Tagged Questions

Market makers provide liquidity to the market by quoting bid and ask prices for most of the time. The pricing in absolute terms is not as important as finding relative mispricing. The market microstructure is often used to develop trading strategies.

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Historical list of Primary Dealers in Europe

I would be interested in a list of all the banks and financial institutions that have been Primary Dealers in the European Union from the 1980s until today. For a current list you can check this pdf ...
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1answer
85 views

Text book or distilled guide to market making?

Are there any practical articles, blogs or books that describe common practices in market making and how to calculate and use common measures? The majority of the information I found are research ...
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4answers
652 views

Quantitative Math required for Market-making?

I understand there is an awful lot of Quantitative Math required for statistical arbitrage/algorithmic trading. However, would someone "in the know" be able to tell me whether there is less ...
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1answer
135 views

Short-term directional trading

Did value of ratio between informed and uninformed traders at market, making difference to profitability of short-term directional trading on that market? My guess is yes and better play short-term ...
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1answer
92 views

Market-Maker existence impact to short-term informed directional trading

How existence of market-maker affects short-term directional trading? Normally when playing short-term directional we play against market marker that will cover losses from uninformed traders. But ...
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2answers
113 views

What is the correct / expected behavior for a market order sent to an empty book?

Should it stick around until liquidity shows up? (GTC) Should it cancel any size for which there is no liquidity? (IOC) Is there such a thing as Market GTC or Market Orders must always be IOC?
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132 views

Estimate the market maker's price from the posted Bid/Ask and Trade price

If I see a Bid at 181.77 and and Ask at 181.78 for SPY and then immediately see a trade filled at 181.77 on BATS, then what can we conclude about market making activity? i.e At what price did the ...
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228 views

Microstructure effects for a market maker? [closed]

When building a market maker that rests limits orders on both sides of the book, what microstructure effects should we be looking at to price those orders? I’m targeting liquid futures markets, and ...
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1answer
83 views

what is considered material information? [closed]

I'm trying to understand what is considered "material" information held by an executive of a company. There is company information that an executive (say insider) will know that a public investor will ...
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How to become a registered market maker on an exchange [closed]

We are thinking of applying to become a registered market-maker on different European exchanges. The name varies from exchange to exchange (Liquidity provider on Euronext for instance). Could anybody ...
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1answer
190 views

Distinguish between market makers and other participants?

Are there any known quantitative techniques to distinguish between market makers and other participants? I manually MFT, have no knowledge of these specialties, and may be observing phenomena that ...
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2answers
182 views

Is price gaping the major risk that market maker has?

Suppose you are a market maker. So you put a limit price out and hope someone will cross bid/ask spread to take your limit. But there is risk that bad news could come out and market will gap. So ...
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2answers
678 views

How do I calculate Sharpe ratio from P&L?

Say I have a market-making strategy that trades intraday. I start with a flat position and finish flat too. I end up with a daily P&L $p_{today}$. Over a year of trading I get $\vec{p} = ...
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403 views

Market making: buy on bid/sell on ask [closed]

In this thread, the top answer discusses: "buy on bid, sell on ask" as "market making" strategies. My question is: In layman ...
2
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1answer
205 views

Effective anti-gaming controls in dark pools

What are some indicators that a dark pool operator has effective anti-gaming controls in place? There are some that prohibit IOCs (immediate or cancel) but is that necessary? It seems like that could ...
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3answers
1k views

Why are there still manual market makers in options

Why are manual market makers still predominant in options markets? Why haven't algorithms replaced these market makers, as they have for liquid stocks for example?
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0answers
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Survey of market making strategies and research [duplicate]

I am undergoing a focused study of market making theory. So far, I've encountered the following papers: Market Making and Mean Reversion Adapting to a Market Shock: Optimal Sequential Market-Making ...
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1answer
744 views

academic papers about market making

I am looking for academic articles which model the p&L of market makers. I have read the Ho-Stoll (1984) article. Is there any recent article on this subject?
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1answer
553 views

How does Hanson's Market Maker (LMSR) work?

Implementing Hanson's Market Maker states: If the market maker wants to quote a "current price", he can. The current price for outcome 1 is: $$ \mbox{price1} = ...
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2answers
165 views

changes in open interest vs changes in underlying volume

Has a relationship been noted? Mostly, I'd like to know if the open interest increases on an underlying, does the underlying usually see increased trading? My guess would be "yes" since MMs can ...
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2answers
882 views

Position management and market-making techniques

Suppose, there is a HF strategy (agent) that is based on order book microstructure, and it is able to make good executions locally. More formally, in average its execution price is better than asset ...
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1answer
543 views

Which prediction market model is efficient and simple to use?

