An interest rate is the rate at which interest is paid by a borrower (debtor) for the use of money that they borrow from a lender (creditor).

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108 views

Fed Funds Rate - why has it just started decreasing on the final day of each month (vs quarter)

I understand why the Fed Funds rate has historically dropped on the final day of each quarter, but in 2015 it appears that the effective Fed Funds rate now drops on the final day of each month as well....
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37 views

MLE for two independent factor CIR

Following the maximun likelihood estimation as done in Klavidko I would like to generalize this to more independent factors . In first istance I would use the transition function at time t as a sum ...
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122 views

Why is it useless to model stochastic volatility when pricing Vanilla style derivatives?

With respect to the answer by user AFK in Ideas about Stochastic volatility models. I am specifically interested in interest rate options (IR Caps/Floors and Swaptions).
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68 views

Interest rate models

I'm studying by myself how to model interest rates. Is there any database in which I can find accurate data for indices like Libor, Euribor, Eonia etc?
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1answer
76 views

can an fx forward price simply be divided into 1 to quote the inverse?

Qu 1. Say I ask for EURUSD 1 week and get prices: 1.120986 / 1.120216 Does that mean to price USDEUR 1 week I can divide 1 / 1.120216 and 1 / 1.120986 and get rates: 0.8921 / 0.8927 Or is that ...
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61 views

Immunization: Whats the best way to hedge my short interest rate exposure?

What's the best way to hedge a portfolio against a rise in rates? Portfolio: long bonds different maturities. a) parallel shift b) convex shift (short and long term rise more than mid term) How is ...
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2answers
60 views

What is an estimated rise in the interest rate of the 10-year Treasury in this scenario?

Suppose that the Federal Reserve had raised interest rate by 0.25% last week 17Sep2015. What is an estimated rise in the interest rise of the 10-year Treasury? Which futures contract should one use to ...
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70 views

Will rolling-down-yield-curve bond strategy work if interest rates remain unchanged?

Suppose I have 2 strategies; A) Buying A One Year Bond And Holding To Maturity (Buy & Hold To Maturity) B) Buying A 3 Year Bond and Selling After One Year (Rolling Down The Yield Curve) Assume ...
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2answers
138 views

Simple question about FX carry trade

I have been reading online about the FX carry trade and how this can be profitable (in general). From my understanding, the idea is to be long (lend) the currency with higher interest rate and short (...
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1answer
90 views

Fed FOMC Target Rate annnouncement machine readable data point

Does anyone know if there is a near-realtime machine-readable feed that reflects the FOMC target rate announcement? The announcement came in today at 2 pm, but I can't find a way to download the ...
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1answer
113 views

Function A(t,T) in one-factor Hull-White model

I am struggling with Hull-White model now and have the following question: in the lecture notes under the link below I see how A(t,T) and B(t,T) are being derived. This requires the solution of ...
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1answer
69 views

What is this ratio: expected returns on stock divided by risk free rate?

So this ratio has come up in some work I'm doing and I can't seem to figure out if it is attested in the literature. Here's the setting: Given a risk free rate $r(t)$ and a stock price which follows ...
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190 views

Historical calibration of Hull-White model

I have a question concerning 1-factor Hull-White model. For my master project I need to calibrate it to compute Counterparty credit risk metrics. I know that the model might be calibrated either for ...
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42 views

The calculation of NIBID rate from 2013 by using NIBOR rate (UIP)

I need to calculate the NIBID rates from 2013. I have the NIBOR as a starting point and some indications but I am still quite confused. I found some advices online, but it does not seem to get me the ...
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0answers
41 views

Whats the formula to calculate the FV, incorporating monthly deposits?

