The volatility of the price of the underlying security that is implied by the market price of an option based on an option pricing model.

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135 views

Option Chain Implied Volatility Calculation

I have the following EOD options data for the SPY containing IV data for each strike. ...
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196 views

How to derive this approximation of the risk-neutral expectation of the variance?

On the paper Bollerslev, Tauchen and Zhou (2009 RFS) the authors say about equation (15): The corresponding model implied risk-neutral conditional expectation $$E^Q_t(\sigma^2_{r,t+1})=E_t(\...
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59 views

Implied volatility: sensitivity to the underlying spot price

Is there a formula for determining the sensitivity of IV to the underlying spot price?
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127 views

how to do interpolation in the term structure of volatility surface?

everyone~ I am a newbee in the quantitative finance and I meet a problem in working out an equity option volatility surface. We use the reasonable market data to derive the implied volatility, then ...
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29 views

commodities index volatility

Suppose that the average one year implied at-the-money volatility of the sub sector indices making up the BCOM is at 20% and that the sub sectors are uncorrelated. Bearing in mind the effect of ...
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143 views

Estimate Beta of CAPM from Implied Volatility?

In the CAPM theory Beta of asset $i$ are estimated in this way: $ \beta_i = \frac{\sigma_{im}}{\sigma^2_m} $ where $\sigma_{im} = \rho_{im} \sigma_i \sigma_m$ But all these data are historical data. ...
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76 views

pricing with implied volatility surface

I am a newbee in Quantive finance. supposing I calibrate a smoothing implied volatility surface with cubic spline now. A minute later I want to price K=100,t=1 option, can I just find the point on ...
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161 views

Extrapolating SVI

In his paper Gatheral presents the following parametrization of the implied total variance $w(k,T) = \sigma_{BS}(k,T)^2T$ $$ w(k) = a + b\{\rho (k-m) + \sqrt{(k-m)^2 + \sigma^2} \}.$$ Assuming that ...
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204 views

Tradable information from BS Implied volatility

These are two follow up questions to: Implied volatility as price transform I understand that the BS model is used as a 'Blackbox' that takes a market price and maps it in a 1to1 fashion to a 'BS ...
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78 views

Implied volatility as price transform

Implied volatility The way I understand it, traders often think of implied volatility as a transformed price. So in a way, the Black Scholes model is considered a 'model-free' blackbox that takes a ...
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90 views

Comparing Implied Vol. to Historical Vol. using intraday data

I'm interested in estimating what my profit/loss would be for continuously gamma scalping a delta hedged option over the course of one day, using historical intra-day price data. I found an equation ...
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29 views

Spotting humps in implied volatility term structure

Sometimes implied volatility term structure performs a hump shape. How can I measure the frequency of hump appearence? Basically, I have several years of daily data on IV TS, how can I count the ...
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223 views

Formula behind pandas.Options() implied volatility

I noted that implied volatility (IV field) from pandas.Options class is very different (especially, for out of money options) than what I compute with Black-Scholes model. (risk free rate is pulled ...
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3answers
188 views

Calculating historical implied volatility

I know that each individual option has it's own implied volatility, but how do you go about calculating the overall implied volatility for an underlying? For example when someone sais the IV of a ...
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111 views

Delta Volatility Surface Usage to value the option

I always find myself in the unknown charted territory when it comes to non-Linear Instruments. I come across the scenario, How to value the option using Delta Vol surface? Example I have CME traded ...
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32 views

Volatility Skew for Put and Call options [closed]

Given that the implied volatility follows volatility skew, which one has higher implied volatility? At-the-money put 40 (spot = strike = 40) or at-the-money call 160 (spot = strike = 160)? I am not ...
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2answers
196 views

SABR Implied Volatility and Option Prices

I am trying to understand the SABR model. Specifically, I am having difficulty to understand how to calibrate the model parameters, that is, initial variance, volatility of variance, exponent for ...
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396 views

Historical Volatility vs Implied Volatility Performance in Pricing Options

I consistently read on academic papers, when pricing options, using implied volatility is better than using historical volatility. Because, market is more "forward-looking" and historical data is "...
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1answer
373 views

Delta Hedging with fixed Implied Volatility or floating Implied Volatility?

When delta hedging an option until expiry at implied volatility, is it better to rehedge using the fixed implied volatility given by the option price upon its purchase (or sale), or to rehedge using ...
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56 views

Applying interest rate models for volaility rate

To what extent may the interest rate models be applied for modeling implied volatity? The story: I was checking different stochastic option pricing models for being able to replicate implied ...
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132 views

Implied volatility of a complex options position

Assume I have a "complex" options position like a straddle, strangle, or iron condor. In other words, several options traded together as a single position against one underlying asset (not a basket ...
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638 views

Why linear interpolation not appropriate for volatility surface construction?

We know linear interpolation is not appropriate for constructing a surface, but why? In the book, "Foreign Exchange Option Pricing: A Practitioners Guide", the author writes: native linear ...
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2answers
166 views

Bloomberg implied volatility smile for equities

I was wondering if someone knows how Bloomberg does their computations for the implied volatility smile for equities. As far as I understand, they use a lognormal mixture to model the stock prices. ...
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1answer
76 views

Citable source: Why implied volatility over dollar prices

I am aware of the reasoning of quoting vanilla options as implied volatilities rather than dollar values. However, I would like to have a literature reference where this is explained, to quote / cite ...
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488 views

Realized Volatility vs. Standard deviation of log returns

I am interested in calculating high frequency 5-minute intraday volatility. I am going to use the standard Realized volatility which is the square root of the sum of squared log returns. Given X is ...
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396 views

Is volatility for the next day forecastable? To any extent?

