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10
votes
2answers
7k views

Why using 3 months forward to hedge fx risk on a fund of funds portfolio?

In my previous job, a fund of funds, they used 3 months forward FX contracts (renewed every 3 months) to protect their portfolio against currency risk. If I do understand why forwards are useful for ...
7
votes
1answer
987 views

What do eigenvalues/eigenvectors of the yield/forward rates covariance matrices mean?

I have 5 bonds (with maturities 1,2,3,4,5 years) which I calculated the yield curve for 10 days. I also calculated the forward rates from the yield rates. Now I've been told to calculate the ...
7
votes
0answers
320 views

Implied term structure from risky discount curve: does it make sense?

We know that, taken every discount curve, it's possible to calculate its forward rates according to our tenor preferences. We know also that it's actually possible to extract an implied term ...
5
votes
1answer
88 views

Prove arbitrage opportunity

The continuously compounded interest rate is $r$. The current price of the underlying asset is $S(0)$ and the forward price with delivery time in 1 year is $F(0,1)$. Short selling of the stock ...
5
votes
2answers
539 views

VaR mapping - Forward Foreign Currency Contract

I have a question about VaR mapping for FX forwards. Please bear with me while I outline the problem. Philippe Jorion's book discusses VaR mapping; a means to break down complex instruments into ...
5
votes
0answers
427 views

compute time from FX forward, how use DEPO rates?

assume I have following delta-term vol data from broker: ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

Equivalency of FX forwards and FX basis swaps for risk-management purposes

Can one deem an FX float-to-float swap and a FX forward equivalent on dates immediately after repricing? The reason I am asking, I am hedging something that can be modeled via an FX forward, I was ...
4
votes
2answers
193 views

How to derive Black's formula for the valuation of an option on a future?

I've got a question about 1976 Black Model and Bachelier model. I know that a geometric brownian motion in the P measure $dS_{t}=\mu S_{t}dt+\sigma S_{t} dW_{t}^{P}$ for a stock price $S_{t}$ leads ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

BlackProcess' constructor $x_{0}$ argument in QuantLib

I am currently using BlackProcess to price options and I have a doubt related to the $x_{0}$ argument of the constructor: I've figured out it should be the forward ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How to calculate a forward-starting swap with forward equations?

I have been trying to resolve this problem for some time but I cannot get the correct answer. The problem is the following one. Compute the initial value of a forward-starting swap that begins at ...
3
votes
3answers
96 views

Construct option and stock portfolio

If a riskless security costs 100 today and will cost 120 at time T, a stock costs 50 today and will either be 70 or 30 at time T, and call options on the stock have strike price 50 expiring at time T, ...
3
votes
3answers
101 views

Why is the spot price not used as the forward price when a forward contract is created?

If the initial value of a forward contract is zero, surely the forward price used would be the spot price at the time the contract was created? However, my notes tell me that the forward price F, at ...
3
votes
2answers
117 views

A proof that the final payoff on a futures contract is twice that on a forward contract

Following is an argument demonstrating that the final payoff on a futures contract is twice that on a forward contract, contrary to what I believe is the accepted truth that the two payoffs are the ...
3
votes
2answers
941 views

IMM Swaps vs. Forward Swaps

Could we think of IMM dated swaps as forward swaps (since they trade only on specified dates and they might not be the current date)? For example, today is June 2nd, the next IMM swap is June 14 (not ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Simple value of a Forward contract at an intermediate time question

I am taking "Financial Engineering and Risk Management Part I" from Columbia University on coursera and I got a seemingly simple question wrong on the first quiz. This is all based on the no-arbitrage ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

meaning of discount term in FRA value

Consider a forward rate agreement on LIBOR (say), which starts 2 months from now, expires after 3 months and has strike $K$, and is based on $3M$ LIBOR -- $FRA_{2\times 5}$. Now the present value of ...
3
votes
1answer
526 views

How does the 2-factor Hull White model propagate the forward rates curve?