I need a Formula to calculate the future value of an investment based on current principal, interest, number of years, compounding interval (times annually) and monthly deposit. So basically $...
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1answer
160 views

Derive OIS rate from IRS rate and Fed Funds/Libor basis spread

For example I have 7Y interest rate swap rate and 7Y Fed funds/Libor basis spread. What is the step-by-step procedure to derive OIS rate from these two?
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1answer
277 views

Weights Blowing up in PCA

I'm using daily settlement data to get yield levels for a couple of products. From this data I am doing PCA on a rolling collection of the yield levels. I have been using sci-kit learn's PCA function, ...
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1answer
132 views

Bond price in Ho-Lee Model

I know Ho-Lee model and want to extract the price at $t$, of a European call option with strike price $K$ and exercise date $T$, on an underlying $S$-bond, but I don't know what way should I choose: ...
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1answer
184 views

U.S. Rate Hike Prediction

In a recent ft.com video an analyst mentioned that markets postponed their Fed rate hike expectation from September to around November 2015 due to the CNY devaluation, based on the "shift" of some "...
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25 views

Influencing factors on credit

There was the following question on an exam: Which factors are influencing the effective interest rate of a credit? loan amount fees interest rate running time I would have said ...
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55 views

Fed Funds Rate: longer maturities

FFR published by Fed Bank of NY is the average rate US banks charge each other for the overnight loans of their reserves required by the Fed regulations. Since Fed acts similar to a clearing house ...
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2answers
1k views

How does one estimate the probability of the Fed increasing its benchmark rate based on Fed funds futures?

How was this 67% probability calculated from Fed funds futures? Fed funds futures show a 67 percent chance the central bank will increase its benchmark rate by year-end from virtually zero, ...
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1answer
205 views

Monte Carlo, convexity and Risk-Neutral ZCB Pricing

I've built a simplistic Excel monte carlo model to price a zero-coupon bond, but it came up with a slightly unepxected result so I wanted to confirm whether my maths is just a little rusty or my model ...
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1answer
77 views

Boundary Condition for Convertible Bond under Two-factor Model Interest Rate

I want to find Boundary conditions for Convertible Bond under Two-factor Model Interest Rate.The portfolio contains stock where stochastic differential equation for the stock price is \begin{align} ...
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1answer
2k views

Speed of mean reversion of an interest rate model

I would like to have a bit more of intuition about the concept of "speed of mean reversion" for an interest rate model, e.g. Vasicek or CIR. In particular, is a negative speed of mean reversion ...
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1answer
183 views

Finding the Interest Compounded with Bank Advertising Yield

A bank is advertising 9.5% accounts that yield 9.84% annually. How often is the interest compounded. Answer is Quarterly. I've been trying to look for the formula for this; it doesnt seem to be ...
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1answer
681 views

Ho-Lee Model; Please explain

I'm having trouble with the Ho-Lee model for short rates and differentiating between how to find the values for the free parameter λ versus using the model to predict future rates. The Ho-Lee model ...
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1answer
327 views

Why is my YTM incorrect? How does accrued interest play into Yield to Maturity?

I'm writing some software that includes a feature to calculate Yield to Maturity for a Bond. I'm using an HP 10bii Financial Calculator to double check the answers produced by my software. I'm running ...
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52 views

Benchmarking option pricing under stochastic interest rates

I priced a long-term option (10 or 20 years) using two different models: one assumes constant interest rates, the other assumes stochastic interest rates. Is there a way (e.g. a benchmark) to ...
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2answers
108 views

Reproducing levels when PCA has been done on changes

I want to use PCA for rich/cheap analysis of interest rates. For this I did the PCA on the time series of daily difference in interest rates, which is stationary. I cant do pca on levels, as they are ...
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3answers
360 views

Basic LIBOR curve question

I'm new to the quant finance and have a very basic question about LIBOR curve. LIBOR is published every day for 4 different tenors (1M, 3M, 6M, 1Y), and each rate means how much annual interest ...
3
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1answer
171 views

Negative Interest Rate & Basis Models

Since markets are showing negative interest rate, I'm forced to find a model that can catch this behaviour. Because of that, I have implemented and calibrated the G2++ (or the Hull-White 2 Factors) ...
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2answers
489 views

Black-Scholes under stochastic interest rates

I'm trying to implement the Black-Scholes formula to price a call option under stochastic interest rates. Following the book of McLeish (2005), the formula is given by (assuming interest rates are ...
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1answer
1k views

Why using the swap curve as riskfree rate and no longer gov bonds?

