A contract that gives the owner the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell a security at a fixed price in the future.

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3
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1answer
162 views

Negative adjusted strike in Levy's Asian option approximation?

In Edmond Levy's 1992 paper, he introduced a moment-matching method to approximate the price of an Asian option assuming GBM for the underlying. It suggested that, if some monitor points are already ...
2
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1answer
89 views

Under what circumstances Veta is positive?

In general, as the option moves towards expiry, its vega is decreasing. Are there circumstances where the veta, i.e. the sensitivity of vega with respect to time, is positive, that is when vega is ...
2
votes
1answer
210 views

Reuters RIC chain for Eurodollar midcurve options

Can someone please tell me what this is? Thanks. Edit: The RIC for the straight eurodollar options is 0#GE+, I need RICs for the 1,2,3,4 mid curve options which the IMM/IOM calls GE0, GE2, GE3, GE4....
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vote
1answer
250 views

Volatility Smile Approximation

Does anyone know what type of model is used to model the skew and IVs inside Thinkorswim platform for its volatility smile approximation? I am trying to replicate but do not know where to start. Any ...
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0answers
47 views

Calculate minimum IV increase to offset theta

How would one calculate the minimum implied volatility increase necessary to offset theta decay? IV is typically a percentage, while theta is a dollar value. In theory I think I could look at what ...
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0answers
57 views

Hedge volatility decreases

My particular options positions are typically a long delta, and long vega. Decreases in implied volatility, or specifically the VIX, can drastically alter the profitability of my position. Is there a ...
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0answers
78 views

Straddle neutral strategy

What does it mean to implement a delta-neutral strategy for straddle ? A straddle consists in buying a call and a put simultaneously, at the same date, on same underlying, with same maturity and ...
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0answers
59 views

Opposite of hard to borrow?

If market participants are certain a stock will suffer a huge decline, the shares will become hard to borrow and an interest fee will be applied to borrow the stock. This interest fee eliminates the ...
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0answers
72 views

Underlying changes impact on implied volatility

What are some valid techniques that can be used to simulate how changes in the underlying are most likely to impact implied volatility along with the skew of all strikes for options with the same ...
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0answers
494 views

where to find historical option prices?

I have a dataset of options (traded in European exchanges such as NYSE Euronext) and I would like to find their price history. Where to find it? I see that ...
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0answers
195 views

Adjusting for variance bias when using overlapping data

I'm in the process of constructing volatility cones for several assets and I want to make sure the data is free of biases. I know that using overlapping data introduces an artificial degree of ...
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0answers
110 views

How to price an option with a “step up” feature using binomial tree?

I have a call option with expiry in two years. In my case the option is bermudan style with first 9 months w/o ability to exercise (i.e. European) and after exercise at any time (i.e. American), but I ...
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0answers
241 views

Mock/practice trading for options (delta/gamma hedging etc.)

I know there are some sites for practicing equity investing. But could you provide me with suggestions concerning options trading etc. I read Natenbergs book on Options and want to test things like ...
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0answers
89 views

Adjusted option prices?

I am trying to calculate IV of options for a ticker over the last 10 years. Problem is that some option prices don't make sense (for example, closing price \$31.94, but 30-day call option with 18 days ...
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0answers
633 views

Implied volatility and greeks for american option with discrete dividends

What methods are available to calculate IV and greeks for an american option with discrete dividends, and how do they compare? Should I use Roll-Geske-Whaley and solve for a given option price?
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0answers
469 views

Interpolate option volatility in delta space in R

I have a bunch of deltas and option implied vols at those deltas. I would like to interpolate them in R. Interpolating them in delta space seems difficult, since normally you would like the ATM calls ...
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0answers
292 views

Pricing a Power Contract derivative security

I'm trying to price a "power contract" and would appreciate guidance on the next step. The payoff at time $T$ is $(S(T)/K)^\alpha$, where $K > 0$, $\alpha \in \mathbb{N}$, $T > 0$. $S$ is ...
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0answers
308 views

How to calculate a the PFE for a Swaption?

How do you calculate the Potential Future Exposure (PFE) for a swaption? Do you incorporate the dynamics of implied volatility when you are running your simulations? Is there a standard way to ...
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0answers
9 views

Price Barrier Options on Baskets using Quantlib

Is it possible to price barrier options on a basket of stocks using Quantlib, e.g. a Worst-of Down-and-in-Put on a basket of 3 stocks? I already checked the ...
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0answers
24 views

Can someone try this Boundary Condition for the Black-Scholes PDE out for me?

I have a bit of a favor to ask and if anyone could help me out with this I'd really appreciate it. At the moment I'm trying to use the triangle wave formula as the payoff for the Black-Scholes PDE i.e....
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0answers
34 views

Finding the corresponding Strike

I have been asked the following question recently, and I was unable to find the solution (I have the feeling that either a data is missing or I misunderstand a notion). Here is the following question :...
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0answers
35 views

Calculation of option Greek (sensitiviety) theta via finite difference

I am able to get good approximations for delta, gamma, and rho via finite difference method, but not theta. I believe my issue is the value of h. Theta is basically the difference between the price ...
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0answers
29 views

How can I improve the pricing simulation of basket option?

I valuated the price of below basket option Underlying assets are three global stock index : Eurostoxx 50, S&P500, KOSPI 200 Maturity: 36 months with advanced redemption date in every 6 months ...
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97 views

Do Options and Other Derivatives follow any mathematical laws?

