Monte Carlo simulation methods are a broad class of computational algorithms that rely on repeated random sampling to obtain numerical results.

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Interpret simulation results ($P$ and $Q$ measures)

I am struggling in interpreting results of my simulations. I use Monte Carlo algorithm to simulate stock paths and calculate option price. The notation: $r$ is a risk free interest rate, $T$ is time ...
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24 views

Pricing back swaptions corresponding to underlying swaps of Bermudan Swaption in calibrated LMM

I do not know to which swaption volatility matrix I have to calibrate the LMM in order to price back correctly the swaptions corresponding to the underlying swaps of a Bermudan Swaption. My problem: ...
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1answer
45 views

how to derive critical values for augmented Dickey–Fuller test (ADF) using Monte Carlo method?

Can anybody explain in simple terms how the critical value of the ADF test can be derived using Monte Carlo simulation?
3
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1answer
79 views

Pricing a log-contract using Monte Carlo

Having a payoff of log-contract defined as $$ \Pi_T = \ln \left(\frac{S_T}{S_0} \right) $$ How would you express the MC-estimator for the price of this contract? The stock price dynamics here is ...
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1answer
62 views

Is this formula correct to estimate a knock out option price using monte-carlo?

I have a knock-out option with barrier $L>0$ and strike $K$ that pays at maturity $(S-K)_+$. So, positive payoff occurs only in case the price stays below the barrier over life of the option. I am ...
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28 views

Generating process for stock price paths in this paper?

I am reading Longstaff and Schwartz Valuing Aerican Options by Simulation because monte carlo simulations, especially their use in option pricing, is interesting to me. However, I am having some ...
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1answer
32 views

American option - Upper bound

I have computed a lower bound for an american option through longstaff and schwartz's algorithm. Now I have to compute the upper bound as andersen and broadie does in their article. Can anybody help ...
3
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2answers
71 views

Why do we need correlated random variables in a Monte Carlo simulation?

Question: I don't understand why a Monte Carlo simulation needs correlated random variables. Isn't each simulation thread independent? Background: Specifically, I'm referring to the below example on ...
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2answers
69 views

Accuracy Rebonato Swaption Approximation Formula among Different Strikes

Can somebody explain me if the Rebonato swaption volatility approximation formula is accurate for only ATM strikes, and if yes why? Can it also be used for ITM and OTM strikes? My foundings: Let $0 ...
2
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3answers
79 views

Distribution of pay-off of an exotic option

Can any assumptions be made about the pay-off of an exotic option? For example, might we say the distribution of the pay-off a vanilla option would be Normal? I have built a valuation tool that ...
4
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1answer
132 views

Whites Reality Check for Pair Trading

I want to use the Monte Carlo Method described in Aronsons book Evidence based Technical Analysis to test if a given pairs trading strategy is useless. First step there is to randomize the returns of ...
4
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2answers
80 views

Convergence of the distribution of 0.05 quantiles through Monte-Carlo simulation

I am trying to get admitted to a masters in quantitative finance (I come from a computer science background), so next week I will have 3h to solve an exam in statistical computing using my favourite ...
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2answers
30 views

Stochastic Simulation vs percentile-to-percentile map

I was wondering why someone would go to the trouble to generate random variables in scenarios that are not path dependent. Let me provide a simple (although somewhat contrived) example. Lets say that ...
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1answer
53 views

Foresight bias in least square monte carlo

Foresight bias means we tend to over estimate the American option value. This we observe in other areas of statistics - e.g. in sample test almost always gives better prediction than out of sample ...
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4answers
385 views

Calculating VaR with Monte Carlo simulation

I would like some help here :) I have a problem calculating VaR with the Monte Carlo Simulation. I have followed then next steps, is this a right way to calculate VaR or I need something more? ...
3
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2answers
348 views

Black-Scholes under stochastic interest rates

I'm trying to implement the Black-Scholes formula to price a call option under stochastic interest rates. Following the book of McLeish (2005), the formula is given by (assuming interest rates are ...
4
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2answers
615 views

How many monte carlo runs do I need for pricing a Call?