For a college project I'm tasked with implementing prediction market. Which model of it I'd better choose? I want something useful and simple enough for other people to quickly understand and use. ...
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1answer
516 views

Target daily ROI for a market-making algorithm

I'm designing a market-making algorithm, I was wondering what a decent ROI / day would be to aim for in such a system?
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1answer
174 views

Looking for analysis of NASDAQ suit?

I may have every particular detail of this wrong, including the exchange, but years ago, maybe as long as 20, there was a successful suit against NASDAQ based on research by academics showing their ...
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2answers
519 views

How credible is Knight pointing the finger at Rule 107C?

After the Knight Capital incident, I decided to read into the new Rule 107C that NYSE pushed-out August 1st for a one-year pilot. From what I've read, Knight claims that new code rolled out for this ...
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1answer
425 views

Market making in thinly traded assets

Could anyone suggest some literature or have any practical advice for marking a market in thinly traded assets with the following characteristics: 0-10 trades per day. Open limit-order book with 0-5 ...
10
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1answer
392 views

How does one measure the effect of latency on potential returns?

I am looking to evaluate the hypothetical advantage one trading system has over another in terms of the possible returns given their latency. Irene Aldridge wrote a piece (How Profitable Are ...
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3answers
2k views

What really drives option implied volatility?

A common and oft repeated belief regarding options volatility is that implied volatility increases due to people bidding up a contract, usually related to anticipation of the outcome of an expected ...
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1answer
272 views

Reference on Electronic volatility trading [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Looking for a recommendation for a real life volatily trading book. I recently came in contact with a quant desk that traded volatility. The discussion only highlited my ...
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1answer
182 views

what is a typical way forex brokerages can provide cheap leverage for their customers?

I'm not very well read in the area of high finance but I'm curious how forex brokerages are able to provide the backing for leverage that they can provide to customers. Is it possible to do this ...
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3answers
1k views

Is equity market making a game of speed?

I have always felt that equity market making was a speed game for HFTs. But recently I talked to someone on the buy side, who made a claim to the contrary. He argued that with the right market making ...
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1answer
213 views

accumulation/distribution and options to create excessive position to hit the tape with later

I am curious about possibilities and theory here. Basically a "problem" with trying to get large positions is that it would move the market in the direction that you are loading up on, therefore ...
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2answers
135 views

Buying one company or index against another, is this readily possible with options, with an accurate return (also Alpha Indexes)

There's a relatively new product in the market / on the Nasdaq called Alpha Indexes. It lets one own a company -- e.g. Apple, GE, Google, etc -- as the difference between how that company does (the ...
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3answers
3k views

Techniques to optimize the placement of orders in market making strategy?

Market making often requires placing and canceling a lot of orders. You have to buy and sell nearly simultaneously, so you need to move orders pretty often to beat other traders. But I would like to ...
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4answers
5k views

Why do high frequency traders use rapidly cancelled limit orders?

In reading about the various practices and strategies of high frequency traders, one of the most mysterious to me is "fleeting orders," or orders that are cancelled almost immediately after they are ...
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2answers
2k views

How can I learn about the quantitative aspects of market making in illiquid single stock options?

I would like to learn more about the possible ways of doing quantitative research regarding option market making. In particular, while the mainstream index option market may be very liquid, the ...
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3answers
2k views

Order submission strategies of a rational market maker?

Consider a market maker that has decided to try to make a round-trip trade in stock A in order to capture the bid-ask spread. Assume furthermore that he has no current inventory in the stock A. To ...
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2answers
1k views

Algorithm for the choice of stocks for a equity scalper/market maker to engage in?

Assume a scalper/market maker who is operating on an exchange with $N$ stocks with different characteristics such as current market value, average bid-ask spread, average daily volume and historical ...
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1answer
212 views

How are dual class shares different from non dual class shares from a market makers' perspective?

Assume a stock Foo with a single share class. Furthermore, assume a dual class stock Bar with classes I and II with different voting rights. The shares in the different classes have equal cash flow ...
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706 views

Operating parameters of market makers?

I'd like to get a feel for the operating parameters of official market makers. I'm looking more for discerning characteristics, rather than exact numbers or an exhaustive list of each MM. Examples: ...