Market microstructure is generally speaking the way markets are organized at the impact of there structure on the price formation process.

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What is Toxic FX Flow debate!

So, basically i want to debate and find out the real reason behind being flag by ECNs and venues as "toxic". How to avoid being flag? What kind of strategies are toxic and why? Below is an article ...
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68 views

Papers on temporary price impact

Can anyone recommend papers that model how long temporary price impact last when you buy / sell a trade? This would fall under the TCA realm (Trade Cost Analysis). Thank you.
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How FOK or IOC order types are executed

Ok, I know what's the difference are between them but still have some question. Let's say that the exchange's limit order book looks like this: (order depth of LOB) Now, let's say I send a buy FOK ...
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Order ID or Broker information from TAQ or Limit Order book?

Is it possible to see if a big order was executed in smaller chunks, and at what prices and times?
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trading equities on options feed/microstructure data

Obviously, not asking for a trading strategy, but do people successfully use options feed/microstructure data to trade equities intraday? What's the general framework for such strategies?
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Market microstructure by Mark B. Garman (J. Financial Economicss 3, 257-275, 1976)

Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0304405X76900064 In Garman's inventory model, buying order and selling order are poisson process with order size = 1. Buying price and selling ...
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Stock market cash flow

I want to understand better cash flow of stock market and it's participants, but could not find any reasonable information online, hope more experienced people here could help. Money IN flow: (1)...
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1k views

What are modern algorithms for trade classification?

When dealing with trade data, for example from TAQ, a common problem is that of determining whether a trade was a buy or a sell. The most commonly used classifier is the Lee-Ready algorithm (Inferring ...
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2answers
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What are flickering orders?

I am reading a paper for my bachelor thesis, Queuing Uncertainty in Limit Order Market by Bart Zhou Yueshen who is the new AP at INSEAD. In the abstract, the author said: "Flickering orders manifest ...
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Executions deep in the Limit Order Book?

I have some Level III (message level) data for equities and I have found several cases in which I register the execution of a Limit Order at a price "worse" than the best bid or ask. For example, ...
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38 views

Why NYSE is not included in TAQ data for NASDAQ listed companies?

I am using TAQ data to see from which exchanges bids (or asks) are coming. I have got this for AAPL (Apple company, listed in NASDAQ) for a sample day: ...
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How to calculate historical intraday volatility?

Sorry for what must be a beginner question, but when I went to write code I realized I didn't understand exactly how historical volatility, or statistical volatility, is defined. Wikipedia tells me "...
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94 views

Intraday data frequency

How should I determine what frequency should I use for doing microstructure research using intraday data? For some reason, there seems to be general consensus of using 5 minute interval, but is there ...
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Are there good off-the-shelf coding implementation of trade classification algorithms?

Including Lee Ready and bulk classification methods, as well as any other method. To be clear, I'm asking for code, not just a description of the algorithm.
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Is order flow imbalance more or less correlated with price movements at slower frequency?

Suppose I define order flow imbalance as volume(aggress buy)/volume(aggress sell), or some variant of that. Is this variable more, or less, correlated with price movements when I sample less ...
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5k views

Techniques to optimize the placement of orders in market making strategy?

Market making often requires placing and canceling a lot of orders. You have to buy and sell nearly simultaneously, so you need to move orders pretty often to beat other traders. But I would like to ...
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89 views

Fx Firm market making

I've been doing market making on forex using the last look feature so far. Now we are moving to do on firm making, but I'm kind of lost. To do firm making we need to post resting orders (currenex ...
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How does a Broker-Dealer lend shares to other Broker-Dealers?

Is it possible to find out how a OTC Broker-Dealer in thinly-traded equities lends shares for short-sales to other Broker-Dealers. Which platform or process is involved?
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113 views

Determining maximum strategy capacity and optimal order size for low frequency equity strategy

I have developed a low frequency equity trading strategy that seems to work well with stocks in the S&P 500. Someone asked me about the maximum capacity of the strategy (how much AUM I could ...
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183 views

High frequency trading and trading costs

What kind of deals do high frequency traders have with brokers or exchanges regarding commissions for stock trading? For an individual, it is nowadays possible to get to as low as 10 basis points per ...
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984 views

Orderbook Arbitrage

The order-books of trading exchanges are often hidden as so-called "Dark Pools". The measure was taken to avoid apparent market manipulation strategies executed by traders back then. Which such ...
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Purpose of ISOs

Why was ISO (Intermarket Sweep Order) introduced? I read that it was introduced to help fill large orders. Some explanation is here: http://tabbforum.com/opinions/why-hfts-have-an-advantage-part-3-...
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2k views

What is “high frequency quoting” or “quote spam”?

What is called "high frequency quoting" or "quote spam" in the context of high frequency trading? Why do some people consider that as a problem for the market?
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Market making in thinly traded assets

Could anyone suggest some literature or have any practical advice for marking a market in thinly traded assets with the following characteristics: 0-10 trades per day. Open limit-order book with 0-5 ...
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What is an efficient data structure to model order book?

