Questions about models for the valuation of option contracts.

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6
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1answer
560 views

What is the difference between market efficiency, market equilibrium, and no-arbitrage?

Aaron Brown (in the book, The Poker Face of Wall Street, p. 196), discusses four approaches to deriving the same Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing formula: Ed Thorp, Myron Scholes, Robert ...
2
votes
1answer
539 views

Black Scholes - how to calculate delta with a vol skew

I am trying to calculate the delta of an option at different strike prices where the underlying has a pronounced implied volatility skew in order to correctly hedge an options strategy. Researching ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

Implied volatility and pricing of vanilla options

As far as I understood, implied volatility (IV) is a lucky parametrization of the vanilla option's price. That is, instead of deciding how much the call worth now, you can decide on its IV and put ...
4
votes
1answer
592 views

SABR calibration: simple explanation and implementation

I would like to learn more about the SABR model and ho it is used in modeling smiles in equity, FX and rates markets. How would you explain the process and its implementation in simple steps? Any web ...
6
votes
1answer
906 views

What are the main flaws behind Ross Recovery Theorem?

Stephen Ross’ new paper claims that it is possible to separate risk aversions and historical probabilities if the Stochastic Discount Factor is transition independent using Perron-Frobenius Theorem. ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

how to use known premium of options to determine premium of options with another strike?

Assuming constant volatility across all strikes, how to use known premium of options to determine premium of options with another strike? e.g. suppose we know premium of \$40 call and put, \$50 call ...
1
vote
2answers
564 views

Price of a composite option

how would you calculate the fair value of an option on a fx'ed underlying, e.g. a put on a USD-stock which is changed into EUR? How should I get, in practice, the fx spot vol/correl? Purpose is to ...
1
vote
3answers
541 views

forward implied volatility skew

I would like to calculate implied forward volatility skew. I have stochastic volatility monte carlo. What kind of payoff do I need to price and how to use Black() formula to calculate the implied ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

option pricing with limitation on the change of underlying daily changes

how are we supposed to price an European option given the fact that the daily return of the underlying is limited within -X% to X%? For example, if X = 5, the price of the underlying cannot go up 8% ...
2
votes
2answers
225 views

Is it fair to assume $(ud=1)$ in the binomial tree option pricing model?

I have discussion with my colleague on why a general assumption $$ud=1$$ in binomial tree option pricing model would be necessary? I take it a simplification of the problem, otherwise, there will be ...
3
votes
0answers
147 views

negative transition probabilities in the heston model

I've been trying to implement a bivariate tree for pricing american options with the heston model in R using the paper of Beliaeva and Nawalkha ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Pricing American with floating strike

Consider a American floating strike put option with maturity $T$, written on a non-dividend paying stock $S_t$. The strike of this option at time $t\leq T$ is $Ke^{-r (T-t )}$, where $r$ is the ...
6
votes
1answer
664 views

Solving Black-Scholes PDE using Laplace transform

I'm trying to obtain the Laplace transform of Call option price with repect to time to maturity under the CEV process. The well known Black scholes PDE is given by $$ ...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

Literature on Empirical Option Pricing

When I started combing through the literature I was astonished about how little the option pricing models are tested against market data and benchmarks are limited. The main barrier is of course ...
5
votes
3answers
434 views

Option on a dice game

I am sligtly confused by this problem, although it should not be difficult. Let us roll a sigle dice. If the dice shows $n$, I receive $n$ dollars. I can buy an option to roll the die again. What is ...
3
votes
2answers
274 views

Valuation of barrier options in Jump diffusion model

I am trying to evaluate the value of a Barrier option using Monte carlo method. The stock follows a jump diffusion model. I am using the method described in Metwally and Atiya. The authors describe ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

How would you price this kind of derivative?

