An interest rate is the rate at which interest is paid by a borrower (debtor) for the use of money that they borrow from a lender (creditor).

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936 views

What are current interest rates on senior/junior/mezzanine loans for e.g. real estate developers?

For a case study I have to work on for a university course, about a real-estate-development project, I need to simulate the financing with different proportions of equity (40%), senior loan (35%), ...
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38 views

Using CME DV01 to predict Futures price at 0.00% Yield

DV01 is published at CME Group for the cheapest-to-deliver bond here: http://www.cmegroup.com/trading/interest-rates/invoice-spread-calculator.html. If my goal is to get an approximation where the ...
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28 views

Introducing 1bp shocks to yield curve (and interpolation consequences)

Let us assume we have a LIBOR 3M curve and that I would like to introduce a small shock up/down of 1bp at a certain point along the curve. I am trying to find out what the best and most efficient way ...
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47 views

Exploding Libor Rates in Libor Market Model

I have implemented the Libor Market Model in Matlab. When I generate a number of paths, I notice that some of them explode. Does anybody have an idea what could cause this? I already tried solving ...
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1answer
54 views

Why does the correlation between r and V in Longstaff and Schwartz 1992 model is positive?

I am reading the Longstaff and Schwartz's 1992 and 1993. From $r = \alpha x + \beta y$ and $V = \alpha^2 x + \beta^2 y$. It was mentioned in the paper that the $r$ is positive correlated with $V$. ...
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Are forward rates starting at observation date spot rates?

In part 3.2 of Lu and Neftci (2003) "Convexity Adjustments and Forward Libor Model: Case of Constant Maturity Swaps", the authors propose a new way of pricing CMS swaps, with Monte Carlo simulations. ...
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65 views

Pricing a Vanilla swap between coupons; What rates to use?

Vanilla Swap question. Entered into a 5Y fixed for floating HUF swap. Fixed is annual coupons, Float is semi-annual coupons. 1 month later I want to price it. I set up my future values for Fixed ...
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12 views

EMTA Guidelines

Does EMTA guidelines are only for Non-Deliverable trades? IF yes, then why this is applicable for Deliverable Option trades? EMTA Site - http://www.emta.org/ndftt.aspx
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16 views

Forward Exchange Rate Data: Germany x US

Would anyone know where I can find historical forward exchange rate data between germany and US, yen and US to download? In Bank of England website i already found. Thanks
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54 views

Modeling Interest-only Mortgages

First post on this forum - happy to be here. Please give feedback if this is off-topic so I can more meaningfully contribute moving forward. Can we infer a range of future all-in costs for I/O ARMs ...
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35 views

Price compounding: Swap versus Governments Bonds

There are different rates curve to compound prices. Since the crisis, regulators tends to favor price compounding with swap curves over IR curves deduced from governments bonds (EU regulators, french ...
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65 views

To calculate shift in the shifted lognormal model

I tried to calculate the shift for CHF interest rates (tenors with negative rates) using MLE, but as the shift is increased the MLE value increases(or decreases depending on whether positive or ...
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58 views

Interest Rate Risk - The Greeks

IR Delta and Gamma. Can someone please explain if my understanding is accurate as relates to a 2yr interest rate swap? You are considered to be long Delta in an interest rate swap if you are ...
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28 views

Different ways to discretize forward rate in HJM

I've come across couple of different ways to discretize the forward rate equation in HJM. If somebody could please help me understand why is it possible to have multiple ways here and how to pick up ...
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24 views

Data on interest rate differentials (lending on own vs. foreign currency)

I'm looking for data on (inner country) interest rate differentials between lending in own and foreign currency. Is there any data publicly available? If yes, where? If not, which non-free sources are ...
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1answer
101 views

Monetary Policy and the Yield Curve PART TWO

The Fed has a number of tools/targets with which they manage monetary policy. I'm looking to refine a concise summary of them and looking for guidance/correction/validation. Think I understand these ...
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57 views

Monetary Policy and the Yield Curve PART ONE

As I understand it, the Fed has 3 tools for moving interest rates to combat inflation/unemployment: the discount rate, Fed Funds rate and open market operations. I'm trying to understand how the ...
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66 views

How was this probability of negative U.S rates by end 2017 calculated?

