A contract that gives the owner the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell a security at a fixed price in the future.

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70 views

Will pricing a Bermudan option default to a value of a European option?

I have a call option with 2 expiry in two years. For the first 9 months I cannot excercise the option. After that the I can exercise at any time. I am pricing this option using a binomial tree using ...
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2answers
187 views

Are power contracts traded on any stock market?

Are power contracts traded on any stock markets ? What about OTC markets ? I ask about the derivatives where payoff is some exponential function of difference between strike and spot price.
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157 views

Price volatility and yield volatility

This question is a bit confused, but please bear with me. Now and then I see people use the terminology "price volatility" and "yield volatility" in connection with bond options. I understand the ...
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113 views

Volatility tools / web sites?

Could someone give recommendations regarding volatility tools / web sites that they find useful? I am looking for information that my brokerage platform does not provide. Specifically, I want to see ...
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1answer
252 views

Implied state price density (Question 1 - derivation of the formula)

I came upon the term "implied state price density" in a couple of papers. As far as I understand the concept one basically tries to extract the "pricing density" from the market data. For the sake ...
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1answer
242 views

Pre-trade evaluation and risk assessment of option trading strategies (in market practice)

When a trader gets conclusion of the volatility is being underestimated (via volatility cone or some other technology), actually there are multiple ways for his trading. (Let's assume the underlying ...
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197 views

How to hedge a forward contract

I was asked this in an interview and I messed it up lol. This might actually be really basic. Let's say I signed a forward contract to buy NASDAQ at 4000 one year from now. How can I hedge this cash ...
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2answers
171 views

Basket Option weight sensitivity calculation

I am looking to find/estimate the "greeks"/option price sensitivities/derivatives for a basket option situation. In specific the change in price of a put option associated with a change in weight of a ...
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1answer
162 views

binary tree options pricing model with dividend value - How should I discount the option at?

the expected value of the option given the next period up, down values is: $ Pexp = (p Price_{next, up} + (1 - p) Price_{next, down})/R$ where p is defined as $p = \frac{\exp(-r \times \Delta t) - ...
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1answer
122 views

probablity expiring in the money ..basic question

Everyone says $N(d_2)$ is the probability of the option being exercised but stocks that have really high volatility have really expensive options indicating a high likelihood of expiring in the money. ...
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2answers
329 views

fair price for a call option

I am struggling with the following problem: An investor is considering a European call option, whose price $C_0$ is yet to be determined, on the shares of a company called XYZ. You know that : the ...
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1answer
260 views

Black 76 for Options on Interest Rate Futures

This is my first time using Black76 to value options on IR futures and I have a question on $F$ and $K$. I understand the price for an IR future is usually quoted as $100 - r$. Do I use this price ...
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171 views

stock option strategies long vs short

What makes an option strategy long or short? I got the impression that if it is a net debit (you pay to open the strategy) it is classified 'long' (strangle, straddle) Then I learned about the call ...
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1answer
511 views

Breakeven of a delta-hedged option

Basic question to which I surprisingly did not find an answer on here. What's the best approximation to the break-even (with respect to stock price) for an option that was hedged fully at point of ...
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1answer
170 views

reinsurance pricing equivalent to option pricing

Is it true that pricing a reinsurance contact is equivalent to pricing an option. Basically a reinsurance just cuts off the risk exposure of the insured institution to a threshold say $K$. So if we ...
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1answer
546 views

Portfolio Greek Exposure Equations

What are the calculations for calculating greek exposures in a portfolio of equities and equity options? I think I have them but I want to be sure. Are these correct (for vanilla options)? ...
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2answers
825 views

Multi asset option portfolio risk management (greeks and FX exposure)

I am running an options book containing listed options across multiple products. I trade mostly equity and index related options - with a preference for European expiration products. I trade products ...
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1answer
344 views

Calculate historical (ATM) option prices with public data

I just saw the question How to calculate the most realistic historical option prices with additional publicly available parameters and I am interested in the step before that. How can I calculate ...
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1answer
38 views

Which risk free rate is assumed by market when pricing american options?

I'm just started with finance, so maybe my question is dumb or answered elsewhere. Please guide me to relevant materials. According to put-call parity more time to expiration means more difference ...
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45 views

Opposite of hard to borrow?

If market participants are certain a stock will suffer a huge decline, the shares will become hard to borrow and an interest fee will be applied to borrow the stock. This interest fee eliminates the ...
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1answer
58 views

Historical Implied Volatility Calculation

I'm trying to calculate implied volatility for the FTSE 100 for the last few years. I have all the end of day data from LIFFE for the last few years. I have combined the data by weighting the ...
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1answer
200 views

Historical Value At Risk on option portfolio

I am new to Value at Risk subject in fact everything related to quant. Can any body validate the Value at Risk Model on the option price ? I am using a below explained approach . our portfolio ...
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0answers
63 views

Underlying changes impact on implied volatility

What are some valid techniques that can be used to simulate how changes in the underlying are most likely to impact implied volatility along with the skew of all strikes for options with the same ...
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0answers
146 views

where to find historical option prices?

I have a dataset of options (traded in European exchanges such as NYSE Euronext) and I would like to find their price history. Where to find it? I see that ...
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2answers
92 views

Basis Risk for Futures/Options

I am just reading about basis risk. It is being described as risk of the price of the hedging instrument not fluctuating the same as the instrument itself. I was just wondering, if we bought a ...
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92 views

Adjusting for variance bias when using overlapping data

I'm in the process of constructing volatility cones for several assets and I want to make sure the data is free of biases. I know that using overlapping data introduces an artificial degree of ...
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52 views

How to price an option with a “step up” feature using binomial tree?