I am somewhat familiar with options but am wondering how to price calls/puts on this one: European exercise "Jumps" in underlying may occur Takes physical delivery upon exercise (is this even ...
2
votes
2answers
272 views

Exchange rate model and Martingales

In exchange rate model explanation, "...If under the domestic risk neutral measure $Q_d$, the process $X(t)$ satisfies $\displaystyle \frac{dX(t)}{X(t)}=\sigma dZ_d(t)$ Since $Z_d(t)$ is ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Discretization Schemes

I am working with two correlated SDE's and I was wondering if I could use two different discretization schemes for them. Is there maybe a reference of this being done? And can something be said about ...
0
votes
3answers
441 views

What is the effect of dividend yield being greater than the risk-free rate to American options pricing?

Even though dividends are discrete, literature often makes the assumption of continuous dividends (mostly in the case of indices but the individual stocks as well). The dividend yield denoted by q is ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Underlying changes impact on implied volatility

What are some valid techniques that can be used to simulate how changes in the underlying are most likely to impact implied volatility along with the skew of all strikes for options with the same ...
1
vote
1answer
184 views

Selling an American call option early

I understand it is never optimal to exercise an American call option early. [1] [2] However, here are my two contradictory thoughts about selling an American call option early. Assumptions I can ...
3
votes
1answer
203 views

Fitting stochastic variance distributions to index return data

I want to calculate option prices based on a realistic distribution of the underlying. The underlying is a liquid index such as Eurostoxx50. I think of two aproaches, both of them incorporate ...
11
votes
1answer
746 views

How to price a Swing Option?

I'm working in the commodity market and I've to price Swing Options with MATLAB, preferably with finite element. Has anyone already priced these kind of derivatives? I'm thinking about using the ...
1
vote
2answers
143 views

Pricing Principle 1

In Tomas Björk's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time (or here), $\exists$ this Pricing Principle. Is the one in red supposed to be the proof of the Pricing Principle 1? Or merely an intuitive ...
0
votes
3answers
187 views

Divergence between binomial pricing and monte carlo simulation for vanilla european call?

I notice a divergence in my own code, but it's evident even in public code: http://www.thalesians.com/finance/index.php/Knowledge_Base/Finance/Option_Pricing_in_Python_and_Simple_English Pricing a ...
1
vote
1answer
179 views

Does a delta hedged short option guarantee profit of extrinsic value at expiration?

If a trader shorts an option and dynamically delta hedges to ensure the delta is equal to 0 if that option expires out of the money does the trader profit that options extrinsic value at the time of ...
1
vote
2answers
97 views

Joint distribution from expectations

Given two random variables $X$ and $Y$ and let $K$ be a constant value. Assume the expectation $\mathbb{E}[X(Y-K)^{+}]$ is given for all possible values of $K\geq 0$. Is there a way to derive the ...
5
votes
1answer
755 views

Risk-neutral pricing in incomplete markets

I know that in order to use the risk-neutral valuation principle, that is, pricing options as their payoff function under a risk neutral measure, one has to have a complete market. But in the ...
0
votes
1answer
147 views

Intuitive understanding of Black-Scholes pricing

The Black-Scholes formula entails market completeness, so the price of an option is only the cost associated with dynamically hedging the option. Where does this cost come from? I don't see how ...
6
votes
2answers
580 views

The option values are different from two r package - foptions,rquantlib

The results are very different.I know the code from quantlib and the result of quantlib seem right(close to market price). Is there anyone know why the value from fOptions is so large or fOptions used ...
1
vote
2answers
913 views

calculate gamma value using finite difference method

I try to use the finite difference method to get the approximately gamma value, but there is an issue I can't solve. First, I set $h$ to 1 basis point of underlying asset value, but the result is not ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Sample size and historical correlation matrices

I was wondering whether any literatures existed on how to properly estimate correlation matrices from historical data. Obviously the entire procedures allows a lot of leeway. The frequency of ...
4
votes
2answers
671 views

Successfull applications of Chaos Theory in Quant Finance

Do successful applications of chaos theory to quant finance exist ? While still in the university I remember some people mentioning how chaos theory and fractals could be applied in a finance ...
2
votes
4answers
238 views

Is there any other way to measure option pricing model performance than proximity to market prices?

