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2
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0answers
40 views

Formal Proof of Immunization Techniqu

Please correct me if I am wrong in understanding the Immunisation Technique behind bond interest rate risk management. It says that any change in interest rate can be neutralised by reinvesting the ...
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0answers
60 views

How to measure interest rate risk of an equity?

What is the best method to measure interest rate risk of an equity? For example: I am looking to determine the change in price based on a change in yield. I currently have a position in XLU and ...
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0answers
5 views

Force of Interest Compounding at Annual Rate i

I'm working through some actuarial practice and am lost as to what's going on with the differentiation here (it's been a while since I've had calc): Derive an expression for $\delta_t$ if ...
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0answers
58 views

Should portfolio be optimized by marking to the future than marking to market (excluding currencies)?

Observing the negative interest bonds in Switzerland, Denmark, GErmany the value of higher presently (credit-free) outgoing cash flows seems less important than the value of lower future (credit-free) ...