A contract that gives the owner the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell a security at a fixed price in the future.

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US options market/microstruture research

Can someone point out where to find up to date market/microstruture research in the options market?
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Principal Protected Notes

I have a few questions on the structuring of principal protected notes. Let's say that the note has a call option on the S&P500 so that it has the following payoff at maturity: $PPN_T=100\% + A ...
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1answer
49 views

Symbols for options on gold futures

I have a historical data set containing only options on gold futures. If I print out a unique list of option symbols I get: ...
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20 views

Calculate minimum IV increase to offset theta

How would one calculate the minimum implied volatility increase necessary to offset theta decay? IV is typically a percentage, while theta is a dollar value. In theory I think I could look at what ...
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6 views

Finding the price of an option that will be exercised [duplicate]

I am reposting this question because it was originally unclear, and I didn't get the answers I was hoping for. In my finance book I have the following question T-bills currently yield 5.5 percent. ...
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1answer
95 views

Pricing a call when minimum stock price above strike with certainty

I am editing this question because it was originally unclear, and I didn't get the answers I was hoping for. In my finance book I have the following question T-bills currently yield 5.5 percent. ...
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1answer
69 views

Covariance structure of call option surface

Assume the observed call option prices $C(K_i,T_i)$ for $i = 1,\dots,N$ are disturbed by some unknown measurement noise $\epsilon$. What would an appropriate covariance structure be for $\epsilon$? ...
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9 views

How discount TVaR of a put option?

Let say I want to calculate the TVaR of a put option. After I simulated possible outcomes in real-world, how do I discount the outcomes? Is there a difference if I am hedged or not? I tried to use ...
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18 views

Price a put option on a CPPI

I want to price a put option on a CPPI using Monte Carlo. I have found so far this article which prices a call on a CPPI. I was wondering if I could use the put/call parity here, and and if so, how ...
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21 views

Literature on “Risky Risky” Method

Trying to get some information/examples on a method called "risky risky" in the context of equity option/convertible bond valuation.
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37 views

Hedge volatility decreases

My particular options positions are typically a long delta, and long vega. Decreases in implied volatility, or specifically the VIX, can drastically alter the profitability of my position. Is there a ...
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1answer
29 views

asian option – exotic option – real data, authentic examples?

I would be pleased if any of You can give me the real example of an asian option (or other exotic option) that is being traded or that is offered by some institution. I have been searching the whole ...
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1answer
97 views

Risk Neutrality Necessary for Dual Delta Calculation?

I have an option chain for a specific expiry date. Then calculate dP/dK numerically for each pair of strikes. My hunch is that this calculation is not risk neutral in the strictest sense of the word ...
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32 views

Impact of Implied skew variations on future prices

I want to test the relationship between of the oil implied volatility skew and oil future prices. I'm lost regarding the method to test the relationship. I was thinking about a regression but I'm ...
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1answer
50 views

binomial option pricing model - problem with risk-neutral probability

I have a little problem: in the binomial option pricing model, the price of a european derivative security $V_{n}$ satisfies: $V_{n}=[1/(1+r)]*[\tilde{p}*optionUp +\tilde{q}*optionDown]$ where: ...
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3answers
228 views

What is the fair price of this option?

Without having to use Black-Scholes, how do I price this option using a basic no-arbitrage argument? Question Assume zero interest rate and a stock with current price at \$$1$ that pays no dividend. ...
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2answers
77 views

Calculating time value of an option

Can someone provide me with a robust way of calculating the future time value of an option or point in the direction? I have been reading a lot about the factors that affect it and about betas and ...
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1answer
42 views

Does a call calendar lose its entire value if underlying increases well past the strike?

If I buy a call calendar spread, and the underlying increases, both options are in the money by the expiry of the short call. So both options increase in value, but the short one increases less ...
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1answer
73 views

Convert a call spread to a butterfly to mitigate risk

I do not have a source for this (apologies), but sometimes, I hear about option traders initiating a vertical spread(short) and then converting that call spread to a butterfly spread to mitigate risk. ...
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1answer
51 views

Why vega increases further out in time

Why do back months options have a higher vega than front month options? If possible , kindly explain on an intuitive level without a lot of math.
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28 views

How to manage risk on a call calendar when underlying is falling

Let us say I bough a call calendar spread. Now, at expiry of the short option, the underlying has decreased significantly, and I am approaching my max loss(i.e both the options are close to 0). In ...
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1answer
32 views

Pricing of a call option in one period binomial model

You are given a $5\%$ call option worth $\$2.66$. The strike price $k$ is $\$41.00$. $S(0)=40$, $Sd=35$ (i.e the lower price of the stock at $t=1$) find $Su$ (i.e the high price of the stock at ...
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1answer
141 views

How to approximate the time to mean reversion for implied volatility

Given an option and its implied volatility, and also the mean value of the implied volatility over the last 30 days, if we find that the current IV is significantly (> 1 std dev.) away from the mean, ...
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2answers
244 views

Why an option has sometimes and implied volatility greater than 100%?

Sometimes, in an option chain, the implied volatility of an option is greater than 100% . How is this possible? I mean, it is possible for 100$ stock to increase more than 100%, but not decrease more ...
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1answer
128 views

What does the “-E” mean at the end of a CBOE options symbol?

Below is are some option quotes taken directly from the CBOE website. I am wondering what the -E, -4, -8, -A, -B, -I, -J etc..that are at the end of the options ...
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1answer
50 views

Reuters RIC chain for Eurodollar midcurve options

Can someone please tell me what this is? Thanks. Edit: The RIC for the straight eurodollar options is 0#GE+, I need RICs for the 1,2,3,4 mid curve options which the IMM/IOM calls GE0, GE2, GE3, ...
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19 views

Complicated American style option contract with numerous non-standard features (simultanous exercise, additional premium, etc.)