Short version Why do we take market prices as the prices to be estimated and predicted? The common answer is efficient markets hypothesis as in "Market agents do their best effort given their ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

american option and cash dividends

Can someoe help with this : What is the precise arbitrage argument demonstrating that the price of an american option should be continuous around an ex-dividend date? Thanks
1
vote
0answers
168 views

Pricing binary options with kernel density estimation

Suppose I have a large enough set of prices of an asset, from which I can extract the following function: $f:T\to\mathcal{D}$, where $T$ is a fixed finite set of time intervals (say, 1 minute, 2 ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

Valuation of Cox-Ross-Rubinstein Model

We have a Cox-Ross-Rubinstein model with parameters $u$ ("up"), $d$ ("down") , $r$ (interest rate) and $q$ (equivalent martingale probability) $(q=(1+r-d)(u-d)^{-1})$ . We have a contingent claim with ...
2
votes
1answer
258 views

A question about pricing convertible bond with two different underlying assets

I have a question regarding the pricing of convertible bond. If I value the convertible bond with two different underlying assets, how can I incorporate two volatility and the correlation in the ...
1
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0answers
137 views

American Swaption Pricing with PDE discretization

So I am still trying to price an american swaption. (MC approach here: American Swaption Pricing with Monte-Carlo method) I've found in Paul Wilmott, The mathematics of financial derivatives, a PDE ...
2
votes
1answer
448 views

American Swaption Pricing with Monte-Carlo method

I want to price an American swaption but I am not sure about what I am doing. Tree methods and PDE discretization seem difficult to adapt to a swaption. I am trying a Monte-Carlo approach. (in ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Simple pricing example confusion

This it taken from "Heard on the Street", Section B. Consider a market with $0$ risk-free rate, no transactions costs etc. The IBM stock costs \$75 and does not pay dividends. Design a security ...
3
votes
1answer
188 views

How to price this option without using BS framework

We have a stock at price 1 dollar which pays no dividend. Also we assume zero interest rate. When the price hits $H$ dollars for the first time where $H>1$, we can exercise the option and receive 1 ...
1
vote
2answers
102 views

Efficient numerical approaches for pricing American Options with multiple sources of noise

I am looking for efficient numerical approaches for pricing American options when two or more sources of noise are involved (the simplest case coming to mind would be the Heston Model) Eventhough I ...
3
votes
2answers
388 views

Pricing an american style option on a bond future

what is the good way to pricing american option on bond future? From bonk fixed income securities 3rd by Tuckman, I understand how to pricing European option on bond future, but I still have no clue ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Incorporating a stochastic correlation structure into a multi-factor model

I am considering extending a multi-factor fixed income stochastic model (e.g. LIBOR-Market) to use stochastic correlation matrices instead of determinstic ones. For pricing instruments with short ...
4
votes
3answers
303 views

How to hedge a derivative that pays the reciprocal of the stock price?

1) Suppose S is the stock price, how to hedge a derivative that pays $1/S_t$ at time $t$? 2) Suppose there will be a dividend of amount $d$ between $t$ and $T$, how to hedge a derivative that pays ...
2
votes
2answers
231 views

Options with a stochastic strike

Do options where the strike itself is a stochastic process exist? If they do - what are the motivations for such a product and where is it used ? Example: Call-Option with stochastic strike: ...
5
votes
1answer
217 views

Does risk-neutral measure have anything to deal with risk-neutrality in utility theory?

Or simply: why do we call equivalent martingale measures as risk-neutral measures? In the utility or game theory, when we consider a person's preferences to certain outcomes, we often deal with the ...
1
vote
1answer
168 views

Effects of random-generator-choice on derivative's price

There is a plethora of pseudo-random-generators out there. Some of them are definetly better and some of them severily underperform. My standard tool is Mersenne Twister - when I need to generate ...