# Tagged Questions

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### Reference Request: Trader Replication

I am looking for any reference where the following problem was addressed: given the list of trades of a trader teach an AI to replicate that trader's strategy. There are several well-known results ...
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### Variance swap replication and variance vega

Noob here. I've been trying to gain a better understanding of variance swaps and what better way than to replicate it with a portfolio of better understood instruments. I have read the GS 1999 ...
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### How to properly assess the costs of replicating an index via futures contracts?

I would like to validate this sentence, coming from a WSJ article: The cost of holding a Eurostoxx 50 future, for example, has climbed from an average of 0.07% of the contract value since 1998, ...
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### replicating strategy three step binomial

I am having some trouble setting up a replicating strategy for a call option with a three step binomial model (discrete). I have no trouble doing this in a two step binomial model by backward ...
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### Replicating portfolio and risk-neutral pricing for interest rate options

For equity options, the pricing of options depends on the existence of a replicating portfolio, so you can price the option as the constituents of that replicating portfolio. However, I am not seeing ...
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### Good book about replicating portfolios

I want to know if anybody can suggest me a good textbook which explains in detail and in an understandable way how to create replicating portfolios of financial instruments like options "cash or ...
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### Proving there exists no arbitrage opportunities given 3 states and 2 assets

Assume there are 3 states of the world: w1, w2, and w3. Assume there are two assets: a risk-free asset returning Rf in each state, and a risky asset with Return R1 in state w1, R2 in state w2, and R3 ...
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### How to replicate this option?

I have a question I am not sure how to approach: Suppose interest rates is 50%, a stock worth \$1 today can be worth \$2, \$1, \$0.5 next year. If the option that pays \$1 only when S = \$2 is ...
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### Under an EMM, does there necessarily exist a replicating portfolio?

In general, under an EMM, does there necessarily exist a replicating portfolio for every derivative? I believe the answer to this is false. A simple example is a discrete time, trinomial model. ...
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### Determine state price vectors?

I have 3 states with two assets, stocks and bonds. The bond has a payoff of 1 in every state of the world. And the stock has a current price of $S_0 = 100$ and ...
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### How to calculate equivalent futures position?

Let's say I have the following two positions: Buy ATM SPX call, expires in 1 month Sell ATM SPX put, expires in 1 month This creates a synthetic futures position. How do I calculate how many ...
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### Replicating strategy in the Black-Scholes model

I have a two-asset Black-Scholes model for a financial market: $dB_t=B_t r dt$ $dS_t=S_t(\mu dt+\sigma dW_t)$ I introduce a European claim $\xi=max(K,S_T)$ with maturity $T$, for some fixed $K$. I ...
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### What is the instantaneous P&L of a Variance Swap?

What is the instantaneous P&L of a variance swap. Is it $(\sigma^{2}_{t}-\sigma^{2}_{implied})dt$?
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### How to run an asset replication regression?

I am doing extensive research on portfolio replication and was hoping to get some help with some problems I am encountering. I am running a regression between 2 assets that I believe replicate ...
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### What is a self-financing and replicating portfolio?

I try to understand the derivation of the Black-Scholes equation based on the "constructing a replicating portfolio". From mathematical point of view it looks simple. We assume that: Stock prices ...
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### What is the replicating portfolio of swaptions for a constant maturity swap (CMS)?

How do you replicate the payoff of a constant maturity swap rate? That is, if the payoff of a contract pays the 5-year swap rate every year for 10 years, how would you replicate this payoff using ...