In a more general way: is there 1) a methodological approach to quantify the correctness of a model that produces a probability distribution for the, say, S&P 500 index return for the next ...
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230 views

How is implied volatility derived?

How to compute Implied Volatility Calculation? The above link shows that there multiple ways to calculate implied volatility. My question is that for most of the common data sources like Bloomberg, ...
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71 views

Interpreting and scaling of Realized Variance with sample data

I have some question about realized variance(RV) and I have some sample prices below to work with. You can run the R code below to build a vector of log returns. Three are 78 5-minute buckets in a ...
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73 views

Connection between implied volatily and implied probability

I am reading some lecture notes about Black-Scholes (BS) option pricing. Since the BS-formula is not supported by observed data because of the dependence of the implied volatility on the strik and ...
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69 views

Approximating the IV of an underlying from Individual Options IV

Is it possible to get a calculation of IV from the volatility on components of the options chain? EG I have this data: ...
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2answers
445 views

How to interpret Realized Volatility and TSRV using R

I am looking at some high frequency data and I would like to know how to interpret and compare Realized volatility (RV) and Two Scale Realized Volatility (TSRV). References below. Given X is the log ...
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95 views

Implied volatility and nonconstant volatility

John Hull states in his text that "AS the maturity of the option is increases the percentage impact of nonconstant volatility on (option) prices becomes more pronounced, but its percentage impact on ...
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1answer
249 views

Hedging - calculating option prices using implied volatility surface

To hedge a strategy is it accurate "enough" to price an option using an implied vol curve vs moneyness (strike/spot) assuming sticky delta? The moneyness can be read off the chart, its corresponding ...
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451 views

Implied volatility interview question [closed]

If an implied volatility of an out of the money call option goes to infinity,what happens to the delta of the said call option?
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491 views

Using FX ATM/RR/BF Volatility to Estimate Smile

Suppose $S$ is some FX rate, EUR/USD say, and $\sigma_{S}(K,T)$ is the implied volatility for some option written on $S$, sourced from the surface $\sigma_{S}(\cdot,\cdot)$ (alternatively, consider ...
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289 views

Variance replication using options

I would like to understand the intuition behind the following question: Why a certain weighted sum of prices of put and calls is equivalent to the implied variance of an underlying? A variance swap ...
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1answer
248 views

Why is the volatility smile important

One thing I can't understand clearly is why there is so much focus on the volatility smile. Given my knowledge of the Black and Scholes model, this is what I get: People use the volatility smile as a ...
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3answers
138 views

Direct use of implied volatility

I am not sure to understand exactly the direct use of implied volatility. Let's take an example: if an instrument has a daily volatility of $\sigma$, there is a 68% probability that its value will be ...
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2answers
283 views

Is implied volatility flawed?

Was going through how Implied Volatility is used by option traders and in delta hedging. Correct me if I am wrong, doesn't IV consider a standard deviation of the stock price over say the past 1 year? ...
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1answer
344 views

Why is IV different between put and call of same strike

In his book 'Dynamic Hedging' Nassim Taleb says that the volatility of an OTM put should be exactly equal to that of a corresponding in the money call of same strike. But in option chains, the ...
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496 views

Implied volatility from American options using python

I am currently trying to construct volatility surface from american option prices (using Cox-Ross-Rubinstein tree) in Python 2.7. Below you can find the code I came up with. Any corrections would be ...
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47 views

Calculate minimum IV increase to offset theta

How would one calculate the minimum implied volatility increase necessary to offset theta decay? IV is typically a percentage, while theta is a dollar value. In theory I think I could look at what ...
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57 views

Hedge volatility decreases

My particular options positions are typically a long delta, and long vega. Decreases in implied volatility, or specifically the VIX, can drastically alter the profitability of my position. Is there a ...
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142 views

“Extract” the density of the underlying, given the implied volatility “surface”

Suppose given implied volatility quotations $\widehat{\sigma}(T_i,K_j)$ of call options on an underlying $S$ for various expiries $T_i$'s and strikes $K_j$'s. I am interested in the following problem :...
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2answers
311 views

Implied Volatility Calculation

I want to calculate the implied volatility from the option data that I took from Bloomberg (call Option written on S&P500 index with the maturity of 19-Dec-2009 and strike of 1300), but volatility ...
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1answer
223 views

Why future (forward) volatility smile is important to path dependent option?

I was wondering why future volatility smile is important to path dependent option and American type option such as Bermudan swaption. It would be best if someone could provide a reference article as ...
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347 views

Implied Vol vs. Calibrated Vol

Consider the Black-Scholes model, in which the log stock return over a time period $\Delta t$ is given by $$ \log(S_{i+1}/S_i) = (\mu - \sigma^2/2)\Delta t + \sigma \sqrt{\Delta t} Z_i, \qquad Z_i \...
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1answer
122 views

Effect of vol smile on risk neutral probability of ITM

I was asked in an interview about how the vol smile affect the price of a binary option, which is essentially the Prob(ITM) under risk neutral measure. My thought is that the implied vol at spot ...
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41 views

Impact of Implied skew variations on future prices

I want to test the relationship between of the oil implied volatility skew and oil future prices. I'm lost regarding the method to test the relationship. I was thinking about a regression but I'm ...
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261 views

Rich Volatility, Poor Volatility

I have been thinking very hard about properly pricing volatility. Outside of naive AR,ARCH,GARCH forecasting model which employs past data to forecast future vol, how does one "fundamentally" value ...