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40 views

Market with exponentially distributed random variable

Consider a market consisting of a stock with $S_0^1=1$ and $\log(S_1^1)=Z$, where $Z$ is an exponentially distributed random variable. $S_0^1$ denoted the prices of the stock $1$ at time $t=0$ and ...
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1answer
25 views

binomial - parameters at which american option hits early exercise possibility

I am looking for a set of parameters (d,u,r,So,K, N=?) for pricing an american call using binomial where the call hits the early exercise possibility. Do you have any exemplary set?
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1answer
58 views

option time value in the pricing models

option price = intrinsic value + time value where intrinsic value (in other words payoff at N) is defined generally as difference between the underlying asset price and strike price (order depending ...
0
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1answer
55 views

completeness of the binomial model - proof

I am reviewing the steps of proof that the binomial model is complete and don't understand the marked in red transition. Could anybody explain this step? If $P^{**}$ is a risk-neutral measure, so ...
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0answers
25 views

HJM model, existence of arbitrage:

The Setup: Suppose I know the yield curve of a Bond satisfies: f (0, t) = 0.04 for t ≥ 0 and f (ω, 1, t) = 0.06, t ≥ 1, ω = ω 1 , 0.02, t ≥ 1, ω = ω 2 , where Ω = {ω 1 , ω 2 } with P[ω i ] > 0, i = ...
3
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2answers
226 views

Pricing when arbitrage is possible through Negative Probabilities or something else

Assume that we have a general one-period market model consisting of d+1 assets and N states. Using a replicating portfolio $\phi$, determine $\Pi(0;X)$, the price of a European call option, with ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Pricing of American Deriviatives

Reading the book by Andrea Pascucci "PDE and Martingale Method in Option Pricing" I am struggling with a very simple issue. Suppose we want to find the price of an American derivative $X$ in an ...
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0answers
16 views

Bond's bid-ask spread with no arbitrage assumption

Suppose I have a bond with unknown bid-ask spread, and a portfolio, containing it and also other bonds, all with known bid-ask spreads. How can the unknown spread be inferred? I assume there should ...
3
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1answer
48 views

Equivalent Definitions of Self-Financing Portfolio

Consider a multi-period model with $t=0,...,T$. Suppose there is a bond with $B_0=1$ and $B_t=(1+R)^t$ and a stock with $S_0=s_0$ and $$ S_{t+1}=S_t\,\xi_{t+1}, $$ with $\xi_t$ iid random ...
3
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3answers
135 views

How to price a path dependent exchange option using?

Assume you have two stocks $S$ and $P$ so that at initial time $t = 0$: $S_0 > P_0$. You bought an option which pays off $S_T - P_T$ as long as $S_t > P_t$ through the time $0 < t < T$. ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Stochastic correlation arbitrage-free replication

I'm interested in possibility of stochastic correlation arbitrage-free replication (something VIX-style, mayby). To my knowledge, no such method exists. Could you provide some intro to the problem: ...
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1answer
55 views

European option on a dividend paying stock, limits to arbitrage?

What is the price C of a European call option on a dividend paying stock? I believe it is: C = U. N(d1) - exp(-rt).K.N(d2) d1 = [ ln(U/K) + (r + v^2/2).t ]/[ v.sqrt(t) ] d2 = d1 - v.sqrt(t) U ...
1
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1answer
26 views

Forward contract pricing of coupon paying security

PLease help me in understanding how to price forward contract for coupon paying security. For instance if we get into a contract to buy a security in next six month whose coupon due in next two month. ...
1
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2answers
86 views

Question about find no arbitrage trading strategy

We got the stochastic process for stock price of n stocks at continues time. We can find if there is a arbitrage trading strategy or dominant trading strategy. I wonder if we cannot find such ...
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2answers
178 views

Does No arbitrage(NA) imply efficient markets (EMH)?

The EMH states that stocks are traded at its fair values. This means there is no arbitrage strategy in efficient markets. However, if the market is no arbitrage, can we conclude the market is ...
4
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1answer
154 views

Self-Frontrunning Arbitrage

If I have a large order to fill, shouldn't I always buy a derivative in the same direction to profit from the market impact? E.g. I sell 1 million shares and so I buy a put, which will hence almost ...
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2answers
262 views

Option arbitrage with dividends?

