# Tagged Questions

An interest rate is the rate at which interest is paid by a borrower (debtor) for the use of money that they borrow from a lender (creditor).

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### Why does the forward rate curve lies above the spot rate curve and the yield to maturity curve?

I saw a picture of 3 different yield curves, a spot rate curve, a forward curve, and a yield to maturity curve. The forward curve was at the top, the YTM curve at the bottom. I don't understand why.
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### Can we derive 5 year zero coupon interest rate by using 1, 2 and 3 year zero coupon interest rate?

Given that the 1 year zero coupon bond interest rate is 5%, 2 year zero coupon bond interest rate is 6% and 3 year zero coupon bond interest rate is 7%. 4 year coupon bond price and interest rate are ...
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### EMTA Guidelines

Does EMTA guidelines are only for Non-Deliverable trades? IF yes, then why this is applicable for Deliverable Option trades? EMTA Site - http://www.emta.org/ndftt.aspx
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### How do you model yield curves for interest rates that have hardly moved?

I have a model which I use to simulate future yield curves. The model uses some standard concepts, like PCA and ARMA models, and it creates some nice-looking yield curves. The simulated curves are ...
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### Libor Market Model Calibration

Currently I am doing a research on the plain vanilla multi-curve framework Libor Market Model meaning that no stochastic volatility is involved. I had the idea to calibrate to the swaption market. In ...
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### Forward Exchange Rate Data: Germany x US

Would anyone know where I can find historical forward exchange rate data between germany and US, yen and US to download? In Bank of England website i already found. Thanks
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### Analytical Bond Price under Rendlemen-Bartter?

Assuming the short rate $r_t$ follows the risk-neutral (so $W_t$ is a $Q$-Brownian motion) process $$dr_t = ar_t dt + \sigma r_t dW_t,$$ does anyone know of an analytical bond price formula? We ...
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### Modeling Interest-only Mortgages

First post on this forum - happy to be here. Please give feedback if this is off-topic so I can more meaningfully contribute moving forward. Can we infer a range of future all-in costs for I/O ARMs ...
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### Why is the SABR volatility model not good at pricing a constant maturity swap (CMS)?

I have heard that the SABR volatility model was not good at pricing a constant maturity swap (CMS). How is that?
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### how to compute the risk free rate for a given maturity of an option contract?

i'm working on options with different maturities. I need to correspond a risk free rate for each maturity. What rate should i consider as risk free rate? thank you.
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### Price compounding: Swap versus Governments Bonds

There are different rates curve to compound prices. Since the crisis, regulators tends to favor price compounding with swap curves over IR curves deduced from governments bonds (EU regulators, french ...
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### Bloomberg interest rate interpolation

I have question about the linear interpolation of interest rates. I am unable to reconcile the Bloomberg methodology for calculating risk-free rate between maturities. In theory it is a straight-line ...
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### How to calculate the NPV (Net present Value) in this question? [closed]

A company pays £1,200,000 to purchase a property. The company pays £30,000 at the end of each of the next six months to renovate the property. At the end of the eighth month the company sells the ...
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### How to calculate interest rate in this problem?

Problem: A loan of £12,000 is issued and is repaid in instalments of £300 at the end of each month for 4 years. Calculate the effective annual rate of interest for this loan. What I tried- But ...
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### Kalman Filter in Interest Rate Models

A couple questions regarding the use of Kalman filtering in estimating parameters of short rate models: 1) In Duan & Simonato (1995), which seems to be one of the earliest applications of the ...
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### AUD Swap Reference Rate?

So I understand that BBSW is the reference rate used in AUD swap transactions since AUD LIBOR has been discontinued. If I want to build a curve out of the reference rates used to price AUD swaps, I ...
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### Principal Components based term structure and stochastic market price of risk

Suppose I would like to define an affine term structure model for interest rates using the 3 principal components of level, slope and curvature. Then if I would like to add a stochastic market price ...
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### Is there any gamma in basis (i.e., floating for floating) interest rates swaps?

It is well known that vanilla fixed for floating swaps usually have a bit of gamma, but does a floating for floating (basis) swap have any? For the sake of simplicity, let's assume that both legs of ...
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### Derive an expression for the value of the asset as a function of time, V(t), t>=0

An investor deposits USD 300 in a bank account at time 0, reinvests all interest payments and continuously invests USD 300 per annum, until the total value of the deposits reaches USD 3312. At that ...
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### To calculate shift in the shifted lognormal model

I tried to calculate the shift for CHF interest rates (tenors with negative rates) using MLE, but as the shift is increased the MLE value increases(or decreases depending on whether positive or ...
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### Why is the mean time-dependent in the Hull-White interest rate model?

In the Vasicek interest-rate model, the interest rate reverts to a constant mean. This makes sense to me. In my conception, the mean ought to be time-invariant, since interest rates don't follow an ...
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### Reset Date standard for ICP (Indice Camara Promedio) trade

What is the Reset Date standard for ICP (Indice Camara Promedio) trade? Trade Currencies are USD v/s CLP. Please provide the ISDA link if there are any amendments to ISDA standards.
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### Can I use these rates for ACT/360 discounting?

I have calculated forward rates like this: $r_{t_1,t_2} = \left(\frac{(1+r_2)^{d_2}}{(1+r_1)^{d_1}}\right)^{\frac{1}{d_2-d_1}} - 1$ I want to find the discount factors for these forward, with ACT/...
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### Interest Rate Risk - The Greeks

IR Delta and Gamma. Can someone please explain if my understanding is accurate as relates to a 2yr interest rate swap? You are considered to be long Delta in an interest rate swap if you are ...
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### Different ways to discretize forward rate in HJM

I've come across couple of different ways to discretize the forward rate equation in HJM. If somebody could please help me understand why is it possible to have multiple ways here and how to pick up ...
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### Calibration of Dothan Model to Yields

For both the Vasicek and CIR model the yields $R(t,T)$ and short rates $r_t$ have an affine relationship: $$R(t,T) = \frac{B(t,T)r_t - A(t,T)}{T-t},$$ where $A(t,T)$ and $B(t,T)$ are determined by ...
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### What is drift in interest rate term structure model

I was studying about the interest rate term structures and i came across term structure model with (and without) drift. I am really unsure about what this drift is in this equation for term structure ...
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### Price of an equity

An equity has a value of 100 Euros, and pay a dividend of 5 Euros in 6 months. The interest rate of 6 months is 5% and the interest rate for 1 year is 6%. I would like to compute the value of the ...
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### Data on interest rate differentials (lending on own vs. foreign currency)

I'm looking for data on (inner country) interest rate differentials between lending in own and foreign currency. Is there any data publicly available? If yes, where? If not, which non-free sources are ...
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### For a square-root process (CIR), how to verify the characteristic function of the transition density?

I am trying to solve a financial mathematical question. I derived PDE (a) for the characteristic function as follows. But, I don't know how to verify the following characteristic function of the ...