An interest rate is the rate at which interest is paid by a borrower (debtor) for the use of money that they borrow from a lender (creditor).

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A doubt about Evans and Jovanovic (1989) economic model for entrepreneurs with credit constraints

[I already posted this question on the math forum of stackexchange and I was advised that I should post this question here] In Evans and Jovanovic (1989) you will find a model for entrepreneurs with ...
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91 views

How to reproject rates risk on a subset of tenors

Is there a standard method (statistical or model based) to reproject rates risk obtained on a full set of tenors onto a smaller subset of tenors ? Let's imagine that I got a delta in the following ...
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1answer
372 views

EuroDollar vs FRA

I am not quite clear about this. When people mention Eurodollar are they mean Eurodollar Futures? One of the difference between Eurodollar and Forward Rate Agreement(FRA) is basically difference ...
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332 views

Non-intuitive correlation between S&P sector indexes and economic indicators

I am trying to understand how changes in economic indicators like Unemployment Rate, Inflation Rate, and Consumer Sentiment affect the portfolio values. For that I want to measure the correlation ...
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426 views
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Implied interest rate from FX swap

This is not homework. I am trying to calculate the implied interest rate of one currency (C2) using an FX swap and the interest rate of another currency (C1 - base). I have the following: Spot: ...
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198 views

How to think about dollar volume in Eurodollar futures?

This is a very basic question: Computing the notional volume for futures contracts usually consists of something like: $V_F = N * P * M * FX$ Where $V_F$ is the dollar volume of the futures ...
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1answer
121 views

Fixed Income free research available online

As from the title, I would like to know where it is possible to find free research focused on fixed income markets' themes and topics, such as interest rates, credit risk related fundamentals, new ...
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267 views

European Swaptions: does implied volatility of swap rates decreases both with start and tenor?

Does implied volatility of swap rates decreases both with start and tenor? Given a Swaption price and a discount curve I calculate the swap_rate from the curve, then I define implied volatility as ...
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654 views

Is Vasicek risk neutral?

I am a bit new to this, and am trying to understand the concepts of the risk neutrality in interest-rate models. What I can't seem to understand is why the Vasicek model is risk-neutral? Following ...
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95 views

Modelling interest rate: AR(2) modelling

I have a time series of spread that follows an $AR(2)$ (Autoregressive model of Order 2). I need an interest rate model that represents that dynamics. What model should I use?
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Are DV01 (or PV01) and IR01 one and the same?

IR01 measures the sensitivity of a portfolio or derivative to a parallel shift in the yield curve. Sometimes this is DV01 Dollar value (or PV01 present value). Is it always?
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1answer
148 views

interest rate in cost of carry

What interest rates are used in practice in a stock index / futures arbitrage? I've seen cases, when the assumed rate is 3 months LIBOR, but does it mean, that everyone who does the arbitrage can ...
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1answer
394 views

Yield on Fixed income futures

I am trying to get a simplified model of the DV01 for the US 10YR Note futures but I cant figure out what the current yield is. When I back out the implied interest rate on the current TYM3 futures ...
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1answer
247 views

Why is the mean time-dependent in the Hull-White interest rate model?

In the Vasicek interest-rate model, the interest rate reverts to a constant mean. This makes sense to me. In my conception, the mean ought to be time-invariant, since interest rates don't follow an ...
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1answer
638 views

Normal vs Lognormal Short Rate models

Are there any general arguments to decide whether it is better to use a model with a normal or a lognormal distribution of the short rate? E.g. Hull-White with a normal and Black-Karasinski with a ...
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1answer
712 views

On short-rate-models: Black-Karasinski (with constant parameters) compared to Vasicek

When modelling the term structure of interest rates, one widespread possibility is using the Black-Karasinski model, which is given by the following stochastic process ...
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1answer
340 views

Zero Curve Calculation for AUD, CAD (post LIBOR scandal)

In the end of May 2013 British Bankers Association (BBA) stopped publishing LIBOR rates for Australian and Canadian dollars in a light of recent scandals. LIBOR rates were essential for creating zero ...
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Why use swap-rates in a yield curve?

I have a question concerning interest yield curves. Many institutions use the Libor-swap rate curve as a yield curve. Let's be precise and say that we want the yield curve to be the curve that gives ...
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1answer
105 views

if market is always assumed right, what happened when LIBOR was manupulated?

Recently Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) raps banks in rate-rigging. This is nothing new, LIBOR was also manupulated before, by some "major" banks. however, before the censorship, did any ...
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1answer
262 views

why banks shall keep short term gap position low?

I'm reading "Insights for Bank Directors" (http://www.stlouisfed.org/col/director/reference_view.htm), a good introduction to commercial banks, based on a virtual bank "Insight". It talks about Gap ...
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1answer
224 views

When calculating CIP between EU and US, which interest rates data to use?

I am wondering which data to use to test the Covered Interest Rate Parity between Europe and the United States. Recap that for the CIP to hold, it should mean that F/S = (1+r)/(1+r*) where F = the ...
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2answers
268 views

Matlab; How to specify Coupon frequency for Interest Rate Swap

I'm trying to price an interest rate swap and would like to change the default coupon payment frequency from 1 a year to 2 or 4 a year. I'm using ...
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1answer
430 views

LIBOR Rates available in CSV, XML etc

Is there a website that offers current LIBOR rates for all tenors for free in machine readable formats?
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93 views

Optimal mortgage rate strategy

When buying a mortgage, you can choose to "lock in" a rate at any point within 60 days of your closing date. Once locked in, you can't revert. This makes it a secretary problem - in the traditional ...
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1answer
324 views

How to download risk free rate?

