# Tagged Questions

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1answer
20 views

### Implication of the Greeks under jump diffusion model

Consider jump diffusion model proposed by Merton and Kou. As far as i know, most paper only dealt the valuation of option under the jump diffusion model. As i expected, because of the ...
2answers
51 views

### Why gamma for ATM option decreases as volatility increases

Why is the gamma for an at the money option less when volatility increases. Intuitively ,I thought that increasing volatility means more uncertainty,hence the option price will be more sensitive to ...
2answers
123 views

### what is the actual point of vega on real option data

For a call option, we know that the vega is the derivative of the price wrt to the volatility. However the volatility, in that context, actually refers to the implied volatility of the specific call ...
1answer
155 views

### What is the Rho of an option on a futures contract priced using the Black 76 model?

I wanted to quickly confirm some simple calculations for the Black 76 greeks and was making use of the formulas on this website: http://riskencyclopedia.com/articles/black_1976/ I have an issue with ...
2answers
109 views

### The implied volatility surface and the option Greeks - to what extent is the information contained in their daily movements the same?

What is the link between option Greeks (i.e. vega, delta, gamma, theta) and implied volatility surface (IVS) movements? Could you say that their 'information content' is the same. i.e. that out of ...
1answer
40 views

### how market makers set the time factor to calculate option greeks on the expiration day?

how market makers set the time factor to calculate option greeks on the expiration day? does they set time equal 1/24or 2/24 when only 1hour or 2hour left? what frequency market makers update new time ...
1answer
84 views

### Can one use the Greeks (delta,gamma,theta) to show that the Black-Scholes call formula satisfies the Black-Scholes PDE?

If so, is there a derivation anywhere that shows this? I was told that this could be done in a class but I don't see how it's possible.
0answers
119 views

### What are the theta and vega of a forward starting plain vanilla european option with no dividend?

I am reading through Hull's book asking myself this question to understand exotics. I currently believe that theta should equal 0 until the forward start time, $t_*$, if the call pays no dividends. ...
1answer
64 views

### Delta of a standardized at-the-money 30-day put option

The plot below depicts the delta of a standardized at-the-money 30-day put option on the S&P500 tracker SPY over a 14-year period. This is data from OptionMetrics and standardized prices are ...
1answer
168 views

### Value at Risk from Delta of a single asset portfolio

I am trying to figure out the following, for me unfamiliar type of question: Given is a single asset portfolio: the Delta of the portfolio is 15, the value of the asset is 10 and the daily volatility ...
1answer
111 views

### Volatility tools / web sites?

Could someone give recommendations regarding volatility tools / web sites that they find useful? I am looking for information that my brokerage platform does not provide. Specifically, I want to see ...
1answer
227 views

### Pre-trade evaluation and risk assessment of option trading strategies (in market practice)

When a trader gets conclusion of the volatility is being underestimated (via volatility cone or some other technology), actually there are multiple ways for his trading. (Let's assume the underlying ...
2answers
166 views

### Basket Option weight sensitivity calculation

I am looking to find/estimate the "greeks"/option price sensitivities/derivatives for a basket option situation. In specific the change in price of a put option associated with a change in weight of a ...
3answers
119 views

### Greeks of self-financing portfolio

I would like to learn more about the Greeks of portfolios of options: In textbooks and websites, I commonly encounter the unqualified claim that "The Greek measure of a portfolio is the sum of the ...
1answer
212 views

### Delta in Covered Calls?

Just want to check whether i understand it correctly: Long Calls have positive delta Long Puts have negative Delta Long stock has 0.01 delta 100 Shares have 1 delta Therefore: Covered Call = 1 ...
0answers
117 views

### Do you use software for finite element valuation or do you roll your own?

Engineers put a lot of time and effort in developping high quality finite element (FE) software (deal.II, Dune, Elmer,...). So I was wondering if some of those tools would be suitable for quantitative ...
2answers
3k views

### How to numerically obtain delta?

The delta in option pricing, also called the hedge ratio, is expressed as the sensitivity of the option price to the underlying price change. The analytical solution for the most common option ...
1answer
423 views

### Aprox intraday implied volatility using intraday option prices and EOD greeks

I have two options datasets: EOD IV and Greeks Tick option and underlying prices I'm looking to calculate IV for each tick. Is there a way to approximate the ticks' IV using last EOD Greeks and ...
1answer
165 views

### Greeks of Basket

I am considering a product composed of 10 underlying assets. The maturity is 5 year. Each year if the performance of the equi-weighted portfolio reach a barrier, it pays a coupon. My question concern ...
1answer
678 views