If a stock pays a discrete dividend, the stock price falls by the amount of the dividend. There is no arbitrage opportunity from this predictable jump, because the investors receive the same amount of ...
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2answers
221 views

How to check that an interest rate curve is arbitrage free

I have 2 interest rate curves (LIBOR 3M and OIS). I want to create stress scenarios for those two curves. Is it possible that some scenarios will make my term structure arbitrageable? How can I test ...
2
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0answers
38 views

Show that in an arbitrage-free and non-redundant market a certain set is compact

Some notation: We consider a financial market with $d+1$ assets, the $0$-th asset is considered the risk-free asset, the others are the risky ones. The vector $\overline \pi \in \mathbb R^{d+1}$ ...
3
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1answer
210 views

Why is the volatility smile important

One thing I can't understand clearly is why there is so much focus on the volatility smile. Given my knowledge of the Black and Scholes model, this is what I get: People use the volatility smile as a ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Pricing digital options in discrete time

I am stuck in this exercise from my textbook: Consider a one-period market model with $N+1$ assets: a bond, a stock and $N-1$ call options. The prices of the bond are $B_0=1$ and $B_1 = 1+r$, ...
0
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1answer
45 views

“For any random variable $X$, someone will be willing to buy and someone to sell a financial instrument, whose final payoff is $X$.”

we will assume that for any random variable $X:\Omega\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$, some investor will be willing to buy and some investor will be willing to sell a 'financial instrument' whose final ...
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3answers
129 views

The Law of One Price in a discrete model

The following question assumes familiarity with the discrete model described in chapter 5 of Steven Roman's "Introduction to the Mathematics of Finance", 2nd edition, Springer 2012. I will not ...
10
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7answers
790 views

What is the fair price of this option?

Without having to use Black-Scholes, how do I price this option using a basic no-arbitrage argument? Question Assume zero interest rate and a stock with current price at \$$1$ that pays no dividend. ...
1
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1answer
73 views

On the existence of a perfect market with no arbitrage that contains a forward contract

Consider the following theorem from p. 31 of Steven Roman's "Introduction to the Mathematics of Finance Arbitrage and Option Pricing" (Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics, 2012), giving the forward ...
2
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1answer
95 views

Law of large numbers necessary for APT derivation?

The question refers to the well-known Ross (1976) paper with the derivation of the Asset Pricing Theory. In the APT, the return of asset $i$ is driven by a linear factor model: $$ R_i = \alpha_i + ...
3
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3answers
1k views

Simple value of a Forward contract at an intermediate time question

I am taking "Financial Engineering and Risk Management Part I" from Columbia University on coursera and I got a seemingly simple question wrong on the first quiz. This is all based on the no-arbitrage ...
1
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1answer
100 views

If the risk neutral probability measure and the real probability measure should coincide

Sorry if this may be a stupid question. I have not had that much mathematical finance, I've only learned about discrete time models. But lets for the argument say that you have a stochastic process ...
3
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2answers
274 views

Arbitrage and dominant strategies

If there is no arbitrage there is no dominant trading strategy, but there may be arbitrage opportunities even if there are no dominant trading strategies. Could you explain this statement and bring ...
5
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0answers
180 views

Integral-differential equation for forward rates

I am struggling in this question: Let $P(t,T)$ denote the price of a zero-coupon bond (with marturity at time $T$) at time $t \in [0,T]$. As usual, at time $t$ for maturity $T$, the forward rate is ...
5
votes
1answer
241 views

Proving that Absence of Arbitrage does not imply law of one price

I am trying to prove that the Absence of arbitrage statement (AOA) does not necessarily imply the law of one price (LOP). For the definitions of these concepts I am using Cochrane's book "Asset ...
3
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4answers
133 views

risk-neutral valuation implies no arbitrage?

It is known that in an arbitrage-free continuous time market, the price of every asset is evaluated as the corresponding price in the replicating strategy using risk-neutral valuation. I want to ...
4
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2answers
165 views

arbitrage in Heston model

Really struggling in this question: Consider a market with two assets $(B,S)$ whose price dynamics satisfy \begin{equation} dB_t = B_t r dt \end{equation} \begin{equation} \quad \quad \quad \quad \, ...
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1answer
510 views

What is the difference between market efficiency, market equilibrium, and no-arbitrage?

