An interest rate is the rate at which interest is paid by a borrower (debtor) for the use of money that they borrow from a lender (creditor).

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Price compounding: Swap versus Governments Bonds

There are different rates curve to compound prices. Since the crisis, regulators tends to favor price compounding with swap curves over IR curves deduced from governments bonds (EU regulators, french ...
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Bloomberg interest rate interpolation

I have question about the linear interpolation of interest rates. I am unable to reconcile the Bloomberg methodology for calculating risk-free rate between maturities. In theory it is a straight-line ...
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How to calculate the NPV (Net present Value) in this question? [closed]

A company pays £1,200,000 to purchase a property. The company pays £30,000 at the end of each of the next six months to renovate the property. At the end of the eighth month the company sells the ...
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How to calculate interest rate in this problem?

Problem: A loan of £12,000 is issued and is repaid in instalments of £300 at the end of each month for 4 years. Calculate the effective annual rate of interest for this loan. What I tried- But ...
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81 views

Kalman Filter in Interest Rate Models

A couple questions regarding the use of Kalman filtering in estimating parameters of short rate models: 1) In Duan & Simonato (1995), which seems to be one of the earliest applications of the ...
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56 views

AUD Swap Reference Rate?

So I understand that BBSW is the reference rate used in AUD swap transactions since AUD LIBOR has been discontinued. If I want to build a curve out of the reference rates used to price AUD swaps, I ...
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Principal Components based term structure and stochastic market price of risk

Suppose I would like to define an affine term structure model for interest rates using the 3 principal components of level, slope and curvature. Then if I would like to add a stochastic market price ...
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Is there any gamma in basis (i.e., floating for floating) interest rates swaps?

It is well known that vanilla fixed for floating swaps usually have a bit of gamma, but does a floating for floating (basis) swap have any? For the sake of simplicity, let's assume that both legs of ...
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Derive an expression for the value of the asset as a function of time, V(t), t>=0

An investor deposits USD 300 in a bank account at time 0, reinvests all interest payments and continuously invests USD 300 per annum, until the total value of the deposits reaches USD 3312. At that ...
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65 views

To calculate shift in the shifted lognormal model

I tried to calculate the shift for CHF interest rates (tenors with negative rates) using MLE, but as the shift is increased the MLE value increases(or decreases depending on whether positive or ...
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502 views

Why is the mean time-dependent in the Hull-White interest rate model?

In the Vasicek interest-rate model, the interest rate reverts to a constant mean. This makes sense to me. In my conception, the mean ought to be time-invariant, since interest rates don't follow an ...
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Reset Date standard for ICP (Indice Camara Promedio) trade

What is the Reset Date standard for ICP (Indice Camara Promedio) trade? Trade Currencies are USD v/s CLP. Please provide the ISDA link if there are any amendments to ISDA standards.
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Can I use these rates for ACT/360 discounting?

I have calculated forward rates like this: $r_{t_1,t_2} = \left(\frac{(1+r_2)^{d_2}}{(1+r_1)^{d_1}}\right)^{\frac{1}{d_2-d_1}} - 1 $ I want to find the discount factors for these forward, with ACT/...
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60 views

Interest Rate Risk - The Greeks

IR Delta and Gamma. Can someone please explain if my understanding is accurate as relates to a 2yr interest rate swap? You are considered to be long Delta in an interest rate swap if you are ...
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32 views

positive financial leverage in real estate

I had the understanding that leverage always helped improve cash on cash returns so long as the interest paid was less than the unlevered rate of return/cap rate. doing a quick back of the envelope ...
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Different ways to discretize forward rate in HJM

I've come across couple of different ways to discretize the forward rate equation in HJM. If somebody could please help me understand why is it possible to have multiple ways here and how to pick up ...
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28 views

Calibration of Dothan Model to Yields

For both the Vasicek and CIR model the yields $R(t,T)$ and short rates $r_t$ have an affine relationship: $$ R(t,T) = \frac{B(t,T)r_t - A(t,T)}{T-t}, $$ where $A(t,T)$ and $B(t,T)$ are determined by ...
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What is drift in interest rate term structure model

I was studying about the interest rate term structures and i came across term structure model with (and without) drift. I am really unsure about what this drift is in this equation for term structure ...
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93 views

Price of an equity

An equity has a value of 100 Euros, and pay a dividend of 5 Euros in 6 months. The interest rate of 6 months is 5% and the interest rate for 1 year is 6%. I would like to compute the value of the ...
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24 views

Data on interest rate differentials (lending on own vs. foreign currency)

I'm looking for data on (inner country) interest rate differentials between lending in own and foreign currency. Is there any data publicly available? If yes, where? If not, which non-free sources are ...
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how to derive yield curve from interest rate swap?

According to some textbooks, to derive the yield curve, quote overnight to 1 week: rates from interbank money market deposit, 1 month to 1 year: LIBOR; 1 year to 7 years: Interest Rate Swap; 7 ...
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49 views

For a square-root process (CIR), how to verify the characteristic function of the transition density?

I am trying to solve a financial mathematical question. I derived PDE (a) for the characteristic function as follows. But, I don't know how to verify the following characteristic function of the ...
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92 views

Ridiculous Bond Prices under Vasicek Model

Has anyone played with the parameters of the Vasicek model and observed the sometimes ridiculous bond prices it implies? E.g. with the right parameters, a 30-year zero is priced at $147,327. To be ...
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Estimating Parameters - Vasicek

The Vasicek model for the short rate $r_t$ is given by the SDE $$ dr_t = \alpha(\beta - r_t)dt + \sigma dW_t, $$ where $W_t$ is a Brownian motion under the physical measure. I'd like to compute bond ...
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30 views

Equitable Allocation

This questions borders on the actuarial side of things but the general solution should have relevance in several situations. Suppose we have a set of $k$ people who will retire in $\{n_1,...,n_k\}$ ...
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Monetary Policy and the Yield Curve PART ONE

As I understand it, the Fed has 3 tools for moving interest rates to combat inflation/unemployment: the discount rate, Fed Funds rate and open market operations. I'm trying to understand how the ...
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32 views

What does continuously payable annuity mean?