I've been trying to get a grasp on some of the basics of interest rate modeling, and am looking to simulate rates using the 2 factor Hull White model, which I am aware offers a more realistic model of ...
3
votes
4answers
175 views

Calculate theoretical forward price of a stock

The current price of a stock is USD400 per share and it pays no dividends. Assuming a constant interest rate of 8% compounded quarterly, what is the stock's theoretical forward price for delivery in 9 ...
3
votes
1answer
233 views

HJM simulation problem

I'm trying to simulate a 3-factor HJM model. I got the algorithms from Glasserman book. In my case, I have $3$ maturity:$ 0.25y, 0.5y, 0.75y$. So my time grid is: $t_0=0,t_1=0.25,t_2=0.5,t_3=0.75$. ...
2
votes
1answer
983 views

EuroDollar vs FRA

I am not quite clear about this. When people mention Eurodollar are they mean Eurodollar Futures? One of the difference between Eurodollar and Forward Rate Agreement(FRA) is basically difference ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

forward option, stochastic calculus

I encounter a problem to understand this: The price of a forward option is : $C(K,t,T)=\mathbb{E}[((S_{T}/S_{t})-K)+]$ OK The option should only depend on $T-t$ because the yield randomness (for a ...
2
votes
2answers
202 views

Pricing forward contract on a stock

Please tell me where I've gone wrong (if I did in fact make a mistake). I'm pricing a long forward on a stock. The usual setup applies: This has payoff $S(T) - K$ at time $T$. We are at $t$ now. ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Why AREN'T forward rates what the market expects of the spot rates?

I know that for a swap for example, the swap rate is just what adopts equilibrium for both legs by no arbitrage, on the other hand for a FRA its just the same only with one period of time. Considering ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Bond Interest Rate Swap Growth Rate [closed]

this should not be here because it shouldn't be here forever and eve
2
votes
1answer
7k views

Implied interest rate from FX swap

This is not homework. I am trying to calculate the implied interest rate of one currency (C2) using an FX swap and the interest rate of another currency (C1 - base). I have the following: Spot: ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Forward parity in fixed income

In stock and index we have a beautiful forward-spot parity $$ F(t,T) = S(t)\cdot B(t,T) \tag{1} $$ which tells us that to price a forward contract at time $t$ with expiry $T$ we can just borrow ...
2
votes
1answer
155 views

hedging with a 3 month fx forward every month

I think this is a bit odd question. Let us say I want to hedge my fx exposure every month but using 3 month forwards . How can I do that ? Is it not easy just to use 1 month forwards ? I recalculate ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

What is the filtration described?

What is the filtration $(\mathfrak{F}_t)$ encircled below? Is it $(\mathfrak{F}_t) = (\sigma(W_t)) = (\sigma(\tilde{W_t})), t \in [0,T]$? Or is it $(\mathfrak{F}_t) = (\sigma(\hat{W_t})), t \in ...
2
votes
0answers
74 views

FRA-Strategy: Make 3-month and 1-year Excess returns comparable

I am trying to analyze an investment strategy that tries to exploit the empirical difference between forward interest rates and realized spot rates. I am using FRAs to capture the difference. I am ...
2
votes
0answers
235 views

EUR/PLN and EUR/USD delta-term-vol surface quoting convension

does anyone know for sure what is the FX market convension to quote delta-term pairs for EUR/PLN, for EUR/USD. I know that for EUR/PLN it should be delta p.a forward, for EUR/USD it should be delta ...
1
vote
2answers
302 views

Forward rates formulae

I am now working with forward rates and have somehow been asked to use an "intuitive" formula for forward rates. $$ \frac{F(0,s,T)}{F(0,t,T)} = \frac{F(s,s,T)}{F(s,t,T)} $$ I can understand the ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Delta of a Commodity Future

Generally the price of a future is $ F(t,T) = S(t)e^{r(T-t)}, $ and it's delta is: $ \frac{\partial F}{\partial S} = e^{r(T-t)}. $ (As opposed to the delta of a forward which is always one.) In ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