I've been trying to download the national interest rates for some countries. When i use Datastream, it only gives me the currency return (while i need yield). Can someone please tell how to ...
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1answer
98 views

What is the meaning of the discounted process defined from the interest rate process?

Assume a money market has interest rate process $R(t)$. In Shreve's Stochastic Calculus for Finance II, formula (5.2.17) on page 215 defines the discounted process as $$ D(t) = e^{-\int_0^t R(s) ds}. ...
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272 views

Black-Scholes and Fundamentals

So basically $dS_t=\mu S_tdt+\sigma S_tdWt$ and $\mu=r-\frac12\sigma^2$ I have just been thinking about this later equation. This is very interesting because it ties together risk-free ...
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283 views

compute time from FX forward, how use DEPO rates?

assume I have following delta-term vol data from broker: ...
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1answer
59 views

Annual Percentage Rate and Yield

I found references relative to US where the Nominal Annual Percentage Rate or simply APR is defined as the simple interest rate (i.e. proportional to time and without compounding). Instead the ...
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2answers
863 views

Fair swap rate of an amortizing swap

Recently I came across the problem of amortizing swaps. This is an agreement, where fixed payments and floating payments (e.g. 3-months LIBOR + spread) are exchanged based on a notional that is ...
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How to hedge the fixed leg of a swap contract?

I happened to get this question for Fixed Income Swap contract. (let's assume it's it's not cross currency). If the fixed leg is paying 10% interest rate in this contract, but in the market the ...
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3answers
3k views

Is there an Australian Interbank Rate?

Most widely used Interbank Rates are LIBOR, EURIBOR. Then I read online on SIBOR (Singapore). It says Canda, US are following LIBOR as well. So for Australia, is there a dedicated interbank rate like ...
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1answer
396 views

BDT model implementation

I am looking for a nice and readable description of how to implement BDT model: $d log(r(t)) = [\theta(t)-\frac{\sigma'(t)}{\sigma(t)}log(r(t))]dt + \sigma(t) dW$. I assume I already have ...
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4answers
561 views

Regressor: Nominal return, continuous return or first difference?

Suppose the application is linear models in financial econometrics. If we want to analyze stocks, the standard approach is to take the continuous/log return: $\ln{ \frac{P_t}{P_{t-1}} }$. Suppose, ...
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1answer
149 views

Value options when the currency’s risk free rate is negative?

How would you handle a negative interest rate in index/equity options valuation? An example would be negative rates for short term maturities for Swiss Frank (CHF).
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290 views

Yield Curve Volatility

Let you have several issuers, and let each issuer have its yield curve built up with liquid plain vanilla fixed rate bonds. Each yield curve has its slope and its curvature, and they obviously change ...
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118 views

Eurdollar Futures

Trying to understand the Eurdollar market a little better. I understand it's the market for dollar denominated deposits outside the US (not just in Europe). They are unregulated and not subject to ...
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264 views

How does one estimate theta in the Ho-Lee model from a yield curve?

I have a yield curve constructed using linear interpolation with data points every 3-months for US treasuries. I would like to use that calibrate a Ho-Lee model, but I can't wrap my head around how ...
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1answer
464 views

What are current interest rates on senior/junior/mezzanine loans for e.g. real estate developers?

For a case study I have to work on for a university course, about a real-estate-development project, I need to simulate the financing with different proportions of equity (40%), senior loan (35%), ...
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1answer
141 views

Why for one year (and not two or three) government bonds (there is a spike for Switzerland & Denmark)?

On 10.10.2012, I have looked at the bond-rates and, both for Switzerland and Denmark, there is a discontinuity/spike at 1Y, as per below Switzerland: ON= -0.09, 1W= -0.180, 1M= -0.230, 3M= -0.2, 6M= ...
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Setting the r in put-call parity?

Put-call parity is given by $C + Ke^{-r(T-t)} = P + S$. The variables $C$, $P$ and $S$ are directly observable in the market place. $T-t$ follows by the contract specification. The variable $r$ is ...
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4answers
933 views

Why the interest rate for put-call parity is not constant?

Usimg the put-call parity $C - P = S - K · e^{-rt}$ I tried to estimate the value of $e^{-rt}$, the present value of a zero-coupon bond that matures to 1 in time $t$: $e^{-rt} = (P - C + S) / K$ ...
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296 views

Government bonds with negative yield

In the recent time-series of bonds issued by (for example) Germany, Austria and France we see an unfamiliar phenomenon: negative yields. This is mainly the issue on the short end of the yield curve. ...
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1answer
888 views

Calculate the “ten year zero rate” given two bonds with two prices

I have a little question and need some help with the notation. So, the question goes as follows: A bond with a maturity of ten years that pays annual coupons of 8% has a price of \$90. A bond with ...
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What distribution to assume for interest rates?

I am writing a paper with a case study in financial maths. I need to model an interest rate $(I_n)_{n\geq 0}$ as a sequence of non-negative i.i.d. random variables. Which distribution would you advise ...
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65 views

Neglect the positive values in negative interest rates modelling?

The magnitude of the negative interested rate should vary correlated with the increase in fixed assets prices and with cross-currency basis spreads. Could their volatility / correlation ...
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257 views

Could banks move to continuous (rather than overnight) funding?

The dominant frequencies for Money Market and FX instruments were 6m and 3m for a long time, and banks slowly moved to commercial trades at those frequencies but funding overnight. If this is a step ...
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Separated software and physical cash flows modelling and pricing to be used with negative interest rates?

The physical cash presence in the final transactions is one of the issues in the presently observed negative interest rates bonds. Such a situation has historically been modelled within the "liquidity ...