# Tagged Questions

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### Fund Separation Theorem for Performance Seeking Portfolio

Can someone explain this statement? "The beauty of the fund separation theorem is that the performance seeking portfolio mandate is the same for all investors"
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### Evaluation of Bayesian GARCH

I am using the bayesGARCH package to estimate Bayesian GARCH models and I was wondering how to evaluate them in terms of precision of forecast or at least the quality of the model. I have encountered ...
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### ES not elicitable

Expected Shortfall is not elicitable as some papers have pointed out. That simply means that there is no scoring function that elicits ES. My question is, does this imply that Expected Shortfall ...
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i am building a platform for portfolio analytics, part of which is a performance attribution module. Given that most individual portfolio's can never have the same number of stocks as say, a mutual ...
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### Volatility of monthly performances, where the last month is short

I'd like to calculate the vol of a return series of, say, 25 months. However, the last of those months is not completed yet. The last data point only refers to the first 21 days of the month (say, ...
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### Weights in Portfolio Attribution when considering Currency

I'm performing a simple Portfolio attribution with the Brinson 1985 model where returns are decomposed into both an allocation component and a selection. Using the formula, I first did the ...
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### Which one is best Performance evaluation measures?

I want to compare the performance of various volatility models like GARCH, eGARCH, and gjrGARCH from actual volatility(computed using high frequency data). I found 3 common performance evaluation ...
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### Risk-adjusted performance measurement: Log returns vs. simple returns and geometric vs. arithmetic mean return

I have just simulated 49 weeks of correlated returns on 5 different stocks, assuming returns being lognormally distributed. Next, I am supposed to assume that the simulated 49 weeks of returns ...
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### Calculating unweighted performance of stocks within a period

The well known calculation of unweighted index of stocks is just calculating an arithmetic average. And then, to calculate the performance of the index, I calculate the %change of the unweighted ...
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### How can I compare two mutual funds' performance with a sparse set of data?

I want to compare the performance of two mutual funds. The only data I have is annual returns for the past 7 years. So I have 7 observations for Fund 1 and 7 observations for Fund 2. In addition, I ...
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### How to evaluate minimum-variance strategies against perfect information mvp

The minimum variance portfolio should minimize the standard deviation (variance) of the portfolio at time $t+1$. The covariance matrix $\Sigma_{t+1}$ needs to be estimated in order to form the mvp. ...
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### How does one simulate intraday strategies which don't end up flat at the close?

I ran into this trying to simulate trading interlisted names between the NYSE and the TSX. Depending on my strategy parametrization it would sometimes end up with a significant short or long dollar ...
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### How to measure the performance of an systematic option strategy

I have a strategy based only on option instruments and I am trying to measure its performance to optimize some parameters. But how does one measure the performance of such strategies? For Sharpe ...
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### Sortino Ratio calculation

I've been using an excel template to calculate the sortino ratio for my automated trading strategies. http://investexcel.net/calculate-the-sortino-ratio-with-excel Basically i input my monthly ...
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### How to evaluate a success rate of a trading strategy

In order to compare various trading strategies, I am trying to calculate the success rate (the ratio of winning and losing trades). While it is clear to me that this indicator is far from being an ...
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### Jensen's alpha with timing activities

Why is Jensen’s Alpha not an appropriate measure of performance anymore, if the fund manager is a perfect market timer as stated for example in the Treynor-Mazuy-model or the Henriksson-Merton-model?
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### Forex P&l Attribution on Physical Forward position

Please validate my unrealized Fx P&L calculation on the commodity forward contract e.g. consider i have bought 1 MT of wheat at 300 EURO my financial currency for company is USD. I am using below ...
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### Long/Short Backtesting Set up

I am going to be backtesting a Long/Short equity strategy and need some guidance on how best to deal with the short book. I was thinking that for each portfolio I would go long 50 equities and go ...
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### Market Timing Performance for a single stock

It seems there are models that study the market timing ability of funds. Models such as the Treynor-Mazuy and Merton-Henriksson. One can also study the bull beta and compare it to a bear beta. My ...
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### How to calculate the Sharpe ratio for market neutral strategies?

Suppose I am long one stock and short an index in a ratio effectively making market beta as zero and I close the position with some positive P&L. How should I calculate the return for the ...
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### Create optimal portfolio by Treynor and Jensens Alpha

I would like to know which formula to use in order to optimize a portfolio based on highest Treynor and Jensens Alpha. I am aware that usually one optimize a portfolio by highest Sharpe ratio (the ...
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### Looking for C# library that provides/contains performance analytics

I am looking for a C# .Net library that provides trade performance analytics similar to R-PerformanceAnalytics. Basic return statistics, draw-downs, risk-adjusted returns, risk (variations), ...
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### evaluating portfolio performance without knowing the amount held on cash accounts

I would like to evaluate the performance of a portfolio mananger. I know his trades, and the initial portfolio holdings. I do not know, however the amount held on his cash account. That is, I ...
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### measuring the performance of round-trips on stocks

can you provide me with some ideas to assess the profitability of round-trips? That is when I buy 100 shares of IBM at 10\$and I resell them two days later at 11\$, how can I measure the profit made? ...
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### evaluation of volatility models using loss functions

This question has two parts, What is the state of the art in an academic or public knowledge sense of volatility forecast model evaluation? Since there are many methods out in the wild, and do ...
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### Robust Returns-Based Style Analysis

Sharpe's Return-Based Style Analysis is an interesting theory but flawed in practice when working with long-short funds or funds that are changing strategies over shorter periods of time due to the ...
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### Industry convention to track trading performance against market indices?

I come from a programming background and not am no quant by career so this is probably a newbie question for you guys. I have written some code to pull daily closing values for market indices (DOW/...
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### Risk-free rate for ex-post evaluation of investment strategy

When evaluating the strategy ex-post using e.g. Sharpe ratio, what should one use as the risk-free rate? Let's suppose I am using a 1Y sample of weekly returns, sampled between 2012-01-01 and 2012-12-...
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### t-statistics for the mean return, using Newey-West standard errors

I have seen that in several papers, where the aim was to evaluate the performance of a certain investment strategy, they use t-statistics to test for significance in the results. However, this seems a ...
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### Computing the Sharpe Ratio

The building blocks of the Sharpe ratio—expected returns and volatilities—are unknown quantities that must be estimated statistically and are subject to estimation error. The main problem I have is ...
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### Using alpha to evaluate trading strategy

I have a trading strategy that generates returns $R_{t}$. I want to test the strategy by looking at the alpha: $R_t - R_{f,t} = \alpha + \beta (R_{m,t} - R_{f,t}) + e_t$ I compare my alpha against ...
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I am trying to do some performance attribution for a few portfolios we manage. What I am trying to examine are three different sources of returns: The general asset allocation Security Selection The ...
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### Measuring Behavioral Finance Effects in Fund/Portfolio Manager Analysis

I want to know if there are some standardized measures to evaluate how irrationally human a portfolio manager is. Are there any performance measures or scorings for behavioral finance effects? How "...
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### How high of a Sharpe ratio is implausibly high for a low-frequency equity strategy?

I am looking to convince someone that an annualized Sharpe Ratio of 7 is 'extremely high' for a low frequency (daily rebalancing, say) long-short technical strategy on U.S. equities. I was hoping for ...
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### How to annualize dividends paid at varying intervals?

I am attempting to write a function that will calculate the annualized rate of return for individual dividends made by illiquid investments. These dividends are paid at varying intervals and the ...