# Tagged Questions

Questions about models for the valuation of option contracts.

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### binary option gap option cash or nothing option [on hold]

i have a lot of problem in understanding binary option specially the gap option how the pay-off can be negative ?and the prime can be also negative how we choose the strik price and the montant cash ...
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### Pricing options using particle swarm optimization (PSO)

I am currently trying to recreate some of the work done to price various types of options using particle swarm optimization. In particular, I am trying to price European options using a similar method ...
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### How do you check your option calculations?

I'm implementing a bunch of different algorithms to price options/find Greeks: finite difference, Monte Carlo, binomial... I'm not really sure how to check my calculations. I tried using QuantLib to ...
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### volatility of a mid curve option

Question: When checking the volatility surface for, let's say, a swaption, where the the option expires in 1Y and the underlying starts in 1Y and ends in 5Y, one would check the volatility surface ...
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### Acceptable difference of Bermudan Swaption prices computed under 1 Factor Hull-White and Libor Market Model

What is an acceptable difference between the Bermudan swaption prices computed with the 1 factor Hull-White model and the Libor Market model? Details: The set of underlying calibration ...
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### FTAP wih Heston Model

The Fundamental Theorem of Asset Pricing (FTAP) is invoked when we say the time $0$ price of a European option with payoff $g$ is $e^{-rT}E_Q(g(S_T))$, with the hypothesis that $e^{-rt}S_t$ is a $Q$-...
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### Can the concept of negative probabilities be used to price a call option?

Assume that we have a general one-period market model consisting of d+1 assets and N states. Using a replicating portfolio $\phi$, determine $\Pi(0;X)$, the price of a European call option, with ...
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### Pricing when arbitrage is possible through Negative Probabilities or something else

Assume that we have a general one-period market model consisting of d+1 assets and N states. Using a replicating portfolio $\phi$, determine $\Pi(0;X)$, the price of a European call option, with ...
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### Is Poisson Disk Sampling an alternative to crude Monte Carlo and QMC?

I recently stumbled over Poisson Disk Sampling (here and the meditative version). I wonder if it is an alternative to crude or quasi Monte Carlo for very high dimensional integrals. It is not ...
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### How does one calibrate a stochastic volatility model?

I will try to use SABR Model to price call options in FX market. What does it mean to calibrate the model? As far as my understanding of the Wikipedia article goes, it means to estimate the parameters....
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### Pricing of convertible bonds

I'm trying to evaluate a convertible bond using the structural approach : the price of convertible bond is an option (call) on the firm value. We suppose that the firm value is equal to the sum of the ...
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### Pricing of a Forward-start option in a Black-Scholes framework

I have read the pricing procedure of a Forward-start option in a Black-Scholes world in Musiela-Rutkowski, but I don't find their proof clear (pp. 195-6). Let me summarize their argument: Consider ...
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### What does (a,b,c curve coefficients) mean for an Implied Volatility Parameterized Surface data? [closed]

I have a dataset which provides a, b, c curve coefficients for an Implied Volatility Parameterized Surface data for a ticker. What do they mean?
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### How to calculate implied borrow rates from option chain information?

I am given information about a ticker with following options data: stock price, date, expiration date, strike price, call / put indicator, style (American or European), ask price, bid price, mean ...
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### why Implied Vol (VIX) increase with decrease in Stock Price or vice versa?

why Implied Vol (VIX) increase with decrease in Stock Price or vice versa? whereas Vega is positively related with change in option price to change in stock price.
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### Finding the corresponding Strike

I have been asked the following question recently, and I was unable to find the solution (I have the feeling that either a data is missing or I misunderstand a notion). Here is the following question :...
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### Swaption pricing

I am trying to understand the pricing of various types of swaptions. Suppose I have a swap that starts in 3 months time. How would I go about pricing a swaption on this swap in the following cases: ...
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### Importance Sampling for Least Square Monte Carlo

I am currently trying to implement and model an Importance Sampling estimator for Longstaff and Schwartz algorithm for pricing American put options. It is used such that more paths are in-the-money ...
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### Numerical computation of Heston model Integral: Simpsone Rule or Gauss-Legendre Method

I want to price a call option using the Heston model for a given set of parameters. theory from URL: http://elis.sigmath.es.osaka-u.ac.jp/research/Heston-original.pdf The integral equation (18) ...
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### Black scholes model for down and out European call option using Monte Carlo

I tried to implement Matlab program computing the price of the European down and out call option using Monte Carlo and Euler discretization scheme. I have initial price S0=50, strike K=50, barrier ...
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### HN-GARCH Option Pricing Function produces negative values (fOptions HNGOption)

I have implemented the fOptions package's hngarchFit() function to fit a Heston-Nandi GARCH model to a set of option prices, followed by the HNGOption() function to price them. Unfortunately, the ...
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### Initial/Boundary Conditions for a Butterfly Option?

What are the initial and boundary conditions for a Butterfly Option? I want to write up a PDE program for it and I have a rough idea of what the payoff should be (is it just a call and a put at the ...
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### A question about pricing convertible bond with two different underlying assets

I have a question regarding the pricing of convertible bond. If I value the convertible bond with two different underlying assets, how can I incorporate two volatility and the correlation in the ...
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### Is there any literature on a closed-form/analytical solution for American option prices with use of Chaos Theory?

I found the following paper which uses homotopy analysis for a closed-form solution. Does it have direct/apparent connections with chaos theory? http://bfi.cl/assets/zhao-wong-2006---a-closed-form-...
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### Which distribution do I get?

Let's assume the stock moves according to a classic Black-Scholes model, and makes a proportional jump with an unknown proportion. Say, it is either +1% or -3% of the stock value, and we know for sure ...
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### Could someone please share the Matlab code for the stochastic volatility jump diffusion option pricing model? (Bates model) [closed]

I have not been able to write a Matlab code for the Bates model without errors. Could someone share theirs please?