I recently had an interview where I was asked what to use as risk-free rate. In all my textbooks it was always the US treasury yield curve. But they said no its now the "swap curve". Why is the swap ...
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1answer
248 views

What's Risk-Neutral in an Interest Rate Model?

In Shreve II, on p. 265 he states the Hull-White interest rate model as $$ dR(u) = \left( a(u) - b(u)R(u)\right) dt + \sigma(u)d\tilde{W}(u), $$ and then mentions "...$\tilde{W}(u)$ is a Brownian ...
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1answer
49 views

How do I interpret yield curve data points given by the US Treasury?

Given the Daily US Treasury Yield Curve Rates for a specific date I will fit the curve with the cubic spline method, but first I need to know how to use the data points given by the Treasury. For ...
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2answers
386 views

How to check that an interest rate curve is arbitrage free

I have 2 interest rate curves (LIBOR 3M and OIS). I want to create stress scenarios for those two curves. Is it possible that some scenarios will make my term structure arbitrageable? How can I test ...
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29 views

Calculation of bond spot rates [closed]

the cash prices of six months and one year treasury bills are \$120 and \$115 respectively. A 1.5 years bond that will pay coupons of \$5 every six months currently sells for \$121. A 2 years bond ...
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1answer
182 views

Pricing a zero with Vasicek model

I'm trying to understand bond pricing with the Vasicek interest rate model. I'm using McDonald's book for this purpose (not homework). Recall that Vasicek dynamics are \begin{equation*} \mathrm{d}...
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1answer
741 views

Models crumbling down due to negative (nominal) interest rates

Given that the negative interest rates on a lot of sovereign bonds with maturity under 10 years are trading in the negative (nominal) interest rate territory (recently also the short term EURIBOR has ...
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104 views

Calibration of Heston version of CIR

I'd like to calibrate a variant of Heston model for interest rates which is describe by this couple of SDE \begin{aligned}dr_t&=a(b-r_t)+\sqrt{r_t}\sigma_t dW_t^1 \\ d\sigma_t&=k(\theta-\...
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1answer
2k views

The effect of negative interest rates on derivative pricing

I am trying to get an overview of the impact on negative interest rates on financial products (in general). For the time being I distinguished the following products Vanilla options Exotic options ...
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1answer
99 views

Determining swaption prices using the characteristic function

There exist multiple techniques to determine call option prices that make use of the characteristic function. These techniques boil down to some integral expression of the option price in terms of the ...
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2answers
162 views

what data to use to compare the interest rate among different currencies?

Very new to fixed income signals. I am a little confused about which data to use to compare interest rate among different currencies. For example, I am interested in compare interest rate in the ...
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1answer
223 views

Why future (forward) volatility smile is important to path dependent option?

I was wondering why future volatility smile is important to path dependent option and American type option such as Bermudan swaption. It would be best if someone could provide a reference article as ...
3
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1answer
952 views

What is the difference between a benchmark yield curve, funding curve and a basis spread curve?

I am trying to understand why these curves are important, and what they are used for in the industry today (if not at all).
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1answer
179 views

What is the use of computing the par yield?

I have learnt how to compute par yields in class, but I am not certain when knowing this would be of use and by Professor himself said it's a somewhat useless concept. What is the use of computing the ...
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3answers
339 views

Where can I get equivalent of 3 months libor or swap historical data?

Please note: I have already checked your standard "Historical data sources" link, but it does not have the data I need: I am looking for 5 years of libor/swap data for major currencies. Daily, or ...
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45 views

How to implement an Interest rate neutral strategy using options?

Intuitively one would think that investing equal amounts in an ETF such as TLT and an short ETF such as TBF (with some factor for the interest rate payout of the long fund) should result in a interest ...
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1answer
144 views

Differential of stochastic term

Question 1: How does one come up with the equation in the red box below? It looks like some kind product rule, but I'm not sure how to apply Ito's lemma here. Bjork doesn't seem to explain it ...