# Tagged Questions

Quantitative trading strategies use quantitative signals and a set of predefined systematic rules to make trading decisions. Strategies operate within parameters based on historical analysis (backtesting) and real world market studies (forward testing). Strategies may be executed manually (by a ...

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### How to calculate implied borrow rates from option chain information?

I am given information about a ticker with following options data: stock price, date, expiration date, strike price, call / put indicator, style (American or European), ask price, bid price, mean ...
49 views

### Questions on Kelly criterion

I am new to asset allocation problems and have some concerns regarding the derivation of the continuous-time Kelly criterion (i.e. not the original version destined to discrete sports betting/Casino). ...
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### Regression coefficient and basic trading strategy

This question might be very basic but still I couldn't really find a satisfying answer anywhere. I want to analyse the effect of a repeated event (data release) on the price of a specific asset (I ...
62 views

### What does an optimized portfolio really tell us?

I am very new to this field, and have very recently started doing some self study on this topic. After reading some papers and reproducing some of the results in them, I am not very clear about what ...
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### Account for empirical relationship between signal and market data

I have two monthly time series : one is a 'signal', on which I will base my decision to buy or short-sell, and the second one is the time serie of a given asset's price. I have implemented this ...
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### Selection of optimal backtesting parameters

Suppose I backtest some strategy on in-sample data while varying two parameters, say $X$ and $Y$. $X$ can take the values $\{3,6,9,12,15,18\}$ while $Y$ can take $\{10,15,20,25,30\}$. I want to select ...
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### Toxic FX Flow - how to avoid it [duplicate]

So, basically i want to debate and find out the real reason behind being flag by ECNs and venues as "toxic". How to avoid being flag? What kind of strategies are toxic and why? Below is an article ...
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### cointegration strategy

If it can be proved that two time series $$S_t^1=\alpha + \beta S_t^2 + \xi_t$$ representing stocks are correlated, with $\beta=-2$ and then are proved to be cointegrated, how a portfolio should be ...
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I am A math student who wants to start trading stocks. Which books will you recommend to help me develop tools/strategies for trading? I have taken finance classes and know some technical analysis. ...
192 views

### How to get historical fundamental data in Bloomberg suitable for backtesting?

I'm trying to retrieve historical stocks fundamental data from Bloomberg to backtest some quant ideas. I'm having trouble to find the correct point in time the data was available. For instance, the ...
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I apologize if this is way too basic a question, but I'm an absolute beginner to trading and am in the process of learning the fundamentals. Currently I'm trying to model a (10-day) SMA backtest in ...
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### Performance measure

Can anyone give some intuition behind the relative performance measure that is a percentile raking of trading activity. It indicates the percentage of total activity the investor outperformed the ...
160 views

### Finance Projects in Python [closed]

I am new to this forum. I work in the Market Risk Domain at a leading Investment Bank. I am currently learning Python. And the best way to learn is to experiment with some Real Live Analysis/Project(...
82 views

### FX Statistical Arbitrage Strategy [closed]

I have had experience creating stat arb strategies for equities and etfs, but haven't dabbled much into FX trading. I was wondering if anyone knew any resources online they would suggest, or could ...
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### Replication strategy of European call option

So the question asks: L et $S(0) = 120$ dollars, $u = 0.2$, $d = −0.1$ and $r = 0.1$. Consider a call option with strike price $X = 120$ dollars and exercise time $T = 2$. Find the option price and ...
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### Kfold cross validation: how to handle hold-out periods

I want to backtest a strategy using K-fold cross validation. Assume I have a period of 300 days in my backtest. I divide it into 30 folds of 10 days each. On day 1 of a fold, I enter a trade, and ...
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### Using Market Gamma to Predict FX Trading Environments

I want to test a hypothesis about using gamma to predict FX movements. Suppose that market makers will seek to be delta neutral given their portfolio of FX options. At any given time, market makers ...
79 views

### Optimal approach for finding a profitable trading strategy to automate? [closed]

I am currently searching for an optimal approach for finding profitable forex trading strategies to automate. Currently, I just try to combine various indicators and build an automated trading system ...
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### Literature to Learn about Different Instruments

What is a good source of literature to learn about the specifics of various instruments that are traded? For example, suppose I wanted to know more about MBS's, i.e. how exactly they are securitized, ...
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### What is smart beta, alternative index, factor investing?

What is smart beta, alternative index, factor investing? Are they basically the same thing? Construct a benchmark index using schema other than market cap?
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### How necessary is real analysis and complex analysis for trading at hedge fund levels?

As the title states, I am basically wanting to know the applications of real/complex analysis in finance. How important are such high levels of math ? I can obviously see how things such as ...
205 views

### Is trading mean reversion of small principal components of prices profitable?

Many have told me that it is a good idea to look at the third principal component (PC) of yield curve movements, as well as third and fourth PC of G10 currencies. They claim these PCs represent "...
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### Why the diff of signal is called positions and what does it mean in backtesting?

I'm trying to learn Backtesting 101. I found this example which is very simple but I do not quite understand some of the terms. I understand Moving Average algorithm which is to measure trends or to ...
462 views

### R Backtesters: Quantstrat vs SIT

I am learning R, and want to start using a backtester. I have spent about a day reading all I can about R backtesters, and it seems there are 2 main contenders: quantstrat, which uses the packages ...
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### Min. Spanning Trees, Planar Maximally Filtered Graph US equities?