What is an efficient data structure to model order book of prices and quantities to ensure: constant look up iteration in order of prices retrieving best bid and ask in constant time fast quantity ...
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Order Book Dynamics

I have been following this paper: http://arxiv.org/pdf/1104.4596.pdf The model is especially pertinent as I only have access to L1 data. The model is clear and intuitive and I have implemented the ...
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Implementing data-structures in a Limit order book

I'm working on implementing a 'LOB' and I'm being very careful about choosing my data-structures so as to maximize performance. Using F# as an example, I need to consider a List versus Array for ...
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88 views

What is the current state of microstructure/order book analysis?

I know it's a broad question, but I'm curious as to the current state of microstructure analysis, specifically whether there's anything 'actionable' that people have discovered. Would also be ...
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269 views

High frequency price forecast model ARMA GARCH or another?

Can you reccomend model for high frequency data (1 second and less) (returns and volatility forecasting)? Most papers use ARMA, GARCH etc in 1 minute and lower time frame. PROBLEM ARMA does not know ...
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150 views

Are there references about liquidation, transaction, market impact costs in portfolio optimization

I am looking for some references treating of what I would call liquidation cost market impact cost transaction cost(*) in the usual "portfolio optimization problem under linear constraints". Let ...
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What are common methods for modeling intraday trading volume?

What are the most common ways to model intraday trading volume, particularly for futures contracts? There are obviously a number of seasonal-type factors, like roll, economic news releases, time of ...
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195 views

Market-Maker existence impact to short-term informed directional trading

How existence of market-maker affects short-term directional trading? Normally when playing short-term directional we play against market marker that will cover losses from uninformed traders. But ...
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45 views

Impact / slippage model for open and closing crossing auctions?

The general impact model for trading a VWAP order throughout the day has the form of: $\alpha \cdot \sigma_n \cdot \text{(participation rate)}^\beta$ I'm looking for an impact / slippage model of ...
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883 views

What is the impact of high-frequency trading on market depth, liquidity, and volatility?

On the surface, bid-ask spreads are far more narrow than even several years ago. However, during periods of financial stress liquidity seems to vanish. Also, the increasing amount of fragmentation (...
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Order book size limit

I am trying to find out if exchanges impose limits on the total number of orders which can be in an order book at any one time. Does anyone know of examples of these order book size limit policies. ...
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Are there academic papers on the 'term structure' of adverse selection for futures and options?

By term structure I mean a non-stationarity in the pattern of intraday adverse selection as a given instruments approaches its expiry. Note that I am interested in the adverse selection on the ...
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3k views

Has high frequency trading (HFT) been a net benefit or cost to society?

Various studies have demonstrated the very large and growing influence of high frequency trading (HFT) on the markets. HFT firms are clearly making a great deal of money from somewhere, and it stands ...
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230 views

US options market/microstruture research

Can someone point out where to find up to date market/microstruture research in the options market?
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245 views

Why do stocks fall so quickly? Technical explanations

Why do stocks fall so quickly? China's market is down 40% in the past month ,for example. But when you look at charts of individual stocks, you see many instances of stocks giving up months of weeks ...
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209 views

Latency and Delays across Exchanges

I have recently come across this paper by Battalio et al. "Can Brokers Have it all? On the Relation between Make Take Fees & Limit Order Execution Quality" and realized how little I know about the ...
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431 views

What are the main market efficiency measures in the stock market?

I'm going to test for the effect of the change in market efficiency on the stock market portfolio, and, I want to know what are the main measures known in the academic literature in order to compare ...
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366 views

What are the main market anomalies/inefficiencies detected in quantitative finance?

I wondered about the existence of a complete list of the anomalies detected in quantitative finance. Generally, a market anomaly or inefficiency is a asset price and/or rate of return distortion on a ...
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105 views

What are “Autoquotes”?

I'm reading a 2008 JoFMarkets paper by Shkilko et al. with title "Locked and crossed markets on NASDAQ and the NYSE" in which the authors investigate the determinants of locked and crossed markets. ...
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111 views

Determination of Quote / Trade Ratio

What is the common criteria used to count a quote or trade in reference to the quote/trade ratio? Criteria: If it beats the best bid or offer. If it adds size to the best bid or offer. What if the ...
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What is the price pressure?

What is the definition of price pressure and what does it imply? In a number of paper I read that the price pressure can influence the portfolio returns; can you explain why and in which way it can ...
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2answers
302 views

Locked or Crossed Markets

I don't understand why Rule 610 from Reg NMS was introduced: what was the problem with locked markets? I have read that one of the issues is that it forced a market maker (say, from Nasdaq) who ...
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academic papers about market making

I am looking for academic articles which model the p&L of market makers. I have read the Ho-Stoll (1984) article. Is there any recent article on this subject?
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629 views

Semi-strong efficiency and HFT

The semi-strong efficient market hypothesis states that In semi-strong-form efficiency, it is implied that share prices adjust to publicly available new information very rapidly and in an ...
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464 views

What good papers of short term (<30 seconds) volatility estimation [duplicate]

I am looking for good papers of short term (<30 sec) volatility estimation AND short term volatility forecasting. Do you have something in mind ?
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249 views

Level II market data (equities)

I have been playing around with some equities historical market data and I understand that different exchanges have different definitions of what Level II (Limit Order Book) data means. What I'm ...