A contract that gives the owner the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell a security at a fixed price in the future.

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2answers
160 views

Why do some stock options have expiration dates for a given month, while others don't?

Take two stocks, WWE and XPO, both traded on NYSE. Today, May 28, 2014, XPO has options expiring August 2014... ...while WWE doesn't: Why is that? From my experience, the missing expiration ...
2
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1answer
128 views

Valuation of Cox-Ross-Rubinstein Model

We have a Cox-Ross-Rubinstein model with parameters $u$ ("up"), $d$ ("down") , $r$ (interest rate) and $q$ (equivalent martingale probability) $(q=(1+r-d)(u-d)^{-1})$ . We have a contingent claim with ...
2
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1answer
519 views

IB API quotes and speed

The title says it all. I trade futures options exclusively and wanted to see if anyone had insight into the quote speedsrobustness coming into the API. I'm using the Excel DDE right now just building ...
2
votes
1answer
522 views

GARCH(1,1) prediction in R - Basic Questions

Background to question: Hi, I was trying to fit a GARCH(1,1) model to the variance of log returns of a series, and ARMA(0,0) for the mean. I was using the fGarch package to do this. The aim of the ...
2
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1answer
461 views

Monte Carlo Options Probability Calculation

I have a fairly simple problem for an application I am writing currently. How do you calculate the options probability of being in the money or touching a certain strike price. I know there are at ...
2
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2answers
188 views

How to synchronize put and call option-data?

I recently retrieved a large amount of European option data, for call and put prices, from OptionMetrics. Doing so for the same time period I get a file consisting of 62558 rows of call prices & ...
2
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1answer
679 views

How to calculate implied volatility and greeks in Bull Put Spread option strategy?

Ok, obviously I am buying lower strike put and selling higher strike put. What is the recommended volatility and greeks to consider in my trade? Volatility: Average volatility between both legs? ...
2
votes
1answer
213 views

In a covered call strategy, should I hold the call or sell/roll if the delta becomes too small?

I am tweaking a covered call algorithm. The short leg consists of out of the money call options. The goal is to collect the tim premium, but an equally favorable circumstance is when the call ...
2
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0answers
62 views

How to exploit calendar arbitrage?

Say we are looking at European Call options in a toy environment with zero deterministic intereset rates, a stock paying no dividends, no repo rates etc. Let C(T,K) be the price of a call with expiry ...
2
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0answers
120 views

What equation will convert implied yield volatility to implied price volatility?

I am trying to figure out how to turn implied yield volatility of a short-term interest rate into implied price volatility. Is there an equation to do this? I have come across the equation for a ...
2
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0answers
49 views

What is the main reasons to use Miltersen & Schartz (1998) model for commodity futures options

versus a standard Generalised Black and Scholes model (if there are any?) I have read the paper but I am not to sure about its practical implications as would people with more experience using this ...
2
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0answers
66 views

At-the-money Call Spread approximation

In a trading manual I got during a course, the value of the ATM Call-Spread is approximated by $CS_{ATM}=\frac{1}{2}StrD+(F-m)\times\Delta CS$ The lecturer skipped the part where he derived this ...
2
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0answers
95 views

Zakamouline Optimal Hedging of Options with Transaction Costs

I've read that the Zakamouline method suggests the best optimal hedging of options when taking transaction costs into account. I've read the article but am having difficulty understanding it well ...
2
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0answers
48 views

Forecasting amount of slippage in executing option spreads

Is there a good quantitative model to estimate how much slippage is required to execute a particular option spread trade? For example, let's say you want to execute an Iron Condor. Given X, Y, Z ...
2
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0answers
168 views

Does Bakshi, Kapadia and Madan (2003) VIX building approach underestimate volatility?

From a paper that shortly addresses an alternative approach to VIX-like index building: To test this approach, I've built a fake book of B&S options with constant volatility equal to ...
2
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0answers
47 views

How to interpret CME's specification regarding grains options expirations?