Does anyone know of any free source of recent or preferably regularly updated Minimum Spanning Trees, PMFGs or other similar maps for US equities? (S&P 500 will do.)
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### Reference request: Quantitative Trading Strategies [closed]

I intend to thoroughly prepare for an internship that I will start in a couple of months, and therefore wanted to clarify what topics I need to study and some recommended references for them. The ...
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What kind of deals do high frequency traders have with brokers or exchanges regarding commissions for stock trading? For an individual, it is nowadays possible to get to as low as 10 basis points per ...
37 views

### References about market neutral portfolios that isolate unsystematic risk

I am looking for references, information, backtests etc. about market neutral portfolios that go long the index and short stocks of that index with high unsystematic (idiosyncratic) risk. The idea is ...
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### Why is there a stong intraday-correlation between spot and vol?

Fig.1 shows an intraday scatterplot of the DAX future against its volatility index VDAX on 6-Jan-2016. The data suggest a strong negative correlation between the two. There are various models ...
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### Is that a good way to work with the ARMA model?

I would like to share with you what I am doing to get your point of view, and to make a better trading system in collaboration. I am working on EURUSD forex, and I am trying to find a way to place ...
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### Slippage as Transaction Cost

What is a best procedure when to include/not include slippage into a trading model. If you include it in high freuency trading style model, you never make money because slippage eats away all your ...
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### Constructing Dedicated Risk Premia Strategies

I am trying to figure out the "best" way to construct investment strategies which are focused on capturing specific risk premia individually. From my understanding the traditional approach to capture ...
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### Is anybody using 13F-HR data for making strategies?

I see that a lot of quants work on high frequency strategies. Mostly used data are prices, volumes. I wonder, is anybody using data on funds positions, which they have to disclosure quarnerly under ...
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### Real Time/Historical weather data

I am looking to incorporate weather data into my algorithmic models. What is a good source to find historical + real time weather data by zipcode or region? Any help will be appreciated! Preferably an ...
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### What do you think of refining and testing your strategy over the same period

What do you think of refining and testing your trading strategy over the same 2 years? Is it good to do this, or is it not?
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### How to add buy/sell market on a long/short Bollinger Bands graph in python?

I am using python, pandas, matplotlib to do the following: I have plotted some stock data ...
266 views

### Can I use PyAlgoTrade for Forex?

Is it possible to use PyAlgoTrade for Forex related algorithms? If it is, please point me in the right direction on how to get PyAlgoTrade to work on Forex data.
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### Assets cointegration: optimal inventory for futures market

I'm interested in HFT cointegration stratagies, and recently found interesting article "Algorithmic Trading of Co-Integrated Assets" The article describes mean-reversion strategy for N-assets. ...
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### What are the best online platforms to hire a quant? [closed]

I have already written the base of a trading algorithm, however there are some optimisations that I would like to add that might be best programmed by more experienced quantitative programmers. This ...
498 views

### What is an acceptable Sharpe Ratio for a prop desk?

What should be the value of a Sharpe Ratio for an intraday quantitative strategy to be accepted by a bank or hedge fund's prop desk? Let's assume the returns are daily changes in account equity, close ...
248 views

### How to trade a Ratio?

I came across a ratio plotting of Corn And Soybeans contracts, notice it's in a historical low, an intuitive question came to my mind, how should I trade this ratio (or relationship)? It's unlike flat ...
203 views

### Momentum - skipping the most recent month

Many momentum studies skip the most recent month when calculating momentum to account for "reversal effects." On the other hand, I've read online that some people get better results from not skipping ...
401 views

### What are some quantitative trading strategies used by high-frequency trading companies to make a killing on a market crash day on 24Aug2015?

http://blogs.barrons.com/focusonfunds/2015/08/24/high-frequency-trading-firms-just-made-a-killing/ Virtu Financial (VIRT), the high-speed trading firm that went public earlier this year, was one ...
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### Is there any application of power law to predict large returns?

Power law basically states that after a certain threshold, probability distribution $p(x)\sim c\,x^{a}$ where $x > x_{min}$, which is often the case for financial time series. It is also generally ...
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### What mathematical models did Harry Markopolos run to prove that Bernie Madoff 1% a month gain was a Ponzi scheme?

http://www.cbsnews.com/news/the-man-who-figured-out-madoffs-scheme-27-02-2009/ Asked how long it took him to figure out something was wrong, Markopolos said, "It took me five minutes to know ...
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### What is the logic behind this backtesting code in R

I am new to R and I have found this simple backtesting code and can you explain me what is happening here. ...
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### Self-Frontrunning Arbitrage

If I have a large order to fill, shouldn't I always buy a derivative in the same direction to profit from the market impact? E.g. I sell 1 million shares and so I buy a put, which will hence almost ...
262 views

### Is there any research on pyramiding techniques of entering/exiting a trend?

I am looking for any research about optimal strategies for gradually building (scaling in) positions inside a trend as well as optimal gradual exit strategies on pullbacks/reversals to minimise ...