# Tagged Questions

An open source programming language and software environment for statistical computing and graphics.

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### Fractals indicator (Bill Williams) R Quantstrat

Hi has anyone seen or know how to create an indicator for fractals in quantstrat? fractals explained http://forex-indicators.net/bill-williams/fractals example code (only interested in type 1 ...
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### Can you tell me what this RBloomberg formula means?

I've been asked to re-create a spreadsheet that used RBloomberg using a different data source. But I'm having trouble figuring out exactly what one of the spreadsheet's formulas does. Can anyone tell ...
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### good R package for vectorized option pricing

I am using for now the package fOptions but it doesn't allow for vectorized computation of black76 prices and delta. Which package can be used to do that? As noted ...
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### Accuracy of GARCH& ARCH forecast

I'm learing ARCH&GARCH model. I have four questions that I don't know the answers 1st: ARCH & GARCH are often used to evaluate equities. Does it mean that ARCH and GARCH are fitter for high ...
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### How to derive the implied probability distribution from B-S volatilities?

The general problem I have is visualization of the implied distribution of returns of a currency pair. I usually use QQplots for historical returns, so for example versus the normal distribution: ...
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### VaR calculation accuracy/comparison/effectiveness through different R packages

My question is what would be the better( in terms of estimation accuracy) method of VaR calculation among below two:, also any small code snippet will be great as a starting point for me. 1st method: ...
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### Technical Analysis - OBV indicator calculation in R

Here is a few references about OBV calculations: http://ta.mql4.com/indicators/volumes/on_balance_volume ...
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### out-of-sample variance using rolling window

I am currently working on the comparison of the constructed portfolios using out-of-sample variance criteria. I am going to use rolling window procedure for the comparison. First, I choose a window ...
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### Simulate (imaginary) asset prices using random numbers that follow a Frank Copula

My goal is to make up some imaginary asset prices. I generated random numbers that follow a two-dimensional Frank Copula with student-t and normal margin, respectively. I do not understand how to ...
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### R: Fast and efficient way of running a multivariate regression across a (really) large panel (First pass of Fama MacBeth)

I am attempting to run a rolling multivariate regression (14 explanatory variables) across a panel of 5000 stocks: For each of the 5000 stocks, I run 284 regressions (by rolling over my sample ...
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### Diebold-Mariano test

I am trying to use the Diebold-Mariano test but it doesnt work for some reason. Here is my code: dm.test(maegarch14,maeegarch14,h=126) where ...
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### Constant decreasing volatility, GARCH forecasting

I am trying to forecast the volatility using GARCH modelling in R. I fit an ARMA(1,1)-GARCH(1,1) model, but my sigma predictions are constantly decreasing. Anybody know why? ...
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### Residuals in the Ljung box test

does anybody know what type of residuals is used in the Ljung box test in R? raw or standardized? Because basically when I fit a GARCH model using garchFit, the summary() function gives me all the ...
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### Forecasting using GARCH in R

I am using the predict and ugarchforecast functions in R. When I fit my models and try to forecast, I get either only increasing or decreasing values for sigma, does anyone know why? Thank you ...
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### GARCH modelling and forecasting

I have a few questions regarding GARCH modelling and forecasting and it would be great if someone could help me. I am modelling the log return of oil spot prices using various GARCH models: GARCH, ...
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### Is R being replaced by Python at quant desks?

I know the title sounds a little extreme but I wonder whether R is phased out by a lot of quant desks at sell side banks as well as hedge funds in favor of Python. I get the impression that with ...
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### R package for portfolio

In the context of modern portfolio theory, one often wishes to minimise $\mathbf{w}^{\mathrm{{\scriptstyle T}}}\boldsymbol{\Sigma}\mathbf{w}$ subject to $\mathbf{w}^{T}\boldsymbol{\mu}=c_{1}$, ...
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### Fitting transition matrices in R by solving for coefficient

I'm using various matrices to impute a fitted transition matrix for credit ratings by solving for a variable [S]. Essentially the idea is to determine a base matrix and stress matrix to compare to a ...
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### How to create a basket of currency pairs with the lowest correlation in R?

My strategy is designed to buy and sell all assets of a universe and rebalance periodically. It goes either long or short. To limit risk exposure to a single currency I would like the assets in the ...
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### Computing Value at Risk for portfolio in R

I know how to compute VaR with long positions using PerformanceAnalytics. What about a portfolio consisting in two equities A and B, 100 USD long positions in each, and 2 stock options for the same ...
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### comparison of speech signal processing and financial data

I have read that in speech signal processing analysis when voice is segmented in brief temporary segments the series segments transitions from being non stationary to stationary. My question is if ...
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### Kalman filtering

Is it possible to the extract the latent factor f from the following equations using kalman smoothing? f is the unobserved state value while z is observed series. From the literature i could read ...
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### rollapply with Arima model: testing for stability of coefficients

I am trying to fit an arima model on a rolling window using rollapply.My aim is to plot a graph of the evolution of the coefficient, plot the error and the standard deviation. well i encountered the ...
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### What tools exist for order book analysis and visualization?