Looking at the contract specifications for Soybean Meal and Soybean Oil (same for Corn, Wheat, and other major stuff I checked) serial options on CME I see the following expiration rule: the last ...
2
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0answers
109 views

Pre-Trade Slippage Costs For Option Spread Execution

Is there a quant model that can help estimate how much slippage one would have to give up in order to get an "option spread" (vertical, butterflies, etc.) order executed? What factors should one look ...
2
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0answers
93 views

Option symbol conversion [closed]

Maybe more of a programming question, Is there a Ruby gem to facilitate conversion of an option symbol notation from one form to another? For example, one source provides TZA1220J18 but an API for ...
2
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0answers
76 views

Any thoughts on how Warren Buffet's B of A warrants might be “marked-to-market” by either counterparty?

It's not too long since Berkshire Hathaway got its 10-year warrants in Bank of America alongside its \$5 billion purchase of preferred stock. At the time I saw some discussion about the value of ...
2
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0answers
126 views

How to find the upper bound of a digital option given some market data?

Given the price of a call equals to 5 with Strike 100, please find the upper bound (sup) of the digital option with strike 105. I am not sure about the solution, but I write the condition like this, ...
2
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0answers
149 views

What is the highest frequency greek for options on futures on bonds?

I'm considering exchange traded options of futures on bonds. Options on bond futures are usually American, thus the Black model is out of question. Which is the most imporatant Greek with respect to ...
2
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0answers
191 views

Tian third moment-matching tree with smoothing - implementation

I was wondering if someone has an implementation of the Tian third moment-matching tree (http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1030143) with smoothing in code (e.g. c++, vba, c#, etc.)? ...
2
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0answers
290 views

Can you implement a condor options trading strategy in a spreadsheet? [closed]

Can you implement a condor options trading strategy in a spreadsheet? Could you give an example?
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3answers
630 views

Understanding the concept of Martingale pricing

I am a bit confused about how to formulate a problem where I have to price an option on a stock. Many papers say that stock prices are best modeled using a geometric Brownian motion (GBM), and I ...
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3answers
141 views

What is the name of this product?

Consider the payoff =$S_T1_{S_T>K}$ where $S_T$ is the asset price at maturity. What is this type derivative called? and is it a liquid option?
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2answers
449 views

Finding Probabilities Using The Binomial Model

I was not able to find a similar question when searching, but if I've missed one please feel free to point me to it. Unfortunately the closest example in the textbook was not terribly helpful either. ...
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1answer
303 views

How to explain the path dependency in binomial tree model to price options?

I'm new to quantitative finance, so I'm confused with the so-called path dependency in binomial tree model. Originally I thought the path dependency exists because in binomial tree model, we will ...
1
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1answer
189 views

Why is the VIX computed that way?

The VIX as a clear definition as defined in this paper I am interested to know why they came up with this formula. I smell some reasonably complicated explanation here so any pointer to a paper ...
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2answers
704 views

Can we replicate a call option without borrowing and make it cheaper in this way?

I learned how to price a European call option using this video lecture. The considered case is very simple. The call option gives the right to buy 100 Euros for 100 Dollars in one month from now. The ...
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2answers
78 views

Can we trade option spreads with more than 4 option legs?

I am wondering why most online brokers restrict multi-legged options spread trades to have a maximum of four legs? Also, is there a broker that allows you to trade say 6 or 8 legged option spreads.
1
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1answer
73 views

Why doesn't VG flatten volatility skew for short term options?

The VG process, from my inexpert point-of-view, seems to nearly perfectly model equity distributions. For longer term options, there is little to no volatility, skewness, or kurtosis parameter skew. ...
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2answers
757 views

Delta Neutral / Gamma Neutral Positions

I've been trying to find out more about options positions which are both delta neutral and gamma neutral--created with some kind of calendar spread. Supposedly, such a trade will be perfectly hedged ...
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1answer
95 views

Calculating deltas of call options?