I have a call option with expiry in two years. In my case the option is bermudan style with first 9 months w/o ability to exercise (i.e. European) and after exercise at any time (i.e. American), but I ...
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160 views

Mock/practice trading for options (delta/gamma hedging etc.)

I know there are some sites for practicing equity investing. But could you provide me with suggestions concerning options trading etc. I read Natenbergs book on Options and want to test things like ...
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1answer
147 views

Lattice Boltzmann method for pricing options

I'm looking into whether there is ANY information out there regarding the implementation of the Lattice Boltzmann method for pricing options (or other financial tasks). I am very new to the world of ...
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78 views

Adjusted option prices?

I am trying to calculate IV of options for a ticker over the last 10 years. Problem is that some option prices don't make sense (for example, closing price \$31.94, but 30-day call option with 18 days ...
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270 views

Pricing options and bid-ask spread

Consider a non-liquid option market with a wide bid-ask spreads across all strikes. Spot: \$52 A snapshot of the \$50 strike shows: ...
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365 views

Implied volatility and greeks for american option with discrete dividends

What methods are available to calculate IV and greeks for an american option with discrete dividends, and how do they compare? Should I use Roll-Geske-Whaley and solve for a given option price?
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292 views

Interpolate option volatility in delta space in R

I have a bunch of deltas and option implied vols at those deltas. I would like to interpolate them in R. Interpolating them in delta space seems difficult, since normally you would like the ATM calls ...
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180 views

Pricing a Power Contract derivative security

I'm trying to price a "power contract" and would appreciate guidance on the next step. The payoff at time $T$ is $(S(T)/K)^\alpha$, where $K > 0$, $\alpha \in \mathbb{N}$, $T > 0$. $S$ is ...
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188 views

How to calculate a the PFE for a Swaption?

How do you calculate the Potential Future Exposure (PFE) for a swaption? Do you incorporate the dynamics of implied volatility when you are running your simulations? Is there a standard way to ...
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296 views

Delta-Omega Hedging [closed]

I am currently trying to understand the in's and out's of options and more specifically hedging. I came across a document that was talking about Delta Hedging which is just making sure the delta of ...
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2answers
580 views

Delta of a Down and Out Call

I came across some graphs depicting the delta of a down-and-out call. They show that, if the risk free rate of return is 0, the delta is constant at 1. However, if the rate of return is for example ...
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4answers
278 views

What is the Benefit of holding a short option?

i am new to corporate finance and ask myself why a investor is interested in being short on a Option? The only he can win is a premium but he can loose much more. I understand with being a short I can ...
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1answer
193 views

Exotic option pricing

I'm trying to price an option with payoff $\max\{a\cdot S_t - K,0\}$ where $a$ is a known constant. Ideally I'm looking for a closed form, continuous-time solution. Where should I begin?
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1answer
969 views

what is the best way to calculate the probability of an equity option ending in the money?

Given historical implied volatility and all other know variables (stock price, option strike price, option expiration date, dividend rate, interest rate) what is the best way to calculate the ...
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1answer
116 views

Mysterious disappearance of options from historical datasets

I am in the process of analyzing historical options data, and I keep finding options that mysteriously disappear before they are due to expire. For example: For the QQQ $69 Put, ...
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1answer
294 views

Does an option's price “ratio” with the underlying security price?

I'm trying to understand option pricing better. Let's say security ABC is \$40, and a 38 PUT option with 40% implied volatility (and 90 days till expiration) is priced at X. If security ABC then ...
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2answers
117 views

Can selling put equity options be a good business?

In one of his last books Jack D. Schwager suggested that selling equity puts can be a good business. The puts are like insurance policies against market downturns and there is a natural demand. ...
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2answers
107 views

Why long power and short gas for Merchant power plant

Merchant power plant is one that can be turned on whenever you want. Suppose it is generating electricity from natural gas and we have a spark-spread option. Why is that the person who owns plant is ...
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1answer
314 views

Japan day count conventions

I am after a good comprehensive resource on Japanese day count conventions. By that I mean, is actual/360 or actual/365 used for pricing various options, forwards, futures, etc.
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1answer
562 views

Which prediction market model is efficient and simple to use?

For a college project I'm tasked with implementing prediction market. Which model of it I'd better choose? I want something useful and simple enough for other people to quickly understand and use. ...
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1answer
48 views

how to use known premium of options to determine premium of options with another strike?

Assuming constant volatility across all strikes, how to use known premium of options to determine premium of options with another strike? e.g. suppose we know premium of \$40 call and put, \$50 call ...
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1answer
494 views

Asset-or-nothing Option Valuation in the Black and Scholes model

In standard Black-Scholes Model, compute the price of an asset-or-nothing put and asset-or-nothing call options. Write down the put-call parity relation between the asset-or-nothing call and put ...
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2answers
121 views

Practical equity options pricing

To price a vanilla option, the following information are required : Strike price; Underlying price; Volatility; Maturity; Dividends rate; Repo rate; Interest rate; The strike, underlying price, ...
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2answers
172 views

How is holding an European call option equivalent to holding an asset-or-nothing call option and writing a cash-or-nothing call option?

The cash-or-nothing call option has a payoff that is equal to the strike price. All three options have the same expiry date.