I have to price several calls using Monte Carlo. Obviously, there is a huge tradeoff between the number of runs and the fair price of the call option. I know I can check how the approximation changes ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Andersen Broadie American/Bermudan Put

I'm trying to implement Andersen and Broadie's dual method for an upper bound (here) of a regular American Put. I understand the process to compute it, but I have a conceptual issue : everything ...
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0answers
42 views

measuring portfolio performance using monte carlo simulation

I have a financial portfolio comprising standard asset classes such as equities, bonds, and commodities. I developped a strategy (optimized) and I include it in the financial portfolio. I want to ...
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1answer
38 views

Deduce expected exposure profile from option/structure delta?

I am thinking about whether there exists a relationship between the delta of an option (or any structured derivative) and it's expected positive/negative exposure? An intuitive question would be ...
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23 views

FX Counterparty Risk Modeling

We are building PFE model for FX derivatives including but not limited to outright and barrier options. For counterparty risk purpose, we are assessing whether black karasinski would be good for fx ...
4
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1answer
134 views

Libor Market Model Calibration

Currently I am doing a research on the plain vanilla multi-curve framework Libor Market Model meaning that no stochastic volatility is involved. I had the idea to calibrate to the swaption market. In ...
2
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2answers
69 views

Monte Carlo Methods for Pricing Derivatives

can someone please suggest a good book on Monte Carlo Simulation for Pricing Derivatives? Don't want a book which is too complicated like a PhD level. A Masters level should be good. Thanks a lot in ...
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20 views

Local volatility grids - Monte carlo - Implementation [closed]

I read the paper "Monte Carlo pricing with local volatility grids" (authors: D.F. Abasto, B. Hientzsch and M.P. Kust) and I would like to know if anyone on this forum had a chance to implement it as I ...
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69 views

Simulate correlated Geometric Brownian Motion in the R programming language

In response to this question: How to simulate correlated Geometric brownian motion for n assets? One of the responses provides an implementation in MATLAB: ...
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3answers
99 views

Can call options be priced with Least-Squares Monte Carlo?

I have been reading about Least-Squares Monte Carlo (using Longstaff & Schwartz algorithm) for option pricing. So far, I have only read examples that uses LSMC for american/bermudan PUT options ...
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1answer
85 views

Monte Carlo Option Pricing: Averaging Price Per Path

In Glasserman's book, he computes the price of an option by first computing the average price over each simulated price path. Once all the paths have been simulated, the average of all the payoffs is ...
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20 views

Determining Monthly Premium with Credit default swap

I hold a 10 year, $100 million bond. In order to minimize risk, I enter into a credit default swap in which I am paid every time (monthly) the bond rating drops to a new low. I have the probabilities ...
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1answer
83 views

Monte Carlo VaR assuming logistic distribution

I have a Monte Carlo model which measures the Value at Risk (VaR) for given portfolio. I use the geometric brownian motion to model the prices. But let's say I assumed the returns of prices follow the ...
3
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2answers
118 views

Stopping Monte Carlo simulation once certain convergence level is reached

I'm creating a Monte Carlo simulation model which I use to price an European option with various pay-off conditions, hence I can't use Black Scholes. I want to stop the simulation once I am 95% sure ...
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0answers
47 views

Las vegas method?

In one of his winning paper, backward induction for future values, A. Antonov, quant of the year 2016, refer to the American Monte-Carlo method as the Las Vegas method. Is this name used appart from ...
2
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1answer
101 views

Simulating returns from ARMA(1,0)-GARCH(1,1) model

I want to obtain a simulation of one-step ahead forecasts of stock returns process governed by ARMA(1,0)-GARCH(1,1) process. The returns are of form: $x_t = \mu + \delta x_{t-1} + \sigma_t z_t$ From ...
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1answer
114 views

Geometric Brownian Motion: d(S) vs. d(ln(S))

I am quoting from "Tools for Computational Finance, 5th Edition" [Seydel]. I wonder whether the histogram of simulations of the first (yellow) SDE makes sense... especially given that Seydel ...
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39 views

Is this a GARCH Monte-Carlo simulation?