From a continuous standpoint, I understand why an ATM call has delta = 0.5 and for ITM call, the delta approaches 1 since each move in the underlying corresponds to same unit of value change in call ...
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2answers
135 views

Buying one company or index against another, is this readily possible with options, with an accurate return (also Alpha Indexes)

There's a relatively new product in the market / on the Nasdaq called Alpha Indexes. It lets one own a company -- e.g. Apple, GE, Google, etc -- as the difference between how that company does (the ...
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1answer
356 views

Calculating Theta assuming other variables remain the same

Is there any way to calculate theta at X day in future based solely on knowing 1) Total Current Option Price 2) Days Till Expiration How would this be done? Thank you
1
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1answer
44 views

When $C(K_2) = C(K_1)$ for call options with the same expiration date

The exercise is to show $C(K_1) \geq C(K_2)$ where C(K) denotes the value of a call option on a stock price S with strike price K. We assume the expiry is the same for both. I have proved this by ...
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1answer
243 views

How does Volatility Pairs Trading work?

I've read some material related to pairs trading for equities and I understand the process of finding non-stationary pairs price series that can be cointegrated to form a stationary series. The basic ...
1
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1answer
156 views

What is the Rho of an option on a futures contract priced using the Black 76 model?

I wanted to quickly confirm some simple calculations for the Black 76 greeks and was making use of the formulas on this website: http://riskencyclopedia.com/articles/black_1976/ I have an issue with ...
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2answers
214 views

Risk management of options

Your client would like to buy a digital call option. the digital call option pays the buyer in one years time (i.e at maturity ) N=1m SGD, if the SGD USD spot rate at maturity is above a prescribed ...
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3answers
228 views

Is it wrong to use 'real world' probabilities for option valuation?

Is it wrong to use 'real world' probabilities for option valuation, even when the market is not liquid enough to delta hedge the option? My instinct is that it is wrong, because the time value of ...
1
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1answer
303 views

Price of a down-and-out call in terms of European call

If $EC(S_0, K, \sigma, r, T)$ represents the price of a European call option with strike $K$, expiry $T$, initial price $S_0$, volatility $\sigma$ and where the constant interest rate is $r$, then I ...
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1answer
129 views

Brent Crude Data

I am trying to locate historical volatility data (5+ years) for Brent Crude? Does anyone know where I might be able to source such data?
1
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1answer
61 views

Binary option expression

Given r=0, σ(K)=const Binary=lim┬(ε→0)⁡〖((C(K,σ(K))-C(K+ε,σ(K+ε))))/ε〗 What is the analytical expression for the binary option value? σ(K)=const Therefore, Binary=lim┬(ε→0)⁡〖((C(K)-C(K+ε)))/ε〗 ...
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1answer
74 views

How can theta be so large on this option?

The AAPL Sep 95 put currently has a theta of -.21. The put midpoint is .84. 84/21 = 4 days. However, the put has nearly a month before expiration, at which time it will be zero. Not 4 days from ...
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2answers
104 views

Non-Negativity of up-factor and down-factor in Binomial No-Arbitrage Pricing Model

Consider a stock which is trading at $S_0$ at time $t=0$ and is expected to be trading at price $uS_0$ or $dS_0$ at time t=1 where $u$ and $d$ are up-factor and down-factor. The theory says that to ...
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1answer
108 views

Selling an American call option early

I understand it is never optimal to exercise an American call option early. [1] [2] However, here are my two contradictory thoughts about selling an American call option early. Assumptions I can ...
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3answers
131 views

Is there any other way to measure option pricing model performance than proximity to market prices?

Short version Why do we take market prices as the prices to be estimated and predicted? The common answer is efficient markets hypothesis as in "Market agents do their best effort given their ...
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1answer
69 views

Will pricing a Bermudan option default to a value of a European option?

I have a call option with 2 expiry in two years. For the first 9 months I cannot excercise the option. After that the I can exercise at any time. I am pricing this option using a binomial tree using ...
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2answers
186 views

Are power contracts traded on any stock market?

Are power contracts traded on any stock markets ? What about OTC markets ? I ask about the derivatives where payoff is some exponential function of difference between strike and spot price.
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1answer
137 views

Price volatility and yield volatility

This question is a bit confused, but please bear with me. Now and then I see people use the terminology "price volatility" and "yield volatility" in connection with bond options. I understand the ...