Questions about models for the valuation of option contracts.

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251 views

binary tree options pricing model with dividend value - How should I discount the option at?

the expected value of the option given the next period up, down values is: $ Pexp = (p Price_{next, up} + (1 - p) Price_{next, down})/R$ where p is defined as $p = \frac{\exp(-r \times \Delta t) - ...
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187 views

How does Vega of a call/put behave under the Black-Scholes model?

I have two questions. I would prefer a reference if possible. Is the value of vega bounded for $\sigma\in [0,\infty)$? (I assume so, I imagine it goes to 0 as $\sigma$ go to infinity.) Are there any ...
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600 views

Arbirtage free price process question in Bjork's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time

I am currently working through questions in Bjork's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time. However, I am unable to solve the following question, 7.2 in the book. A solution would be greatly appreciated. ...
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201 views

reinsurance pricing equivalent to option pricing

Is it true that pricing a reinsurance contact is equivalent to pricing an option. Basically a reinsurance just cuts off the risk exposure of the insured institution to a threshold say $K$. So if we ...
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484 views

Question on OptionMetrics: “Strike Price times 1000” differs too much from Index price

I have a question regarding the strike price that is given on OptionMetrics. My goal is to primarily retrieve options prices of a specific maturity with strike prices that are 20% in-the-money, ...
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29 views

Is $(1,0,0,0,…,0)$ a legitimate dividend stream?

A book I am reading defines a positive linear functional as a "price functional" from a set of adapted processes to the real numbers. Specifically, it defines a "consistent price functional" as one ...
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18 views

Pricing with-profit/smoothed bonus annuity using Black-Scholes

Would this be possible? Subsequently, would the pricing of such an annuity be somewhat similar to pricing a lookback option?
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84 views

Numerical Methods for Merton Model

The stochastic differential equation for an underlying with jumps in Merton model is: $$d{{S}_{t}}=\mu \,{{S}_{t}}dt+\sigma \,{{S}_{t}}\,d{{W}_{t}}^{P}+(J-1){{S}_{t}}d{{q}_{t}}$$ where $t \quad\,\,\, ...
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70 views

Arbitrage opportunity in discrete time

Say we have the following binary option $B$ on asset $S$ with strike K and expiration time T, assume also that the following relation holds at time $0$: $B > N*C(K,T)-N*C(K+1/N,T)$ Where $N$ is ...
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50 views

Binary American Call Option (Cash or Nothing)

Suppose we have a stock with current price $S(0)=X$ and the interest rate is zero. When the stock reaches level $\$ H$ for the first time ($H>X$), the option can be exercised and its payoff is $\$ ...
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40 views

Pricing function $P(S,t)$ is convex in $S$ for all $t$

I am now reading Alternative Characterization of American Put Options by Carr et all (available at http://www.math.nyu.edu/research/carrp/papers/pdf/amerput7.pdf). There is a theorem called 'Main ...
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51 views

Potential Arbitrage profit or proof problem

So the question asks: Consider 4 following European call and put options with the same maturity time: Call option with strike price $100$ sell for $45$ Call option with strike price $110$ sell for ...
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50 views

Euler discretization bias, heston model

I am performing option pricing using Heston model and Euler discretization. I'm getting the following result: ...
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66 views

School project about Black Scholes with stochastic volatility

In a university project I am looking at Black Scholes model with a stochastic volatility. I’m still not quite sure about my focus (I am in the beginning 'Idea phase'). I want to explain the theory ...
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95 views

Heston model - Andersen scheme implementation

I would like to implement Andersen scheme for Heston simulation. On the following snipped is my code for generating asset path: ...
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33 views

Cumulants of variance gamma with stochastic arrival (VGSA) model

The characteristic function of the VGSA model is defined as a specific parameterization of the characteristic function of the CIR (Cox-Ingersol-Ross mean reverting process) time-change: $ ...
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145 views

Calculating historical implied volatility

I know that each individual option has it's own implied volatility, but how do you go about calculating the overall implied volatility for an underlying? For example when someone sais the IV of a ...
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18 views

Pricing claims of parties in a fund

I'm working on the following problem and would appreciate some input because I'm stuck. Consider a fund that works as follows. The fund starts with $S_0$ worth of assets following a geometric ...
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83 views

Which option pricing models agree best with the market, given the asset price is known?