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-01-26/bets-on-negative-u-s-rates-by-end-2017-jump-above-10-chance Options markets show some investors are taking out protection in case rates instead ...
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60 views

“Spot rate is not observable” meaning

In Bruno Remillard's text, "Statistical Methods for Financial Engineering," he states the following on p 148 after giving the general form of a bond price $P(t,T)$ under Vasicek's model: Note that ...
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72 views

State of Art - Nelson Siegel Modeling

My idea is to work with dynamic Nelson Siegel models(DNS) on my master's thesis. As I am finishing undergraduation this year I started researching on the subject. I wonder what is being discussed in ...
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76 views

Fed Funds Rate - why has it just started decreasing on the final day of each month (vs quarter)

I understand why the Fed Funds rate has historically dropped on the final day of each quarter, but in 2015 it appears that the effective Fed Funds rate now drops on the final day of each month as well....
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60 views

Will rolling-down-yield-curve bond strategy work if interest rates remain unchanged?

Suppose I have 2 strategies; A) Buying A One Year Bond And Holding To Maturity (Buy & Hold To Maturity) B) Buying A 3 Year Bond and Selling After One Year (Rolling Down The Yield Curve) Assume ...
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1answer
110 views

Function A(t,T) in one-factor Hull-White model

I am struggling with Hull-White model now and have the following question: in the lecture notes under the link below I see how A(t,T) and B(t,T) are being derived. This requires the solution of ...
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175 views

Historical calibration of Hull-White model

I have a question concerning 1-factor Hull-White model. For my master project I need to calibrate it to compute Counterparty credit risk metrics. I know that the model might be calibrated either for ...
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1answer
267 views

Weights Blowing up in PCA

I'm using daily settlement data to get yield levels for a couple of products. From this data I am doing PCA on a rolling collection of the yield levels. I have been using sci-kit learn's PCA function, ...
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29 views

Calculation of bond spot rates [closed]

the cash prices of six months and one year treasury bills are \$120 and \$115 respectively. A 1.5 years bond that will pay coupons of \$5 every six months currently sells for \$121. A 2 years bond ...
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26 views

Why the growth of the American Economy is going to cause the Fed to raise interest rates?

Due the growth of the American economy the Fed have published that interest rates are likely to increase. Why is that the response of the Fed?
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105 views

Hot do I calculate an effective forward rate? [closed]

I have to find nominal and effective forward interest rate for 3M-9M term, knowing that current interest rates are: 3M - 2.05% 6M - 2.04% 9M - 2.03% 12M - 2.02% For a nominal interest rate I just ...
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45 views

Pricing inflation lags

I've been looking into a short piece of maths I found on pricing inflation with payment delays, and was hoping someone could confirm whether my understanding was correct or if the maths isn't quite ...
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164 views

Incompatibility of Lognormal Forward Model (LMM\BGM) and Lognormal Swap Model

In his paper On the distributional distance between the Libor and the Swap market models (and also in his book about IR modeling) D.Brigo says: 10, 11, 12 are defined in the end of message. Do I ...
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118 views

How to convert HJM model risk-neutral measure $\mathbb{Q}$ to real measure $\mathbb{P}$?

HJM model, $df(t,T) = \mu(t,T) dt + \xi (t, T)dW(t)$, is defined in risk-neutral measure $\mathbb{Q}$, according to Brigo's "Interest Rate Models" book. I wonder, how could I transform it to real ...
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157 views

What's the link between EURIBOR3M futures volatility and rates volatility?

If I am not wrong, EURIBOR3M futures with maturity $T$, whose price is $F_{T}$, are quoted like contracts which express the underlying forward rates, $r_{T}$, as $$r_{T}=\frac{100-F_{T}}{100}$$ Now ...
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86 views

How do bond futures affect effective rate when used to hedge a bond's duration?

I'm trying to wrap my head around what happens to the net interest received when an invester goes short a bond future to fully hedge the duration of his long position in an actual bond. Does it ...
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579 views

How to think about dollar volume in Eurodollar futures?

