know that a geometric brownian motion in the P measure $dS_{t}=\mu S_{t}dt+\sigma S_{t} dW_{t}^{P}$ for a stock price $S_{t}$ leads (...
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### BlackProcess' constructor $x_{0}$ argument in QuantLib

I am currently using BlackProcess to price options and I have a doubt related to the $x_{0}$ argument of the constructor: I've figured out it should be the forward ...
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### Construct option and stock portfolio

If a riskless security costs 100 today and will cost 120 at time T, a stock costs 50 today and will either be 70 or 30 at time T, and call options on the stock have strike price 50 expiring at time T, ...
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### Why AREN'T forward rates what the market expects of the spot rates?

I know that for a swap for example, the swap rate is just what adopts equilibrium for both legs by no arbitrage, on the other hand for a FRA its just the same only with one period of time. Considering ...
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### Bond Interest Rate Swap Growth Rate [closed]

this should not be here because it shouldn't be here forever and eve
8k views

### Implied interest rate from FX swap

This is not homework. I am trying to calculate the implied interest rate of one currency (C2) using an FX swap and the interest rate of another currency (C1 - base). I have the following: Spot: 7....
71 views

### Forward parity in fixed income

In stock and index we have a beautiful forward-spot parity $$F(t,T) = S(t)\cdot B(t,T) \tag{1}$$ which tells us that to price a forward contract at time $t$ with expiry $T$ we can just borrow ...
165 views

### hedging with a 3 month fx forward every month

I think this is a bit odd question. Let us say I want to hedge my fx exposure every month but using 3 month forwards . How can I do that ? Is it not easy just to use 1 month forwards ? I recalculate ...
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### Forward Curves and Par Yield Curves

I'm recently reading a research paper on the yield curve by Salomon brothers and in it it states that when the forward curve is above the par yield curve, it is seen as cheaper. If for example, the ...
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### Interest rate on loan for purchasing Sterling bond

I am struggling trying to find out where they get the $8$% interest rate for the loan you make to purchase the Sterling Bond in the following strategy: Problem: Suppose that $A(0)$ = $100$ and $A(1)$...
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### Impact of NZD mid-day EST Roll forward

Was taking a look at an NZD spot deal that was traded on a Friday for value the following Tuesday (t+2). Somehow this trade became classified as a forward by our back office systems (dealer says they ...
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### Forward rates diffusion

I used a simple market model (Black 76) to price an american swaption. It's a formula similar to B&S, with another numeraire and forward rate as underlying. I used the SDE:  dF = \sigma * ...
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### How often do banks update forward points?

My understanding is that forward rates are calculated by comparing interbank interest rates of the 2 currencies for a currency pair, with the points being the difference between spot and the forward ...
2k views

### IMM dates in excel

I need to get the IMM dates in excel. IMM dates are defined as the third Wednesday of every March/June/September/December.
I've been trying to replicate the following publication: toronto.edu/sjaimung/papers/VAR-FPCA.pdf but I havent been able to get the same results estimating the $\beta_{k}$ parameters. First, I got ...