Assuming you can somewhat forecast the underling asset price movement, and you want to translate this value into the corresponding option price. In practice, which are the better models for this task? ...
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32 views

Jacobian for Newton method for American options by front fixing

In this paper Penalty and front-fixing methods for the numerical solution of American option problems a front fixing method based on Newton is described for an American put option is described. I am ...
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101 views

Computation of option vega under CEV

It is easy to define the option vega $\nu=\frac{\partial C}{\partial \sigma}$ under Black Scholes model since volatility is a single quantity. However, under CEV or local volaility model, it is ...
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70 views

Calculate put price with Black-Scholes and one discrete dividend

I try to solve this exercise: a) Calclculate the price of a 3-month European put option on a non-dividend-paying stock with a strike price of 45 when the current stock price is 40, the risk-free ...
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109 views

Black-Scholes formula with deterministic interest rate and dividend yield

Does any one have the Black-Scholes formula for a European call with time-dependent but deterministic interest rate and dividend yield ?
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103 views

Shorting a Synthetic Long [closed]

I have the following information: Call Premium: 0.30 Put Premium: 40.4 Strike: 130 1-Month Risk-Free Rate: 0% Market Price: $85.00 If I use the Synthetic Long ...
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94 views

Price of an American call option [closed]

I'm working through revision questions at the moment and we are asked to compute the price of an American call option. Suppose that $dS_t = \sigma S_t dW^*_t, S_0 >0$ Let $0<U<T$ be fixed ...
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299 views

“Hedging” a put option, question on exercise

I have a question on the following exercise from S. Shreve: Stochastic Calculus for Finance, I: Exercise 4.2. In Example 4.2.1, we computed the time-zero value of the American put with strike ...
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75 views

Call option pricing using CCR model - derivation problem

I'm viewing the following derivation of a Call Option price using the CRR model. There is one piece of the derivation which I cannot understand. \begin{align} C_0 &= e^{-rT} \sum_{i=0}^{N} ...
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2answers
118 views

Value a structured note with Black-Scholes

Apologies in advance if this seems like a straight forward question but I'm really unsure how to go about it. Say I have the payoff for a structured note benchmarked against an index and I have a ...
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187 views

Why implied volatility is less for the back month option even though the back month option is more expensive

Why is the implied volatility of this option at the ATM strike (18$) greater in the front month (March) than in a further month (Oct). The Oct month has 43%, but the front month has 54%. Should not ...
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112 views

Complicated American style option contract with numerous non-standard features (simultanous exercise, additional premium, etc.)

I want to value the following contract for times $0<t<T$, i.e. determine $V(t,\cdot)$ where $\cdot$ refers to all other dependences (strike, spot, volatility, etc.). The contract is long and ...
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67 views

How to apply the chain rule for partial derivatives to transformations?

I'm currently working to solve the Black-Scholes model partial differential equation (it's a model for a.o. stock option prices). The Black-Scholes equation for a calloption C(S,t) is given by $ ...
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31 views

Spread options on prices or returns?

