3
votes
1answer
157 views

Calculating and interpreting cumulative returns is R

I have buy and sell signals,and accordingly, I artificially generate a signal series,for which,I assign 1 to every buy and -1 to every sell: ...
5
votes
3answers
6k views

Calculating log returns using R

I am trying to calculate the log returns of a dataset in R using the usual log differencing method. However, the calculated data is simply a vector of zeroes. I can't see what I'm doing wrong. Here ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Quantmod: what's the difference between ROC(Cl(SPY)) and ClCl(SPY)

I feel like I'm missing something fundamental here, but I can't shake the feeling that these two series should be equivalent. /edit: there is also dailyReturn(Cl(SPY)). I've seen all 3 of these ...