I'm interested in abstracting out some properties of options and other derivatives for software library I am implementing. I was wondering if options follow any sort of mathematical laws, for example, ...
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0answers
34 views

Estimate Option Price Given X% Move N Days in the Future

I was wondering if someone could recommend a method to estimate the price of an option N days from now given an X% move in the underlying. I have fitted a volatility surface but where I am running ...
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0answers
31 views

American call early exercise, considering a portfolio

Im aware there are lots of questions about this, but I am interested in a particular method of showing why an american call (with no dividends) should not exercised early. Here is the text I'm ...
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0answers
47 views

Portfolio replication option pricing: Money market position

Why when replicating a call option, the money market position (bond, risk free investment) is negative and when replicating a call option, the money market position is positive? Please explain ...
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0answers
16 views

Calendar spreading and difference in cash and futures

"Often the calendar spreading gives rise to two different levels of gamma: a long gamma in one maturity against a short gamma in another one. This may be stable except that the two maturities might ...
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0answers
35 views

Use of cash delta vs forward delta and the mirror image rule

There has been no mention in this text of why this formula uses forward delta not cash delta. Why should have this been obvious to the reader? How can a put be delta neutral at 30%, what does this ...
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0answers
82 views

Closing prices for options written on S&P 500

I would like to find closing prices for all options written on S&P 500. I tried OptionMetrics from Wharton School but unfortunately you only find bid and ask prices. Is there any other database ...
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0answers
61 views

Stock price distribution from options marks

I am reading the following link: on "recovering probability distributions from option prices" - how to subtract influence of stochastic volatility? At the end of the derivation it seems ...
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0answers
54 views

Why is the probability of first touch equation so complicated?

http://marcoagd.usuarios.rdc.puc-rio.br/hittingt.html The (cumulative) probability distribution of hitting times for the above case is given by the equation below. This equation is 1 less the ...
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0answers
52 views

Delta of an option in two cases

Let C be the prime of a call in fi=unction of the price in term F, Strike K, volatilité $\sigma$ and maturity t: $C(F,K,\sigma,t,r) $ We assume that we know $\delta$ $\delta=\frac{\partial}{\...
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55 views

Delta hedge compound option

Delta hedge portfolio should be adjusted from one period to the other, as the ratio changes. How does it work with compound options though? Suppose, I have a put on a call option on a stock, in 2 time ...
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0answers
49 views

Hedging portfolio of options with different underlyings

Suppose i have call options for 90 of the 100 stocks of NASDAQ100. How can i hedge the risk using NASDAQ futures? Also, how can I get rid of the residual risk?
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35 views

Most recent work on American option **ANALYTIC** pricing

I am studying American options and inquisitive on why they lack an analytic pricing formula. I found a paper by Kim,1990 on analytic valuation of these options and then Byun,2005 paper which studies ...
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0answers
100 views

Analytical solution to the Black-Scholes equation with time-dependent volatility

I am stuck with the following exercise and I would appreciate any help with it. I have to calculate the analytical function for the price of a call option given the following process for the ...
0
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0answers
32 views

Listed Equity Options - Should the expected future payoff be discounted?

Just wondering, given daily margining of exchange traded futures/options (e.g. Eurostoxx 50), basically any difference in the risk neutral expected future payoff that is refelcted in the daily price ...
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0answers
38 views

Compute stock price probability distribution from option data (IB method & negative probabilities issue)

I'm using a procedure as described in the interactive brokers article here (https://www.interactivebrokers.com/en/index.php?f=5910&ns=T) to compute a probability distribution from option (call) ...
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0answers
62 views

Determining Strike Price given stock price and option price

I am having a bit of trouble with this problem: Say the current price of a stock is 100 and an individual purchases an in the money option for 10. Using that info, how can you determine what the ...
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0answers
35 views

hedging of a spread option with call

We have 2 underlying $S^{1}$ and $S^{2}$ with BS dynamic under the risk-neutral measure (r constant...) I found the (big) PDE satisfied by the price function $u(t,x,y)$ of a call spread whose payoff ...
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13 views

Option style with grant date

The following option exercise style is somewhere between American and European: There is a fixed grant date $N_1$ at which you determine at which date $N_2>N_1$ the option will be exercised. So ...
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0answers
111 views

Delta Volatility Surface Usage to value the option

I always find myself in the unknown charted territory when it comes to non-Linear Instruments. I come across the scenario, How to value the option using Delta Vol surface? Example I have CME traded ...
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0answers
65 views

How big is the options market?

I am looking to write an intro to a document describing option pricing. Therefore it would be lovely to motivate it by how large the market is, but I cannot find any good reference. Where can I find ...
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0answers
74 views

Discrete Hedging of Options

Assume that a stock $S_t$ follows simple geometric Brownian motion. Let's say we sold option whose payoff is $f(S_T)$. Now, we are only allowed to trade 2 times in the interval [0,T]. What kind of ...
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49 views

Risks Associated with Option Arbitrage Portfolio

If my math is correct, if I construct the following portfolio of options the worst that I can do regardless of what the underlying does is profit $1.74 (less commissions). Is this correct? Are there ...
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0answers
52 views

Benchmarking option pricing under stochastic interest rates

I priced a long-term option (10 or 20 years) using two different models: one assumes constant interest rates, the other assumes stochastic interest rates. Is there a way (e.g. a benchmark) to ...
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0answers
41 views

Impact of Implied skew variations on future prices

I want to test the relationship between of the oil implied volatility skew and oil future prices. I'm lost regarding the method to test the relationship. I was thinking about a regression but I'm ...
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0answers
159 views

negative probabilities in the bivariate tree heston model

I am trying to implement the bivariate tree approach for the Heston model by Beliaeva and Nawalkha. I currently have the problem that given the specifications in their examples, I always obtain ...
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0answers
148 views

“Real” DMA to Options Markets

I'm looking for a broker with DMA to large options markets (CME, ISE, CBOE). Broker should be HFT friendly, i.e. offer fast API, low fees for huge amount of trades and so on. Price is not an issue. ...