A contract that gives the owner the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell a security at a fixed price in the future.

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155 views

Analysis of Unbalanced Covered Calls

Hello I am doing an analysis on covered calls with and extra amount of naked calls. Ignore the symbol and current macroeconomic events. I couldn't find any reference to this strategy (unbalanced is ...
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1answer
157 views

stock option strategies long vs short

What makes an option strategy long or short? I got the impression that if it is a net debit (you pay to open the strategy) it is classified 'long' (strangle, straddle) Then I learned about the call ...
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0answers
19 views

negative probabilities in the bivariate tree heston model

I am trying to implement the bivariate tree approach for the Heston model by Beliavea & Nawalkha. I currently have the problem that given the specifications in their examples, I always obtain ...
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1answer
74 views

Historical Value At Risk on option portfolio

I am new to Value at Risk subject in fact everything related to quant. Can any body validate the Value at Risk Model on the option price ? I am using a below explained approach . our portfolio ...
5
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1answer
230 views

Pricing options under restricted domain

How would I price an option when the underlying security is unable to trade above a certain price? I assumed this would be as simple as restricting the limits of integration of the PDF to B (the ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Does anyone have a C# implementation of the Barone Adesi Whaley options pricing model?

Thanks. Can't seem to find it through google. Worst case, if you can provide me the code in Java or C++ I can convert it to C#.
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2answers
97 views

Can selling put equity options be a good business?

In one of his last books Jack D. Schwager suggested that selling equity puts can be a good business. The puts are like insurance policies against market downturns and there is a natural demand. ...
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1answer
190 views

How does Volatility Pairs Trading work?

I've read some material related to pairs trading for equities and I understand the process of finding non-stationary pairs price series that can be cointegrated to form a stationary series. The basic ...
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1answer
92 views

Literature on Empirical Option Pricing

When I started combing through the literature I was astonished about how little the option pricing models are tested against market data and benchmarks are limited. The main barrier is of course ...
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3answers
7k views

How to compute Implied Volatility Calculation?

We all know if you back out of the BS option pricing model you can derive and solve what the options is "implying" as its volatility. However, what is the formula used to derive Implied Volatility ...
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3answers
1k views

Why are there still manual market makers in options

Why are manual market makers still predominant in options markets? Why haven't algorithms replaced these market makers, as they have for liquid stocks for example?
6
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3answers
253 views

Replicating portfolio and risk-neutral pricing for interest rate options

For equity options, the pricing of options depends on the existence of a replicating portfolio, so you can price the option as the constituents of that replicating portfolio. However, I am not seeing ...
0
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1answer
142 views

Does Implied Volatility always exist?

I am considering a simple Heston Model Market with one risky and one riskless asset. The dynamics of the riskless asset is simply $dB_t=r*B_t*dt$ The dynamics of the risky asset is as follows, $ ...
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0answers
24 views

Define some finance terminology for me, please. Live options vs. crossed options

What is a "live" option vs. a "crossed" option? Does a cross option just mean that it is hedged? If someone is buying an option and says "I want to buy a November 5.00 (strike price) put cross at ...
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1answer
49 views

Constructing Volatility Smile from Implied Volatility & Delta

I have implied volatility data for call and put options (expiring in 1 month from any given date) for a particular stock. In addition, I have the delta for the options. However, I have no information ...
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3answers
73 views

What is the effect of dividend yield being greater than the risk-free rate to American options pricing?

Even though dividends are discrete, literature often makes the assumption of continuous dividends (mostly in the case of indices but the individual stocks as well). The dividend yield denoted by q is ...
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1answer
71 views

How can theta be so large on this option?

The AAPL Sep 95 put currently has a theta of -.21. The put midpoint is .84. 84/21 = 4 days. However, the put has nearly a month before expiration, at which time it will be zero. Not 4 days from ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

How would you price this kind of derivative?

I am somewhat familiar with options but am wondering how to price calls/puts on this one: European exercise "Jumps" in underlying may occur Takes physical delivery upon exercise (is this even ...
0
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0answers
33 views

Position Strength: Leveraged vs. Non-Levered

Is there some sort of metric or formula for bull/long strength in a market based on % of shorts/longs on margin, and perhaps even the size of that leverage? I ask because I participate in BTC (which ...
3
votes
0answers
91 views

What is the most convenient data structure for backtesting a model of futures options prices?

I have an empirical model for the dynamics of futures prices in a particular market that I have implemented using a long series of the front five contracts. (I account for the roll in my model.) I ...
4
votes
2answers
186 views

Difference between a warrant and an option?

What is the difference between a warrant and an option on a stock? Apparently both represent the same right to receive a share of stock at the strike.
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2answers
183 views

Are power contracts traded on any stock market?

Are power contracts traded on any stock markets ? What about OTC markets ? I ask about the derivatives where payoff is some exponential function of difference between strike and spot price.
3
votes
1answer
714 views

Drawbacks of Black-Scholes option pricing model

Will highly appreciate if anybody can provide logical financial proof why the Black-Scholes option pricing model overestimates the value for long-term options as described in this paper "Warren ...
5
votes
1answer
191 views

QuantLib: Black / BSM processes and pricing via volatility surface. Different results?

I start this question with a couple of C++ functions that will be useful to show some results. So start your Visual Studio C++ Express or Ceemple or whatever you want and copy & paste this: ...
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1answer
66 views

Why doesn't VG flatten volatility skew for short term options?