I want to value the following contract for times $0<t<T$, i.e. determine $V(t,\cdot)$ where $\cdot$ refers to all other dependences (strike, spot, volatility, etc.). The contract is long and ...
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2answers
123 views

Breaking Down Option P&L

I am comparing the MTM valuations of two risk systems, with respect to FX Options. My Question is can I quantify the difference in MTMs given the following: System1: AUD/JPY, MTM = USD 461,000, ...
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1answer
130 views

Backtesting on historical option data

I have downloaded some daily historical option data for a timespan of 10 years and want to perform trading backtests with them. Data are European index options, on ODAX. My question is about realistic ...
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1answer
132 views

Market data for options

Looking for recommendations on places to get market data for options. I'm looking at NYSE and NASDAQ only. My current solution is my broker, Tradeking. I can request realtime data for 700 option ...
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2answers
176 views

How to price exotic options using Monte-Carlo?

I am actually trying to solve some exercise problem using Monte-Carlo and C++ for exotic options. Namely, the exotic options are geometric Asian options and discrete barrier option. It is claimed ...
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49 views

Straddle neutral strategy

What does it mean to implement a delta-neutral strategy for straddle ? A straddle consists in buying a call and a put simultaneously, at the same date, on same underlying, with same maturity and ...
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60 views

Volatility Surface Constituents, do's and dont's

Recently I have been working a lot with implied volatility and volatility surfaces. The basic idea is easy to follow: 1) Gather market prices of options at different (Strike,Expiry) 2) Calculate ...
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Why is the vega of an at the money option so insensitive to movements in volatility? I.e, why do ATM options have such little Vomma?

I've been trying to understand why at the money options have very little vomma. I was reading and came across a graph that showed vega as volatility changes and I couldn't grasp how the relationships ...
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1answer
86 views

Which volatility to use to price options on futures contract?

I have some questions regarding pricing futures options and I just want to be sure that my thoughts are correct. I am trying to price options on futures for american & european style. In the ...
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1answer
89 views

Why does expected price of OTM option not equal to BS price?

If I assume that stock returns follow normal distribution with drift = 0% and S.D. = 10%. In the long, if I keep investing in this stock for a year with the same capital every year for a consecutive ...
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43 views

Option greeks: sensitivity to 1% move

In a Black&Scholes framework how can I compute the following sensitivities: to 1% move in the underlying price to 1% move in implied volatility I would like the greeks to tell me how many ...
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2answers
99 views

Time-independent local volatility

Suppose somebody provides us with a surface of European call prices $C(\tau,K)$ where $\tau$ stands for time-to-maturity and $K$ for the strike. By Dupire's results, there is a unique local volatility ...
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12 views

How does implied volatility of puts relate to strike price in presence of negative news? [duplicate]

There is a lot of literature available but i don't kind understand that if there is a negative news about a stock with the traders why do puts with lower strike tend to have higher implied volatility ...
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44 views

How to value an expansion option?

Fair warning this is help with homework. I am not asking for an answer but some guidance or a formula would be nice. I have absolutely no background in finance and this class is online with no ...
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88 views

Why is this delta-hedging/P&L example on a variance swap call correct?

I'm looking into this article about var swaps: http://sbossu.com/docs/VarSwaps.pdf and not sure how to correctly interpret Exhibit 2.1.1. "In this example an option trader sold a 1-year call ...
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3answers
386 views

Any New Discoveries in Quantitative Finance?

It seems like the field has become stagnant in the decades following the enormously successful and influential Black Scholes model. (The original paper has been cited a staggering 25,000 times - more ...
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1answer
113 views

What is the mechanism of Asian option?

I have no problem with the mathematical definition of an Asian option. For example, assume the strike price is $K$, the expiration date is $T$, the underlying asset has price $S(t)$, and the payoff is ...
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138 views

Why is the price of a call option with $K=0$ equal to the price of the stock $S_0$?

In a case of a call option with strike $K=0$, then payoff at expiration time $T$ is equal to: $$(S_T-0,0)^{+}=S_T$$ In reality the price of the option on the date of maturity is never equal to the ...
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1answer
146 views

Some questions about implied volatilities and how to generate theoretical prices when market prices are not available

I am building a little Excel file that take some option prices in input and plots the volatility smile/surface. I have a script that reads market prices from the option chain for 3 different ...
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1answer
85 views

Price an option whose strike price is always lower than the future price of the security

Suppose it is known that the price of a certain security after one period will be one of the $m$ values $s_1,\ldots,s_m$. What should be the cost of an option to purchase the security at time $1$ for ...
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1answer
143 views

Gamma is always positive on both put and call

I recently met the claim that for standard put and calls the gamma of the options are always positive. Is this a general result? I am hoping not to assume any model, especially not Black-Scholes.
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2answers
125 views

How to compute the VaR for European Call, using the delta-normal method?

I have a European call option with current stock price $S_0$, strike $K$, risk-free rate $r$, volatility $\sigma$, and time to maturity $T$ years. I assume that the stock price at time $t$, which is ...
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185 views

Effect of time to maturity on european put option

Let $C(K,T,S_0)$ denote the price of an European call option with strike K and maturity T on underlying price $S_0$. Assume interest rate $r>0$. Then of course $C(K,T,S_0) \geq 0$ and $C(K,T,S_0) ...
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I have some historical options data, and there are duplicates of some options, how to filter them

I have some historical EOD options data for 2013, and there are duplicates listed for same strikes/expirations. I was told that by the provider that this is due to "special one-time cash payout" for ...