# Tagged Questions

A mean reverting process is a process that, over time, tends to drift toward its long-term mean.

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### What is the effect of mean-reversion on an upper barrier knock-out call option?

Consider a mean-reverting normal model for an underlying $dX^{(1)}_t=-\kappa X^{(1)}_tdt+\sigma^{(1)} dW^{(1)}_t$, for fixed time-independent constants, $\kappa$ (mean-reversion) and $\sigma^{(1)}$ (...
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### Mean Crossing for Ornstein-Uhlenbeck

Suppose we have classic Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process. How can we calculate expected number (and variance too) of crossing mean value over the certain period of time? Say, if we have discrete OU process ...
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### How to estimate parameters for 2 correlated Ornstein-Uhlenbeck processes with maximum likelihood?

I would like to use maximum likelihood to estimate the parameters of two correlated Ornstein-Uhlenbeck processes from empirical data. Do you have any good references for this? If you have any hints as ...
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### How to trade the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process?

My question comes from this paper, which is a short version of Avellaneda's paper The picture bellow provides a summary of the equations. Do I understand correctly that in order to trade OU process ...
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### How to optimize an arbitrage portfolio when taking into account different speeds of mean reversion?

In portfolio optimization, it is insufficient to just note the size of price deviation - that only tells the amount of profit if held to maturity. One also needs to take into account reversion speed - ...
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### cointegration strategy

If it can be proved that two time series $$S_t^1=\alpha + \beta S_t^2 + \xi_t$$ representing stocks are correlated, with $\beta=-2$ and then are proved to be cointegrated, how a portfolio should be ...
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Is there a major article or even better a comprehensive recent review article showing quantitative evidence for the existence of the business cycle and measuring the trending and mean reversion on ...
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### Are there alternatives to the Box-Tiao decomposition in identifying mean reverting portfolios?

As documented in this paper, Box-Tiao decomposition (a way to decompose multiple time series into components with different speeds of mean reversion) can be used to identify mean reverting portfolios. ...
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I have constructed a mean reverting spread using two indexes. I know they have to be mean reverting, but when plotted side by side they are mean reverting for a little bit and then deviate and head ...
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### Variance Ratio on Currency Pair, Validation

Can somebody tell me if my variance ratio (unit root test) test is correct? I don't want to rely on my results until I can find somebody that also has a variance ratio algo that confirms them? Here is ...
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### How to reduce variance of mean reversion estimator with maximum likelihood?

I estimate the parameters of an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process with Maximum Likelihood. The mean reversion speed estimator is well known to be biased. There are methods to reduce the value of the expected ...
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### How to fit model implied forward curve with market forward curve for Ornstein-Uhlebeck?

I have a spread option model of 2 correlated Ornstein-Uhlenbeck commodity prices that I estimate the parameters of with Maximum Likelihood. What is the formula for introducing the additional ...
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### Mean reversion in seasonal ARIMA model

Hi I'm looking for some help deriving the half life from an ARIMA model. My current best model candidate is (1,1,0)x(1,0,0)[4] and I'm a little confused on this. I've read up on HL for AR(1) models ...
Let you have the following mean reverting process: $\text{d}x_{t}=a(\theta-x_{t})\text{d}t$, where the diffusion term is absent, that is this process is not stochastic. Let you know the value of \$\...