# Tagged Questions

The professional management of an investment portfolio of various securities (shares, bonds and other securities) in order to meet specified investment goals. The process includes the specification of investment objectives and constraints, choice of asset mix, formulation of portfolio strategy, ...

2k views

### Determining portfolio risk return in R given historical data for individual holdings?

Currently we compute portfolio risk and return via our own C# program. Historical data is stored in a SQL database. We want to compute the risk and return parameters - given a portfolio (i.e. not ...
1k views

### Handling Missing values in stocks returns when estimating the co variance matrix

What is the best way to handle missing values when stocks did not exist for the entire historical period?.
584 views

### constructing a minimum variance portfolio

Assume a US-based company has sold something to a Norwegian company. It will receive 1M Norwegian Kroner in two months, and would like to hedge this future cash flow against currency exchange risk. ...
216 views

### how can we know the residual return will be uncorrelated with the market return

I was reading that if we know a portfolios beta we can break the excess return on that portfolio into a market component and a residual component. ...
38 views

### Evaluating trading strategies by the skewness of returns

How to deal with skewness of returns when evaluating different trading strategies? More specifically, I'm back testing different strategies to be implemented as an automated black box strategy. While ...
101 views

### Mean Variance Portfolio theory and real-world problem?

There are many assumptions on mean-variance portfolio theory and they seem to be very unrealistic, for example 1) investors have the same information at the same time: calculating expected returns ...
105 views

### The role of Gamma in replicating a put

I am analyzing portfolio protection by replication of a put. Having my portfolio with value $V$ I could buy put giving me the payoff $P$ resulting in a call like pay-off scenario $C=V+P$. Say, I don'...
89 views

### Correlation -1 and standard deviation [closed]

My book says that for a portfolio of two stocks: $\sigma_p = \sqrt{w_A^2 \sigma_A^2 + (1-w_A)^2 \sigma_B^2 + 2 w_A (1 - w_A) \rho_{AB} \sigma_A \sigma_B}$ Elsewhere it says that if the correlation ...
124 views

### When to adjust portfolio weights?

In portfolio allocation literature there is lot of effort made in obtaining 'better' portfolio weights, for example via improving parameter estimates, introducing Bayesian approaches, incorporating ...
172 views

### Is an arbitrary prior for Black-Litterman valid? Or do we need a market implied one?

I went through The Black-Litterman Approach: Original Model and Extensions - see also. The BL approeach starts with a prior on the expected returns vector derived from the hypothesis that the market ...
279 views

### What are the assumptions of portfolio optimisation with higher moments?

I was wondering whether there are a set of assumptions for portfolio optimisation with higher moments (including kurtosis and skewness) as there are for regular mean-variance optimisation?
421 views

### Value at Risk from Delta of a single asset portfolio

I am trying to figure out the following, for me unfamiliar type of question: Given is a single asset portfolio: the Delta of the portfolio is 15, the value of the asset is 10 and the daily volatility ...
65 views

### How to Calculate Minimun total Risk?

Is it possible to calculate Minimum Total Risk mathematically for below problem. ...
65 views

### How to calculate a hypothetical minimum-variance point?

If we have $N$ assets which are uncorrelated, but have the same mean return of $\mu$ but the variances are different where $\sigma_i^2$ is the variance of each asset $i = 1, 2,...,N$ how can you write ...
360 views

### What are pros and cons of mean absolute deviation portfolio optimization?

In this question a paper about mean absolute deviation portfolio optimization is mentioned and in the answer a spreadsheet with an implementation is attached. What is the use of this procedure? Does ...
77 views

### An Alphabet Effect?

While I prepared some quick and lazy charts picking just the first 10 symbols out of the SP500 for this other question I observed, that the first 10 symbols (figure 1) actually outperformed the larger ...
374 views

### Determining the portfolio return distribution to calculate CVaR/ES

I'm trying to do a portfolio optimization with an expected shortfall constraint. For this, it is necessary to know the distribution of expected portfolio returns. When doing this empirically, my plan ...
32 views

### Are financial returns considered more volatile in recessionary times as opposed to expansionary times?

I need help in understanding some results that I have obtained. I am doing some out-of-sample performance analysis for different targets of volatility in mean-variance optimization where I solely ...
66 views

### How to optimize a portfolio using skewness?

I am trying to do portfolio optimization for 5 stocks taking into account skewness of the portfolio but I am unable to incorporate skewness to the mean variance model. Can anyone please help on how ...
129 views