This is a very basic question: Computing the notional volume for futures contracts usually consists of something like: $$V_F = N \cdot P \cdot M \cdot FX$$ Where $V_F$ is the dollar volume of the ...
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84 views

Neglect the positive values in negative interest rates modelling?

The magnitude of the negative interested rate should vary correlated with the increase in fixed assets prices and with cross-currency basis spreads. Could their volatility / correlation coefficients,...
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81 views

Separated software and physical cash flows modelling and pricing to be used with negative interest rates?

The physical cash presence in the final transactions is one of the issues in the presently observed negative interest rates bonds. Such a situation has historically been modelled within the "liquidity ...
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1answer
97 views

LIBOR 3M and 1M from Vasicek model

I would like to discuss my approach toward modelling of interest rates with respect to its downsides and advantages. My problem is to forecast daily LIBOR 3M and LIBOR 1M over a particular time ...
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122 views

What is the meaning of the discounted process defined from the interest rate process?

Assume a money market has interest rate process $R(t)$. In Shreve's Stochastic Calculus for Finance II, formula (5.2.17) on page 215 defines the discounted process as $$ D(t) = e^{-\int_0^t R(s) ds}. $...
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2answers
85 views

Accuracy Rebonato Swaption Approximation Formula among Different Strikes

Can somebody explain me if the Rebonato swaption volatility approximation formula is accurate for only ATM strikes, and if yes why? Can it also be used for ITM and OTM strikes? My foundings: Let $0 &...
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2answers
59 views

Pricing a physical commodity forward contract

I have just started reading Options Volatility and Pricing 2nd edition and I'm a little confused on forward contract pricing. The book states ...
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1answer
65 views

Ho-Lee model - A and B derivation for $P(t,T)=e^{-A(t,T)-B(t,T)r_t}$

I am analyzing the transition of the bond prices in the affine models in the form of $P(t,T)=e^{-A(t,T)-B(t,T)r_t}$ using the property that the diffusion and the drift of an affine model can be ...
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2answers
49 views

Can we derive 5 year zero coupon interest rate by using 1, 2 and 3 year zero coupon interest rate?

Given that the 1 year zero coupon bond interest rate is 5%, 2 year zero coupon bond interest rate is 6% and 3 year zero coupon bond interest rate is 7%. 4 year coupon bond price and interest rate are ...
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1answer
55 views

AUD Swap Reference Rate?

So I understand that BBSW is the reference rate used in AUD swap transactions since AUD LIBOR has been discontinued. If I want to build a curve out of the reference rates used to price AUD swaps, I ...
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2answers
93 views

Price of an equity

An equity has a value of 100 Euros, and pay a dividend of 5 Euros in 6 months. The interest rate of 6 months is 5% and the interest rate for 1 year is 6%. I would like to compute the value of the ...
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1answer
30 views

Equitable Allocation

This questions borders on the actuarial side of things but the general solution should have relevance in several situations. Suppose we have a set of $k$ people who will retire in $\{n_1,...,n_k\}$ ...
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1answer
51 views

Interest Rate and Price of Assets

I have a very basic question about finance. I know that for an asset, the price is inversly related to the yield to maturity, or the interest rate. However, I have three ways of thinking about this ...
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2answers
107 views

Reproducing levels when PCA has been done on changes

I want to use PCA for rich/cheap analysis of interest rates. For this I did the PCA on the time series of daily difference in interest rates, which is stationary. I cant do pca on levels, as they are ...
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315 views

Bootstrapping zero-rates from AUD swap rates

I have a pay fixed / receive floating interest-rate-swap on the AUD BBSY that I'd like to price for the purposes of accounting. I understand the general process to be as follows (assuming single-...
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192 views

Derive instantaneous forward rate

Given that $P(0,T)=e^{-RT}$, how does one get the formula for the instantaneous forward rate below? Specifically, how does one get to the partial derivative in the formula? I'm sure the answer is ...
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653 views

Zero Curve Calculation for AUD, CAD (post LIBOR scandal)

In the end of May 2013 British Bankers Association (BBA) stopped publishing LIBOR rates for Australian and Canadian dollars in a light of recent scandals. LIBOR rates were essential for creating zero ...