I am preparing for F< exam but I am unable to understand the meaning of continuously payable annuity. What does it mean? An example would be great.
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How was this probability of negative U.S rates by end 2017 calculated?

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-01-26/bets-on-negative-u-s-rates-by-end-2017-jump-above-10-chance Options markets show some investors are taking out protection in case rates instead ...
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1answer
92 views

Timesteps in Vasicek model

When simulating stocks one can easily use GBM with only one random variable per simulation to create a new stock price in say 5 years, you don't need to create the whole asset paths if you don't need ...
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1answer
110 views

Function A(t,T) in one-factor Hull-White model

I am struggling with Hull-White model now and have the following question: in the lecture notes under the link below I see how A(t,T) and B(t,T) are being derived. This requires the solution of ...
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1answer
608 views

European Swaptions: does implied volatility of swap rates decreases both with start and tenor?

Does implied volatility of swap rates decreases both with start and tenor? Given a Swaption price and a discount curve I calculate the swap_rate from the curve, then I define implied volatility as ...
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50 views

Bond Convexity: Relationship between discrete and continuous interest rate

The interest rate risk of a bond price $P$ is measured by its Duration: $$D=-\frac{\frac{dP}{P}}{dr}$$ However, the explicit formula for the Duration given a function $P$ is different if $r$ is ...
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580 views

How to think about dollar volume in Eurodollar futures?

This is a very basic question: Computing the notional volume for futures contracts usually consists of something like: $$V_F = N \cdot P \cdot M \cdot FX$$ Where $V_F$ is the dollar volume of the ...
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155 views

what data to use to compare the interest rate among different currencies?

Very new to fixed income signals. I am a little confused about which data to use to compare interest rate among different currencies. For example, I am interested in compare interest rate in the ...
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1answer
358 views

How to calculate daily risk free interest rates

I'm working on an assignment in which I need to calculate excess return for six stocks plus the S&P 500. I have computed daily logarithmic returns for every stock and for the market, I now need to ...
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Reverse Repos as a means to adjust interest rates

How does the NY Fed's trading desk use this process as a tool to adjust bond prices?
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61 views

How do we include inflation in our calculations? [closed]

How do we include inflation in our compound interest calculations? E.g. if we have current principal of 1000$ and the interest rate is 3% after 10 years we have <...
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Return, STD and CAPM based on Continuously compound return on daily prices

Mission: For some ETF, Get 1, 3, 5 years: Return STD CAPM parameters (alpha, beta) Reference if I calculated correctly: Yahoo finance performance & risk data Raw data: Daily adj. close ...
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1answer
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Fed FOMC Target Rate annnouncement machine readable data point

Does anyone know if there is a near-realtime machine-readable feed that reflects the FOMC target rate announcement? The announcement came in today at 2 pm, but I can't find a way to download the ...
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Interest rate: Treasury Note, Stripped Principal

Ok, So I'm a little confused about this. I want to solve an exercise and derive an optimal product, but in order to do that, I need the interest rates for each of the maturities of my options. I ...
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194 views

Dec 16: FED rate hike?

Various news articles state that next Wednesday a rate hike by the FED was expected. Yet when I look at fed-rate futures, nobody seems to expect that: http://www.cmegroup.com/trading/interest-rates/...
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1answer
83 views

How to get real interest rate from Nominal spot rates?

I have the nominal spot rates. Based on the Fisher equation , how to get the real interest rate ($r$) and the "expected inflation" ($\pi$) ?
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1answer
141 views

Differential of stochastic term

Question 1: How does one come up with the equation in the red box below? It looks like some kind product rule, but I'm not sure how to apply Ito's lemma here. Bjork doesn't seem to explain it ...
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CIR model, realistic parameters and usage

I'm currently working on SDE's, in particular with mean-reversion processes like CIR and Vasicek. The definition of the CIR model is \begin{equation} dX_t = \kappa(\theta-X_t)dt + \sigma \sqrt{X_t}...
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557 views

Which interest rate model for which product

Given the multitude of existing interest rate models (ranging from simple to very complex) it would be interesting to know when the additional complexity actually makes sense. The models I have in ...
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2answers
83 views

Implications of Black Scholes Plot

I'm pretty new to finances, but I'm heavily into scientific computation. For my scientific computations class, I need to have at least a basic understanding of finances for the presentation I'm going ...
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1answer
65 views

Why financial instistution for instance banks lowered down their interest rate during QE?

When QE is carried out, the Federal Reserve prints money and buy government bonds in an effort to pour extra money into the economy. This causes financial institutions for instance banks to lowered ...
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Why Central Bank carry out Qe when they can directly force banks to lower down the interest rate?

To boost the economy, the central bank can do it either by lowering down the interest rate nor carry out QE. But QE objective is to lowered the interest rate also so banks can give out more loan. This ...
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Expectation of expression with two currencies under forward measure

I'm trying to calculate the expected value, at time $0$, of a cashflow paid at time $T$, resetting at time $t$. The coupon is of the form: $V_0=\mathbb{E}^{T_2}\left[\frac{A_t^y(T_1,T_2)}{B_t^x(T_1,...
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Data source for a corporate bond yield curve?

Yield curves are a valuable tool for economic analysis. It is particularly interesting to analyse the difference between Government Debt yields and Corporate Debt yields (credit spreads). This gives ...