What tools exist for order book analysis and visualization? In particular, if one wanted to examine a limit order book and understand how it changes throughout the day where would you turn for ...
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### Kelly Capital Growth Investment Strategy (Example in R)

In the paper Response to Paul A Samuelson letters and papers onthe Kelly Capital Growth Investment Strategy pages 5 and 6 Dr William T Ziemba, gives a praticle example on Kelly Growth. I’m trying to ...
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### Is there a way to adjust R PerformanceAnalytics function VaR with EWMA or GARCH method?

Is there a way to upgrade R PerformanceAnalytics function VaR with more risk sensitive approaches like EWMA or GARCH? Or is there another R package which can handle the issue?
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### Volatility updating rule using r

I'm trying to program a volatility updating rule using iteration. I start with the well know Heston-Nandi model where the returns dynamics are : with is iid standard normal randome variable, where ...
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### IB with R which package?

I want to implement my models in R and trade according to them with my IB account. Now I am wondering, how I should solve this problem? Do I need to program with C an access ...
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### How can I estimate the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck paramters of some mean reverting data that I have on R?

I have mean reverting data (Difference of 2 stock prices, that I want to do pairs trading on). I want to simulate my own mean reverting data as similar as possible to the real data that I have. The ...
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### Calculate efficient frontier using fPortfolio with incomplete set of returns

I want to calculate the efficient frontier for a set of 140 assets using returns from the past 10 years. However, some of these assets came into existence only more recently, so for some assets I have ...
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### Building custom indices; getting data from web; stats analysis; Python or R?

I would like to build a couple of custom indices. I would like to be able to enter ticker(s) into an input and have ohlc, volume, qualitative ...data downloaded from yahoofinance, google finance, ...
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### Portfolio optimzation : efficient frontier with respect to risk aversion parameter with R

I am currently trying to write a little script in R to determine the optimal weights given a fixed risk aversion parameter. The problem I have is that by increasing the risk aversion parameter I think ...
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### Is there any way to easily estimate and forecast seasonal ARIMA-GARCH model in any software?

I use R to estimate a seasonal ARIMA(8,0,0)(5,0,1)[7] model for the seasonal differences of logs of daily electricity prices: ...
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### DCC GARCH - Specificating of ARCH and GARCH parameter Matrices STATA

The command in STATA to calculate the DCC model of two variables is: mgarch dcc ( x1 x2=, noconstant) , arch(1) garch(1) distribution(t)  \begin{bmatrix} ...
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### Does Nelson-Siegel require adjustments to yield curve input data?

I am attempting to gain a better understanding of the limitations of the Nelson-Siegel model as described in Estimating the Yield Curve Using the Nelson-Siegel Model. As I have been playing around ...
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### Tools/R code for predicting Dragon-Kings

The theory of the so called Dragon-Kings, esp. by Didier Sornette (ETH Zürich), basically states that financial crises and crashes are predictable (contrary to the theory of black swans). The ...
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### Daily option data

I am wondering where I can pull daily (hourly, by-the-minute, etc. even better) option data for a particular underlying. I would prefer a database I could scrape through and API, but would not mind ...
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### Are there any tools or useful algos for identifying corner portfolios?

Let's say I am performing mean-variance optimization subject to some weight constraints. I'd like to identify the set of corner portfolios so that I can interpolate the entire efficient frontier. A ...
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### Is it too important that my residuals be normal? I am Using an ARMA/GARCH model

I am trying to fit an ARMA/GARCH model to a time series. I found that the best candidate is an ARMA(1,0) + GARCH(1,1) with gaussian white noise It has coefficients with p-values near cero and the ...
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### Quantiles, Value-at-Risk and log normal random walks…

Sorry, that's probably quite a bunch of silly questions, but I just got lost a bit and need to dot all the i's and cross some t's :). Let's say we have a series of returns (like this one we may get ...
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### multiperiod optimization using R

I'm interested in multistage optimization problems. Are there any good R packages around to solve such problems over time? I'm not at all an expert in it, so maybe someone knows a good paper / lecture ...
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### Why annualized return and cumultive return aren't equal over 1-year period with Performance Analytics package in R?

I use Performance Analytics package in R to compare annualized and cumulative return of a portfolio. My expectation is that both should be equal over a period of 1-year but results tell me I'm wrong. ...
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### quantiative risk measure how they are implemented in R and their use

So far I have just theoretical knowledge of risk measure and never used them in application. Therefore I have some basic question how risk measures are used in reality and how they are implemented in ...
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### Library for interactive financial charts

For my recent project I am looking to build a software capable of visualizing financial charts in a dynamically and interactive matter. The workflow is as follows: I gather data from my data ...
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### How to fit ARMA+GARCH Model In R?

I am currently working on ARMA+GARCH model using R. I am looking out for example which explain step by step explanation for fitting this model in R. I have time series which is stationary and I am ...
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### R TTR/RSI does not behave like a Bloomberg RSI

The implementation of TTR:RSI differs slightly from the RSI calculated in Bloomberg, see more details here. I use in TTR the SMA, which simply calculates the mean, that is a walking window of: ...
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### Using the R package “ termstrc ”

I am attempting to use the function estim_nss from the termstrc package in R. However, I am experiencing the following error: ...