### How to calculate implied volatility and greeks in Bull Put Spread option strategy?

Ok, obviously I am buying lower strike put and selling higher strike put. What is the recommended volatility and greeks to consider in my trade? Volatility: Average volatility between both legs? ...
2answers
251 views

### How to quickly sketch a second order greek profile for a vanilla position?

Assume that you are given an arbitrary payoff profile for European vanilla position (e.g. butterfly). How to make a back of the envelope sketch of a second order greek profile for it (i.e. plot ...
2answers
861 views

### How to calculate Vomma of Black Scholes model

This source (PDF) gives the closed-form for vomma (or volga, i.e. the second derivative of price w.r.t. volatility) of the Black Scholes option pricing model as: ...
2answers
784 views

### Equity option portfolio greeks with underlying

I'm curious about how to construct the five basic greeks for an equity option portfolio when there are shares of the underlying in the portfolio. For example, a portfolio of 100 call options and 100 ...
1answer
205 views

### Greeks and Option Premium

If a linear sum of options is constructed such that the premium payout is zero, then does it mean that resultant greeks of the cumulated options positions will be nearly zero. For simplicity, lets ...
1answer
524 views

### Portfolio Greek Exposure Equations

What are the calculations for calculating greek exposures in a portfolio of equities and equity options? I think I have them but I want to be sure. Are these correct (for vanilla options)? ...
2answers
801 views

### Multi asset option portfolio risk management (greeks and FX exposure)

I am running an options book containing listed options across multiple products. I trade mostly equity and index related options - with a preference for European expiration products. I trade products ...
1answer
372 views

### Is there any evidence that an option delta approximates ITM expiry probability?

Several sources (online and offline) that discuss the delta of a listed vanilla option, state that its delta is a (guesstimate?) of the probability of said option expiring ITM (in the BSM framework). ...
3answers
1k views

### When do Finite Element method provide considerable advantage over Finite Differences for option pricing?

I'm looking for concrete examples where a Finite Element method (FEM) provides a considerable advantages (e.g. in convergence rate, accuracy, stability, etc.) over the Finite Difference method (FDM) ...
3answers
589 views

### Which greeks do you need to hedge if you want to implement an implied-volatility security?

Assume you want to create a security which replicates the implied volatility of the market, that is when $\sigma$ goes up, the value of the security $X$. The method you could use is to buy call ...
0answers
149 views

### What is the highest frequency greek for options on futures on bonds?

I'm considering exchange traded options of futures on bonds. Options on bond futures are usually American, thus the Black model is out of question. Which is the most imporatant Greek with respect to ...
5answers
2k views

### How to get greeks using Monte-Carlo for arbitrary option?

Let's assume I have an arbitrary option that I can price using Monte-Carlo simulation. What is the general approach (i.e. without relying on specific option type) to calculating the greeks in this ...
2answers
6k views

### What does it mean to be long gamma?

When you are "long gamma", your position will become "longer" as the price of the underlying asset increases and "shorter" as the underlying price decreases. source: ...
1answer
356 views

### Calculating Theta assuming other variables remain the same

Is there any way to calculate theta at X day in future based solely on knowing 1) Total Current Option Price 2) Days Till Expiration How would this be done? Thank you
1answer
357 views

### Standard Deviations out the money where options will respond to underlying asset price changes

Is there an understood way of determining how far out the money an option can be, before it starts/stops responding to the underlying asset price changes? I usually look at the greeks, gamma, delta, ...
3answers
2k views

### How can one compute the Greeks on VIX Futures

I am guessing the short answer to this question is "use the chain rule and linearity of the derivative," but I am looking for more specific advice on how to compute the derivatives of a VIX futures ...
1answer
481 views

### Is there any gamma in basis (i.e., floating for floating) interest rates swaps?

It is well known that vanilla fixed for floating swaps usually have a bit of gamma, but does a floating for floating (basis) swap have any? For the sake of simplicity, let's assume that both legs of ...
6answers
6k views

### What type of investor is willing to be short gamma?

As far as I understand, most investors are willing to buy options (puts and calls) in order to limit their exposure to the market in case it moves against them. This is due to the fact that they are ...
6answers
2k views

### Vanna - any practical uses for risk or pnl attribution purposes?

What is the practical use for Vanna in trading? How can it be used for a PnL attribution?
2answers
514 views

### Who has introduced the term 'vega' and why?

The sensitivity of the option value $V$ to volatility $\sigma$ (a.k.a. vega) is different from the other greeks. It is a derivative with respect to a parameter and not a variable. To quote from Paul ...
7answers
6k views

### What is the “delta” option quoting convention about?

At my work I often see option prices or vols quoted against deltas rather than against strikes. For example for March 2013 Zinc options I might see 5 quotes available for deltas as follows: ...