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32 views

Delta hedge compound option

Delta hedge portfolio should be adjusted from one period to the other, as the ratio changes. How does it work with compound options though? Suppose, I have a put on a call option on a stock, in 2 time ...
-1
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1answer
68 views

Black_scholes formula for a butterfly option

Im wondering if I can apply Black-Scholes formula to valorate a butterfly option, i.e: $$B(T)=Vcall(S(T)-K,0)+Vcall(S(T)-K',0)-2Vcall(S(T)-K'',0)$$ with $K<K''<K'$, just evaluating each call ...
0
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2answers
65 views

How to automatically get all options data for a particular stock into microsoft excel?

I'm looking for a way to get the entire options chain (All options expiries) for a particular stock in excel without manually copy pasting anything. It does not have to be real time and I will only be ...
3
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2answers
149 views

How to trade leveraged ETFs

Leveraged ETFs (LETFs) are known to lose value over time due to the "volatility decay" effect. What're the most common strategies for trading LETFs to take advantage of this volatility effect? Also, ...
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2answers
82 views

Analysis of exercising a call option early

Most options traders sell their call options early instead of exercising them, as you would make a bigger profit this way due to being able to salvage some remaining extrinsic value. For example: ...
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2answers
102 views

Delta Hedging for 2 Factor Models

If the value of an option at Maturity is what is the off-setting position you take for X and Y, if you are i)Long Call of the option ii)Short Call of the option iii)Long Put of the option iv)Short ...
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0answers
16 views

Selling two uncorrelated OTM options lowers the over all probability of profit?

I am trying to simulate shorting two uncorrelated put options, I wrote a python program and used monte carlo method to simulate the PnL on expiration: gist It seems the probability of profit is ...
0
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2answers
100 views

delta hedging strategy for OTM option

Wondering how you would think about the following thought experiment - suppose you sell an OTM call option and plan to implement a delta hedging strategy whereby if the price of the stock were to ...
1
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1answer
51 views

Is it possible to detect a belief that a security will peak and then decline by analyzing American options pricing?

Please forgive me if this is a dumb question. I know only the basics of options and their valuation, and this is a question I've wondered for some time without being able to find a satisfactory answer ...
3
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3answers
123 views

Implied volatility of a complex options position

Assume I have a "complex" options position like a straddle, strangle, or iron condor. In other words, several options traded together as a single position against one underlying asset (not a basket ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Computation of option vega under CEV

It is easy to define the option vega $\nu=\frac{\partial C}{\partial \sigma}$ under Black Scholes model since volatility is a single quantity. However, under CEV or local volaility model, it is ...
0
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0answers
72 views

Discrete Hedging of Options

Assume that a stock $S_t$ follows simple geometric Brownian motion. Let's say we sold option whose payoff is $f(S_T)$. Now, we are only allowed to trade 2 times in the interval [0,T]. What kind of ...
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0answers
47 views

Risks Associated with Option Arbitrage Portfolio

If my math is correct, if I construct the following portfolio of options the worst that I can do regardless of what the underlying does is profit $1.74 (less commissions). Is this correct? Are there ...
11
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1answer
336 views

What mathematical models did Harry Markopolos run to prove that Bernie Madoff 1% a month gain was a Ponzi scheme?

http://www.cbsnews.com/news/the-man-who-figured-out-madoffs-scheme-27-02-2009/ Asked how long it took him to figure out something was wrong, Markopolos said, "It took me five minutes to know ...
3
votes
0answers
68 views

why many option contract price less than minimum boundary price?

I downloaded data from NSE(National Stock Exchange) website regarding closing price of European Call Option written on Index. From standard textbook, I read that option contract must satisfy $C(t) ...
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4answers
129 views

analytic formula for the value of an American put option

It seems to be a foolish question but I can't take my mind off from , Is it true that there is no analytic formula for the value of an American put option on a non-dividend-paying stock (or a divident ...
3
votes
2answers
161 views

Why/How does a hedged portfolio make profits?

This is probably a very easy question but I am new to the field and couldn't find an answer. Assuming that I am building a hedged portfolio with a long option and going short delta on the underlying. ...
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2answers
262 views

Option arbitrage with dividends?

If a stock pays a discrete dividend, the stock price falls by the amount of the dividend. There is no arbitrage opportunity from this predictable jump, because the investors receive the same amount of ...
2
votes
2answers
140 views

Short volatility strategy using strangles

For a short volatility strategy using option strangles, is it better to target a fixed premium to earn? Or a fixed vega? Objective is to maximise the return/risk (sharpe) of the strategy. Any help ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

How to measure the performance of an systematic option strategy

I have a strategy based only on option instruments and I am trying to measure its performance to optimize some parameters. But how does one measure the performance of such strategies? For Sharpe ...
0
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1answer
58 views

Are “American” option strategies traded OTC?

Is there such a thing as an American butterfly spread? For a European butterfly spread simply buying 1 put with strike price X+a, 1 put with strike price X-a and shorting 2 calls with strike price X, ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

What is the strike of a short put that mimics a covered call

If I am long a stock $X$ which I purchased at $\$100$ and sold a covered call in the front month with strike $\$105$ for $\$2$ then is it true that the covered call is equivalent to a naked put at ...
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2answers
585 views

Why a calendar spread is a preferred strategy in a low volatility period

What is it about a calendar spreadas opposed to other spreads(e.g vertical spread) that makes it such a popular strategy for a period of low implied volatility? Is it that when low volatility turns ...
0
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1answer
520 views

Under what circumstances would one want to delta hedge a straddle

Under what circumstances would one want to delta hedge a straddle option? This link explains: ...
2
votes
1answer
785 views