The VG process, from my inexpert point-of-view, seems to nearly perfectly model equity distributions. For longer term options, there is little to no volatility, skewness, or kurtosis parameter skew. ...
0
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0answers
50 views

Negative Risky vs Negative Butterfly

I understand that in regard to FX options, a volatility smile with negative Risk Reversals is effectively indicating that the spot market for a given currency pair is in decline (puts over). In ...
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0answers
61 views

Underlying changes impact on implied volatility

What are some valid techniques that can be used to simulate how changes in the underlying are most likely to impact implied volatility along with the skew of all strikes for options with the same ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

Option based portfolio insurance in practice

My question is about option based portfolio insurance in practice. Some insurance companies offer products where there is a mutual fund (equity and bonds) and a guarantee attached. This guarantee is ...
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2answers
69 views

Non-Negativity of up-factor and down-factor in Binomial No-Arbitrage Pricing Model

Consider a stock which is trading at $S_0$ at time $t=0$ and is expected to be trading at price $uS_0$ or $dS_0$ at time t=1 where $u$ and $d$ are up-factor and down-factor. The theory says that to ...
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1answer
94 views

Selling an American call option early

I understand it is never optimal to exercise an American call option early. [1] [2] However, here are my two contradictory thoughts about selling an American call option early. Assumptions I can ...
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0answers
95 views

where to find historical option prices?

I have a dataset of options (traded in European exchanges such as NYSE Euronext) and I would like to find their price history. Where to find it? I see that ...
4
votes
1answer
105 views

questions on VAR manipulation

The book of Financial Risk forecasting by Danielsson gives the following example about VAR manipulation. I have two questions: 1) If $0> VAR_1 > VAR_0$ , why the following figure plots it as ...
2
votes
2answers
205 views

SVCJ (SVJJ) Duffie et. al Model implementation in Matlab

I'm attempting to implement aforementioned SVCJ model by Duffie et al in MATLAB. so far without success. It's supposed to price vanilla (european) calls . parameters provided, the expected price is: ...
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1answer
248 views

Black 76 for Options on Interest Rate Futures

This is my first time using Black76 to value options on IR futures and I have a question on $F$ and $K$. I understand the price for an IR future is usually quoted as $100 - r$. Do I use this price ...
5
votes
1answer
92 views

Valuing a warrant on a warrant

How would you go about valuing a European warrant that entitles you to a) 1 share of a company and 2) 1 warrant on that same company?
0
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1answer
106 views

Mysterious disappearance of options from historical datasets

I am in the process of analyzing historical options data, and I keep finding options that mysteriously disappear before they are due to expire. For example: For the QQQ $69 Put, ...
0
votes
2answers
141 views

How can I calculate the strike price or implied volatility from a given delta?

I have calculated the implied volatility for all strikes of a certain product (options on futures) and approximated the ATM volatility. My question is how can I figure out the implied volatility for a ...
3
votes
2answers
150 views

Using Fourier Transforms for stock option pricing with stochastic interest rates

Can Fourier transforms be used to derive the joint probability density function of stochastic interest rates and stock price Brownian motions of call options under stochastic interest rates? So lets ...
7
votes
2answers
979 views

How to transform process to risk-neutral measure for Monte Carlo option pricing?

I am trying to price an option using the Monte Carlo method, and I have the price process simulations as an inputs. The underlying is a forward contract, so at all times the mean of the simulations is ...
0
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1answer
30 views

Common point between IR and Vol option pricing models?

What is the common point between pricing models on options on Interest Rates and options on Volatility?
2
votes
1answer
80 views

How do I prove that $\lim_{K\searrow0}\frac{P(K,T)}{K} = \mathbb P(S_T=0)$?

I am trying to prove that $$\lim_{K\searrow0}\frac{P(K,T)}{K} = \mathbb P(S_T=0)$$ where $P(K,T)$ denotes the put option price with maturity $T$ and strike $K$ for some stock $S$. Assuming interest ...
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2answers
112 views

what is the actual point of vega on real option data

For a call option, we know that the vega is the derivative of the price wrt to the volatility. However the volatility, in that context, actually refers to the implied volatility of the specific call ...
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1answer
50 views

European Option Technical Exercise

I like to ask a practical question regarding the exercise of European Options: As we know, one may exercise a European option only at maturity $T$. But for example, if the option can be exercised ...
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2answers
84 views

Basis Risk for Futures/Options

I am just reading about basis risk. It is being described as risk of the price of the hedging instrument not fluctuating the same as the instrument itself. I was just wondering, if we bought a ...
0
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0answers
69 views

Option payoffs and replicating payoffs

I've come across the below question which has no answers to it and I was hoping someone could provide some help. I know it quite a long question and I appreciate any help with this. An investment ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

How does volatility affect the price of binary options?

In theory, how should volatility affect the price of a binary option? A typical out the money option has more extrinsic value and therefore volatility plays a much more noticeable factor. Now let's ...
2
votes
2answers
282 views

Black Scholes vs Binomial Model

I'm trying to confirm my understanding of the 2 models. It is my understanding that the black-scholes is a special case of a binomial model with infinite steps. Does this mean that if I were to start ...
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3answers
126 views

Is there any other way to measure option pricing model performance than proximity to market prices?

Short version Why do we take market prices as the prices to be estimated and predicted? The common answer is efficient markets hypothesis as in "Market agents do their best effort given their ...
0
votes
4answers
275 views

What is the Benefit of holding a short option?

i am new to corporate finance and ask myself why a investor is interested in being short on a Option? The only he can win is a premium but he can loose much more. I understand with being a short I can ...
11
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3answers
3k views

Papers about backtesting option trading strategies

I am looking for all kinds of research concerning option trading strategies. With that I mean papers that publish results on different option trading strategies properly backtested with real-world ...