Aaron Brown (in the book, The Poker Face of Wall Street, p. 196), discusses four approaches to deriving the same Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing formula: Ed Thorp, Myron Scholes, Robert ...
0
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1answer
85 views

Arbitrage-free market for continuous logreturn distribution?

Is it true, that a one-period market say $(0,t)$ is arbitrage-free if the logreturn for $S_t$ is continuously distributed on $\mathbb{R}$? I.e., for continuous distributions on $\mathbb{R}$, there ...
6
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4answers
326 views

Efficient Markets Paradox

Basically all Quant Finance theory is build on No-Arbitrage presumption and Efficient Markets Hypothesis. The known Grossman-Stiglitz Paradox says: if one can't make money from trading, one wouldn't ...
4
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2answers
128 views

How does this follow from the separating hyperplane theorem?

This is from Pliskas book in mathematical finance. I do not know what was best to write the question so I included the pages from the book. He has not written what form of the separating hyperplane ...
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3answers
346 views

Is this arbitrage?

Assume the stockprice as in the Black-Scholes model (Geometric Brownian Motion): $$S_t=S_0e^{(\mu-\sigma^2/2)\cdot t+\sigma W_t}$$ Wouldn't there be an immediate arbitrage opportunity, to just buy ...
4
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2answers
307 views

law of one price, understanding

I am reading about mathematical finance, and I was tipsed to ask the quesiton on this site. It is about the "law of one price". Just first I'll make precise the model my book uses: I have a single ...
1
vote
3answers
432 views

Arbitrage free implies complete market?

In Tomas Björk's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time (or here), $\exists$ this proposition It seems that to show that the model is complete, we must show that the claims are reachable. That is, we ...
1
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3answers
74 views

Interpretation of equation derived from the delta of a call European call option

I have started reading an introductory book called: A Course in Derivative Securities by Kerry Back. On page 12 they mention the following: The delta of the call option is $\delta = (C_{u} - C_{d}) / ...
5
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1answer
351 views

Arbitragefree Pricing: Q vs. P

I read that the Fundamental Theorem of Asset Pricing states, that a market is arbitrage-free if and only if there exists an equivalent martingale measure Q, under which the discounted asset price ...
2
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0answers
107 views

Simple Forward Interest Rate Proof

Just trying to check my logic here: Let $Z(t,T)$ be a Zero-Coupon Bond with maturity $T$ bought at time $t$, $S_m$ be the spot interest rate for time $m$ and $S_n$ for time $n$ respectively, where $n ...
3
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1answer
185 views

How to price this option without using BS framework

We have a stock at price 1 dollar which pays no dividend. Also we assume zero interest rate. When the price hits $H$ dollars for the first time where $H>1$, we can exercise the option and receive 1 ...
6
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1answer
108 views

FTAP a-la Harrison, Kreps and Pliska

I was reading the papers co-authored by Harrison, Kreps and Pliska, that initiated the formal research on the connection between pricing, martingale measures, arbitrage and completeness. I have some ...
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2answers
586 views

Is it possible to understand financial theory without mathematics?

I am trying to develop a short course on financial theory, covering the fundamentals of forward and options pricing, and 'efficient market' theory. I want to reduce the amount of mathematics to a ...
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1answer
538 views

Arbirtage free price process question in Bjork's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time

I am currently working through questions in Bjork's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time. However, I am unable to solve the following question, 7.2 in the book. A solution would be greatly appreciated. ...
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2answers
819 views

expected value of the discounted payoff

I don't understand the following statement: The price of a contingent claim is the expected value of the discounted payoff value under the risk neutral probability measure Q defined in complete markets ...
4
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1answer
263 views

Non-arbitrage theory and existence of a risk premium

Consider a probability filtred space $(\Omega, \mathcal F, \mathbb F, \mathbb P)$, where $\mathbb F = (\mathcal F_t)_{0\leq t\leq T}$ satisfing the habitual conditions and isgenerated by $1 d $- ...
4
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1answer
518 views

Sufficient conditions for no static arbitrage

In Carr and Madan (2005), the authors give sufficient conditions for a set of call prices to arise as integrals of a risk-neutral probability distribution (See Breeden and Litzenberger (1978)), and ...