27 views

### Subclass Tracking Error

I am currently doing a master program project regarding tracking errors. My assignment is to evaluate following question: How to find out the correlation structure of the passive (=second order/sub-...
49 views

### OHLC Covarianc Estimation

Is there an R package which can estimate a covariance matrix using OHLC (Open/High/Low/Close) share prices for upwards of 40 shares using the Yang & Zhang method using daily data? I google ...
46 views

### Given (past) stock values for N assets, how to find the maximum - theoretical - profit?

In the past few days I have been thinking about a question which seems trivial, yet I can't think of any efficient way to find the optimal solution... Here is the problem: imagine you have a ...
90 views

### Ledoit-Wolf portfolio weights calculation

I am trying to implement the Ledoit-Wolf minimum variance portfolio strategy on a real-world stock dataset. ...
62 views

### Sharpe Ratio for loans

I am trying to calculate the sharpe ratio for a set of loans. These loans have already matured and I know if they were good or not: grades are the different grades of the loans. interest rate is the ...
668 views

### Calculate bond returns from yields

I have to construct and evaluate portfolio of bonds and stocks, namely I need to get return on portfolio, standard deviation and sharpe ratios. I have weekly data that contains stock prices, and I ...
87 views

### seasonality and generalized additive model

I am reading a report which talks about seasonality. There is a chart showing the average returns for each month of the year. In the chart it appears the last 3 months of the year tend to be negative. ...
135 views

### Why does my posterior mean differs from Idzorek's results?

I have implemented two different expressions (Idzorek p.6, Walters p.51) of a posterior mean return calculation within a Black-Litterman framework. My results are the same, irrespective of the ...
177 views

### Portfolio optimization with absolute position constraints

I'm looking to optimize a portfolio maximizing expected return for a particular risk budget, but with absolute constraints on the individual instrument positions. I've been experimenting with QP, ...
792 views

### How to correctly construct a value- and equally weighted portfolio consisting of property-types?

A problem of which I couldn’t find the answer on the forum is about the construction of equally-weighted and value-weighted portfolio. I want to compute the equally-weighted property-type portfolio ...
116 views

What are some of the best ways to effectively measure headwinds for an open ended fund? Headwinds in this case refers to the amount of volatility contributed by a factor or a set of factors to a ...
2k views

### Calculate correlation between two sub portfolios and the combined portfolio

I have two sub portfolios (lets call them portfolio a & portfolio b - a portfolio is just a vector of weights that sum to 1) that combine to create a total portfolio. I also have a 2 x 2 ...
86 views

### Portfolio of sum of two Bachelier processes

Suppose you construct a portfolio of two stocks, whose values $A$ and $B$ are modelled as a Bachelier process: $$dA = \sigma_A dW_A(t) \text{ and } dB = \sigma_B d W_B(t).$$ Each of the stock prices ...
2k views

### Calculating portfolio allocation beta with different asset classes?

I'd like to calculate portfolio allocation beta on a portfolio that has different asset classes. The portfolio may be made up of: ...
112 views

### Modern portfolio theory in practice

I am wondering about the Markowitz theory of portfolio construction in practice. Hence, if one wants to know the efficient frontier, what variances can one use. The only method that I can think is the ...
95 views

214 views

### M&A hedging an equity portfolio against an index

Quick Note This question was already posted under the userID user8170. Reason being I could not access my account. Now I am able to login to my account I am reposting the question here and will ...
159 views

### How to score a portfolio's diversity based on security returns?

What is the best way to score a portfolio's diversity based on it's returns covariance matrix? I know that if my portfolio has two securities and their returns' correlation coefficient is -1 that is ...
133 views

### Find a paper about portfolio management

Where to find the following paper of the noble prize Paul Samuelson (2003) “When and Why Mean-Variance Analysis Generically Fails,”. I was looking for it desperately on Google and Google Scholar but ...
40 views

### How to compute the foreign exchange volatility within a portfolio

Suppose I have a portfolio of 5 assets. Assets 1 and 2 have foreign exchange exposures and therefore foreign exchange volatility. How can I calculate the marginal contribution to the total portfolio ...
42 views

### Having Difficulty With Sharpe Ratio and Optimal Portfolio

I have begun by using such equations as: By finding the $Rp$ and $\sigma p$ with the weighted values, and then I followed the equation using a value of $.02$ for the fixed asset, $rf$, but this ...
Compute the expected return $\mu_V$ and standard deviation $\sigma_V$ of a portfolio consisting of three securities with weights $\omega_1=40\%$, $\omega_2=-20\%$, $\omega_3=80\%$, given that the ...