A contract that gives the owner the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell a security at a fixed price in the future.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

1
vote
3answers
348 views

forward implied volatility skew

I would like to calculate implied forward volatility skew. I have stochastic volatility monte carlo. What kind of payoff do I need to price and how to use Black() formula to calculate the implied ...
3
votes
0answers
96 views

How do I calculate the probability of a stock being above or below a value using the Heston model?

How can I use the Heston Model to calculate the probability of a stock being above or below a certain value on a given date in the future?
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Opposite of hard to borrow?

If market participants are certain a stock will suffer a huge decline, the shares will become hard to borrow and an interest fee will be applied to borrow the stock. This interest fee eliminates the ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

How to generate jump times in in Multilevel path simulation for jump-diffusion SDEs?

I am trying to generate jump times in in Multilevel path simulation for jump-diffusion SDEs using the following MATLAB code: I used following Algorithm in Yuan Xia paper: But I have not reached ...
4
votes
1answer
187 views

Analysis of Unbalanced Covered Calls

Hello I am doing an analysis on covered calls with and extra amount of naked calls. Ignore the symbol and current macroeconomic events. I couldn't find any reference to this strategy (unbalanced is ...
6
votes
2answers
193 views

Does it make sense to use upward and downward volatility in option pricing?

Historically stocks have a higher likelihood to increase in price than to fall in price. As such would it make sense to split a stocks volatility measurement into upward and downward components? For ...
5
votes
5answers
940 views

Do binary options make any sense?

Reading from "www.nadex.com" - the copy reads "Binaries are similar to traditional options but with one key difference: their final settlement value will be 0 or 100. This means your maximum risk and ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

When $C(K_2) = C(K_1)$ for call options with the same expiration date

The exercise is to show $C(K_1) \geq C(K_2)$ where C(K) denotes the value of a call option on a stock price S with strike price K. We assume the expiry is the same for both. I have proved this by ...
5
votes
1answer
521 views

What are the main flaws behind Ross Recovery Theorem?

Stephen Ross’ new paper claims that it is possible to separate risk aversions and historical probabilities if the Stochastic Discount Factor is transition independent using Perron-Frobenius Theorem. ...
0
votes
0answers
92 views

Derivation of the formulas for the values of European asset-or-nothing and cash-or-nothing options

The asset-or-nothing European option pays at t = T the value of the stock when at time T that value exceeds or is equal to the exercise price E, and nothing if the value of the stock is below E. So, ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Delta formula for FX vanilla option

What value do you use for annual dividend yield? It does not apply in case of FX.
1
vote
3answers
175 views

What is the name of this product?

Consider the payoff =$S_T1_{S_T>K}$ where $S_T$ is the asset price at maturity. What is this type derivative called? and is it a liquid option?
-1
votes
1answer
51 views
3
votes
2answers
150 views

Is there a better way to price options than with historical volatility?

I know that annualized historical volatility calculated with closing prices is a much rougher estimate than implied volatility for the correct "volatility" parameter in options pricing models. ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Binary option expression

Given r=0, σ(K)=const Binary=lim┬(ε→0)⁡〖((C(K,σ(K))-C(K+ε,σ(K+ε))))/ε〗 What is the analytical expression for the binary option value? σ(K)=const Therefore, Binary=lim┬(ε→0)⁡〖((C(K)-C(K+ε)))/ε〗 ...
2
votes
2answers
145 views

C# - Using Black Scholes Newton returns NaN occasionally

First caveat: I'm a programmer doing this for a client, and my knowledge of options probably has holes in it. So be a little forgiving here. =) The Issue: When I run Black Scholes Newton against ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

European style average price option Delta

I use a numerical method to calculate the value and Greeks of an European style average price option, e.g., with a given volatility, I simulate 1000 random walk price paths find the average value ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

Best way to store hourly/daily options data for research purposes

There are quite a few discussions here about storage, but I can't find quite what I'm looking for. I'm in need to design a database to store (mostly) option data (strikes, premiums bid / ask, etc.). ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Normal vol - convention

apologies for the simplicity of the question, but I was wondering: what is the quoting convention for normal (bps) volatility? Say I have the following time series of data: Date Close Abs Change ...
0
votes
1answer
172 views

What is the formula for beta weighted delta and gamma?

I am trying to calculate the beta weighted delta and gamma for a portfolio of options of different underlying stocks, but I can't seem to find the correct formula. Can someone point me to it or a ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Residual maturity vol

The following question is probably (from a practical point of view) more relevant for EM markets which typically exhibit a more pronounced forward volatility compared to spot volatility. Say I buy a ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Option platforms providing eurex products

I search an option platform providing eurex products as eurostoxx 50. Can you advice me some platforms ? Thank you in advance for your answer Julien
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Beta vs. Implied Volatility statistical arbitrage using options

Let two underlyings, $S_{1}$ and $S_{2}$, are correlated and $\beta$ is the slope of their returns linear regression, that is, it says how much $S_{1}$ co-variates with $S_{2}$ variance. For ...
3
votes
1answer
298 views

SABR calibration: simple explanation and implementation

I would like to learn more about the SABR model and ho it is used in modeling smiles in equity, FX and rates markets. How would you explain the process and its implementation in simple steps? Any web ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

How literature come up with risk-neutrality problem, considering that market is not really risk-neutral?