Effect of time to maturity on european put option

Let $C(K,T,S_0)$ denote the price of an European call option with strike K and maturity T on underlying price $S_0$. Assume interest rate $r>0$. Then of course $C(K,T,S_0) \geq 0$ and $C(K,T,S_0) ...
2
votes
2answers
152 views

Exercise on American call option and dividends

Consider an americal Call option on an underlying paying dividends. Then it is often argued that it is only optimal to exercise right before the dividend is paid out, otherwise one will not exercise. ...
1
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1answer
131 views

Mysterious disappearance of options from historical datasets

I am in the process of analyzing historical options data, and I keep finding options that mysteriously disappear before they are due to expire. For example: For the QQQ $69 Put, ...
0
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2answers
159 views

Why long power and short gas for Merchant power plant

Merchant power plant is one that can be turned on whenever you want. Suppose it is generating electricity from natural gas and we have a spark-spread option. Why is that the person who owns plant is ...
1
vote
1answer
270 views

Given future price probability distribution, what is a strategy that maximizes return?

Say I know the price probability distribution, e.g., lognormal(p,s), of a stock X at a future time ...
5
votes
2answers
380 views

Algorithmical replication of a profit and loss function using different options

I often see questions like "Given this payoff graph (example below), construct a portfolio that replicates it." I want to know if there is an efficient method/algorithm to find the individual pieces ...
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0answers
67 views

Binary options and European option is similar?

European options and binary (digital) options is similar? How apply the Black & Scholes formula on binary option?
0
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1answer
398 views

Risk-free investment strategy for european call and put option

I have some trouble solving the following question: We have an european call and put option (with the same maturity date $T$ en strike $E=10$). The stock price now is $S=11$ and we use a continuous ...
0
votes
1answer
325 views

Calculating Greeks in Covered Calls?

Just want to confirm whether Delta, Gamma, Theta, Vega will be calculated in the following way? Since we own 100 shares of stock while selling a call we need to subtract greek value from one? right? ...
1
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1answer
192 views

stock option strategies long vs short

What makes an option strategy long or short? I got the impression that if it is a net debit (you pay to open the strategy) it is classified 'long' (strangle, straddle) Then I learned about the call ...
2
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2answers
238 views

What is most reasonable approach to determine side of a multi-leg options order?

Say, 4-legged multi-leg options order with below leg ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Seagull option strategy - clear example

It looks like the subject of seagull option strategy is not as clearly explained as for other strategies (butterly, bull,bear spread). Thus, can someone provide a clear example of what you buy and ...
0
votes
1answer
123 views

Symmetry of option-implied probability density

I was wondering whether the option implied probability density of the log returns: $x = \ln\left(\frac{S}{S_0}\right)$ with S the value of a certain stock, is always symmetric ? I was asking myself ...
0
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1answer
194 views

Floor and Cap problem

So I have a problem from Marcel Finan's "A Basic Course in the Theory of Interest and Derivative Markets." We are going over floors and caps, covered puts and covered calls. Consider the following ...
2
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1answer
150 views

Hedging differences between equity and index options?

Suppose we hedge an index option using futures on that index. How would the hedging strategy be different if the underlying could be traded directly (from a risk point of view)?
4
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1answer
3k views

Call option arbitrage opportunity

I am having trouble wrapping my head around some text provided to us by our lecturer (unfortunately he is currently unavailable). If we let $c$ be the price of a European call option, $S_0$ the ...
1
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0answers
371 views

Call options portfolio: what would the underlyings' moments to be maximized?

Let you have only three underlyings, like SPY, TLT and GLD, and you want to buy $n_{1}$ Call options on SPY, $n_{2}$ Call options on TLT and $n_{3}$ Call options on GLD... with a limited budget, that ...
2
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1answer
230 views

Greeks and Option Premium

If a linear sum of options is constructed such that the premium payout is zero, then does it mean that resultant greeks of the cumulated options positions will be nearly zero. For simplicity, lets ...
0
votes
4answers
292 views

What is the Benefit of holding a short option?

i am new to corporate finance and ask myself why a investor is interested in being short on a Option? The only he can win is a premium but he can loose much more. I understand with being a short I can ...
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2answers
2k views

statistical arbitrage option overlay strategies / volatility trading

Here's an interesting trading puzzle that I would love to get the community's input on. Let's say there exists an alpha signal that does a good job of sorting equities expected excess returns over ...
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votes
2answers
1k views

How to calculate the most realistic historical option prices with additional publicly available parameters

This is a follow up question of this one. My aim is to create the most realistic historical option prices possible with publicly available data. I want to do this for backtesting purposes. The ...
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3answers
746 views

What benchmark/index to use for backtesting a portfolio of stock options?

What benchmark should I use for backtesting a model for when I should buy an option of a particular stock? For equities, one could say their portfolio outperformed the S&P 500. I would like to ...
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4answers
3k views

True or False? An option's price will always be greater than or equal to its intrinsic value

Since if the option's price is lower than its intrinsic value (eg. strike price - current stock price for puts), then an arbitrage opportunity arises from buying the option at bargain and then ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How to hedge a bull call spread

I am trying to make a theoretical hedge to a bull call spread. (buy out the money call, sell further out the money call) What I have now is almost effective but there is one possible 80% loss ...
4
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1answer
192 views

Analysis of Unbalanced Covered Calls

Hello I am doing an analysis on covered calls with and extra amount of naked calls. Ignore the symbol and current macroeconomic events. I couldn't find any reference to this strategy (unbalanced is ...
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2answers
3k views

Are there comprehensive analyses of theta decay in weekly options?

Are there comprehensive analyses of how much theta a weekly options loses in a day, per day? I know what the shape of theta decay looks like, in theory, where the decay towards zero happens more ...