VaR for FX forwards

I am trying to figure out some of the commonly used approaches to deal with FX forwards (in a currency portfolio containing spots, forwards and swaps) that would allow me to calculate the one day VaR ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

the difference between forward price and future price

In Hull's book 'Options, Futures and Other derivatives', author said that when price of underlying asset S is strongly positively correlated with the interest rate, future price is slightly larger ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Faster way to backtest/Walkforward

I am currently using Ninja Trader to program and test my strategies and the forward testing in very time intensive. I am thinking of writing my own code in either c++ or c#. The question I have is ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Is an FX forward with delayed settlement still a derivative?

As an example: Trade date: 1/1/16 Maturity date: 2/29/16 Settlement (exchange of currencies) 3/31/16 Is the instrument between 2/29 and 3/31 still deemed a forward? The forward rate is determined so ...
1
vote
2answers
116 views

Pricing Forward Start Option with PDE

I am looking for references (books and papers) or suggestions on how to price forward starting calls using a PDE approach typically in the Heston model (In the BS world, the computation is trivial), ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

How to Calculate Return Option with Forward Measure

I am trying to computing the price of an option at time $t$, with payoff $X = \frac{S_{T_2}}{S_{T_1}}$, at time $T_2$, where $t < T_1 < T_2$. Here how I compute it: Using the forward measure ...
1
vote
1answer
177 views

Forward Curves and Par Yield Curves

I'm recently reading a research paper on the yield curve by Salomon brothers and in it it states that when the forward curve is above the par yield curve, it is seen as cheaper. If for example, the ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Interest rate on loan for purchasing Sterling bond

I am struggling trying to find out where they get the $8$% interest rate for the loan you make to purchase the Sterling Bond in the following strategy: Problem: Suppose that $A(0)$ = $100$ and ...
1
vote
2answers
318 views

Impact of NZD mid-day EST Roll forward

Was taking a look at an NZD spot deal that was traded on a Friday for value the following Tuesday (t+2). Somehow this trade became classified as a forward by our back office systems (dealer says they ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

Forward rates diffusion

I used a simple market model (Black 76) to price an american swaption. It's a formula similar to B&S, with another numeraire and forward rate as underlying. I used the SDE: $$ dF = \sigma * ...
1
vote
3answers
171 views

How often do banks update forward points?

My understanding is that forward rates are calculated by comparing interbank interest rates of the 2 currencies for a currency pair, with the points being the difference between spot and the forward ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

IMM dates in excel

I need to get the IMM dates in excel. IMM dates are defined as the third Wednesday of every March/June/September/December.
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Why is the forward price set to make the value of the forward contract to 0 when it is signed? [closed]

When I study the forward contract, I read that the forward price must be the price that makes the the value of the contract zero. I searched for the answer, but there are many versions. Some say it ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

How should I use central banks rates in order to compute 2-day forward exchange rate on EURUSD

Good morning, I would like to compute a 2-day forward exchange rate on EURUSD. For that, I have historical data on EURUSD spot price, and I know that theoretically, when maturity is T we have : ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Forward Credit Spreads

I have a beginner question in credit quantitative modelling. I would like to know how we can derive forward credit spread curve, i.e the counterparty of forward yield curves. Indeed, for deriving a ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

forward curve and cap/floors in nowadays environment

I'm currently trying to get the implied volatility of a vanilla Euro floor with maturity 1Y with data from bloom. I have the price ( which is not supposed to take into account the first floorlet ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Differential equation involving bond price and forward rate

Given forward rate f(t,T) and bond price P(t,T) where $f(t,T) = - \frac{\partial}{\partial T} \ln P(t,T)$, $P(T,T) = 1 = P(t,t)$, T>0 and $t \in [0,T]$ Does it follow that $P(t,T) = ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

What is the main point in the Forward contracts definition?

In Islamic Finance there is a contract called "Salaf" or "Salam" which is similar to Forwards except in time of payment which happens in the entering contract day (exactly unlike the Forwards). Some ...