I am searching on real-option pricing deficiencies to encounter risk-neutrality. As we know risk-neutrality assumption, is not hold in real situations. The problem is that I could not classified ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

How to calculate the most realistic historical option prices with additional publicly available parameters

This is a follow up question of this one. My aim is to create the most realistic historical option prices possible with publicly available data. I want to do this for backtesting purposes. The ...
12
votes
3answers
4k views

Papers about backtesting option trading strategies

I am looking for all kinds of research concerning option trading strategies. With that I mean papers that publish results on different option trading strategies properly backtested with real-world ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

how to use known premium of options to determine premium of options with another strike?

Assuming constant volatility across all strikes, how to use known premium of options to determine premium of options with another strike? e.g. suppose we know premium of \$40 call and put, \$50 call ...
1
vote
2answers
136 views

Can we trade option spreads with more than 4 option legs?

I am wondering why most online brokers restrict multi-legged options spread trades to have a maximum of four legs? Also, is there a broker that allows you to trade say 6 or 8 legged option spreads.
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Value of a portfolio with a collar option and shares as function of a log return …?

I could use some help with a question I've been stuck with. It's stated as follows, A private investor owns a large quantity of shares of a single stock and is worried about the position being too ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

finding the strike / maturity of warrants given their ISINs

I have a list of French traded warrants identified by their ISINs. I do not know, however, to which stock they refer and what is their strike/maturity. Which datasets allow me to retrieve this ...
1
vote
1answer
185 views

stock option strategies long vs short

What makes an option strategy long or short? I got the impression that if it is a net debit (you pay to open the strategy) it is classified 'long' (strangle, straddle) Then I learned about the call ...
1
vote
1answer
920 views

Historical Value At Risk on option portfolio

I am new to Value at Risk subject in fact everything related to quant. Can any body validate the Value at Risk Model on the option price ? I am using a below explained approach . our portfolio ...
2
votes
1answer
225 views

Does anyone have a C# implementation of the Barone Adesi Whaley options pricing model?

Thanks. Can't seem to find it through google. Worst case, if you can provide me the code in Java or C++ I can convert it to C#.
0
votes
2answers
181 views

Can selling put equity options be a good business?

In one of his last books Jack D. Schwager suggested that selling equity puts can be a good business. The puts are like insurance policies against market downturns and there is a natural demand. ...
2
votes
1answer
478 views

How does Volatility Pairs Trading work?

I've read some material related to pairs trading for equities and I understand the process of finding non-stationary pairs price series that can be cointegrated to form a stationary series. The basic ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

Literature on Empirical Option Pricing

When I started combing through the literature I was astonished about how little the option pricing models are tested against market data and benchmarks are limited. The main barrier is of course ...
7
votes
3answers
15k views

How to compute Implied Volatility Calculation?

We all know if you back out of the BS option pricing model you can derive and solve what the options is "implying" as its volatility. However, what is the formula used to derive Implied Volatility ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Why are there still manual market makers in options

Why are manual market makers still predominant in options markets? Why haven't algorithms replaced these market makers, as they have for liquid stocks for example?
0
votes
1answer
196 views

Does Implied Volatility always exist?

I am considering a simple Heston Model Market with one risky and one riskless asset. The dynamics of the riskless asset is simply $dB_t=r*B_t*dt$ The dynamics of the risky asset is as follows, $ ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Define some finance terminology for me, please. Live options vs. crossed options

What is a "live" option vs. a "crossed" option? Does a cross option just mean that it is hedged? If someone is buying an option and says "I want to buy a November 5.00 (strike price) put cross at ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Constructing Volatility Smile from Implied Volatility & Delta

I have implied volatility data for call and put options (expiring in 1 month from any given date) for a particular stock. In addition, I have the delta for the options. However, I have no information ...
0
votes
3answers
248 views

What is the effect of dividend yield being greater than the risk-free rate to American options pricing?

Even though dividends are discrete, literature often makes the assumption of continuous dividends (mostly in the case of indices but the individual stocks as well). The dividend yield denoted by q is ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

How can theta be so large on this option?

The AAPL Sep 95 put currently has a theta of -.21. The put midpoint is .84. 84/21 = 4 days. However, the put has nearly a month before expiration, at which time it will be zero. Not 4 days from ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

How would you price this kind of derivative?

I am somewhat familiar with options but am wondering how to price calls/puts on this one: European exercise "Jumps" in underlying may occur Takes physical delivery upon exercise (is this even ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Position Strength: Leveraged vs. Non-Levered

Is there some sort of metric or formula for bull/long strength in a market based on % of shorts/longs on margin, and perhaps even the size of that leverage? I ask because I participate in BTC (which ...
4
votes
0answers
155 views

What is the most convenient data structure for backtesting a model of futures options prices?

I have an empirical model for the dynamics of futures prices in a particular market that I have implemented using a long series of the front five contracts. (I account for the roll in my model.) I ...
5
votes
1answer
224 views

Difference between a warrant and an option?

What is the difference between a warrant and an option on a stock? Apparently both represent the same right to receive a share of stock at the strike.
1
vote
2answers
194 views

Are power contracts traded on any stock market?

Are power contracts traded on any stock markets ? What about OTC markets ? I ask about the derivatives where payoff is some exponential function of difference between strike and spot price.
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Drawbacks of Black-Scholes option pricing model

Will highly appreciate if anybody can provide logical financial proof why the Black-Scholes option pricing model overestimates the value for long-term options as described in this paper "Warren ...