I tried this as a simulation for a GARCH(1,1) model. Is it correct? (I'm not speaking about the code itself, which works, but the underlying idea). Here is plot (of ...
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2answers
115 views

Two correlated brownian motions

Is it true (see here, footnote 2, p.22 / p.14, without proof) that we can obtain two discretized brownian motions $W_t^1, W_t^2$ with correlation $\rho$ by doing $$d W_t^1 \sim \mathcal ...
4
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1answer
76 views

Monte Carlo based mean variance optimization

I was asked this question in an interview some years ago. It struck me as a poorly formed question. I thought I would put it out there to the community to see if I just simply missed something. ...
0
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1answer
58 views

Payoff of a butterfly c++

I would like to price options (call, put,, butterfly) with monte-carlo method, but actually I need the expression of the butterflay payoff; Could you ^please help me !
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51 views

Simulating stock price with Monte Carlo under uncertainity

I'm trying to perform Monte Carlo simulation in order to check to what extent target price derived from Discounted Cash Flow(DCF) model may be influenced by changes in variables which are: EUR ...
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0answers
40 views

Correlate the G2++ with a GBM model

In Matlab one can use the LinearGaussian2F function together with the simTermStructs function to create a simulated zero curve based on the G2++ model. Next to simulating the interest rates I need to ...
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2answers
143 views

Discrepancy between binomial model, Black-Scholes and Monte-Carlo Simulation

I try to use Monte-Carlo Simulation to price a 10-year call option. Based on below parameter, S = 1, X = 1, volatility = 80%, T = 10, risk-free rate = 0.22% The option value based on Monte-Carlo ...
3
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1answer
126 views

Example of options that cannot be priced with least-square Monte Carlo

Can you give some example of options that cannot be priced with least-square Monte Carlo? Intuitively, this is any option for which a payoff depends on a previous exercise decision. It's relatively ...
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1answer
86 views

Timesteps in Vasicek model

When simulating stocks one can easily use GBM with only one random variable per simulation to create a new stock price in say 5 years, you don't need to create the whole asset paths if you don't need ...
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17 views

Optimizing Monte Carl integral calculation with control variate

For an exercise I am asked to calculate an integral with a monte carlo simulation, after that I need to optimize the results with a control variate. This was the given integral: $\int_0^1 \! ...
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0answers
17 views

Monte Carlo - Inflated Asset Paths Due to Correlation

I built a MC generator for 12 assets based on Brownian Motion and noticed some strange results. Formula Used S(t) = Exp(S(t-1) + (mean - (vol. / 2)) + (stdev * Normal Distribution #)) S(0) = Ln(1) ...
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1answer
29 views

Calculate control variate for monte carlo simulation

For an exercise I need to calculate $\mathbb{E}[X]$ with a Monte Carlo simulation. I need to use control variate $Y$ with $\text{Var}(Y)=2$ and $\text{Cov}(X,Y)=1$. I am asked to give the optimale ...
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2answers
54 views

Martingale correction for Andersen scheme with Interest Rate

I have implemented martingale correction to my Andersen scheme for Heston model, as it is in the paper (page 19-22): ...
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0answers
94 views

Heston model - Andersen scheme implementation

I would like to implement Andersen scheme for Heston simulation. On the following snipped is my code for generating asset path: ...
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2answers
256 views

Barrier option : Monte carlo simulation

I am trying to price a Down-and-Out Call using Monte Carlo simulation. The problem is that I get the right price for the vanilla option (same price as the analytic formula of Black and Scholes) but I ...
4
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2answers
126 views

Geometric Brownian Motion - increasing simulations or smaller step size

I am running Monte Carlo simulations to estimate future share prices of some stocks. For stock A, I need 1 share price exactly one year from now. For stock B, I need daily prices for each trading ...
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36 views

SAS code for Brownian Motion

I want to simulate call options using monte carlo algorithm. I am a noob SAS user but i know that i need to: -simulate random stock prices with no dividend in respect to different ...