I need some clarifications regarding spread options. I have always found them characterized as paying, at maturity, the difference between the prices of two underlying assets: $$ (S_1(T)-S_2(T)-K)^+ ...
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72 views

Value of an option to exchange an asset for another

I'm working out the examples in the paper "Changes of Numeraire, Changes of Probability Measure and Option Pricing", corollary 3. An option of exchanging asset 2 against asset 1 at time T, its time-0 ...
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71 views

Underlying changes impact on implied volatility

What are some valid techniques that can be used to simulate how changes in the underlying are most likely to impact implied volatility along with the skew of all strikes for options with the same ...
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169 views

Pricing binary options with kernel density estimation

Suppose I have a large enough set of prices of an asset, from which I can extract the following function: $f:T\to\mathcal{D}$, where $T$ is a fixed finite set of time intervals (say, 1 minute, 2 ...
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142 views

American Swaption Pricing with PDE discretization

So I am still trying to price an american swaption. (MC approach here: American Swaption Pricing with Monte-Carlo method) I've found in Paul Wilmott, The mathematics of financial derivatives, a PDE ...
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62 views

Incorporating a stochastic correlation structure into a multi-factor model

I am considering extending a multi-factor fixed income stochastic model (e.g. LIBOR-Market) to use stochastic correlation matrices instead of determinstic ones. For pricing instruments with short ...
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128 views

Do you use software for finite element valuation or do you roll your own?

Engineers put a lot of time and effort in developping high quality finite element (FE) software (deal.II, Dune, Elmer,...). So I was wondering if some of those tools would be suitable for quantitative ...
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622 views

Implied volatility and greeks for american option with discrete dividends

What methods are available to calculate IV and greeks for an american option with discrete dividends, and how do they compare? Should I use Roll-Geske-Whaley and solve for a given option price?
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242 views

How to statistically compare the pricing errors of various option pricing models?

I have three different option pricing models, for which I computed the in-sample and out-of-sample pricing errors. Now I want to test the pricing performance of these three option pricing models ...
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278 views

Pricing a Power Contract derivative security

I'm trying to price a "power contract" and would appreciate guidance on the next step. The payoff at time $T$ is $(S(T)/K)^\alpha$, where $K > 0$, $\alpha \in \mathbb{N}$, $T > 0$. $S$ is ...
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135 views

Am I reading this correctly? probability way too small with BS model

For a stock trading at $27, $28 strike, 0% interest, 15% annual vol, and one day until expiration there is about a 1 in 17000 chance of it being exercised? $d_2 = ...
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214 views

Exotic option pricing

I'm trying to price an option with payoff $\max\{a\cdot S_t - K,0\}$ where $a$ is a known constant. Ideally I'm looking for a closed form, continuous-time solution. Where should I begin?
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2answers
284 views

Why gamma for ATM option decreases as volatility increases

Why is the gamma for an at the money option less when volatility increases. Intuitively ,I thought that increasing volatility means more uncertainty,hence the option price will be more sensitive to ...
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2answers
38 views

Overpricing Bermudan swaption using Shifted LMM

I am trying to model a callable range accrual note linked to the EUR CMS spread, 20Y-10Y, with cap and floor. The note is Bermudan, callable starting year 3, every 3 years till maturity at 30 year. We ...
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1answer
98 views

Does the fact that volatility is not constant imply existence of skew?

I had a question regarding the existence of the volatility skew. I've tried researching it a fair bit and I come across a few different explanations: 1. Market participants like buying downside puts ...
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249 views

Difference between Closing Price, Last traded price and Settlement Price for option contracts?

What is the difference between Closing price, Last traded price and settlement price ? I got the difference between Closing Price and Settlement price from previous post : The difference between ...
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3answers
193 views

Divergence between binomial pricing and monte carlo simulation for vanilla european call?

I notice a divergence in my own code, but it's evident even in public code: http://www.thalesians.com/finance/index.php/Knowledge_Base/Finance/Option_Pricing_in_Python_and_Simple_English Pricing a ...
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419 views

Does an option's price “ratio” with the underlying security price?

I'm trying to understand option pricing better. Let's say security ABC is \$40, and a 38 PUT option with 40% implied volatility (and 90 days till expiration) is priced at X. If security ABC then ...
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2answers
74 views

How is the fundamental theorem of asset pricing used?

I know that a multi-period market model is complete and arbitrage free if there's a unique equivalent martingale measure. The thing is, I have absolutely no clue how to apply this theorem to a simple ...